[Inaugural Speech of Com K N Ramachandran, General Secretary of CPI (ML) Red Star in the Inaugural Session of 11th Party Congress at Bengaluru on 27th November 2018]
Red salute to fraternal delegates from abroad as well as India, red salute to all the delegates, observers and our friends who are attending this inaugural session of our 11th Party Congress.
Comrades, we have reached this 11th Congress of CPIM-Red Star, after long period of struggle, achievements, setbacks, again achievements, and advances. So it is a long history which we have traversed. In our country we’ve got a century of communist history, a century of struggles organizing the toiling masses in the country. Like the history of the communist parties all over the world, in our country also the communist movement had its own periods of right deviations, left deviations , so many deviations, at the same time so many glorious struggles also. So, there were many struggles of the people which was we have spearheaded.
The reorganization of the movement through Naxalbari uprising fighting against the right deviation long embedded in the movement was a very important turning point in our history. Naxalbari uprising created an upheaval, an upsurge all over the country and millions got mobilized in the revolutionary movement. But as you all know, within a short period, within a period of 5 years, we suffered a very big debacle and our movement got splintered. And the struggle from the 1971-72 onwards was a very difficult one for the communist revolutionaries for reorganizing the movement, for building a Bolshevik style communist party.
By the end of 1970s the ideological struggles became very sharp and in analyzing the international situation, in analyzing the changes taking place in our country there were basic differences. We had to start our own method of reorganization. So from 1979 when we started the CRC-CPIML there was bitter struggle to bring the communist revolutionaries together based on an ideological political line. In the process of this struggle, we could bring many sections of the CRs in to the party. By this time in CPIML-Red Star we have brought together many sections of CRs from different regions in to the party and we have become an all India organization now.
And as the international situation is concerned when we raise the slogan “workers of the world and oppressed peoples unite” it is an immediate task before the communists to develop unity of the CRs all over the world, at least to build a platform of the CR forces. We are proud that today fraternal delegates from abroad are with us and we have succeeded in building a platform, however small it may be, the ICOR. During last one decade after its formation, ICOR it has achieved many gains all over the world. ICOR could come in to existence in the process of a struggle, the struggle against the wrong tendencies within the international communist movement. After the death of Mao Tsetung, we had to take a correct position; we had to develop the understanding about imperialism today. By taking ideological positions on all important questions, a situation was created that a platform like ICOR can be built and we have succeeded to a certain extent in that direction.
And as far as the building of the communist movement in our country is concerned, in uniting the CR forces in our country is concerned, we had to start by making a concrete analysis of the new situation, the transformation taking place in our country under the neo-colonial offensive. The Tenth Congress of our party held at Lucknow in 2015 had evaluated all these experience and we had made very important decisions to go forward. As we had pointed out at that time, during the last few years ultra-rightist forces, the Modi regime has made corporate raj and saffron fascism, a very immediate danger before the people. So naturally, in this Party Congress we have to take many important decisions, how to analyze the present situation which has come forward as a result of the ascendance of the ultra-rightist forces and how to fight it and how to create a peoples alternative led by the communist forces in our country. This is a first and foremost agenda before all the political forces in our country how to defeat BJP. How to defeat Modi rule, is a slogan Indian people has taken up. We also have take up the slogan, Modi rule has to kicked out, no doubt about that. But while raising this question, something like a one-sided approach is taken by many forces. They are not ready to analyze how Modi like forces could come to power or how could ultra-right forces come to the world scene. This is a very important question that we have to make an analysis. What are the historical developments internationally and within our country leading to the ascendance to power of the ultra-right forces. Without such an analysis whatever decisions we make will become one-sided and partial. So one important task in front of the 11th Party Congress through the Political Resolution we are going to discuss is the new situation and the challenges we are going to take up so that the independent communist assertion can be carried forward and strengthened, so that a peoples alternative can be realized in the country defeating all the ruling class forces.
At the same time, on our political organizational experience during the last 3 years also an evaluation is very essential because without properly analyzing what we could achieve within the last 3-4 years and carrying them forward, we shall not be able to build a powerful communist party in the country. As we know last year, all over the world and in our country communist forces have observed the 100 years of October revolution and we have pledged that we shall take lessons from the experience of the October revolution. One of the most important lesson we should take from the experience of the October Revolution is that only by building Bolshevik party, defeating the Mensheviks and Narodniks, Lenin could lead the Russian revolution to victory and build Soviet Union and create Communist Iinternational. This is the experience of the Chinese revolution also. Under the leadership of Mao Tsetung, they had to struggle against the right deviation and left deviation and build a powerful communist party which could lead Chinese revolution to victory.
So in our country which has got a very complex character with 135 cr population with so many nationalities, languages, culture and in such a situation without building a powerful communist party in this country uniting all these people, we shall not be able to lead a revolution. For achieving this we have to uncompromisingly struggle against the weaknesses and deviations of the past as well as the present, right reformist line as well as the left adventurist line. Only by uncompromisingly struggling against these lines & deviations, we can build a powerful communist party which can lead democratic revolution in our country. By understanding the importance of this task, on the one hand we have taken up a study on imperialism today and we are continuously developing our understanding about imperialism, its various manifestations, how it is suppressing people all over the world and in our country. Along with that we have taken up studies of ecological destruction created by imperialism today and we have developed our theoretical understanding as well as many struggles all over the country to develop a new development paradigm fighting against the imperialist mode of development. And side by side we have taken up caste annihilation movement in our country which is divided by numerous castes and sub castes. Without fighting against the caste system, the Manuvad, Brahmanical though, and developing a new understanding about a casteless society, a secular society we will not be able to go forward. While taking up the struggles of the working class, peasantry and all other oppressed classes and sections it is very important we have to take lessons from the Cultural Revolution, the core of which was given by Lenin and which was taken up by Mao in Chinese conditions in 1960s but which could not be carried forward. We have to take lessons from these things and we have to carry forward the necessity of launching a cultural revolution in our country according to our concrete conditions.
It is in this context in the last Party Congress we had adopted a very important resolution - a resolution on theoretical offensive, Actually though we tried our level best we could not advance much on that line during last 3 years and we have to understand the importance of such a resolution and take up the theoretical offensive so that changing the thinking, fighting against the imperialist and feudal and other decadent thinking, we have to create a culture, and the struggle for a new culture has to be combined with the struggle for democratic revolution.
So comrades, during the last 3 years definitely we have made many achievements and we have launched many struggles in all fields especially the most important struggle, the Bhangar struggle in West Bengal which has actually created a new history in the people’s resistance movement in our country. And today we have taken up the task how to develop Bhangar like movements all over the country according to the concrete situations in the different regions and how to build up mass political platform uniting all these struggles all over the country along with the struggling left forces. This is a major struggle we have taken up. So this Party Congress has got this challenge before it. We have to carry forward our tasks so that this objective can be achieved and we can contribute more on the international field also to develop and strengthen ICOR in different aspects.
At the same time we have to self critically see our weaknesses, how to overcome the weaknesses One important aspect of overcoming these weaknesses is by taking lessons from the past we have to learn more lessons about developing democracy within our party, democracy within the communist movement and how to develop a communist party with complete democracy within it. When the concrete situation is changing very fast day by day, and when numerous struggles are coming up in every part of the country, its reflection will be felt in the party also. The inner party struggles may become serious also; but the success of the communist party is how we are capable of taking up this inner party struggle democratically forward so that we can really build up a Bolshevik style communist party.
So comrades, it is a very important and challenging task in front of us and I hope that the 5 days of discussions in the Party Congress and the resolution of this discussions in this party congress, will lead us to march forward to achieving this task of building the Bolshevik style communist party which can take up the present challenge of throwing out the Modi regime as well as building the party and the struggles towards the people’s democratic revolution. I hope that all the comrades, delegates and observers who are going to attend this Party Congress shall take up this important task with all the seriousness it requires and make it a success. With these words I inaugurate the 11th Congress of the Party.
Red Salute to all comrades!