February 21st is celebrated as "Red Book Day" by leftist publications around the world to commemorate the first publishing of the Communist Manifesto on 21st February 1848.
The left publishers and in social media a week long ‘Read Red Books campaign’ is being organized since 14th February to culminate the campaign on 21st February. It is not just a reading of the Communist Manifesto, but also observed as an expression of solidarity with the victims of the onslaught of right-wing forces around the world.
Observing Red Books Day on 21st February, on the occasion of 173rd anniversary of the publication of the Communist Movement is used as an occasion to go through the experience of the communist movement during this period. If the origin of the Communist Manifesto was in the midst of significant ideological struggle against utopian socialist concepts and anarchist tendencies, its publication and the ongoing workers’ movements led to the whole camp of reaction coming together to suppress the revolutionary dawn it called for. As we have seen during the Paris Commune, all forces of reaction across Europe including the Pope joined hands to suppress it. Still its message reached the workers and oppressed people, and they led momentous struggles to become strong enough by the 1960s to challenge the imperialist system and make themselves heard everywhere.
But, the communist movement globally started facing a setback with the usurpation of power by the revisionists led by the Krushchovites who succeeded to weaken the ICM. The setback in China also intensified weakening of the communist movement. Though the struggle against growing imperialist trend around the world is increasing and many historic people’s movements and mass upsurges are sweeping around the world, the communist parties or organizations are so weak that they are incapable to come to the leadership of this movement.
But the situation is changing fast. Objective conditions are becoming right for revolutionary changes in many countries. And our country itself is in the middle of a historic farmers’ movement against corporatization of agriculture. This will give rise to the growth of all anti-fascist forces and they are joining hands with the struggling forces to create new wave of revolutions.
At this juncture the re-publication of the Communist Manifesto has significance. Let us take initiative to bring out more Marxist classics in different languages. Let us also become part of this initiative.
Red Star Publications