30 March 2021

Following the decision of CPI(M) led Left Front in West Bengal to go for an alliance with Congress and India Secular Front led by a Muslim fanatic Abbas Siddiqu, with the strange argument that in order to “defeat TMC, you have to first defeat BJP”, CPI(ML) Liberation which was part of the Grand Alliance along with CPI and CPI(M) in Bihar and is part of Grand Alliance in Assam, left the CPI(M) led LF and issued a number of statements justifying its stand. Following this a public debate has started between the two with CPI(M) criticizing  it in an editorial in People’s Democracy and Liberation replying it with a statement. As Mainstream has published these and many friends are asking what is CPI(ML) Red Star’s response to it, we are reproducing them followed by our rejoinder to them – Red Star

THE general secretary of the CPI(ML), Dipankar Bhattacharya, has been airing his views in the media for some time, about the tactics that the Left should adopt for the West Bengal assembly election. 

He has been criticising the CPI(M) and the Left Front for equating the BJP and the Trinamool Congress and for calling for a fight against both the BJP and the TMC.

He has, in an interview to The Hindu, dated March 8, said that the political line taken by the CPI(M)-led alliance is “narrow, short-sighted, suicidal”.  He has also said that the Left Front is “underestimating the BJP while targeting Mamata Banerjee and the TMC”.  As against this “erroneous” line, the CPI(ML) has decided to distance itself from the CPI(M)-led front and go it alone.  According to reports, the CPI(ML) will fight in 12 seats, support the Left Front in probably 12 to 15 seats and in the rest, campaign for the defeat of the BJP, thereby indicating that in over 200 seats, their support is for the TMC.

Unlike what the CPI(ML) alleges, the CPI(M) and the Left Front have not equated the BJP and the TMC.  There is no underestimation of the threat posed by the BJP in West Bengal.  The Hindutva forces are on the offensive in the state and the Lok Sabha election results of 2019 showed the advance and the danger posed by them. However, this does not mean that the Trinamool Congress and its brutal regime can, in any way, be considered to be a partner or ally in the fight against the “fascist offensive” that the CPI(ML) general secretary talks about.

It is necessary to have a proper understanding of the role the Trinamool Congress has played in West Bengal and the character of the Mamata Banerjee government.  The TMC was the spearhead for the anti-Communist and anti-Left forces in West Bengal.  By fascistic violence and lumpen politics, it targeted the CPI(M) and the Left Front and sought to physically suppress the Left movement.  In the past decade, over 220 cadres and supporters of the CPI(M) and the Left have been killed, thousands were driven out of their homes, over a lakh false cases instituted and in many parts, a regime of terror established.  The TMC began its political career as an ally of the BJP and as late as 2014, Narendra Modi saw the TMC as a potential ally.  It is the establishment of TMC rule and the suppression of the Left that facilitated the rise of the BJP. Unlike what the CPI(ML) believes, ‘fascism’ cannot be fought by an anti-democratic, lumpenised party.

It will be a mistake to consider the TMC as similar to the Rashtriya Janata Dal in Bihar, or, the Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh. In the name of fighting fascism, you cannot sup with the devil.  The TMC and the Mamata government have been opposing and unleashing repression on the general strikes of the working class and the struggles of different sections of the working people, even when they are directed against the policies of the Modi government such as the November 26 general strike. A tragic example of the brutal repression was the death of a young man, Maidul who died due to injuries suffered due to severe police beating during a youth-student protest rally.

The CPI(ML) is underestimating the depth of popular discontent against the TMC regime. This is a state assembly election. If the Left Front will not firmly, vigorously and unequivocally fight for the defeat of the TMC government, a large part of this popular discontent will be garnered by the BJP.  Even in the Lok Sabha election of 2019, a bulk of people who were suffering under the TMC’s autocratic regime, voted for the BJP, as they considered the Left Front too enfeebled to effectively fight the TMC.

The situation in West Bengal today is that even to rouse the people against the BJP’s evil designs, it is necessary to furnish your anti-TMC credentials to get their attention.

What electoral tactics the CPI(ML) has spelt out in West Bengal is not going to help the fight against the BJP.  Mamata Banerjee has expressed her thanks to various parties for extending support to the TMC and the list includes the general secretary of the CPI(ML). It is unfortunate that the CPI(ML) is perversely considering the TMC as a better political force to fight the BJP than the Left Front in W Bengal. n

The Challenge of Saving West Bengal from Fascist Takeover: Liberation’s Reply to People’s Democracy Commentary

Political Observer

People’s Democracy (PD), the weekly journal of the CPI(M), has carried a political commentary in its 14 March, 2021 issue accusing the CPI(ML) of taking a ‘wrong turn’ in West Bengal. The same issue also contains a ‘PB communique’ issued by the CPI(M) Polit Bureau following its online meeting held on March 11, 2021. Apropos the forthcoming elections to the Assemblies of Kerala, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Assam and Puducherry and the Autonomous District Council of Tripura, the communique says ‘the main focus of the CPI(M) shall be to defeat the BJP’.  Why and where does the CPI(M) then think the CPI(ML) is going wrong in West Bengal?

Let us first tell our readers the stand the CPI(ML) has taken in these elections. CPI(ML) is not contesting in Kerala and Tripura and is extending support to the LDF in Kerala and LF in Tripura ADC elections. In Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, CPI(ML) is independently contesting a few seats (12 in TN and 1 in Puducherry) while extending support to the main opposition alliance against the BJP and its allies. In Assam, CPI(ML) and CPI(M) are part of the same opposition alliance (of course, with the Congress going back on its seat sharing proposal in Karbi Anglong, CPI(ML) will be independently contesting in the hill district).

In West Bengal, the CPI(ML) is contesting twelve seats independently. Lest anyone thinks the CPI(ML) has broken ranks with the CPI(M) in West Bengal, let us make it clear that the CPI(ML) has never been part of the Left Front in the state and has never had any electoral understanding with the CPI(M) in the past even as the party has generally supported LF candidates in many elections especially after 2011 when the LF has no longer been in power. Beyond the 12 seats where the CPI(ML) is contesting, the party has openly declared support to Left candidates on all those seats where they had won in 2016 and where MLAs have not defected to TMC or BJP (as many as 8 of the 32 victorious MLAs defected). Surely the CPI(M) can have no problem with this position.

Presumably, their problem is with the CPI(ML) position for the rest of West Bengal, where the party has appealed to the electorate to defeat the BJP without specifying any party or candidate to vote for. Strangely, the PD commentary has interpreted this position as an ‘indication’ that in ‘over 200 seats, their [CPI(ML)’s] support is for the TMC’! Does this mean that, in the CPI(M)’s own reckoning, in over 200 seats the electoral battle is really between the TMC and the BJP? The PD commentary then goes on to conclude: ‘It is unfortunate that the CPI(ML) is perversely considering the TMC as a better political force to fight the BJP than the Left Front in West Bengal.’

How on earth does this conclusion follow from the CPI(ML)’s stance? Even though CPI(ML) is not part of the Left Front or the larger electoral bloc comprising the Left Front, Congress and the newly launched Indian Secular Front (which apparently is fielding candidates in the name of some other party), CPI(ML) has supported LF candidates in at least two dozen seats while the CPI(M) is not reciprocating this support on a single seat. Shall we then ask the CPI(M) if it considers the Congress or ISF ‘better’ forces than the CPI(ML) to fight the BJP? For the overwhelming majority of forces concerned about the real threat of the BJP coming to power in West Bengal, electoral strength is the crux of the matter. While several opposition parties have openly supported the TMC against the BJP, the ‘No Vote to BJP’ campaign in West Bengal and the Sanyukt Kisan Morcha campaigning against the BJP have left it open to the wisdom and choice of the electorate.

The CPI(M)’s real problem is with the fact that the CPI(ML) has exposed and questioned the glaring shortcomings of the CPI(M)’s tactical line and political role in West Bengal at this very critical juncture for Indian democracy. It is not difficult to foresee how the BJP coming to power in West Bengal would lead to a massive escalation of the Sangh-BJP fascist assault (by the way, we never put the word fascist within quotation marks in this context, something the PD commentary routinely does for reasons best known to the writer/editor). As a party which has been in power in West Bengal till only a decade ago and which had historically emerged as the biggest inheritor of the communist base and influence in the state built over decades since pre-Independence days, the CPI(M) cannot explain away this alarming rise of the BJP by just blaming the TMC. If TMC being in power is held exclusively responsible for the rise of the BJP in West Bengal, by the same token one could also hold the CPI(M) responsible for the rise of the BJP in Tripura.

The TMC reign in West Bengal has of course been marked by terror, violence and corruption on one hand and a spate of populist slogans and welfare schemes on the other. The migration of CPI(M) ranks and even MLAs towards the BJP was initially seen as a response to the TMC’s terror as the CPI(M) was not considered to be in a position to offer any effective resistance. But since 2016, the erosion of the CPI(M) base has assumed alarming proportions and in 2019, only one CPI(M) candidate could save his deposit and the vote share dropped to single digits (7%). Even as the experience of Tripura should have warned the CPI(M) in West Bengal, large sections of the party in West Bengal got lulled into the ‘aage ram, pare bam’ (first Ram and then Left) trap. Even after the alarming 2019 decline, there is no visible effort by the CPI(M) to combat the suicidal “Ekushey Ram, Chhabbishey Bam” (Ram – i.e. BJP in 2021, Left in 2026) formula.

The PD commentary tells us that to draw the attention of the people in West Bengal you must first furnish your anti-TMC credentials. Certainly, the CPI(M) is not to be found wanting in this respect! Yet if CPI(M) voters have been gravitating towards the BJP as the stronger and more viable alternative to the TMC, is it not time for the CPI(M) to reconsider its approach and correct its course? Rather than anti-TMC credentials, the issue is the anti-BJP edge of your campaign. The PD commentary tells us that the CPI(M) is not underestimating the BJP or equating the BJP and the TMC. Yet, every political observer following the CPI(M) discourse in real life can cite any number of statements and speeches by CPI(M) leaders, and slogans raised in CPI(M) rallies that equate the TMC and the BJP.

Since the TMC had joined the NDA for some time during the Vajpayee period, the CPI(M) wants to treat the TMC as a virtual NDA constituent even now. The fact is the TMC-BJP alliance never found much resonance in West Bengal. In fact, the 2004 Lok Sabha elections and the 2006 Assembly elections marked the lowest point for both BJP and TMC, and the CPI(M)’s best Assembly performance happened in 2006. The PD commentary reminds us that as late as 2014, Modi had indicated TMC as a potential ally. True, but real life took a different turn. While Nitish Kumar in neighboring Bihar went back to the NDA fold, the West Bengal government refused to follow that course. Today when circumstances have driven even erstwhile NDA allies like the Shiv Sena and Akali Dal away from the BJP, what purpose does it serve to bracket the TMC with the BJP?

It is one thing to expose the TMC as an inconsistent force in the fight against the BJP and establish the Left as the consistent vanguard in the anti-BJP battle, but it is an altogether different proposition to club the TMC with the BJP and even lump them together as ‘BJmool’. Even in the face of the BJP’s frenzied post-Pulwama 2019 campaign, the TMC polled more than 43 percent vote share. Who are these voters? Large sections of the rural and urban poor population in West Bengal, millions of women and arguably the majority of the state’s Muslim voters. Many of them have been Left voters and supporters in the past, and even now they refuse to buy into the BJP’s theme of communal polarisation and corporate control. How does it help to treat this base at par with the sections of people who have already been lured and numbed by the vicious communal campaign of the BJP?

The PD commentary reminds us that West Bengal is facing a State Assembly election. Of course, it is an Assembly election and the state government must be held accountable. But we must also remember that this Assembly election is being held in 2021 when the Modi government is rapidly centralising all powers and is trampling upon the Constitution and the ideas of secularism, democracy and diversity which are central to our constitutional values. West Bengal is one of the last surviving opposition-ruled states and the BJP is desperate to conquer it. At stake is the inclusive ethos and progressive legacy of West Bengal, and the BJP capturing West Bengal will further shrink the opposition space and dent the federal framework in the country. This is why the entire country is so keenly watching the West Bengal elections. To underplay the extraordinary all-India significance of the West Bengal elections at this juncture can only be seen as a most unfortunate mechanistic response.

Indeed, it is the BJP which desperately wants to keep the West Bengal elections confined to the state context. It knows that today the clamour for change within West Bengal can primarily favour the BJP. The deepening communal polarisation and the call for giving a new party a chance are both working in favour of the BJP. The Left election campaign must challenge this BJP-promoted common sense of delinking West Bengal from the national context and put the Modi government and the BJP squarely in the dock. But the 28 February Brigade rally of the LF-INC-ISF combine conveyed quite a different message. Even against the extraordinary backdrop of the historic farmers’ movement, and acute economic crisis marked by unprecedented price-rise, unemployment and corporate aggression, the rally posed the dethroning of the TMC as a more important goal than saving West Bengal from falling in the BJP’s hands. The pronouncements of the ISF, for which the rally virtually became the launching pad, seem to be directed almost exclusively against the state government.

The PD commentary has reminded us that the TMC is no RJD. As a communist party playing an independent opposition role we have had to pay heavy prices in almost all our major states, whether RJD-ruled Bihar, Congress-ruled Assam, BJP-ruled Jharkhand, or even Left-ruled West Bengal. We have had to suffer any number of massacres in Bihar, but the 1993 Karanda massacre in Bardhaman in Left-ruled West Bengal and the 1978 Hurua killings in Tripura were no less barbaric. We have lost several leaders in political violence perpetrated by feudal forces and our political opponents in Bihar, and also in Assam, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Comrades Mani Singh, Chandrashekhar and Manju Devi in RJD-ruled Bihar, Comrade Mahendra Singh in BJP-ruled Jharkhand, Comrades Anil Barua and Gangaram Kol in Congress-ruled Assam and Comrade Abdul Halim in Left-ruled West Bengal were some of our most prominent and promising leaders who were killed by our political opponents. But this has not made us lose sight of the BJP as the principal threat to the Left movement and to the very foundations of democracy in India. The key defining feature of fascist forces worldwide is their politics of unleashing hatred, discrimination and violence by the state and non-state actors against minorities and ideological dissenters. It is the BJP and its efforts to turn India into a Hindu-supremacist nation that constitute the crux of the fascist danger to democracy in India.  

As an independent communist party, we played a consistent oppositional role in Bihar during the fifteen years of RJD rule in Bihar and the 34 years of Left rule in West Bengal. Yet we never helped Nitish Kumar after he joined hands with the BJP. In West Bengal we are the only Left party outside of the Left Front with no record of any cooperation with the TMC. You can recall no example of Mamata Banerjee thanking us when she came to power replacing the CPI(M). Today if she thanks us for our bold anti-BJP stand it only points to the totally changed context. And it is strange that while the PD mentions Mamata Banerjee thanking the CPI(ML), it says nothing about BJP leaders openly thanking the CPI(M) ranks for the help extended in 2019 with appeals for greater help in 2021. Today when West Bengal is in acute danger of an outright fascist takeover, as a communist party our primary concern is to save the state from this imminent threat.

We had expected that post-2011, and more particularly post-2014, the political alignment in West Bengal would be conducive for the development and consolidation of a broader Left unity. But the CPI(M)’s focus on staging a comeback by stitching an alliance first with the Congress and now with the newly formed ISF has diluted the thrust on Left revival. The Left can only revive in West Bengal today by playing a powerful anti-BJP role on the ground. Unfortunately when Left and democratic forces across India expected the Left in West Bengal to discharge its historic responsibility as a bulwark against fascism, the CPI(M) is more obsessed with its anti-TMC credentials. We still hope the people of Bengal will stall the BJP’s ‘double engine expedition’ and rebuff its fascist offensive and the Left in West Bengal will be able to find its bold voice to surge ahead again as a champion of democracy. n

CPI(ML) Red Star’s Rejoinder to This Public Debate Between CPI(M) and Liberation

The Naxalbari Uprising took place and CPI(ML) was formed in 1969 following a bitter inner party struggle inside CPI(M) following its formation and in 1964 and holding of its 7th Party Congress in the same year. The Communist Revolutionaries within CPI(M) criticized the leadership that in analyzing the international and national developments and in putting forward a revolutionary line for Indian revolution it has completely failed; it has taken a centrist stand, which is basically not different from the revisionist path of CPI.

In 1967 general elections when both of them formed opportunist alliances with split away goups of Congress and Muslim league like religion based organiations to share power within the ruling class system, and when the government formed in WB with Bangla Congress leader Ajoy Mukherjee as chief minister and PB member of CPI(M), Jyothibabu as the deputy chief minister refused to implement the land reforms based on ‘land to the tiller’, the Commuist Revolutionaries (CRs) attacked them for degeneration to social democratic path. Later, following the launching of land struggle by them in North Bengal, when the state police along with central police fired upon the demonstration in Naxalbari on 25th May, 1967, and 11 comrades including two infants became martyrs, the CRs started leaving the CPI(M) to form a coordination committee and later CPI(ML).

The Burdwan Plenum organized by the CPI(M) in 1968 and the decision taken in it, in effect, upholding the revisionist line of capitalist roaders led by Krushchov who had usurped power in Soviet Union, the criticism of the CRs was proved correct. This is history. Compared to what happened then, during the last five decades the CPI(M) through 34 years rule in WB, 25 years continuous rule in Tripura and many years of rule in Kerala has proved how they have become part of the ruling system, apologistsof neo-colonialism, and executioners of neoliberal policies as we saw in Singhur and Nandigram.

Following Naxalbari Uprising when large sections from the CPI(M) and new forces were rallying with it, the mistakes committed by the CR forces in making a correct analysis of Indian situation and developing the program and path based on it, and mechanically upholding the left adventurist Lin Biaoist line which came to dominate the CPC from 1966 for a few years as Mao’s line, leading to severe setbacks and disintegration to number of groups, was a grave mistake. And all the CR forces have taken their own rectifications of these mistakes. In spite of it, we firmly uphold that the ideological struggle waged against the CPI(M) from within and after coming out as basically correct. As a result, though we have joined in many issue based movements with it and its Left Front in few of the states, we have always opposed any political alliances, strategic or tactical, with it so far.

But the case of the CPI(ML) Liberation is different. In 1981 following the return to power of Indira Gandhi government, and she pursuing autocratic measures once again, Liberation took initiative to convene a meeting of all CR groups for uniting to struggle against Indira Autocracy. But due to many reasons it did not materialize. By that time it had already made many ‘rectifications’ in the CPI(ML) line including the analysis of Soviet Union under capitalist roaders as a social imperialist super power, approach to Cultural Revolution etc. Following the failure of the joint move with the CR forces in 1981, com Vinod Misra took the stand abandoning any political alliances with the CR forces, and took the line of alliance or merger with the CPI and CPI(M), in line with what had happened in Nepal leading to formation of the CPN (United Marxist-leninist). Though the dream of a grand merger did not materialize, the Liberation is arrogantly pursuing this line still. So, it takes every possibility to be with the LF, opposing any political alliance with CR forces. This was one reason why the united forum formed against neoliberal policies by the CPI(ML) Red Star ( then called Red Flag) with New Democracy, Liberation, MCPI and two other organizations could not go forward even after organizing many campaigns against neoliberal policies.

In spit of Liberation’s desire to be in the Left Front, CPI(M) did not favor its inclusion in the LF in WB, Tripura and Kerala. So is in states like TN, former AP, Maharashtra where CPI(M) is in alliance with Congress also. Besides Liberation cadres in WB have bitter experience of how under LF rule many of their comrades were annihilated. But this time, following Liberation’s performance in Bihar elections, CPI(M) wanted liberation also in its alliance. Meanwhile the CRs including Red Star and MKP had started discussion with progressive intellectuals and democratic right movements etc to launch a No Vote to BJP movement, which was successfully launched in the first week of March, and started campaigning. From this platform CPI(M)’s opportunist stand, which in continuation to their 2019 line is going to help the BJP to come to power was attacked. It was at this time, because of pressure from within and outside, Liberation took the decision to walk out of its alliance with CPI(M) in WB.(Please note that it is only for WB, as stressed in the Liberation’s rejoinder.

In this context, another point also should be made clear. Though CPI(M) talks about the importance of first defeating TMC in order to defeat BJP, during the ten year’s rule of TMC, the LF could not organize any major struggle against it. On the contrary, large number of its leaders and members were joining with TMC or BJP. On the contrary, it was Red Star which launched and led the Bhangar movement which challenged the TMC finally forcing it to come to agree with the demands of the movement. During this long struggle topmost leaders of both CPI(M) and Liberation used to regularly visit the struggle area and address many public meetings in support of it. Same was the case in the Kolkatta rallies in support of Bhangar also. When the Lok Sabha elections took place in 2019, CPI(M) hurriedly put Vikas Ranjan Bhattacharjee, who as a prominent lawyer of Kolkatta HC had extended much help to the movement, in Jadavpur constituency which includes Bhangar also. As CPI(M) sought our support, and many intellectuals and friends also requested, Red Star supported him and campaigned for him. In 2019 LS elections, though all the other candidates of the LF lost deposits, only in Jadavpur they could save it. Following this, the CPI(M) leaders have stated that if Red Star field candidate in Bhangar in the assembly elections, they shall support him. But what happened is quite contrary. As Red Star is campaigning to defeat BJP which is the main enemy of the Indian people, and exposing the opportunist line of CPI(M), angered by it, they have fielded the brother of ISF leader as the alliance candidate to divide Muslim votes and to defeat the Red Star candidate!

During the Bhangar movement, including its general secretary, many leaders have visited Bhangar and enjoyed their hospitality. So, when Liberation came out of CPI(M) alliance and joined the No Vote to BJP forum, they and Red Star state committee leaders had many rounds of discussions and everybody was expecting that Liberation, even though it has no supporters in the area, shall extend support to com. Mirza Hussain, the Red Star candidate, at least as a positive political jester. But nothing of that sort. It came out of CPI(M) fold, arrogantly announced its decision to go alone, field 12 candidates, put out its manifesto, and to support large number of CPI(M) candidates, but not to support any CR candidates, though all of them have extended support to Liberation candidates. We have explained these points to make the record clear; to show how sectarian and arrogant are these groups even after the entire left spectrum is confronting grave challenge, and when the RSS fascists are dominating every field of life.

In spite of all these hiccups, the CPI(ML) Red Star is clear on the various steps to be pursued with firm conviction: Extend the No Vote to BJP campaign to advance the efforts to build broadest possible anti-fascist front at all India level uniting all the forces opposed to RSS/BJP; unite the revolutionary left and struggling forces based on a common program as the core of this anti-fascist front; and make all out efforts to support the farmers’ movement and the movement of the working class, students against corporatization, and all the people’s movements against the corporate fascist Modi rule.

The friends of the left movement and the cadres and supporters of all left organizations should understand that unlike what the CPI(M), Liberation and mainstream media likes to project, there are four major distinct tends among the left forces: firstly, the CPI(M) led Left Front stream which has degenerated to social democracy and now to apologists of neo-fascism; secondly, the Liberation like forces who are vacillating and may become part of the first if they do not make course correction; thirdly the left adventurist stream who are still in a make-believe world, refusing to understand the significance of the siege of the capital by the farmers for last four months successfully challenging the corporate fascist forces, and still indulge in aimless and suicidal squad actions as reported from Chhattisgarh; and fourthly, the CR stream, which in spite of the differences among them are seeking truth from facts, developing their understanding about present situation based on Marxist positions, to unite and striving to build a communist party capable of defeating the corporate fascist forces and lead the people towards people’s democracy and socialism. The Marxist-Leninists should not be afraid of public debate

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.