03 August 2020

Comrade Souren Bose was one of the leading comrades of the Naxalbari Uprising along with Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal, Jangal Santhal, Khokan Majumdar and others from North Bengal. He joined CPI in 1940s, became part of CPI(M) when the party splitted in 1964, joined the inner party struggle against the neo-revisionist leadership, and after Naxalbari Uprising  was active during the Coordination period, in the formation of CPI(ML) and in its First (8th ) Congress in 1970, in which he was elected as its PB member. As decided by the party he went to China in 1970, met leaders of the CPC including Chou Enlai, who made a scathing attack on the line practiced by CPI(ML), while upholding its formation as a historic step forward. He came back and handed over the written report of the conversation to com CM. But he was arrested soon and was in jail till 1980.  On 17th August, 1997 he passed way at Mumbai where he had gone to attend a program of the CPI(ML) Red Flag (now Red Star), in the 4th All India Conference of which he was elected as its CRC member.

Though Janata Party came to power at centre in 1977, and soon CPI(M) led Left Front came to power in W. Bengal, com. Souren Bose like many other leaders of the CPI(ML) movement could come out from jail only in 1980. By that time the Naxalbari movement had splintered to many groups. Though their analysis of Indian situation, strategic line of democratic revolution and path of them were the same, they viewed each other with hostility because of sectarian influence.  The atmosphere was suffocating, com. SB used to say. Because of this, large number of comrades from working class and peasantry who came out of jail got frustrated and became inactive.  Though he had an idea of what was happening outside and since these divisions had their influence within the jails also, he had no idea to join any section without studying the situation.  Though he later participated in the activities of some mass organizations linked to some groups, he did not become a member of any group. It was following a number of discussions with the comrades of the CPI(ML) Red Flag (now Red Star), from the beginning of 1994 and joint efforts to analyze the changes taking place in the country under neo-colonial situation after transfer of power as a part of preparing an agrarian program, he agreed with the general orientation of the organization and joined it by the end of 1995. It was when he was actively engaged in the re-organization of the movement, he left us, which was a great loss to the whole movement. In this issue we are re-producing the editorial and an article of com. KN on com. SB. Red Salute to com SB who remained a Bolshevik till his last day.

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.