Official Website of Communist Party of India, Marxist - Leninist (ML) Redstar - Editorials
BEATING back terror unleashed by TMC goons supported by state forces, the first anniversary of martyrdom of comrades Moffisul and Alamgir was observed on 17th January at Bhangar with many thousands of villagers participating. Except BJP, TMC and Congress, leaders of all other left and democratic parties, organizations, students, cultural activists, intellectuals and writers participated expressing solidarity with the movement. The martyrs’ day was observed at a critical time when the TMC chief minister has called on her party men to close ranks to suppress the struggling forces and facilitate the completion of the Power Grid project at any cost.

Challenging this arrogant stand to serve the corporate lobby, the Bhangar Committee has declared that at any cost the state terror shall be countered and the project will be thrown out. It has also declared its intention to fight the coming local bodies elections on this basis wherever it has influence and to join with the forces supporting the movement to contest all seats in the South 24 Parganas district. Meanwhile the WB state committee is trying to launch a People’s Alternative at state level based on a common manifesto focusing on democratization at all levels and an alternate development paradigm against the imperialist imposed development perspective. With this, the battle ground for parliamentary struggle is being prepared to support Bhangar and other similar movements. 2011 and 2016 experiences show that TMC shall try to criminalize the elections, trying to impose its dictates.

Thus the Bhangar and similar movements inspired by it are at a critical juncture. It is a task before all progressive forces to support the movement by all means to combat the threats from the state forces. Let us rise up to confront all challenges and to support the people’s resistance movement at Bhangar to survive and become victorious. 

MAKE ABM CONFERENCE A GREAT SUCCESS

THE Adivasis, or the people belonging to Scheduled Tribes, comprise more than 125 millions in Indian population. Along with the dalits, they are the most oppressed and exploited section of the society. Historically, barbarous oppression of Adivasis and aboriginals took place under the colonial policy of capitalism. After 1947, under the garb of development policies, these attacks continued.

Under neo-liberal policies, the adivasis are exploited forcing many of them to flee from their habitats. In spite of many struggles and many legislative steps today they are deprived of their lands, their right over forests are taken away, and they are hunted under the garb of suppressing “Maoists” and thousands of them are languishing in jails. Their collective right is taken away, and the formation of autonomous councils not implemented or under bureaucratic domination they have become inoperative.

It is in this context, to coordinate the adivasi organizations at all India level and to struggles for their demands, the All India Conference of the Adivasi Bharat Mahasabha (ABM) is organized at Raipur on 2 to 4 February. The Reception Committee's chairperosn Soni Sori and vice-chairman Janaklal has appealed to all adivasi organizations to join this Conference and make the ABM as the fighting platform

VICTORY OF LEFT ALLIANCE IN NEPAL

WHEN the results for the elections to the parliament and provincial councils in Nepal based on a mix of First Pass The Post and proportional representation have come out, the alliance of Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist Leninist) and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) has scored a massive victory at both levels. The alliance of rightist Nepali Congress, royalists and Hindutva communal forces suffered thorough defeat. It is a victory of the popular forces in the country. It shall end two decades of political instability and provides a great opportunity for implementing programs of social change. If this challenge is taken up by the left alliance, it shall strengthen the people’s movement in the country. If the anti-feudal, anti-imperialist tasks are taken up, if a people oriented development is put in to practice rejecting the neo-liberal policies, if a self-reliant policy is pursued combating the interference of both India and China, it shall provide encouragement to the people’s movement all over the world.

The return to power of CPN(UML) leader Oli as Prime Minister is a big loss of face for Modi govt. It had covertly supported a six month long blockade of all goods to this land locked country to help the Madhesi groups to come to mainstream. This bullying led Nepal govt. to move closer to China. In retaliation, Indian govt started maneuvering against Oli govt and brought coalition of CPN(Maoist Centre) and Nepali Congress to power. But by the beginning of this year the Maoist Centre stared moving towards UML, and their alliance has come to power. The progressive forces should condemn all forms of Indian interference in Nepal and extend support to the Nepalese people in their endev-our to advance towards self-reliance and social justice. 
THE year that passed was a challenging one. According to all indications, the New Year is going to be still more challenging for the toiling and oppressed classes and sections, internationally and in our country. As evaluated by the just concluded Third World Conference of the ICOR, it is going to be a year in which the crisis ridden imperialist system and its compradors and lackeys will further intensify the plunder and aggression against the world proletariat, oppressed peoples and nations. So, as the ICOR calls, the revolutionary forces around the world have to intensify all out efforts to develop their organized strength, preparedness and struggles further to combat the forces of reaction, to make revolutionary advances in all fields, all the while trying to get united more firmly, inspired by the spirit of proletarian internationalism.

During the last year the ultra rightist forces in power within our country had increased their efforts to strengthen the corporate raj through demonetization and imposition of GST like measures. Along with this, the communal fascist offensive was intensified, unleashing all heinous forces for dividing the people caste-wise and communally. History was further vulgarized. All progressive cultural values attacked. Gauri Lankesh like secular forces gunned down. All existing democratic rights came under further attacks. As unemployment, prices of essential commodities and services have galloped, the masses are further impoverished. As Modi government has moved closer to US imperialism, its relations with all neighbouring countries worsened. As a result of all these, the workers, peasantry, students, youth, women, dalits, minorities and all other oppressed sections are showing their resentment and anger through various means. It has reflected in the recent election to the municipal bodies in UP. Contrary to what is propagated by the corporate media and RSS Parivar, just eight months after its victory in the assembly elections, its vote share fell by 10%. It is repeatedly proved that, as BJP is further intensifying neo-liberal corporate onslaughts and more aggressively communalising all sphere of life, including elections, the Congress, other ruling class parties and the CPI(M)-led Left Front are proving incapable of becoming alternative to it. As a result, in the latest elections, BJP could sweep to power in Himachal Pradesh defeating totally corrupt Congress rule. In Gujarat, in spite of people’s resentment, with its reduced vote share, BJP could win the assembly elections for the sixth term. In this situation, the New Year has brought the question of building a people’s alternative to BJP to the forefront.

As our party, CPI(ML) Red Star, is concerned 2017 was a hectic year. Successfully organizing the Centenary Programs of October Revolution and Fifty Years of Naxalbari Uprising at all India level, we could further consolidate our ideological-political position and take its revolutionary message to the masses. But, over and above these vigorous campaigns, numerous activities including building of party, mass organizations and people’s movements in all states, the Bhangar Movement from November, 2016, intensified, continued as a mighty example of mass resistance to state terror. It has got consolidated and expanded its influence during last year. It has provided a qualitative upswing to our activities in all fields. Considering the magnitude of our vast country, however microscopic it may look like, Bhangar Movement has given a fillip to our organization, substantiating the correctness of the orientation put forward by the Program and Path of Revolution of our party. It has given inspiration to build Mass Political Platforms with People’s Manifestos at state level focusing on people’s power and people oriented sustainable development paradigm. At a time when opportunist calls for rallying with Congress to combat BJP, or building broad Left front led by social democratic CPI(M) is raised as alternatives by many including some from the CR forces, the ongoing Bhangar Movement and other militant movements led by the party and class/mass organizations along with active movements on vital people’s issues like caste annihilation, environmental catastrophe, housing etc, and the concept of Mass Political Platform as the people’s alternative against ruling class alternatives has provided a correct orientation before the people.

It is in this situation the party has started preparations for organizing the Eleventh Party Congress at Kolkata from 7th November in the New Year. The social democratic CPI(M) led forces upholding China, which has degenerated to a social imperialist power, as socialist model. They are implementing the neo-liberal policies wherever their Left Front comes to power in spite of its decimation in Bengal. At the same time, struggling against their line of class collaboration, the CPI(ML) Red Star is advancing towards its next Party Congress with clear perspective about the way the class struggle is to be developed comprehensively and the way the people’s alternative against all ruling class alternatives should be built. For us Marxism is not a dogma; it is a science, the theory and practice of which should be continuously developed according to changes taking place both internationally and nationally. Overcoming past weaknesses we have advanced so far ‘seeking truth from facts’ and trying to analyze the changes taking place around us. Based on this dialectical materialist perspective, let us take up the challenges posed by the New Year with the approach: dare to think, dare to struggle and dare to win. 
THE Resolution adopted by the West Bengal state committee on building the Mass Political Alternative in the state is published in the November issue of Red Star. Based on this, the steps taken by the state committee were reported in the CC meeting held at Varanasi on 18-19 November.

A massive Convention of delegates from the Bhangar villages and observers was held on 29th October which elected the Committee for Protection of Land, Livelihood, Ecology and Environment, after evaluating one year of its experience. It has put forward a 17 point alternative path of development before the people and government.

A mass convention is planned at Kolkata based on these in the second week of December. The martyrs’ day shall be observed on 17th January, on the first anniversary of the police firing in which two comrades were killed and one injured. A Rs. 10 lakhs fund collection for giving assistance to martyrs’ families and for developing the movement is planned. It will be followed by a Kolkata Convention to launch the state level Mass Political Platform and a mass mobilization at Bhangar before the local bodies’ elections. All state committees are requested to collect Bhangar solidarity Find and send it to Party Centre.

DEFEAT BJP CHALLENGE IN GUJARAT ELECTION

AFTER four and half decades of Congress rule and two and half decades of BJP rule Gujarat is turned in to haven for the corporate forces, where Brahmanical forces are unleashing lynching of dalits and minorities and intensifying the plunder and impoverishment of all oppressed classes and sections. The elections to the assembly is taking place on 9th and 14th December when BJP is arrogantly boasting about another victory in this state projected as its ‘model’. In spite of the aggressive election campaign of BJP personally led by Modi and Amit Shah, Congress has succeeded to forge a rainbow alliance of various forces and is trying hard to make a return to the seats of power. In addition to the strong incumbency factor, the active anti-BJP feeling among the minorities, dalits and all progressive forces is also favorable to Congress. The latest reports show that even if BJP is not defeated, its hold in this state is going to weaken considerably in this election.

Though the CPI(M) and its Left Front partners have fielded more than a dozen candidates, contrary to the wishes of the people who desire an alternative against the ruling system, these parties have no such alternative to offer because of their political line of implementing the neo-liberal policies wherever they come to power and parading social imperialist China as their socialist show piece.

It is in this situation, the CPI(ML) Red Star had called for building a people’s alternative based on a Common Minimum Program against the corporate-communal fascist regime of BJP, uniting all struggling forces, like minded parties and people’s movements. Though such an alternative could not be built up in this election, the party shall continue its efforts to develop non-parliamentary struggles and to build the people’s alternative, while making a political campaign to defeat BJP
THE one year long campaign observing the centenary of October Revolution culminated with numerous programs at a number of places on 7th November. It was a great occasion of evaluation of the complex experience of the 100 years of revolution and reformism. These programs including an evaluation of the reasons for the severe setbacks suffered by the international communist movement has given the inspiration for taking lessons from it to create new Octobers, to create a new of wave of revolutionary upsurges. Lenin could mobilize the revolutionary masses under the Bolsheviks and make the October Revolution successful by uncompromisingly struggling against the Mensheviks, Narodniks and all other alien trends, by developing Marxist theory and practice according to concrete situation. Present social realities and political challenges once again underlines the significance of waging uncompromising ideological-political struggles against all alien trends, developing the theory and practice of Marxism-Leninism according to present realities, building powerful Bolshevik style communist parties, developing class struggle in all fields, and mobilizing the masses for revolution by overthrowing the hegemony of global imperialist system and its compradors.

It was based on this message, with the perspective of advancing “independent communist assertion” these programs were organized with the call of marching forward towards revolution. It has given a new fillip to the movement, to both ICOR, which recently held its third World Conference, and to the Party at all India level. The discussions on lessons from the experience of last one hundred years of international communist movement shall be continued more vigorously in the coming days linking with the task of developing Marxist-Leninist teachings on theory and practice according to present realities.

For us these year-long programs on centenary of October Revolution was not just a period of celebration, as the reformists of all hues tried to depict. For the revolutionary forces it was an occasion for self- introspection a period for evaluating the experience of the international communist movement during last 100 years, and taking lessons from them. For us it was a period for developing the Marxist-Leninist theory and practice, seeking truth from facts and according to present challenges raised by the changes in the concrete conditions. Based on this approach let us march forward so that the revolutionary movement can create a new wave of upsurges. Intensify Struggles to Demolish Global Imperialist System and its Compradors and Lackeys! Socialism is the only Alternative Possible!
REVOLUTIONARY greetings to the fighting people of South 24 Parganas, to comrades of CPI(ML) Red Star and other struggling left and democratic forces for the great success of the road blockade under the banner of Land, Livelihood, Biodiversity and Environment Committee (Jomi Jeebika Vaasthuthantro O Porivesh Raksha Committee) on 11th January in which more than a lakh people, nearly half of them women, participated paralyzing 12 kms stretch of the Haroa Road demanding: Stop the Execution of Anti People Power Grid at Polerhat.

The people’s anger has burst out in Bhangar and Polerhat Areas of South 24 Parganas, during this indefinite Road Blockade against the Project Power Grid of the Central government which takes away the lives and livelihood of the peasants, damages the very biodiversity and environment of the surrounding areas. Though the blockade and other forms of struggle are withdrawn after the construction works are stopped and the state chief minister assuring discussion with all concerned forces, these assurances were violated when the police along with TMC goondas created provocations, arrested struggle leaders and raided many villages on 16th Night. On 17th these provocative attacks continued, and in the police firings two villagers were killed, many injured, forcing the people to retaliate. Refusing to take lessons from Singur and Nandigram, Mamta government is imposing state terror to continue the power grid construction in the areas forcibly taken over by the authorities. But the people’s resistance is continuing.

Now people of not only these areas but also of all affected areas in the state are getting mobilized to continue the movement till complete victory.. Yes, people will say the last word, and the struggle of millions of people in this region shall continue mobilizing more and more sections of people. The People’s Struggle Committee and the Solidarity Committee supporting it has resolved to continue the movement till total victory. We appeal to all progressive forces to support this people’s upsurge against the neoliberal raj and state terror.
Page 4 of 20

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.