Official Website of Communist Party of India, Marxist - Leninist (ML) Redstar - Editorials
MORE THAN two months have passed since the killing of Hizbul Mujahedeen Commander, Burhan Wani on 8 July, 2016. The days after that have witnessed the intensification of the undeclared war going on for last almost seven decades between the Indian state and the people in the Indian occupied Kashmir. Similar is the situation in the PoK also. The imposition of curfew over Kashmir continues amid temporary relaxations; mobile internet service is shut down; attendance in government offices is thin. Clashes between protesters and the police, para-military continue on a daily basis. The number of injured till 20th September is reported to be about 15,000. Over one hundred are killed and nine hundred have had eye injuries due to rubber pellets fired by the security personnel. The monumental figure of those injured includes mainly the protesters, by-standers as also the police/para-military personnel. Thus on an average about 200 people have been injured per day or about eight per hour. The number of injured over a period of sixty days is frightening and calls for a comparison with other conflict situations in the last hundred years where the Indian army/ British Indian Army was engaged with an uprising within the country or a conflict with a neighbouring country.

After two visits of central home minister Rajnath Singh and an all party delegation of MPs led by him the situation remains more grave with people battling with the military and security forces whom they consider an occupation force. These visits repeatedly fail as like BJP and Congress, none of these parties accept the right of self determination of the Kashmiri people who were not part of British India. The consecutive Indian governments had/have no right to speak about the 1951 accession agreement with the king of Kashmir, as they have violated its provisions totally. Though the all party delegation has stated that any solution can be found only through discussion, why do they not ask for withdrawal of the military from policing the valley to create a favorable condition for talks? Why the government as well as the opposition does not accept that the 1951 accession agreement was violated and any solution is possible only through a referendum in both PoK as well as in IoK? Both Indian as well as Pakistan governments is aggravating the agony of the Kashmiri people.

We appeal to all democratic forces to raise their voice against this barbarism perpetuated on Kashmiri people and for a referendum to give an opportunity for the Kashmiri people to decide their future.
THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE of the CPI (ML) Red Star along with the International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations (ICOR) has called for observing the centenary of great October Revolution from 7th November, and culminating with ideological-political campaigns and massive mobilizations at state level all over the country on 7th November, 2017. ICOR has planned a theoretical seminar evaluating the contributions of October Revolution and Soviet Union along with a review of the shortcomings which led to the disintegration of the SU and an international rally in Europe in September, 2017. At the present historic juncture when the imperialists and their lackeys are utilizing the setbacks suffered by the international communist movement to intensify their fierce counter revolutionary offensive to inflict further damage to the revolutionary movement, it is a great challenge before the communists to confront them by overcoming past weaknesses and re-establishing the universal superiority of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought and Proletarian Internationalist spirit.

The October Revolution, formation of Soviet Union, initiation of socialist transformation there and the launching of the Communist International were epochal developments which shook the global imperialist system. They gave great boost to the World Proletarian Socialist Revolution, with the national liberation movements getting strengthened in all countries under colonial domination and the People’s Democratic Revolutions under the leadership of communist parties advancing in many among them. By 1950s a situation was created when the forward march of socialist camp was challenging the imperialist camp.

But if the International Communist Movement (ICM) suffered severe setbacks and the Comintern (Communist International) was dissolved, they call for serious evaluation. Lessons should be taken from the positive and negative aspects of the past experiences. The centenary of the October Revolution is an important occasion to take up these tasks. This occasion also calls for emphasizing the need for developing the theory and practice of Marxism-Leninism according to present conditions, when major changes have taken place in all fields under the neo-colonization drive by the imperialist forces and their lackeys. Let us take up the centenary observation of October Revolution with revolutionary spirit to re-establish the superiority of Marxist theory, to intensify the ideological-political campaign for bringing together the communist revolutionaries and to reorganize and strengthen the communist parties internationally making them capable of leading the struggle for social justice and democracy to great victories, by launching the struggle of all oppressed classes and sections in all fields and putting an end to the rule of oppressors of all hues
IT is now becoming clear that the attacks on Dalits in several parts of the country by vigilante gau rakshaks and the massive mobilization of dalits and all those who expressed solidarity with them at Una have spoiled the BJP’s carefully crafted plan to retain Dalit support for the forthcoming assembly elections in key States. In the Lok Sabha debate on cow vigilantism and attacks against Dalits, speakers from BJP-led ruling NDA sought to portray Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s “shoot me, not my Dalit brothers” exhortation at a public event four days earlier as a watershed moment in the history of political solidarity expressions for the SCcommunities of India.

The NDA had lined up all its top leaders to make this presentation forcefully. Replying to the debate, Rajnath Singh claimed that Narendra Modi was the only Prime Minister since 1947 to have spoken openly on the problem though crimes against Dalits were a constant phenomenon. All of them asserted that Modi’s “shoot me, not my Dalit brothers” declaration was a path-breaking one by the topmost political leader.

However, a close look at the sequence of events that led to Modi’s admonishment of vigilante gau rakshaks exposed this to be a hollow claim. Instead, what it showed was a rattled and cynical politician who had subsumed all his social and political instincts to the compulsions of acquiring power and holding on to it by any means. It also revealed the apprehensions of “Team Modi” about the party’s prospects in the forthcoming electoral contests, particularly in UP and Gujarat. Central to this fear is the depletion of support among Dalits in the wake of the onslaught against them by gau rakshaks.

OPPOSE THE NEW EDUCATION POLICY

WHILE the New Education Policyimplemented by the Rajiv Gandhi government in 1986 was an attempt to dilute whatever progressive aspects were there in the Kothari Commission Report of 1950s (which had tried to reform the British colonial education policy) in order to facilitate the privatization and commercialization of education, a glance at the present document entitled Some Inputs for Draft National Education Policy 2016 published by the Modi government for public opinion, is dictated by the RSS and is for total corporatization and saffronization of the field of education. It is making further inroads in to states’ jurisdiction in this field also. Some of its basic features are :

(1) The eulogization and glorification of India’s past and tradition which smack of orientalism are absolutely false; the true aim is ‘Hindutuaisation’ of education.

(2) The emphasis on quality education based on cross-border corporate capital flow aims at elitization of education and is detrimental to ‘common education’ or concept of community education schemes. BJP government’s NEP is for privatization and corporatization of education.

(3) This NEP’s basic orientation is technological and technocratic. It is marked by total absence of scientific orientation. It is against the ‘method of science’.

(4) It disregards country’s vast diversities and cultural differences and is against federalism and aims at super-imposed forcible integration in the guise of national unity.

(5). If implemented, it will foster further communalization.

(6) Content-wise it is unscientific and a-historical (distortion of historical facts).

(7) This draft NEP is against the basic principles of secularism and democracy.

(8) It fully serves the interests of international finance capital in tune with WTO provisions.

(9) NEP is deadly against critical and independent intellectual thinking on the part of students and researchers; it aims at fostering superstition and obscurantism.

(10) The draft NEP is the handiwork of cold-blooded RSS think-tanks; the involvement of eminent educational scholars and experts is conspicuously absent.

Firstly the government wanted that all suggestions should be sent by 16th August. After public outcry now the time is extended by six weeks. We appeal to all progressive forces to actively participate in this debate by putting forward their critics as early as possible, by organizing active discussions on it, and actively resisting its recommendations by putting forward a people oriented policy which ensures scientific and democratic education system for all (please also see the call by AIFRTE to reject this NEP draft published in this issue of Red Star

WHOSE INDEPENDENCE?

DURING the independence struggle against the British colonialists, all sacrifices were made by the freedom fighters and tens of millions participated in the protracted movements for achieving national liberation and democratic way of life, and inclusive growth for the masses of this vast, multi-national country, that is India which is Bharat as mentioned in Constitution. But what happened during the communal division of this sub-continent and during the last seven decades after transfer of power to the Kala Sahabs is quite different. The caste-communal divide was intensified manifold, class, gender differences increased unprecedentedly and India is turned in to a country for the elite Brahminical sections, imposing enslavement on others. Attacks on women, children, dalits, adivadis, other oppressed clases and sections are increasing day by day. On top of all these, the RSS led Nareandra Modi government is trying to turn this country very fast in to corporatized Hindu Rashtra, shattering the dreams of the freedom fighters.

It is in this siuation CPI(ML) Red Star had called for observing 9th to 15th August as Anti Imperialist Week and 15th August as Protest Day. The people’s mobilizations and mass upsurges taking place all over the country provided a militant background to make this call a big success. Taking lessons from these mobilizations, let us intensify our efforts to march towards the victory of the Second Independence Struggle for People’s Democracy and Socialism

MILITARIZATION OF INDIAN STATE

THE 15th August speech by prime minister Narendra Modi from the ramparts of Red Fort, apart from his elaborate false claims of his more than two years’ rule, was significant for his statement further speeding up of its pro-US and anti-Pak foreign policy. Instead of trying to resolve the boundary problems through negotiations, China was indirectly targetted in the speech to gladden the US administration which wants to utilize India as a regional prop to confront the growing challenge to it from that country. Similarly, in continuation to his earlier statement in parliament that Pak occupied Kashmir is also part of India hinting actions needed for its ‘return’, in this speech he has cautioned Pakistan about a more pro-active approach towards Baluchistan in the coming days. Already the NDA government’s approach to Kashmir has hardened further irrespective of what its coalition partner in J&K thinks. Besides it is not ready to settle the problems in Northeast through political dialogue. It is also seeing an increased role for military in settling the internal problems like the presence of few Maoist squads in Chhattisgarh and in few other pockets. A military training camp is already made operational in Kanker district of Bastar region, and like the military chiefs it is vehemently opposing the withdrawal of a draconian law like AFSPA. All these indicate the increasing appetite of the Modi government for military solution of all these political issues. Naturally it indicates the growing threat of militarization. One should not be surprised about it, as it is integrally linked with the RSS concept of Hindu Rashtra as a hegemonic power in the region.

Soon after the transfer of power in 1947, the Congress government went for strengthening the armed forces in the name of facing the challenge in J&K and Northeast. Another spurt of militarization was following the setbacks in its 1962 border war with China. Consecutive governments went on strengthening the armed forces and went for nuclear power in 1970s to maintain itself as a regional power. The NDA government of 1998 to 2004 spent much more for defense for intensifying the militarization. Under pressure of the hawks in the administration and armed forces, the UPA government maintained this tempo. Now with this pronounced hawkish shift in the foreign policy, the Modi govt. which has already increased the military expense in its last two budgets is going to intensify the militarization. It will not only further disturb the tense situation in the South Asian region but will have its impact in the political and social fields also. All the progressive forces should seriously discuss this dangerous development and resist it

SELF-DETERMINATION, DEMOCRACY AND HUMANISM

THE Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his 15th August speech highlighted the denial of self-determination and democratic rights for the people of Baluchistan by Pak administrationn. But at a time when the people of Kashmir are raising these demands, will he apply the same yardstick to Pak-occupied and India-occupied Kashmir and stand for the right of self-determination of Kashmiri people? His govt. is expanding military occupation and criminal assaults against the people’s movement in J&K and giving sermons to Pakistan on Baluchistan! It is sheer hypocrisy.

We have before us a posting in the Face Book:by a comrade: “ I find it amusing when right wing, blood thirsty, war mongers from India express shock at images of a Omran Daqneesh or a Aylan Kurdi (the little boys severely injured and shocked in war ravaged Syria). Had the kid been from Kashmir or Bastar, they’d be busy justifying a murder”. It is not just hypocrisy, but a criminal approach which justifies the denial of the right of self-determination, democracy and human rights under you rule, or under the party you support, but demand all these virtues from your neighbours, especially if it is Pakistan! The same thing is reciprocated by the ruling system in Pakistan also. Down with all these ruling systems, which deny self-determination to the people, which butcher democracy and humanism!. Let us stand with Omran Daqneesh or a Aylan Kurdi wherever they are. Let us stand with the women assaulted by the armed forces, the children suffering in war areas, the victims of pellet guns and all other murderous weapons!
THE severe attacks of the Modi govt on the working class are intensifying day by day. Even the existing laws like the Factories Act, Industrial Disputes Act and the Contract Labour Act are being amended by the various governments in the states ruled by BJP to remove the already meager protections afforded by these Acts. The unprecedented price rise, consequences of commercialization of education, healthcare etc, the effects of the neo-liberal policies, increasing unemployment, corruption in all walks of life etc are further impoverishing the masses and the working class and all oppressed classes and sections are left with no other option but to rally all their strength and struggle against these attacks. The 2nd September general strike is called by all trade union centres, and mass movements in this context. The ongoing campaign at all India level joined by all sectios of the toiling masses express the bitterness among the masses against te government policies. The Central Committee of the CPI(ML) Red Star has called upon all the workers and oppressed masses to strike work on this day and make the general strike a success.
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The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.