Official Website of Communist Party of India, Marxist - Leninist (ML) Redstar - Editorials

Patriotism and Treason

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ITH the ascendance to power of Modi government, during the last two years the RSS Parivar is trying to dub all those who disagree with their definition of patriotism, or all those who oppose their concept of Hindu Rashtra, or more simplistically, all those who refuse to raise Bharat Mata Ki Jai at their beckoning, as traitors or desadrohis. Though during 1998-2004 Vaipayee government’s time also there were some efforts of this kind, it was not as rabid or provocative as now, as it did not get the open support of the state forces as it is getting today. So when once again Prime Minister Narendra Modi is going to shout his patriotism from the ramparts of Red Fort on 15th August, there should be a countrywide discussion on who are the real patriots?

Who is a patriot and who is a traitor are subjects of discussion for long, at least from the time of the independence struggle against the colonial forces. In that sense we uphold the leaders of Santhal and other earlier anti- British revolts, to leaders of the 1857 first war of independence – Jhansi Rani, Hazrat mahal, to numerous others from the early days of national liberation struggles to Bhagat Singh like martyrs and freedom fighters of various streams of independence struggles as patriots, who sacrificed everything for the independence of our country. Patriotism meant the preparedness to sacrifice for the liberation of the motherland and its people from the political, economic and cultural domination of the imperialist force who had established hegemony over the country. History teaches that there were many others who betrayed the national interests during this long period serving as lackeys and compradors of British rulers. They were the traitors, the desadrohis.

The post-1947 history teaches that what happened in our country like other ‘newly independent countries’ of Asia, Africa and Latin America was only the replacement of Gora sahebs with Kala (or not so Kala) sahebs, as Shahid Bhagat Singh had clearly warned. The formal political independence was not followed by independence from the economic clutches of imperialism. What was followed under Nehru model in the early decades was nothing but the Keynesian policies advocated by the US led imperialist forces. But with the adoption of the neoliberal policies in 1991, the process of throwing overboard even whatever self-reliance and apparent sovereignty hitherto gained was started. The ruling system and the political leaderships in dominance started becoming more and more compradors, destroying whatever self-reliance and sovereignty existed. This trend stated in 1991 became more explicit during the decade long UPA rule.

Now under Modi regime, this trend is reaching its climax with the destruction of even whatever semblance of national independence the people have with the opening of all economic spheres to FDIs, with the systematic destruction of all public sector ventures which were the pillars of the national economy so far, with the rabid corporatization of all fields. Thus Modi regime is decisively destroying all the great values of national liberation and social justice put forward by the freedom fighters. What right he has to call himself the patriot, the dasabhakth? On the contrary he represents the direct opposite.

Today, only those who cherish and uphold the values of national liberation from the clutches of imperialism and its lackeys can be called the patriots, the desbhakths. It is in this context the Central Committee of the Party has called for observing 9th August to 15th August as Anti-Imperialist Week, pledging to strive for realizing the dreams of the freedom fighters. Let us organize a powerful campaign during this period initiating the mobilization of all patriotic forces for the second independent struggle to achieve genuine national liberation and social justice. 

Gujarat: Dalit Atrocities and Resistance

The attack on dalit men in Una for allegedly skinning a dead cow by so-called cow protection committee men, products of the Brahmanical hate ideology of RSS strengthened by the support provided by the Modi government has rocked the country and brought forward the significance of the caste annihilation in present situation. The powerful upsurge of dalits and other oppressed sections along with democratic forces in the state was joined by the CAM activists also. The central working group of the CAM issued a statement in Delhi condemning the incident and calling of all democratic forces to intensify the caste annihilation campaign and to boldly resist such onslaughts by Manuvadis.

Defeat Modi Govt's Move to Enact GST

IMPOSITION of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), a uniform tax for both the sectors at all India level is the demand put forward by the MNCs and native corporate forces for a long time. Though the UPA govt had initiated it, due to opposition in the parliament by BJP it could not be enacted. As it imposes heavy burden over the masses and goes against the federal principles, the progressive forces had also opposed it from the.

But once the BJP has come to power and Modi launched the Make in India campaign, the urgency to enact it became all the more pressing for it. But as the Congress is stalling this on technical

grounds and as BJP is not having majority in the Rajya Sabha, Modi govt was making frantic efforts for enacting it. Now the possibilities for it have brightened after the elections to the five state assemblies and to the Rajya Sabha seats. A number of non- BJP state governments also have extended support for it. Even the LDF government in Kerala has extended support to it, in spite of the CPI(M) leadership’s reservations against it. In this situation, CPI(ML) Red Star calls on all progressive forces for strengthening the resistance against the GST bill which will help the MNCs and the native corporate forces while imposing additional burden over the people.
DURING his latest discussions with US president and address to the session of US Congress, Prime Minister Modi has underlined his readiness to sign any agreement with US for closer ties. Obama has announced US intention to arm India as the “net provider of security in Asia” even if a formal Indo-US alliance is not signed. He is calling for “India acting as close partner and ally”. All these moves are for dragging India in to its military moves against Chinese expansion to more areas.

While this strategic alliance is mooted, and the Modi government is moving closer to US, it is blind towards two important international developments. Firstly, the policies of “local bully” pursued by Indian government have forced all its neighbouring

countries to move closer to China. Besides, not only the other BRICS countries, Russia, Vietnam like countries are also having closer relations with China. Secondly, while intensifying its policy of contention with China, the US is following the policy of collusion with this other superpower on many issues.

But the Modi govt and the RSS Parivar which are acting as the only patriots and attacking all others as traitors under many pretexts using Sedition Law like Black Acts, are so much comprador in their thinking and actions that they refuse to see these international realities. They refuse to see that in spite of their efforts to move closer to US and to serve as its ally against China, history proves that US do not treat any country as its permanent ally. It always gives prime importance to its global hegemony. It is ready to turn against its allies at any time in its “national interests”. Refusing to recognize these, Modi govt is dragging India in to more neo-colonial dependence to US. It is an act of treason by these pseudo patriots. So any moves for closer alliance with US by Modi should be resisted.
BREXIT is a reflection of European Union’s impending break-up on account of the mounting imperialist crisis and the surge in social and political tensions. The referendum in favor of Britain’s exit from EU is not the result of an overnight development. It is the gravest crisis that Europe is confronting ever since the US-sponsored Marshall Plan of the immediate post- World War II period. It was followed by the creation of EU. The driving forces behind the establishment of EU had been the unbridled appetite on the part of European finance capitalists for profit maximization through integrated plunder of the working class by means of perfect cross-border mobility of capital and labour. Under neo-liberal accumulation, however, rival national states of Europe have continued to pursue independent and conflicting economic policies at the expense of weak nations of the EU. This has assumed irreversible character with the advent of neo-Nazi and ultra-right wing forces in the political arena.

Britain is the 5th largest country in the world and 2nd largest one in EU. Though for a time nothing much is expected to happen, its exit will have far-reaching repercussions in EU and at a global level. The immediate perception that Britain will be weakened has led to the drastic fall in the Pound. Markets all over the world are reacting to this perceived weakness. Due to Britain’s deep involvement in sectors like finance, these sectors will be affected. Though details are yet to come, in India stock exchanges, financial markets and currency, for example have already experienced a plunge. This development should be seen as part of the sharp right wing shift taking place around the world.

OBSERVE 28TH JULY AS MARTYRS DAY

COMRADE CHARU MAJUMDAR, General Secretary of the CPI(ML), died in police custody at Kolkata on 28th July, 1972. Though he was seriously sick, he was subjected to continuous police questioning and denied necessary treatment leading to his death. It amounted to a murder under police custody. Still the parliament in session did not condemn it and the CPI(M) leaders kept silence. From the days of the First War of Independence and Santhal Revolts like anti-British upsurges, the British colonialists have brutally put down these people’s upsurges and barbarously eliminated its leaders. The list of these martyrs is very long. After the 1947 transfer of power, the big capitalist-big landlord state serving imperialism continued the colonialist policy of suppressing the people’s movements with equal or more brutality. The Indian state imposed more black acts like AFSPA, UAPA and the police, para-military and even military forces were deployed to more areas, intensifying the state terror. As a result, tens of thousands of communist revolutionaries and Democrats are murdered. Let us observe the 28th July as all India martyrs’ day with the pledge to continue the struggle for people’s democracy and socialism
IT WAS fifty years ago, on 16th May, 1966, the great proletarian Cultural Revolution in China was launched. It was a historic revolutionary move by Mao to prevent the repetition of what happened in Soviet Union where the capitalist roaders from within the Communist Party of Soviet Union had usurped power and degenerated it from socialist path to capitalist path, to a social imperialist power (which later disintegrated in 1991). Though even this epochal move mobilizing the masses in their millions could not succeed to topple the capitalist roaders, who usurped power in China also a decade later, utilizing the opportunity provided by the death of Mao and turned China in to a capitalist super power competing and colluding with US imperialism for world hegemony, the communists around the world cannot belittle its importance. The experience of the international communist movement (ICM) has repeatedly proved that though the imperialist camp and its lackeys are intensely struggling to destroy it everywhere and in every field, the severe setbacks suffered by it compared to the zenith it had reached by the 1950s is primarily and in the main due to the emergence and strengthening of the revisionist line, which in effect amounts to the emergence of capitalist roaders who usurp the leadership. The serious obstacle confronting the communist movement today is that in spite of these repeated bitter experiences, the communists who aspire for revolutionary change are still not recognizing the significance of struggling against and defeating this principal danger before the revolutionary advance.

It is in this context the significance of the Cultural Revolution in China should be recognized and necessary lessons should be drawn from its positive contributions and from its later disintegration. We are publishing an article on this important epoch of the ICM and invite more studies and critics on the theory and practice of the Cultural Revolution in general.

Lessons of 1975 Emergency Declaration

JUNE 26 marks the 41st anniversary of the Emergency Declaration by Indira Gandhi government which was a Constitutional Coup turning the whole country in to a prison with censorship imposed on media. Tens of thousands were arrested, many killed under state terror and all Constitutional rights suspended to citizens. All these were to save her autocratic regime following the Allahabad High Court verdict, which had unseated her from the Lok Sabha. It was not to bring any welfare to the people, but to protect the continuation of her family dynasty. What followed was fascist style oppression in all fields. Remembering those dark days and the events leading to them are very important when the rightist Congress led rule is now replaced by the ultra rightist BJP rule which is trying to impose a Savrna fascist Brahminical regime to speed up imposition of the neoliberal-corporate policies.

At this critical juncture, there are many including the Congress leadership who wants us to forget the past and call for uniting to bring a BJP or RSS free India. Of course, broadest possible unity is presently needed to defeat the Brahminical onslaught unleashed under Modi regime on each and every field. But while joining hands for it, can we forget how the RSS parivar could come to the controlling position and which are the forces who paved the way for it? Can anyone discard the fact that it was almost six decades of Congress hegemony under which first the Keynesian and then the neoliberal policies were pursued to benefit the elite classes, and the communal appeasement-casteism based vote bank politics was pursued leading to present situation when the RSS led forces could win majority in the 2014 elections? Similarly, based on which minimum program a people’s platform, an alternative to Modi rule can be put forward is also of primary importance. Can the progressive forces repeat the same mistake like the one committed by the CPI (M) led Left Front in 2004 by supporting the Congress led UPA rule in the name of replacing the Modi rule? Or, should they strive for building a people’s alternative against the corporate raj and saffronization of BJP rule based on a common minimum program, summarily rejecting the neoliberal policies, communalism and casteism?

While observing the anniversary of emergency declaration, let us be very clear that today’s situation did not fall from the sky all on a sudden, but is the result of the post-1947 ruling class policies pursued by the Congress and other ruling class parties till now. Struggle to put an end to RSS influence in Indian polity and the struggle against the neoliberal policies which have impoverished the masses cannot be seen as separate polls; they have to be carried forward simultaneously to ensure democratization of the society as well as social justice.
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The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.