SINCE their June 2014 capture of the Iraqi city of Mosul, Islamic State (IS) forces have fought numerous battles along a shifting front line, which spans Iraqi and Syrian territory, and have engaged nearly every armed force there. Despite suffering territorial losses in 2014–15, the group continues to hold significant ground in Iraq and Syria. Since July 2014, Conflict Armament Research (CAR), an independent organisation mandated by the European Union to investigate the supply of weapons into armed conflicts, has worked in concert with Iraqi and Syrian forces to document materiel recovered in military action against IS forces. These partners include: the Iraqi Popular Mobilization Units, the Iraqi Federal Police, the Kurdistan Region Security Council, the Peshmerga forces of the Kurdistan Regional Government, and the Military Council of the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) in Syria. CAR documented the components presented in this report following their recovery during major battles around the Iraqi towns of al Rabia, Kirkuk, Mosul, and Tikrit and the Syrian town of Kobane.
IS forces have manufactured and deployed improvised explosive devices (IEDs) across the battlefield on a quasi-industrial scale. Responsible for a large number of civilian and military casualties, these improvised bombs endanger and significantly delay ground operations against IS positions, while threatening the safe return of displaced populations. Made of components that are cheap and readily available, IEDs have become IS forces’ signature weapon. Their chains of supply differ from those of military weapons. Indeed, for the most part, IED components are commercial goods that are not subject to government export licenses and whose transfer is far less scrutinised and regulated than the transfer of weapons.
Conflict Armament Research Tracing the supply of components used in Islamic State IEDs over a period of 20 months, from July 2014 to February 2016, sent investigation teams in Iraq and Syria, examined more than 700 components used by IS forces to manufacture IEDs, identified their provenance, and traced their chains of custody. While this report focuses on the origin of supplies captured from IS forces, there is no evidence to suggest, nor does CAR in any respect imply, any direct transfer of goods to IS forces by the countries and companies mentioned in this report. CAR’s investigations map out the legal trade in component parts across the region. In all identified cases, producers have lawfully traded components with regional trade and distribution companies. These companies, in turn, have sold them to smaller commercial entities. By allowing individuals and groups affiliated with IS forces to acquire components used in IEDs, these small entities appear to be the weakest link in the chain of custody. A focus on lawfully traded commodities is thus critically important to an understanding of how IS forces fuel their large-scale manufacture of IEDs. Many components that can be used in the manufacture of homemade explosives, such as aluminium paste and urea, are not subject to transfer controls, including export licensing. As such, their supply within the region is largely unregulated and weakly monitored. Other components, such as detonators and detonating cord, are subject to export licensing, but are also commonly used in commercial activities, such as mining and industry. Licensing alone has not been sufficient to prevent acquisition by IS forces. Ostensibly civilian components, such as mobile telephones and telecommunications cable, are also investigated in this report because their supply serves as a ‘marker’ for understanding the acquisition networks used by IS forces.
Unsurprisingly, IS acquisition networks draw most heavily on lawful commerce in the countries that border their territory. Proximity is a major reason why the goods traded by Iraqi and Turkish companies appear throughout the supply chains of components that IS forces use to manufacture IEDs. Both Iraq and Turkey have large agricultural and mining sectors, in which many such chemicals and explosive components are employed extensively. At the same time, many small-scale commercial enterprises appear to have sold, whether wittingly or unwittingly, components to parties linked to, or employed by, IS forces. Perhaps the most significant finding of this report concerns the speed with which IS forces have been able to acquire IED components.....
Table 1 of the Report gives the list of the countries and Companies who provide them. It includes India. Detonating cord Solar Industries India, Detonating cord and detonators Premier Explosives India, Detonating cord and detonators Rajasthan, Explosives and Chemicals India Safety fuse, Chamundi Explosives India, Detonators Economic Explosives India, Detonators IDEAL Industrial Explosives India are the Indian companies providing materials to ISIS among others from a number of countries.
Though Modi government is claiming to fight terrorism, under its nose Indian companies are providing materials for ISIS to spread its terrorist actions! This heinous act should be condemned. The democratic forces should demand that the Modi government take action against these companies and stop their supply line.
In his address, which was read by Sanjeev (an activist working for restoration of Dalit rights), Jignesh said, “Due to serious health issue (neck pain, back pain, fever, throat infection all together), I am not able to participate. But, I’m totally associated with the cause.” He further stated that annihilation of caste system should be the ultimate aim of any dalit movement.
Mevani went on to state that sessions have already been held starting with Una followed by Udipi (Karnataka), Thrissur and Trivandrum (both in Kerala), and now the conference is being held in Lucknow. “The motto of our organisation Rastriya Dalit Adhikar Manch is - Sangharsh Asmita aur Astitva Ke Liye - Jati-Nirmulan Tak (struggle for dignity and existence till annihilation of caste system). Though we are still evolving, our heart knows that we are on the right track and hence on the same wavelength with you,” Jignesh mentioned.
Reiterating his slogan Gaay ki punchh tum rakho, humme hamari zameen do (you keep the cow’s tail, give us our land), Jignesh, said, “Our agenda to promote inter-caste marriages and we also propose that whenever land is allotted to dalits, priority be given to women and even amongst women priority be given to Valmiki women and even amongst them priority be given to widow Valmiki women and even amongst them priority be given to physically challenged widow Valmiki women and even amongst them priority be given to those physically challenged widow Valmiki women who are engaged into manual scavenging. This is where we want our democracy to reach to.”
Land reforms are also vital for the entire nation for it helps evolve and agrarian economy which is conducive for higher levels of productivity meaning it has to do creating wealth for the entire nation and improve the purchasing power of rural folk. Rastriya Dalit Adhikar Manch is planning to have branches and wings and create a nationwide coordinating team which will work on the issue of land-reforms. “It is our attempt to bring all the dalit movements under this umbrella in coming days and work together for common cause,” Mevani said.
(The Times of India, dated 23rd October, 2016)
Addressing them com. K N Ramachandran, General Secretary of the CPI(ML) Red Star pointed out how the replacement of the rightist UPA government by the ultra rightist Modi government has further intensified the corporate raj and saffronization of the society and polity. Condition of the dalits, adivasis, minorities, women and all other oppressed classes have worsened further under the Hindu Rashtra concept pushed forward by the Brahminical forces. Fascicisation has reached the level of informal Emergency Rule leading to ban on TV Channels to subjugate the media also. He called for intensifying people’s resistance to replace the reactionary ruling system by taking lessons from the October Revolution which shook the imperialists and lackeys, and paved the way for national liberations and socialist advances
The meeting was addressed by leaders of other constituent organizations: com. Mohammed Gouse (General Secretary of MCPI-U), Ram Kavindar Singh (Navjanavadi Lok Manch), OP Sinha (All India Worker's Council), Raghav (Sarvodaya Prabhat Party). Representatives of New Socialist Movement (Gujarat), Janshakti (Karnataka), DSS(Karnataka), Jan Jagrutik Abhiyan of UP who could not attend had sent messages of greetings. All of them explained how the condition of the masses has worsened under Modi regime apart from intensification of the fascicisation of all walks of life. Only by throwing out this ruling system by taking lessons from October Socialist Revolution and other hitherto people’s revolutionary movements the people can advance towards people’s democracy and socialism.
Though the rally was planned from Mandi House to Jantar Mantar, in the last minute the Delhi police denied pemission for it, exposing how it is curtailing the democratic rights. While comrades Sankar Das conducted the meeting, it was also addressed by comrades Pradeep Singh (Bengal), Sivaram (Odisha), Pramila(Basthi Suraksha Manch), Saura Yadav (Chhattisgarh), Rudrayya (Karnataka), Vimal (Delhi), Rajkumar Dhillor (Delhi Jan Manch) and others.
Along with a number of mass programs in all state capitals, the Delhi rally marked the beginning of the programs of centenary observation of October Socialist Revolution taken up internationally by the commmunist movement and democratic forces.
It is an important step in the context of the experience in India where the Left Front led by the CPI(M) had not only supported the UPA government led by the Congress for five years and where its West Bengal state committee went for an alliance with the Congress in the 2015 assembly elections. Though the CPB maintains fraternal relations with CPI, CPI(M) and Forward Bloc, the LF parties in India, and though their representatives also attended the Congress, CPB stand was different from theirs.
It was significant that the Congress of the CPB, a constituent of the ICOR was attended by ICOR constituents including the CPI(ML) Red Star, MLPD and CPN(Mashal) and all of them called for strengthening the ICOR and the year- long observation of the Centenary of the October Revolution starting from this 7th November. In the context of strengthening of the ‘political Islam’ around the world, it is significant that in a country like Bangladesh with almost 95% of its 12 crores population being Muslims, the CPB is building up the party and mass movements based on anti-neoliberal and secular positions. So the unity of the CPI(ML) Red Star with CPB is very important . Com. KNR representing the CPI(ML) Red Star while extending revolutionary greetings to the 11th Congress of the CPB, declared all round support to the people’s movement going on against the Rampal power plant and condemned the efforts of the Indian government to impose unequal treaties on river water sharing exposing its expansionist designs in South Asia.
In the International Seminar held on 29th afternoon on “Imperialism, Neo-liberalism and Religious Fundamentalism”, the key note paper presented by the CPB clearly pointed out that both the dangers of market fundamentalism and religious fundamentalism should be fought and defeated. In his speech com. KNR pointed out that the imperialists are trying hard to continue their global hegemony during the post-Second World War decades through their neocolonial offensive. Inspite of continuing crises confronted by them, they are trying to overcome them through neoliberal onslaughts and by using religious fundamentalism, racism, casteism like tools to divide the people’s resistance movements. Still the resistance struggles are increasing around the world. But the state power is increasingly controlled by the rightist forces as there are no powerful communist parties to give correct orientation and leadership to growing people’s movements and to capture political power. This is because the communist movement is influenced by right and left deviations. He called for ideological offensive to overcome these deviations and to build powerful communist parties capable of overthrowing the reactionary regimes and carry forward socialist transformation which is the only way to fight the barbarous neoliberal policies and its consequences, along with the growing danger of religious fundamentalism of all hues.
Representatives of CPI, CPI(M), Forward Bloc, CPN(UML), CPN(Mashal), CP of Pakistan, CP of Sri Lanka, MLPD, CP of Britain and CP of Russian Union also spoke from their parties’ positions showing how sharply different are the ideological-political lines of these parties. A large number of intellectuals and students participated in the seminar which continued for almost four hours.
The Congress elected a 43-member Central Committee and 7-member Control Commission. The new CC reelected comrades Mujahidul Islam Salim and Shaid Alam Jafar Ahmad as president and general secretary. It passed many resolutions including the communal attack against Hindu temples and houses in Nasirpur and demanding cancellation of the Rampur thermal plant.
The PB calls for continuing the campaign in support to the Kashmiri people’s right to self determination and against Modi government’s war mongering.
The PB welcomed the decision of the former leading committee members and members of the CPI(ML) New Democracy in Maharashtra to become part of the class and mass organizations like TUCI and AIKKS as the first step towards discussion of party line and merger. The PB decided to carry forward merger talks with other communist revolutionary organizations also.
The new Education Policy of Modi government is for all round commercialization and communalization of the education system. All party committees should expose this RSS led policy and organize resistance against it joining hands with AIFRTE units and other like-minded forces.
The PB has called for supporting the Caste Annihilation Movement’s decision to organize a vigorous campaign from 28th November, Mahatma Phule Day, to 6th December, the Dr. Ambedkar Day, against increasing caste based atrocities and for distribution of land to the landless dalits and adivasis, and has extended support to it.
It severely condemned the arrest of com. Jignesh Mewani and three more comrades in Gujarat and their custody in Ahmedabad central jail for advocating the dalit cause and raising the demand for land with the slogan “Jai Bhim, Lal Salam”. It has called for their immediate release.
The PB has called for observing 6th December as Anti-Communal Day. It was on 6th December 1992 the Babri Masjid was demolished by the RSS hoodlums and their allies. In order to communalize the voters for the coming UP elections the RSS parivar is intensifying the campaign for building a Ram Mandir at the Babri Masjid site. In this situation, the PB calls on all party committees to join with secular forces and observe 6th December as Anti-Communal Day.
The Supreme Court in its order has called for Equal Wages for Equal Work. The PB calls on all party committees to organize a campaign based on this SC order for implementation of this principle in all fields.
The PB meeting observed two minutes silence in memory of the large number of passengers died in the Indore-Patna Express tragedy during the early hours of 20th November and extended its condolences to the bereaved families. It expressed its anxiety about the way the privatisation of the railways is frantically speeded up under Modi government discarding the priority to be given for maintenance and safety, leading to such accidents.
Following this the Vision Document and the 22 point Alternative Program for all round development of the citizens of Delhi-NCR, presented by com. Vimal and Vijay Pandey, were discussed and adopted. The first session was presided by Shri Rajkumar Dhilor, Dr. S.N. Gautham, Dr. Omkarnat Mithal, K.C. Arya, Harsh Mehta, P.K. Raghav, Amar Singh Amar, Sharafat Hussain Siddiqui, Miss. Manju, Jyothi, Nusrat. The second session was presided by Shri Sharoor Khan, Lala Madanlal, Kripal Singh Chauhan, com. Jile Singh, Shri Aftab, Ansurui and Shravan Chanchal.
The Conference adopted a fifty one member panel as the leading committee of the Manch and a 21 member executive committee with Rajkumar Dhilor as its Convener. The Conference concluded calling for making the 23rd October program a great success and to make the Delhi Jan Manch the real leading political movement of the economically and socially suppressed masses of the Delhi-NCR region. As its first program of action a dharna was organized on 23rd October from 11 am demanding the implementation of the alternative program put forward by it.
23rd October: Delhi Jan Manch Organizes Dharna at Jnatar Mantar
The Delhi Jan Manch formed in the 9th October Convention organized a dharna at Jantar Mantar on 23rd October to announce its decision to launch a vigorous movement for housing for all slum dwellers, an end to contract system and minimum wages of Rs. 22,000, drinking water, sanitation, education, healthcare facilities for all toiling masses. The dharna was addressed by comrades KN Ramachandran, Dr Mithal, Vimal Trivedi, Raghav, Jyothi, Rajkumar Dhilor and many other leading activists from different movements and organizations. A memorandum with its 22 point demands was handed over to the offices of president, prime minister and chief minister. The DJM committee will meet on 25th October to chart a program of future struggles.
Media Release – Kashmir Fact Finding Report
Andhra Bhavan, New Delhi, 15th November 2016
A seven member OPDR team (here afterwards ‘the team’) was in Kashmir on 10th,11th and 12th November, 2016. It met a cross section of Kashmir society in Srinagar, Anantnag and Baramulla cities. The team also visited Jagati Colony of Kashmiri pundits, 15 km from Jammu city on 13 November, 2016. Here follows a brief preliminary report of the team’s findings, conclusions and recommendations. We wish to share this information with the people and concerned authority of Indian Union through the media.
At Srinagar the team met
1) APDP leadership, including its chairperson Parveena Ahangar (her son a student of tenth class in 1990 was a victim of enforced disappearance)
2) Kashmir Motor Drivers Association
3) JKCCS representative and a senior advocate Parvez Imroz
4) All Party Sikh Co-ordination Committee
5) International Human Rights Organisation representative Sarbjit Kaur
6) Valley Citizens Council
7) Professor Hameedah Nayeem of Kashmir Centre for Social and Development Studies
8) Kashmir Economic Alliance Group
9) Pellet-killed Riyaz Ahmad Shah’s family
At Anantnag the team met
1) Dr. Adbul Majeed Mirab, Superintendent, MMAB Memorial Hospital
2) Adil Rasid Bhat, 33 years, pellet-blinded
3) Qasim Sajjad, Senior Journalist, Fearless Journalism
At Baramulla the team met
1) Trade Federation delegation, Baramulla
2) Abdul Hameed Kakru, 83 years, senior most advocate and Abdul Saram Rathode, President, Baramulla Bar Association
3) Tareeq Ahmad Mugloo, at martyrs’ Kabragah (graveyard)
The team met considerable number of ordinary people also.
What do Kashmiris want?
OPDR has been visiting the valley periodically since 1992. This time we observed a paradigm shift in the attitude of Kashmiri people when compared to 2013 too. Though there has been a heavy repression and repeated massacres resulting in disappearance of 8 to 10 thousand people and more than 30,000 people lost their lives, there were sections of Kashmir society with a hope that Government of India will mend its ways. But now in 2016, especially after the ‘murder in encounter’ of Burhan Wani on July 8 and subsequent shelling by security forces with pellets and bullets ‘to blind and kill’ the people, the entire Kashmiri population is monolithic in its demand – the Government of India should “implement the agreement at the time of wedding knot” on October 26, 1947. When the team asked to explain what they mean by it, many delegations said: In 1947 October we willingly entered into a contract marriage with Indian Union under the leadership of Shaheed Sheikh Abdullah. Our confidence in “secular democratic India” started weakening after arrest of the then Prime Minister of our Kashmir in 1953 and imprisonment of him for more than 14 years. In the subsequent 63 years we have seen and suffered from the various intrigues and horrible repression of successive governments of India. We feel bitter that the people of India in general are not empathetic towards our lawful demand of right to self-determination. Now nothing short of Azadi is acceptable to us. So we demand the Government of India, they said
1) Take initiative to organize a round table conference of all the stakeholders, i.e., Government of India, people of the whole of Kashmir which includes the separatist leaders and Government of Pakistan.
2) All cases against the people should be withdrawn unconditionally and all the imprisoned people should be released forthwith.
3) People of Kashmir should have the right to determine its future, i.e., a plebiscite is required in Indian administered Kashmir and Pakistan administered Kashmir.
4) Governments of India and Pakistan should implement UN Security Resolutions on Kashmir question.
All sections of the people the team met unanimously declared that the people of Kashmir will continue the agitation and struggle until Independent Kashmir is achieved. “Let it take hundred more years, we don’t mind”, they firmly declared. They said they invite all the Kashmiri Pundits, who stand for Azadi back to valley and they further said they miss Pundits.
1. ATM Guard Killed in Srinagar
Riyaz Ahmad Shah was an ATM guard in an area of Srinagar. On 2nd August he was walking back home after duty at about 10 pm. The security forces, without any warning, fired on him from the back and killed him. The post-mortem revealed 65 pellets in his spleen and urinary bladder. Thousands and thousands of people, including hundreds of women, marched on the streets of Kashmir for three days demanding that the culprit personnel should be arrested and prosecuted. But the government did not do so. The sister of the victim, Sumera declared firmly and loudly that the whole family is prepared to die for the sake of Azadi.
2. Pellet Blinded Adil Rasid Bhat, Village Checkibonadal, Near Anantnag
Adil Rasheed Bhat, 23 years old, was returning from their family agricultural field along with his friend on August 21 around 2 pm. There was no agitation or morcha on that day in that area or even in Anantnag town. While they are walking on the footpath of Anantnag town, security forces fired on him and Rasid collapsed with unbearable pain all over the body. His friend was lucky to go unhurt and informed the family members of Rashid of this calamity. Rashid was referred to Maharaja Hari Singh Hospital at Srinagar which in turn referred him to All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi. Rashid’s brother Mr. Abid told the team that the hands of the doctors AIIMS were full of such cases and so they took his brother to L.V. Prasad Eye Hospital at Hyderabad, the capital of Telengana state. His eyes were operated there. The team is informed that one eye is permanently blinded and the other eye may recover maximum 10 per cent vision. Mr. Abid also told the team that the family spent Rs 1.5 lakh on his brother’s treatment and they raised that money by selling a part of their land. The reports of L.V. Prasad Hospital treatment were shown to the team.
Pundits in Baramulla Town
The team met two Pundits – one Mantu, a textile businessman in Market Road of Baramulla town, and another medical shop owner. They said that though there were a few selective attacks on Pundits in 1990, now they are safe and doing their business normally. They don’t want to leave either Baramulla town or Kashmir Valley. They said they are for independent Kashmir.
Pundits’ Colony near Jammu city
The team visited Jagit Colony, 15 km from Jammu and interacted with more than 5 families. The team was informed that there were around 25000 Pundit families in 10 colonies in that area. Another 30,000 families are living outside the colonies and some have migrated to various states of the Indian Union and there is a considerable number of diaspora of migrated Pundits in various other countries. All of them shifted out of Kashmir Valley in 1990. They alleged that in 1989 the ‘Muslims’ of the Valley announced over the loudspeakers from the Masjids that the Pundits should en masse embrace Islam or quit the Valley. They further told the team that there was some selected killing of Pundits including that of a retired director of All India Radio by the ‘Muslims’. Afraid of the situation they said that they left the Valley. They said that they are not willing to go back to their native land even if the Union government advise or force them to go back to the colonies under construction in the valley, which was being initiated by Government of India.
Observations and Conclusions of OPDR
1. The Security Forces at the obvious directions of the rulers at Delhi are firing upon the peaceful Azadi agitators and also the common people of Kashmir Valley “to kill and blind”.
2. The records of at D.M. Hospital, Anantnag revealed 30% jump in registered patients in the four months period starting with July 9th. The total number of patients registered in that period is about one lakh. The hospital records further revealed 370 were pellet-injured, bullet injured 37, blast injured 20 and eye-injured 102. More than 80 per cent of these injuries were inflicted above the thighs. Thousands of patients were trauma inflicted, said the superintendent of the hospital.
3. In Baramulla town alone more than 200 people were killed since 1990 and the team visited “Shahid Kabragah”.
4. Since July 9, 2016 more than 13 thousand people are injured, more than 100 civilians killed and more than 120 people lost their eye vision from the pallets, bullets, tear gas shells, rubber bullets and baton charge of the armed security forces.
5. The people of Kashmir including respected intellectuals allege that the security forces fired tear gas shells on the peaceful people’s ‘morchas’ and when the angered people throw stone on the security forces following which the forces indiscriminately open fire on the people. They opined it as a policy of “provoke and kill”.
6. The Central government policy undoubtedly appears to exhaust the people of Kashmir and thus to subdue them.
7. The team’s interaction with very broad sections of Kashmir civil society including unions of trade, workers, advocates, academicians, women, very clearly point out that the entire Kashmiri nation is more determined than ever before to fight for Azadi. They are comparing their situation with Palestine and the government of India to Israel.
8. They declare their hope lies in democratic sections of India in addition to their own struggle.
9. Overwhelming majority of the people are not for joining Pakistan nor remaining in India but to live in independent Kashmir with friendly relations with both India and Pakistan.
10. There were incidents of people waving the flag of Pakistan and also recently the flag of China. It is nothing more than an act of anger towards the government of India and an expression of frustration.
Demands of OPDR to Government of India
1. Send all the Security Forces like BSF, CRPF back to barracks.
2. Scrap Public Security Act,1978 and AFSPA
3. Restore the civil administration fully.
4. Withdraw all the cases filed against the people in the struggle and release all the imprisoned including young dynamic, persistent human right defender Khurram Parvez.
5. The security personnel who fired on the peaceful agitators and who forcefully entered the homes of the people and those responsible for the torture of the people in police lock-ups and elsewhere should be identified and their prosecution should be initiated.
6. With the purpose of implementing the resolutions of the United Nations, Indian government should initiate the process of organizing a tripartite meeting of the people of Kashmir including separatist leaders, government of Pakistan, representatives of Pak-administered Kashmir and Government of India.
Appeal to the People of India
Visit Kashmir Valley in large numbers and interact with the people there and find the truth of Kashmiri question. Demand the Government of India to implement all the terms and conditions of “Instruments of Accession” and the promises of the first Prime Minister of India Mr. Jawahar Lal Nehru and UN Resolutions to which Government of India is a party.
Members of the fact-finding team:
1. C. Bhaskara Rao (all-India convenor, OPDR),
2. M Srinivasulu (President, AP State Unit and All India Committee member, OPDR),
3. U. Sambasiva Rao (President, Telangana State Unit and All India Committee member, OPDR),
4. B. Narsimha Reddy (Secretary, Telangana State Unit and All India Committee member, OPDR),
5. Siddhartha (social activist, AP),
6. Hanumesh (Advocate and All India Committee member, OPDR - Karnataka)
7. Vivek Ranjan (Advocate and All India Committee member, OPDR - Odisha)
Organisation for Protection of Democratic Rights
Central Office: Flat No 203, Sri Sai Laxmi Arcade, Car Shed Junction, Visakhapatanam – 530 041