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CPI(M) leaders are very angry because the Congress president Rahul Gandhi has decided to contest from Wayanad seat in Kerala also, besides Amethi. BJP is not a major force in Kerala.  It is difficult for it to get even one seat. There the main fight is between CPI(M) led LDF and Congress led UDF.  Whoever wins in this contest, all the 20 MPs shall support the anti-BJP government coming to power at Delhi. So, Rahul is contesting not against BJP at Wayanad, but against the LDF which is staunch opponent of BJP. This will only weaken the anti-BJP forces, according to them. They are angry and feel very hurt, because outside Kerala, either they are in alliance with Congress as in TN and Odisha, or supporting Congress in vast majority of the seats in other states except in W. Bengal and Tripura.  In this situation, its leadership asserts that it will strive to defeat Rahul Gandhi in Wayanad, and try for non Congress leadership to the anti-BJP alternative.

What is surprising is the naivety they exhibit about the class character and politics of Congress. Was it not the Congress which led the so-called liberation struggle in Kerala against the undivided CPI led ministry in 1959 and dismissed it under this pretext even when it had majority support? Was it not the Congress prime minister Indira Gandhi who imposed internal emergency in the country? Was it not Congress which allowed the RSS criminals to demolish the Babri Masjid in 1992? Was it not the Congress government which imposed the neo-liberal/corporate policies in the country? Were not all these and numerous other similar policies including its dynastic character and the bitter experience of the masses under the UPA rule which gave golden opportunity for ultra right and neo-fascist BJP to come to power with majority creating many illusions? In spite of all these, it was the CPI(M) and the LF parties who called for anti-BJP alliance led by Congress!

 The problem with CPI(M) is that even now they refuse to see Congress as it is. Congress is not responsible if in 1955 Krushchov, then Soviet communist party leader characterized it as a predominantly national bourgeois party, when actually it was/is a party of comprador big bourgeoisie-big landlords, and if the then CPI leadership mechanically followed it. Similarly, if CPI and then CPI and CPI(M) abandoned the necessity for developing independent left assertion while utilizing parliamentary form of struggle and building a left alternative based on a people oriented program long back, and degenerated to the line of peaceful transition to socialism and parliamentarism, they themselves are responsible for it. They refuse to recognize that it is this degeneration which led to their decimation in Bengal and Tripura, and the threat of severe defeat in Kerala also in the present Lok Sabha elections and in future if Rahul Gandhi succeeds to polarize the minorities and upper caste Hindus in his favour. More than anything else it is this fear which has led its leaders to come out with such outbursts against his contesting in Wayanad seat.

Congress was the main party of the ruling classes in India till BJP replaced it in 2014. Its evaluation is that, in spite of all setbacks it has suffered and its organizational weaknesses, only it is capable to lead the anti-BJP offensive in this election. It is this arrogance which led it to enter UP elections in a big way, weakening the possibility for the SP-BSP combine inflicting a major defeat to BJP. Except in Kerala, TN, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Jharkhand and Bihar it has not gone for any major alliance with other parties. By fielding Rahul Gandhi in Wayanad it wants to brighten its possibilities in Kerala, TN and Karnataka and to become the leading party in the Lok Sabha after the elections. While pursuing this arrogant path, true to its class character, neither it is prepared to accommodate other anti-BJP parties in a grand alliance to defeat the BJP which is posing the major threat to whatever is positive in Indian polity, nor it is prepared to reverse its neo-liberal/corporate policies or the communal-caste appeasement.

Nobody can wish away this reality. That is why the CPI(ML) Red Star has given the call for striving hard to defeat BJP from power by supporting the candidates capable of defeating BJP at all India level, while fielding candidates in limited seats for building up program based people’s alternative by strengthening independent left assertion and organizing mass political platform of struggling left, democratic, secular forces including people’s movements and organizations of oppressed classes and sections. Instead of pursuing such a Marxist-Leninist path, the CPI(M) leadership is pursuing the opportunist path of sailing in two boats, on the one hand  collaborating with the ruling class parties and implementing their policies wherever it comes to power, and on the other trying to pose as the Left or Left Democratic Front, which it is not. The whole discussions within the CPI(M) ranging from the debate in its last year’s party congress on the nature of the resistance to the threat posed by the Modi rule to the present outbursts against Rahul Gandhi’s candidature in Wayanad smacks of this opportunism, this refusal to seek truth from facts.

To be precise, CPI(M)' s frustration and overreaction in the context of Rahul's Wayanad candidature directly stem from its basic ideological-political weakness in concretely evaluating the inherently anti-Communist Congress as the leading party of Indian ruling classes till the BJP taking over that position.


KN Ramachandran

General Secretary

CPI (ML) Red Star

Appeal to all progressive, secular, democratic and left forces from the Central Committee of the CPI(ML) Red Star:

Contribute generously to CPI(ML) Red Star’s Election Fund.

Dear comrades and friends,

Warm greetings.

As the crucial Lok Sabha elections have started, the Modi-Shah combine, alarmed by growing people’s resentments against the BJP rule, are recklessly indulging in war mongering, and saffronization and de-politicization of the campaign, trying to divert attention from all cardinal socio-economic-political issues and to cover up the total failure of five years of Modi rule to address any of the problems faced by the people. Utilizing enormous funds amassed through nefarious means, and the modern technological possibilities, they have launched a no-holds-barred Bring back Modi campaign led by RSS. In this situation, Defeat corporate-saffron fascist forces, Defeat BJP has become our central slogan today.

In this situation, though the opposition parties getting together in some form or other against return of Modi, they are not prepared to change their past policies which led to the ascendance of BJP to power. They  raise anti-Modi slogans, only to benefit from the growing anti-Modi anger among the masses.  Even the minimum income guarantee (NYAY) scheme announced by Congress is not going beyond the Garibi Hatao slogan of Indira Gandhi almost five decades ago as it is not ready to reject the neoliberal policies. They are pursing soft Hindutva to combat BJP, and promoting casteist agenda. They also had no hesitation to vote for the 10% economic reservation move of Modi.  They do not put forward even a reformist alternative program to take the people out of present crisis.

As far as CPI(M)-led Left Front/LDF parties are  concerned, instead of utilizing parliamentary struggles as part of class struggle for social change, they are pursuing  neoliberal policies wherever they come to power, disappointing the left masses. Instead of building up a left alternative based on a people oriented program, in the name of opposing the saffron fascist forces, they align with Congress and other opposition parties.

It is in this context, the 11th Congress of CPI(ML) Red Star called for resolute ideological-political campaign against the reactionary ruling system, against corporate-saffron fascism using all available means.  With this perspective, it is continuing discussions with revolutionary, left and democratic forces, other struggling forces and organizations of oppressed classes and sections for building up a Mass Political Platform based on people’s manifesto to resist and defeat the corporate-communal fascist threat and to build up a People’s Alternative to the ruling system. The Party calls for strengthening independent left assertion which shall provide powerful boost to the campaign to oust Modi rule, while leading the people towards alternative path of development and democratization.

As already announced, the party is fielding candidates for about 40 Lok Sabha seats from 16 states, Kerala, Karnataka, Tamilnadu, AP, Telengana, Maharashtra, MP, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, W. Bengal, Jharkhand, UP, Delhi, Rajasthan, Chandigarh and Punjab and about 8 assembly seats from AP and Odisha.  We are also supporting 10-15 candidates from different states representing various people’s struggling forums.

As you are aware, the election system is becoming increasingly corrupt and expensive with corporates, scamsters funding for the ruling class parties. The deposit money for every candidate itself is raised to Rs. 25,000. Because of our uncompromising stand against the ruling system, and as we do not collect funds from the corporates, big business or corrupt sections, collection of funds is a difficult problem for us. Only generous contribution from comrades and friends can help the Party to wage an effective campaign.

The Party Central Committee appeals to you to contribute as generously as possible to the Election Fund to our Party state committees and to the party candidates as well as to candidates supported by the Party. You can also send to the Central Election Fund to the following account: Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star, Account no. 510101002779667, IFSC Code CORP0001312, Corporation Bank, Nawada, New Delhi-110059 with information to 9582950680.

KN Ramachandran,

General Secretary,

 for the Central Committee,

CPI(ML) Red Star


New Delhi

26th March 2019


CPI (ML) General Secretary Com K N Ramachandran released full list of party candidates who are contesting at various parliament constituencies for Party in various states. Party General Secretary released the list at a press conference held on 25th March 2019 at Party Center, New Delhi. 

  1. Wynad Usha                            Kerala
  2. Vadagara Sudhakaran           Kerala
  3. Thrissur                       D. Venu                     Kerala
  4. Ernakulam Shajahan                      (Kerala, Party supported independent)
  5. Raichur Veerupaxi Gouda          Karnataka
  6. Koppal Hemaraj Veerapur         Karnataka
  7. Bellary Bheemappa Nayaka      Karnataka
  8. Chikmagalur/Uduppi S Vijaya                        Karnataka
  9. Mysore/Kudagu DS Nirvanappa              Karnataka
  10. Theni M K Muthu                    Tamilnadu
  11. Kanyakumari Paulraj                          Tamilnadu
  12. Guntur Hari Prasad                   Andhra Pradesh       
  13. Nalgonda Santhoshkumar         Telengana
  14. Peddapally K Srinivas                     Telengana
  15. Nagpur Yogesh Thakre              Maharashtra
  16. Ramtek                        Bandu Mishram             Maharashtra
  17. Mahasamund Bhojlal Netam               Chhattisgarh
  18. Puri Ranjan Mishra               Odisha  
  19. Bhubaneswar Pramela behera            Odisha
  20. Kandhemal Tuna Mallik                   Odisha
  21. Koraput Rajendra  Kendruka      Odisha
  22. Aska Sankar Sahu                 Odisha
  23. Dumdum Shankar Das                 West Bengal
  24. Bankura Sukchand Soren            West Bengal
  25. Bishnupur Jithendra Nath Roy        West Bengal
  26. Belarghat Manas Chakravarthy     West Bengal
  27. Barrakpore Hyder Ali                       West Bengal
  28. Barasat Oli Md Mallick               West Bengal
  29. Ranchi Vikas Chandra Sharma  Jharkhand
  30. Palamu Madan Ram                  Jharkhand
  31. Jamshedpur Malay Kumar Mahato    Jharkhand
  32. Devariah Chaturanan Ojha           Uttar Pradesh
  33. Salempur Omprakash Kushwaha  Uttar Pradesh
  34. Amethi Basudev Maurya           Uttar Pradesh
  35. Varanasi Kailas                           Uttar Pradesh
  36. Kusinagar Rampurat Pasi              Uttar Pradesh
  37. Sidhi                            Heeralal Singh               Madhya Pradesh
  38. Udaipur Bherulal Meena             Rajasthan
  39. Chandigarh Lashkar Singh               Chandigarh


CPI(ML) Red Star Candidates to Assembly Seats in Odisha and AP

  1. Laxmipur Purna Mandingi                       Odisha  
  2. Bhanjanagar Purna Chandra Pradhan          Odisha
  3. Bhubneswar Rajendra Prasad Barik Odisha
  4. Berhampur Abani Gaya (independent supported by party)
  5. Guntur East Chenna Kesavalu                Andhra Pradesh
  6. Guntur West Pushpalatha                            Andhra Pradesh
  7. Prathipadu Govindu                              Andhra Pradesh

In addition to these Party is fielding a candidate from Sangrur (Punjab), and trying to field one candidate each from Ahmedabad  East (Gujarat), from Lucknow (UP),  and from Delhi. 

Besides, Party is extending support to candidates like comrades MK Rajappan and  Gomathi from Kerala representing People’s Struggle Committees and Prakash Raj from Bengaluru Central (Karnataka). A complete list of all these candidates shall be released later.

Party Committees in all other areas shall support and campaign for struggling left, secular , democratic forces with a view to defeat BJP and its allies in this crucial election.

KN Ramachandran,

General Secretary

CPI(ML) Red Star

Place: Delhi

Dated: 25 March, 2019



The Huttti Gold Mines which is located in Lingsugur Taluk of Raichur district (North Karnataka) is one of the  public enterprises undertaken by the Government of Karnataka which was started in 1947 by Brtitish-Nizam regime in the name of Deccan (Hyderabad) Gold Mines. Out of 37 major Public Enterprises, Hutti Gold mines is the only Gold producer in India which is awarded as the number one Gold Producer by the World Gold Council in 2001. This Gold Mines has three shafts including Mallappa shaft which is operating 3000 feet in depth under the ground.

Out of its 4054 employees,2223 people are working under the ground in a rotational shift of 8 hrs per day; remaining 1831 people are engaged in plant, mill, engineering and administrative departments. So overall 25000(employees and their family) people directly and in-directly, one lakh people including small businessmen around the company are earning their bread and butter from this mining industry.

Production and Profit Statements

With all the risky circumstances and working conditions, more than 2000 metric tons of ore is extracted from the ground and 5 to 7 kgs of gold is produced out of it every day. The workers are engaged in deep hole drilling, blasting and stone crushing under the ground who are supplied with the oxygen from the surface outside. And there is no electricity supplied under the ground and they work with the help of their headlight lamp.

According to mining condition, the ore is very rare in reefs. For 2.5 gms of gold produced they have to crush 1000 metric tons of rock under the ground to get 100 tons of ore. With all these conditions, they have produced a very good amount of gold in the last ten years as follows:

2007-08 —>2808.38 kg, 2008-09 —>2420.38 kg, 2009-10 —>2068.80 kg, 2010-11 —>2219.24 kg, 2011-12 —>2180.70 kg, 2012-13 —>1582.57 kg, 2013-14 —>1556.46 kg, 2014-15 —>1429.59 kg, 2015-16 —>1310.29 kg, 2016-17 —>1579.22 kg, 2017-18 —>1639.52 kg

It is showing decrease in production, but it is not true. As per the company policy: When the rate of the gold is increasing in the market, the workers are advised to collect lower grade ore and reserve the higher grade ore for future. In the above period mentioned, the lower grade ore was extracted more due to the increasing rate of gold day by day with respect to the rate of Dollar. Out of 5308.10 crores of gross income during last 10 yrs, expenditure rate is 4303.30 crores and net profit rate is 100.79 crores. It shows yearly profit of more than 100 crores and workmen share of 1.32 crores per person. But still, the state capitalism is not satisfied and wants more production and profit. One surprising thing is that without any budgetary support from state government, the Hutti Gold mines has paid 434 crores to the state government as tax and donation in last ten years.

Why Are We Struggling?

With above details, Hutti Gold Mines Staff and Employees Union affiliated to TUCI demanding for 33% of increment in wages for five years (2016-21) through different forms of protest as mentioned below. Workers struggle is going on from last 4 months starting with indefinite Dharna and hunger strike for 43 days, Mass Dharna held in front of Belagavi Mini Vidhana soudha during winter assembly session, and at 4th stage held a highway bandh in January and other forms of agitations. 2000 workers are directly involved in the struggle and more than 300 cadres are working regularly for running the struggle successfully.

There were 13 rounds of discussions happened for negotiations between the union and the company management during the struggle so far. But board of directors of the company are not ready make the increment in wages as per our demand and sticking to only 25% hike in basic salary, 2.5% hike in plot waitage and also they are refusing to pay even night shift, fuel and electricity allowances. Once again it shows anti-working class attitude of government and discouragement and divestment in public sector according to their neoliberal policies.

The challenge before us is to expose state government’s anti-labour policies and the attitude of reformist unions like AITUC, CITU and INTUC who are openly supporting the management. And in this situation there is no doubt about even going for the full pledged strike in the coming days which will be led by our union. n

The mass rally at Parliament Street followed by the people’s parliament at Ambedkar Bhavan organized by the All India Forum for Right to Education on 18th February in which hundreds of students, youth, teachers and other democratic forces participated was a militant demonstration of the demand for equal, free and compulsory education for all in their mother tongue from KG to PG. At a time the Modi government is not only intensifying privatization and commercialization of education, but also its saffronization, and when along with the central government the state governments are also competing to open education for the control of international agencies also, when education is made more and more elitist, this mobilization was an important step forward.

Addressing the rally, com KN Ramachandrn, General Secretary of CPI(ML) Red Star welcomed all participants and assured that Red Star will include all demands of the AIFRTE in its election manifesto and campaign for it, but also will whole heartedly join all struggles against privatization and commercialization of education. The AIRSO and RYFI activists who participated in the rally declared that they will initiate all out movements for equal, free and compulsory education for all. n

Resolution ratified by the Conference held at Town Hall, Sultan Batheri, Wynad, Kerala, on January 6, 2019 : Declaration of Right to Farm Land & Housing

Land Reform programmes after the formation of Kerala State in 1956, did not help the poor landless peasants to obtain farm land or housing. This led the toiling dalits, adivasis and the landless peasants who depend only the agricultural Iabour for survival, who are deprived of farmland ownership for all time, slave like workers of plantations, landless farmers & farm labourers, including all these,  lakhs of landless people were forced to lead an inferno-like life in 4-cent colonies, tribal colonies, wastelands etc., These people were deserted even from agricultural labour because of the policies that serve corporate interests in agricultural field & anti-people corporate development agendas. This endangers their limited means to survive and they are subjected to unbearable living conditions. But all consecutive governments were indifferent to the plight of the landless and poor peasants. The Forest Right Act 2006, Transfer of Lands and (Restoration of Alienated Lands) Act 1975 and the projects like “Ashikkum Bhoomi Adivasikku Swantham” (means - the land will be Adivasi’s if he wishes to buy it), “Bhoorahithar IIIatha Keralam” (Kerala with no landless people), betrayed the dalit-adivasi people & on account of these the ruling class  looted crores of rupees.

 When the downtrodden & the poor peasants lead an unchanged miserable life because of  landlessness, foreign plantation business groups and their binamees  (Cognomen) possess lakhs of acres with them. The commissions appointed by the governments like, ‘Justice Manoharan Committee, Nivedita P. Haran Committee, and finally Dr. S. Rajamanikkam Commission advised the respective  governments in their report that the companies like Harison Malayalam Plantations Ltd. (RP Goyanke), Kannan Devan (Tata), Travancore Rubber & Tea Co. illegally keep 5.25 lakhs acres of land since 1947 which was supposed to be attached to the govt. since independence. All these commissions’ reports undoubtedly reveal that govt. can take over all these land by passing a law in the Legislative Assembly. But setting aside all the recommendations of these commissions, and knowingly losing all the cases in the court, the consecutive govts. Have shown that they are not with the landless people, but with the forces who snatched lakhs of acres of land & suppressed all the land struggle movements. And thus the govt favours the illegitimate holding of lands by these so called Landlords, in lieu of protecting the livelihood of the under waged plantation workers, who are an exception to the proclaimed media hype ‘Kerala Model’. Fictitious  trusts, land mafias &  godmens who illegally own lands by toppling Land Reforms Act, Land Use & Land protection Acts.

Apart from these, it is a growing trend of illegitimate land accumulation by corporate agro giants. Not only that the govts. Have totally failed to take over the surplus land vested with the govt. by the enforcement of land ceiling rules, but also it failed to distribute the 8 lakh acres of surplus land to the landless. (The 1957 govt. had already declared the total area of the surplus land vested with the govt. was 12 lakh acres). In these circumstances we are forced to launch land struggle linking with all the land struggles coming up across India. The State govt. must pass law in the Legislative Assembly to confiscate all the 5.25 acres of land illegitimately retained by foreign plantation companies and their binamees (cognomen). Re-organise all the plantations by empowering all the plantation workers as the joint owners of the plantation companies. By raising the above slogans & under the banner “FROM THE COLONIES TO FARM LAND”, we decide to commence Iand occupation struggle. We expect support of all progressive democratic forces.

Bhoosamara Samiti (Land Struggle Committee),

AIKKS (All India Krantikari Kisan Sabha),

ABM (Adivasi Bharat Mahasabha)

The United States government must cease interfering in Venezuela’s internal politics, especially for the purpose of overthrowing the country’s government. Actions by the Trump administration and its allies in the hemisphere are almost certain to make the situation in Venezuela worse, leading to unnecessary human suffering, violence, and instability.

Venezuela’s political polarization is not new; the country has long been divided along racial and socioeconomic lines. But the polarization has deepened in recent years. This is partly due to US support for an opposition strategy aimed at removing the government of Nicolás Maduro through extra-electoral means. While the opposition has been divided on this strategy, US support has backed hardline opposition sectors in their goal of ousting the Maduro government through often violent protests, a military coup d’etat, or other avenues that sidestep the ballot box.

Under the Trump administration, aggressive rhetoric against the Venezuelan government has ratcheted up to a more extreme and threatening level, with Trump administration officials talking of “military action” and condemning Venezuela, along with Cuba and Nicaragua, as part of a “troika of tyranny.” Problems resulting from Venezuelan government policy have been worsened  by US economic sanctions, illegal under the Organization of American States and the United Nations ¯ as well as US law and other international treaties and conventions. These sanctions have cut off the means by which the Venezuelan government could escape from its economic recession, while causing a dramatic falloff in oil production and worsening the economic crisis, and causing many people to die because they can’t get access to life-saving medicines. Meanwhile, the US and other governments continue to blame the Venezuelan government ¯ solely ¯ for the economic damage, even that caused by the US sanctions.

Now the US and its allies, including OAS Secretary General Luis Almagro and Brazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, have pushed Venezuela to the precipice. By recognizing National Assembly President Juan Guaido as the new president of Venezuela ¯ something illegal under the OAS Charter ¯ the Trump administration has sharply accelerated Venezuela’s political crisis in the hopes of dividing the Venezuelan military and further polarizing the populace, forcing them to choose sides. The obvious, and sometimes stated goal, is to force Maduro out via a coup d’etat.

The reality is that despite hyperinflation, shortages, and a deep depression, Venezuela remains a politically polarized country. The US and its allies must cease encouraging violence by pushing for violent, extralegal regime change. If the Trump administration and its allies continue to pursue their reckless course in Venezuela, the most likely result will be bloodshed, chaos, and instability. The US should have learned something from its regime change ventures in Iraq, Syria, Libya, and its long, violent history of sponsoring regime change in Latin America.

Neither side in Venezuela can simply vanquish the other. The military, for example, has at least 235,000 frontline members, and there are at least 1.6 million in militias. Many of these people will fight, not only on the basis of a belief in national sovereignty that is widely held in Latin America ¯ in the face of what increasingly appears to be a US-led intervention ¯ but also to protect themselves from likely repression if the opposition topples the government by force.

In such situations, the only solution is a negotiated settlement, as has happened in the past in Latin American countries when politically polarized societies were unable to resolve their differences through elections. There have been efforts, such as those led by the Vatican in the fall of 2016, that had potential, but they received no support from Washington and its allies who favoured regime change. This strategy must change if there is to be any viable solution to the ongoing crisis in Venezuela.

For the sake of the Venezuelan people, the region, and for the principle of national sovereignty, these international actors should instead support negotiations between the Venezuelan government and its opponents that will allow the country to finally emerge from its political and economic crisis.

Signed: Noam Chomsky, Professor Emeritus, MIT and Laureate Professor, University of Arizona and other well known intellectuals

While putting forward the Communist Manifesto in 1848, Karl Marx and Frederick  Engels in the first sentence itself pointed out how “all the powers of Europe have entered in to a holy alliance to exorcise” the spectre of Communism. A similar situation is now emerging in those regions of the world where the neo-fascists and neo-conservatives have ascended to power.

It’s latest manifestation has now appeared in Brazil where Bolsonaro, the arch-reactionary, is  elected as the president. Immediately after coming to power, he has declared a war not only against Marxism, but also against all progressive thinking. To start with, he is reported to have given directions to the education ministry to totally revise the academic textbooks to eliminate Marxist, working class and feminist orientation in them. For instance, the education department has instructed all textbook publishers to avoid references to violence against women, leftist terminologies, etc. According to Bolsonaro, combating the ‘Marxist rubbish’ that has spread in educational institutions is essential for Brazil to achieve higher international rankings.

The irony is that Bolsonaro neither recognises the existence of Marxism, nor admits the threats from it. According to Brazil’s teachers’ unions, he is engaged in a shadow-boxing or fighting an enemy that for him not at all exists. However, the fact is that, like all other fascists, Bolsonaro is also afraid of Marxism. In spite of the political setbacks being suffered, Marxism is still capable of sending shivers through the spine of all right-wingers. All “end of history” and “end of ideology” prognoses have lost their steam and neo-liberalism is at crossroads.

It is Marxism with its materialist dialectics, the scientific method of cognition in science that is capable of envisaging the most dynamic, creative and revolutionary alternative to the irrational capitalist-imperialist order. It alone provides a programmatic orientation towards a new social order to the working class and the oppressed. Rather than an ideological discourse, Marxism continues as a philosophy and a guide to action for those who uphold the most advanced mode of thinking.

And this concrete reality is haunting all fascists ranging from Trump and Bolsonaro in the Americas, to Saffron fascists in India. Therefore, concerted efforts are in full swing everywhere to bring the entire educational and intellectual realms under ultra-rightist, neo-fascistic and obscurantist tutelage. Religious bigotry and obscurantism are superimposed on education, scientific research and culture. Marxist-dialectical, materialist thinking that constantly strives to seek truth from facts is the enemy of ruling classes and their cronies of all hues. The latest report from Brazil, the biggest country from Latin America on banning Marxism from campuses should be seen in this perspective.

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The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.