Message from Congrès des Progressistes pour la Libération – CPL (Congo)
Dear Comrades of the Central Committee of the CPI (ML), Congrès des Progressistes pour la Libération –CPL-, on behalf of all the revolutionaries of the Congo, ask you to convey their warmest greetings to the 11th Congress of CPI (ML).
For us, the African revolutionaries, the current international context, which is characterized by the growing imperialist domination, it is also the one where the peoples of Africa are experiencing a nightmare similar to that of the slave trade and the brutal imposition of colonization on the continent. it's every day that we have information, that it is by hundreds of young Africans drown in the ocean or perish in the desert on the road of migration. The numbers are always scary when it comes to talking about expressions of the miseries of the African peoples: unemployed people in masses, thousands of people killed in armed conflicts guided by multinationals to facilitate the looting of natural resources, or in actions to keep corrupt regimes in power. At the same time, populations are being decimated by epidemics because of the lack of medical infrastructures. In spite of these cruelties, the people do not let themselves be defeated. They resist and seek alternatives for lasting peace and a society without exploitation.
Faced with this situation, a pressing need is needed to revitalize the progressive and revolutionary movement in Africa. But for all this to be possible, we need considerable contributions from Marxist-Leninists working within the masses of the people, and also from active international solidarity.
Therefore, we consider that your Assizes are of great importance in illuminating the struggles of the international working class and oppressed peoples from all over the world. We wish every success to the 11th ICC Congress works.
Long live international solidarity!
Long live ICOR!
30 October 2018
Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist)
The Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist) warmly greets the convening of the 11th Congress of the CPI (M-L) Red Star. We wish all delegates and participants great success for their work at the Congress.
As you know, both the Australian and Indian governments are being positioned by US imperialism to serve its efforts to contain the rival imperialism of the Peoples Republic of China. These preparations for war threaten the peoples of our two countries. This, together with the intensification of the capitalist economic crisis in which both of our countries are embroiled, places more and more responsibility on our two Parties to learn from each other and to support each other in the spirit of proletarian internationalism.
The Indian working class and the broad masses of the people have a great history of fighting colonialism, neo-colonialism and imperialism. They have made major contributions to fighting revisionism and opportunism.
We sincerely wish you success in your 11th Congress.
With communist greetings,
Central Committee, Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist)
Fraternal greetings from Frontline socialist party of Lanka
We, Frontline Socialist Party of Sri Lanka would like to express our revolutionary greetings to the 11th party Congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist). The Indian left movement being one of the oldest communist movements in Asia always guided and impressed other left movements in the region. Among the all the other left parties The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) is playing a frontline role without deviating from fundamentals and policies of a left movement.As we aware most of the giant left parties had lost their courage to face bourgeois political pressure thus formed coalitions causing severe destructions to the left movement. The CPI-ML has an unblemished history of not sinking the bourgeois characteristics such as coalition politics, parlimantariasm, racism, opportunism etc.Comrades,The whole world is experiencing the crisis of the capitalism in an unprecedented manner. But capitalism has its own attribute to manage the crisis through deceptive measures. On the other hand inevitably the failures and inabilities of the left wing further strengthen the capitalist oppression. Therefore barbaric capitalist agendas have trapped the proletariats in web of crisis due to the weakness of the only alternative namely the left power.The crisis of the capitalism in India has promptly influenced the Sri Lanka as the closest neigbour of India. At the same time the horrific examples in all over the world demonstrate how the neoliberal capitalism and imperialism destroy the future of the earth. The world is producing a gross product of $ 70 trillion per year. Instead of sharing the benefit of this production among the seven billion of world population 16 individuals are enjoying the half of the gross production of the world. Simultaneously millions of people are suffering from poverty, starvation, illiteracy, illhealth and hunger. India is also a horrendous victim of this crisis. While generating world richest billionaires and companies India has failed to uplift the standards of the oppressed. The profit oriented capitalism has less concern on the environment and the right to life of the people. The social security systems such as free education and free health service are being totally ignored while converting them to profit oriented commodities. The human requisits such as art, sports, recreation are also restricted and deprived. There is an imminent danger of a nuclear war to grab the surplus of capital endangering the future of the mankind.Therefore not only leftists but the progressive movements of all over the world now thinking and fighting for a system change. The left movement should make use of this opportunity to educate the masses as much as they can in order to eradicate backward ideologies. People should feel that there is no other alternative than socialism. However prior to organize masses we should have clear and unambiguous stands on our fundamentals. Today we need a matured, intellectual, courageous and innovative party to meet the contemporary challenges more comprehensively and deeply. In that sense we believe Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) is the Indian Brigade of world communism.We take this opportunity to express our heartfelt gratitude and solidarity to the comrades who arrived this convention from all over the world. We being a movement which scarified thousands of lives for the sake of Sri Lankan Socialist revolution verily believe that this solidarity and the unity would definitely create a bond advancing the ideologies and struggle of our party. Finally I once again congratulate the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) and its leadership and wish every courage to build the socialism in India together with international revolutionary movement.Frontline Socialist Party – Lanka27th November 2018.
Greeting from Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan/Turkey) – BP(KKT)
We, from North Kurdistan/Turkey are sending you our warmest greetings and we wish your congress great success.
We wanted to share these greetings with the personal participation in your congress, but unfortunately the personal participation was not possible for us because of scheduling difficulties. Even if we are not directly with you, we are in our thoughts connected with you. We will carefully study the results of your congress, especially to learn from them.
We have learned much from your experience in our cooperation with your party in both bilateral relations, as well as working together in ICMLPO and ICOR. We value your work in one of the largest countries in the world very high. Your successes in the struggle for building the Marxist-Leninist Party in India are seen as successes of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement. Today, unfortunately, our World Movement is in one of the weakest phases in its history. In the present situation, we find the work of building genuine Marxist-Leninist Parties in each country the most important task of the Communists. This construction requires an irreconcilable ideological struggle against all forms of revisionism and opportunism, which today also appear in part in the name of a further development of Marxism-Leninism. By referring to so called qualitative changes in the system of imperialism, new theories are being developed. These are, in principle, a new version of Kautsky ultimperialism theory.
We believe that our countries, Turkey and India have many similarities.
They are both on imperialism dependent, capitalist countries and their ruling classes have imperialist ambitions. In both countries, nationalism and religion play a crucial role in society.
In both countries, the fight against dependence on imperialism, against religious fanaticism and the fight against chauvinism, patriarchy, fascism and racism have priority.
In the fight against imperialism we must not forget that the main enemy in our own country is the ruling class in our own country.
In the name of the international revolution, in Trotskyist fashion, the impossibility of winning the proletarian revolution in one country is maintained. A new strategy of international socialist revolution is being developed, which in practice simply ignore the contradiction between a handful of imperialist powers and the oppressed peoples. Further, many dependent countries, such as e.g. Turkey, Argentina, but also India, etc. are declared to "new imperialist countries", and lumped them together with the imperialist powers such as Russia and China.
Today, within the Communist World Movement, it is essential for all Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations to cling to the basic teachings of Leninism, Leninist theory, the Leninist strategy and tactics of world proletarian revolution. Especially after the practical decline of all formerly socialist or new democratic countries by the victory of modern revisionism in these countries, it is urgent to defend Leninist theory against any attack. Our task is based on this theory, which is the Marxism of the epoch of imperialism, to fight. Only then can we and will we win. We hope that your congress will be a new milestone in the fight against even such newfangled “theories”
In the fight against racism, fascism, patriarchy and religious fanaticism, we must not forget that these evils are not tied to individual parties, groups or politicians but to the whole system. The fight against these evils must be waged as a fight against the whole system dependent on imperialism. Only through the people's democratic revolution under the leadership of the proletariat are these evils removed. We firmly believe that the working class in our countries will take the fate of the revolution in their hands and the red banner will blow over our countries!
For that we need Communist Parties! And we are very happy that you are there.
In this sense, congratulations to your congress again!
Inkilab zindabad! Long live proletarian internationalism!
Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan/Turkey) – BP(KKT)
2018 november 4
On the occasion of the 11th Party Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star, we have the pleasure to extend revolutionary greetings from Turkey and Kurdistan to all comrades in the ranks of CPI(ML) Red Star who have been able to bring the party to the present level. We send our warmest greetings to the present leadership and wish success to the future leadership.
As Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Turkey and Kurdistan, we are conscious of the urgent necessity of developing party work and organization in every level to organize the revolution in concrete, in today's conditions. In the contemporary world, in terms of existential crisis of capitalism, revolutionaries all over the world more than ever face important challenges, so it is our task to take every opportunity for revolutionary leaps and to strengthen our organizational level in every manner. As our comrades-in-arm, we believe that your 11th Party Congress will be a great answer on today‘s revolutionary tasks. We believe that it will be an important discussion platform to analyze today's imperialism and that the possibility of sharing different views of today's condition will contribute to a deeper understanding and discussion on an international level.
As you know, we face serious fascist and imperialist attacks and wars in the Middle East. In Turkey, the colonialist dictatorship lead by fascist chief Erdogan attacks with all it‘s force to liquidate the democratic and revolutionary movement. With an increasing war against the freedom forces all over Kurdistan and Turkey, they try to destroy the ongoing revolutionary process in Rojava, which is preparing to spread over the whole region. As MLKP, we fight to the end with all our forces against fascism, colonialism and patriarchy for an antiimperialist, democratic revolution in Turkey and all over the Middle East. We salute your 11th Party Congress from the fronts in Rojava, from the free mountains in Kurdistan, from the poor quarters in the metropoles, from the streets in Turkey with the strength, given to us by our immortals.
Long Live Revolution and Socialism!
MLKP International Bureau November 26, 2018
Greetings of Rode Morgen (Netherlands) to the 11th Congress of CPI(ML)
Rode Morgen of the Netherlands
On behalf of Rode Morgen of the Netherlands, I bring you the warmest and revolutionary greetings of our organization to the leadership and all the members of CPI(ML). We are honoured and excited to be able to take part in these momentous days of struggle, debate and decision-making, which will surely make it possible for your party to advance on the road of class-struggle and organizing the toiling masses in India for progress, real democracy and socialism.
We ourselves have never before been to India, but as we are both members of ICOR – the international revolutionary organisation, we feel right at home here.
Rode Morgen is a party-building organisation in a small, but imperialist country in NorthWest Europe. India and Holland have had historic ties in the past – but that was colonialism. Nowadays, the working classes of India and the Netherlands are both part of the international proletariat, because they work for the same big capitalist monopolies that dominate the world. A special relation exist between the workers of the blast-furnace and steel factory Hoogovens in IJmuiden and their colleagues in India that also work for Tata Steel.
Characteristic of the current economic and political development today are the enormous power shifts among the imperialists on a world scale and thus the intensification of the general danger of war. US-imperialists under Trump are trying to prevent Chinese imperialism from rising to a greater imperialist power, above all through a trade war. These trade wars, combined with the possible collapse of a huge speculative bubble and growing national debt, pose a threat of an even deeper financial and economic crises than in 2008.
The claim to power by European imperialists is expressed in military operations in the Middle-East and in Africa. A year ago, 23 EU states joined together to form the military pact PESCO, nine defence ministers agreed in June 2018 to found a "European intervention initiative".
The strengthening of EU imperialism is sold to the masses through chauvinist slogans, to mislead the masses with the idea of a supposedly peace-loving, democratic Europe. But Lenin wrote as early as 1915 in his paper "On the slogan of the United States of Europe": "From the point of view of the economic conditions of imperialism, i.e. the export of capital and the division of the world by the 'advanced' and 'civilized' colonial powers, the United States of Europe under capitalist conditions is either impossible or reactionary.” The EU is in a deep crisis. The greatest weakening comes from Brexit - which will also weaken Dutch imperialism. Imperialism means external aggression and internal reaction. This should prevent the revolutionizing of the masses. Everywhere the governments are installed with a reactionary program, mainly by agitating against refugees. This must distract from the real causes of all social problems, from capitalism.
These right-wing developments in Europe challenge the working class and the masses to strikes and mass demonstrations - also in the Netherlands.
We live in a small, but imperialist country, so we know what to do: build a revolutionary party that will make it possible for the Dutch proletariat and the Dutch working people to take up their part in preparing for the international socialist revolution.
We hope we can learn from the debates during your Congress – we’re sure it will be successful.
Long live Marxism-Leninism! Long live International Solidarity! Long live CPI(ML)!
New Democratic Marxist-Leninist Party, Sri Lanka
Fraternal salutation to all participants in the 11th Congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star!
I bring warm revolutionary greetings from the New Democratic Marxist-Leninist Party of Sri Lanka and its member to the 11th Congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star, member of Party and fellow delegates to the Congress.
Our two parties forged fraternal relationship several years ago, and the relationship grown closer with time, especially since the New Democratic Marxist-Leninist Party joined the ICOR four years ago. The NDMLP is highly appreciative of the valuable role of the CPI(ML) Red Star in encouraging and supporting the NDMLP to join ICOR and thereby strengthen links with fraternal parties from different parts of the world.
While the political situation in our two countries differs in many ways, there is much in common between the two parties. The historical circumstances that led to the emergence of revolutionary Marxism Leninism as a revolutionary force in our countries can be traced to the great split in the international communist movement in the early 1960s and struggles against modern revisionism.
The Marxist-Leninist tradition in Sri Lanka has a proud history of defending revolutionary Marxism against opportunist and adventurist tendencies. It was at the forefront of combating Trotskyism which had firmer roots in Sri Lanka than elsewhere in Asia. It also contributed significantly both in theory and practice in the international struggle against modern revisionism. The split with the revisionism in 1964 was a key turning point in the development of the Party as the main Marxist-Leninist revolutionary party of country.
Its defense of Marxism-Leninism as upheld by the Chinese Communist Party led by Chairman Mao Zedong during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and understanding and defense of the Cultural Revolution were of historical significance at the time.
While learning from the great revolutionary experiences of Russia (later the USSR) and China as well as the revolutionary experiences of other countries, the NDMLP has avoided imitating the revolutionary path pursued in other countries, while respecting the policies and practices of fraternal parties as based on the objective situation obtaining in each country, and as matter that are subject to development and change.
The Party has struggled against dogmatic tendencies, which led to splits that weakened the party and the left as a whole in Sri Lanka, in a context where imperialism resurged in the 1970s as neo-colonialism and promoted oppression, narrow nationalism and identity politics to divide the oppressed masses. The Party withstood pressures to yield to narrow nationalism and to compromise with chauvinism, unlike other sections of the Sri Lankan left which compromised with nationalism to their worn grief. The Party has consistently adopted a principled position on national question in the post-colonial context by treating it as a friendly contradiction that could be resolved by granting nationalities the right of self-determination secession and creatively applying it to accommodate national minorities while creatively encouraging measures that will avert secession.
The Party was among the first of Third World Marxist-Leninist parties to declare that the term neo-colonial will be most appropriate to most former colonies and urging that since feudal production relation have mostly ceased, it will be appropriate to avoid calling most Third World countries semi-feudal. It, however, notes that feudal ideology and social relation remain strong even in the urban matters relating to gender and caste discrimination, if not oppression and archaic feudal beliefs sustained in the name of religion and culture so that it will be correct to refer to several Third World countries as countries with strong feudal remnants. But the Party does not indulge in debates on terminology with fraternal parties, as long as there is agreement on essential facts, there understanding and approach to addressing issues.
The Party has consistently urged the need for a united front strategy to resolve the pressing problems of the Country as well as to work towards its New Democratic goal (defined in the Sri Lankan context).
On the same basis, it has urged fraternal Marxist-Leninist parties to be mutually supportive, emphasize aspects that are common and resolve differences through serious and extended discussion in a fraternal spirit, and avoid acrimony as much as possible since it only helps the enemy to deepen division among revolutionary forces.
The Party has been sensitive to matters of identity based oppression and adopted stands that placed identity-based contradictions in the context of class struggle. It has lent unqualified support for the rights of those oppressed based on ethnicity, caste, faith and gender, and achieved historic success in its mass struggle (1966 to 1972) against untouchability in North Sri Lanka.
The Party has withstood oppression by the state and by the LTTE by being firm in its principles. It paid a price by way harassment, injuries and loss of life of members, arrest and prolonged detention, and inability to function normally for prolonged periods. But the Party never yielded and emerged morally stronger so that it remains the most credible Marxist political party in the country.
The Party upholds Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought as its ideology and guiding light. It recognizes US-led imperialism as the main enemy of the people of the world. It recognizes class struggle as fundamental while recognizing the national question in Sri Lanka as the current main contradiction. It is on the fore in campaigning for environmental protection, gender and caste issues and in resisting suppression of democratic rights by the successive regimes and warning the public of rising threat of fascism.
The Party has made mistakes and corrected them through the process of criticism and self-criticism and inner-party democracy. It has always been willing to deal with dissent democratically and address criticism with an open mind.
I am here on behalf of the Party to learn from fellow participants and enrich the revolutionary thinking of the Party with the views and experiences that we share on this great occasion.
Let me wish once again all delegates to the 11th Congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star on behalf of the New Democratic Marxist Leninist Party of Sri Lanka.
Long Live the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star!
Long Live the Fraternal Revolutionary Relationship between CPI(ML) Red Star and NDMLP!
Long Live Spirit of Proletarian Revolution!
Workers of World Unite!
Victory to the Working Class!
Greeting from Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan/Turkey) – BP(KKT)
To the Congress of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star
We, from North Kurdistan/Turkey are sending you our warmest greetings and we wish your congress great success.
We want to share these greetings with the personal participation in your congress, but unfortunately the personal participation was not possible for us because of scheduling difficulties. Even if we are not directly with you, we are in our thoughts connected with you. We will carefully study the results of your congress, especially to learn from them.
We have learned much from your experience in our cooperation with your party in both bilateral relations, as well as working together in ICMLPO and ICOR. We value your work in one of the largest countries of world very high. Your successes in the struggle for building the Marxist-Leninist Party in India are seen as successes for Marxist-Leninist World Movement. Today, unfortunately, our World Movement is in one of the weakest phase in its history. In the present situation, we find the work of building genuine Marxist-Leninist Parties in each country the most important task of the Communists. This construction requires an irreconcilable ideological struggle against all forms of revisionism and opportunism, which today also appear in part in the name of further development of Marxism-Leninism. By referring to so-called qualitative changes in the system of imperialism, new theories are being developed. These are, in principle, a new version of Kautsky ultra-imperialism theory. In the name of the international revolution, in Trotskyist fashion, the impossibility of winning the proletarian revolution in one country is maintained. A new strategy of international socialist revolution is being developed, which in practice simply ignore the contradiction between a handful of imperialist powers and the oppressed peoples. Further, many dependent countries, such as not only Turkey, Argentina, but also India, etc. are declared to “new imperialist countries”, and lumped them together with the imperialist powers such as Russia and China.
Today, within the Communist World Movement, it is essential for all Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations to cling to the basic teachings of Leninism, Leninist Theory, the Leninist strategy and tactics of world proletariat revolution. Especially after the practical decline of all formerly socialist or new democratic countries by the victory of modern revisionism in these countries, it is urgent to defend Leninist theory against any attack. Our task is based on this theory, which is the Marxism of the epoch of imperialism, to fight. Only then we can and will we win. We hope that your congress will be a new milestone in the fight against even such new fangled “theories”.
We believe that our countries, Turkey and India, have much similarty. They are both on imperialism dependent, capitalist countries and their ruling classes have imperialist ambitions. In both countries, nationalism and religion play a crucial role in society. In both countries, the fight against dependence on imperialism, against religious fanaticism and the fight against chauvinism, patriarchy, fascism and racism have priority.
In the fight against imperialism we must not forget that the main enemy in our own country is the ruling class in our own country.
In the fight against racism, fascism, patriarchy and religious fanaticism, we must not forget that these evils are not to individual parties, groups or politicians, but to the whole system. The fight against these evils must be waged as a fight against the whole system dependent of imperialism. Only through the people’s democratic revolution under the leadership of the proletariat are these evils removed. We firmly believe that the working class in our countries will take the fate of the revolution in their hands and the red banner will blow over our countries! For the we need Communist Parties! And we are happy that you are there. In this sense, congratulations to your congress again!
Inkilab Zindabad! Long Live Proletarian Internationalism!
Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan/Turkey), Central Committee, 4 November 2018
Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany (MLPD)
Dear comrades, member of Central Committee and delegates
On behalf of the entire Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany, we say thank you for your invitation and the possibility to take part in your 11th congress. I convey the warmest greetings from the MLPD Chairwoman Gabi Fechtner, from Monika Gartner-Engel, Main Coordinator of the ICOR and responsible person for internationalism of MLPD. Also the best wishes from Stephen Engel, the long-time chairperson of MLPD. He is now the head of our theoretical work. And also the greetings from all members of the MLPD, our Youth League REBBEL and from the Red Foxes — our youngest militants. We are celebrating the 100th anniversary of the November Revolution together with 50th anniversary of the beginning of our party building this year.
In the last years the chronic crisis proneness of the imperialist world system has spread and deepened enormously. It unfolds on the whole range of issues: such as the progressing transition to a global environmental catastrophe, the intensification of social conflicts and rifts, the political crises and crises of confidence — and especially the old imperialist forces and a couple of new imperialist countries are very busy with a general tendency to imperialist preparation for war. And the working class and the broad masses do well, if they prepare themselves to fight against this tendency and against every imperialist forces.
This tendency is part of a rightward development of nearly every imperialist government. We can see that India, which has the fourth strongest army of the world today, is part of this development. Our last Central Committee plenary session came to the conclusion that all these developments have the potential to lead to revolutionary fermentation. As harbingers of this we see a polarization in many countries and dialectical relation between the reactionary tendencies from the government and a progrsssive change of mood among the masses.
India has currently one of the biggest working class of the world: Millions of members of the international industrial proletariat are working in Indian and foreign monopoly-companies. It is very important for the communist world movement, which way these workers will choose.
We are happy about long-time friendship between our parties. We jointly work in the International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations (ICOR) to prepare the international socialist revolutiona. We cooperate in the awareness-raising campaign on imperialism and in the construction of an united front against fascism and imperialism, which both were passed by the last ICOR world conference. We share our analysis and our experience and discuss them in constructive way in solidarity.
We surely are very excited about your discussion about class struggle and also about new tendencies in the imperialist world system and the seminar on this topic on Wednesday.
We wish you a fruitful congress with the highlight of the election of a new strong leadership for your party. Your congress has to answer important questions and we wish you great success with it.
After our last party congress, I became the new responsible person for the relation to India in our Central Committee. Your congress is my first visit to India. What a good opportunity to get to know India from its best side, from its revolution side. So again thank you very much for your cordial hospitality!
Long Live the Friendship of CPI(ML) Red Star and MLPD!
Together with the ICOR, the Working Class and the Broad Masses: Onward to Socialism and Communism!
The Eleventh Party Congress of CPIML Red Star has given a call---- “Defeat Corporate Saffron Fascisitization, Build up Independent Left Assertion based on People’s Alternative”. Prolonged discussions took place before and in the Congress on this call. Generally, according to our common wisdom when a call is given to defeat someone, it is understood that it says to organize all possible forces against that enemy in a common platform. However, we have said a different thing. Actually we have put two different positions into one slogan. It could not be appearing as a problem if the prevailing political situation would indicate a possibility to defeat BJP by an independent left assertion. But this situation does not exist. Therefore, this slogan appears as impractical and thus self-contradictory to the practical wisdom of many communists. But the Eleventh Party Congress of Red Star has considered the fact that at present time this practical wisdom not only cannot serve the revolutionary purpose but cannot put forward a rational and logical political position to the people. Let me elaborate the subject.
The Political resolution of the Congress says: “The disastrous situation brought out by BJP regime and the mounting all round social contradictions have brought India to a critical situation. In this context, the debate whether India has become a fascist state or not, or attempt at differentiating between fascism and authoritarianism is not the relevant issue now; rather, the immediate task today is to resist and resolutely defeat the intensifying trend towards corporate saffron fascistization, the concrete manifestations of which are self-evident before the people.”
Why it says like that? It says this because we cannot but notice that most of the Communist Parties are debating on this issue in order to justify their practical political tactics. Therefore, the debate often becomes an academic one and sometimes the debate itself becomes irrational. Those who are propagating in favour of an all-party joint platform against BJP are unexceptionally giving the opinion that a fascist rule has now developed in India. On the other hand those who are not ready yet for this type of all-party platform vehemently are in the opinion that BJP’s rule is obviously authoritarian but cannot be called fascist. The parties which are taking the former position are panic driven and thus are ready to sacrifice the long term interest of the working masses, and the other side is reluctant to resist BJP desperately, as if, when fascism stays in a process to come in power we may sleep in peace! These parties are sacrificing the short term interest of the working masses. Both of these positions are harmful for the people.
Moreover, this debate can continue because no one point out the simple fact that the fascism in Germany and Europe of 1930s and that of present day India necessarily do not look similar. Therefore, pointing out the similarities between both of them one side asserts that the fascism has won the state power in India, and pointing out the differences the other side asserts the opposite.
Today, it is as clear as daylight that the world capitalist economy has failed to recover from its deadliest crisis ever in spite of desperate attempts it has taken throughout last one decade. One form of crisis is continuously giving birth to another type. The gap between the finance capital and productive capital is increasing in unprecedented rapidity. The engulfing difference between the magnitudes of value producing capital and interest bearing and other financial capital is putting such a huge load on the rate of exploitation of labour that it is bound to create millions of volcanoes throughout the world. On the other hand the competition among the corporations has reached an unprecedented level, scores of amalgamations taking place every day cannot save them from the competition and subsequent default to repay international loan in scheduled timeframe. However, in modern capitalist economy the risk is always distributed among other entities including other corporations and the banks. Unrestricted use of credit default swap and other derivatives distribute risks in such a level that the economic crisis of one entity always becomes of others too, and a territorial crisis becomes a global one. Therefore, whenever the time of repaying the debt is coming nearer the world capitalist system is started trembling in fear of a coming crisis.
What the world capitalist economy does for coming out of this type of situation to a comparatively comfortable one in order to reach again in a flourishing condition? The answer was given by “Communist Manifesto” in 1948. It said, “And how does the bourgeoisie get over these crises? On the one hand by enforced destruction of a mass of productive forces; on the other, by the conquest of new markets, and by the more thorough exploitation of the old ones. That is to say, by paving the way for more extensive and more destructive crises, and by diminishing the means whereby crises are prevented.”
“The Communist Manifesto”, thus pointed out three steps which are usually taken by the bourgeoisie in the time of an all-pervading economic downturn as: 1. Destruction of a major part of productive forces, 2. Enforcement of a more thorough exploitation of the old markets, and, 3. Conquest of new markets. Like in 1930s, today also, all the major bourgeois nation states are trying to follow the same path with desperation and vigor which is bound to give birth to fascist rule in most of the major nation states at present economic and political scenario.
Here the debate is absolutely irrelevant that whether the fascist forces have conquered the power or yet in a process to conquer, or if they have conquered, then whether the fascist rule is fully developed one or in a process to reach that level! All these debates are irrelevant because in all these cases the communist tactics must be the same. And that is to resist them all out. Here the pertinent question is: Do the communists mean the same thing as an “all out resistance” in all types of situations and in all the places? In other words: Is the concept of “all out resistance” a static one? Our answer is---No.
The communists took the line to mobilize all possible forces against the fascists in a united platform in 1930s. Although the Communist International kept changing its tactics frequently, ultimately this was the most successful practice of the communists. However, at present in the political scenario of India we cannot take the same line. The reason is clear. It does not mean an all out resistance at present context in our country.
This is as clear as daylight that, fascism springs out from the deep rooted economical crisis of capitalism which is otherwise unsolvable. Therefore, if that very economy continues with the same form then nothing could be achieved by replacing the fascist party only. If the economic base remains as before then it is obvious that the new party which comes in power by replacing the fascist one must be suffering by policy paralysis which will give birth of a larger danger of fascist come back or the new party itself will be converted into a fascist party.
The political situation between 1917 and 1939 was a different one. Due to the impact of the October Socialist Revolution of Russia the communist movement was rising up throughout the world. In spite of the defeat of the German revolution in 1923 this general tendency prevailed uninterruptedly. Communist Parties were formed in all the major countries in Asia-Africa-Latin America and the movement was in ascendency. There was a simultaneous presence and growth of national liberation movements throughout the above mentioned part of the globe. The anti-fascist demonstrations were going on in full swing in Europe. Most importantly the experiments of socialist reconstruction in Russia brought forward an alternative path of development in front of the world people. This was the most important factor behind the growth of the communist movement at that time. Fascism must be defeated, but it does not mean by which way it shall be replaced? This was the most urgent and cardinal question to which the communist movement at that time provided an answer of.
The biggest proof of this development lies in the fact that after the WW-II the fascists were not only defeated but the world economic system had to undergo a thorough change. The world after the War was divided into three regions. The socialist experiments were going on in a large area. On the other hand, in the capitalist world the common form of capitalism was rejected. The Keynesian economics altered the form of capitalism which restricted the role of market and in lieu of that the role of the state increased. By this change the anarchy in production and distribution was curbed. The world imperialism shunned the path of old type of colonialism and adopted the neo-colonial path. The third part of the world at that time was formed by the newly liberated countries in Asia-Africa-Latin America through the national-liberation movement. The ruling classes in these countries developed a path based on the mixed economy giving the state ownership and state planning the highest importance. In the main, the world at that time moved forward with different answers of the reasons behind the capitalist economic crisis.
At present this type of situation does not prevail in India. If it becomes possible to defeat BJP by forming a largest possible electoral alliance, then also, the pertinent question is, what economic policy Congress (and other regional parties) will follow? There is no doubt that they will follow the same neo-liberalism, which plays the cardinal role giving birth to the present crisis and the danger of fascist takeover. Then, what is the concrete meaning of forming an all-party electoral alliance against BJP in ensuing election? It only means to uphold the cause of the same effect which we are fighting against! We have landed in this absurd situation because anti-neoliberal economic and political program is almost absent in present Indian politics. Organizationally we, who staunchly oppose neo-liberalism, are microscopic entity. Therefore, neither organizational nor programmatic alternative of neo-liberalism exist before the people.
What should be the task of the communists in this situation in order to build an all-out resistance against the fascist danger? The answer is absolutely clear. The communists need to reorganize their ranks on the basis of definite and uncompromising anti-neoliberal program. The CPI-CPIM like parties must shun their neo-liberal path which they practice wherever they are in power in spite of their declared position against neo-liberalism in their documents, in spite of their long articles against neo-liberalism in their organs, in spite of their several field researches on the catastrophic effects of neo-liberalism on different fields of Indian economy. Under this strict condition they can be included (like anyone else) in the anti-fascist platform. The task of the left block is to assert the independent left position on the path of building a new India before the people.
The second task of the left block is to organize the dalit and tribal organizations along with all oppressed classes and sections against BJP and RSS to form a larger alliance on the basis of on uncompromising opposition to saffron, corporate fascism politically and neo-liberalism economically. This is the essence of the call of the Eleventh Party Congress of Red Star, and if this can be accomplished further avenues will be opening up in coming future.
People’s protests that began during the last quarter of 2018 against ultra-rightist and neo-fascist regimes especially in European countries are gathering further momentum as the New Year dawns. The global media that promptly highlighted the growing influence of Alternative for Germany (AfD), was relatively silent on the protest march of an estimated 242000 people along the streets of Berlin against the ascendancy of neo-fascists and their anti-immigration campaigns. According to reports, this mid-October protest rally which has been the biggest in recent years was led by a broad alliance of anti-austerity initiative composed of trade unions, democratic right groups and progressive associations.
In the first week of December, thousands of people marched in several cities in southern Spain to protest the rise of Vox, the far-right party that suddenly appeared onto the political scene. Youth in large numbers who participated in the protests, blocked city lanes and entered in to confrontations with police. In some cities, the protestors blocked traffic and raised slogans: “It is fascism, not democracy,” “Refugees welcome”, etc. By the end of the second week of December, in Austria, thousands of protesters marched along the streets of Vienna raising the banners against fascism and racism propped up by the ruling coalition composed of the neo-conservative People’s Party (OeVP) and far-right Freedom Party (FPOe). Though police claimed the number of protesters as around 17000, actual turnout is estimated at 50000 in spite of bad weather. This people’s initiative was in the context of a series of tough anti-immigration measures, especially welfare-cuts aimed at immigrants imposed by the Austrian government which holds the presidency of EU till the end of 2018. In Brussels, on Decmber11, though the anti-austerity rally started as a peaceful demonstration, soon it became militant with 50000 protesters blocking streets and masked protesters even hurling fire-crackers at the police who responded by firing water cannons.
The ongoing “yellow vest” protest in France against the ultra-rightist policies of Macron is a much discussed one. His efforts to cool down people’s resentment by reducing fuel taxes are not enough to pacify the protesters. Within a year, Macron’s approval ratings have gone down by almost 30 percentage points and according to latest information, he has deployed the entire French police to suppress people’s riots. Meanwhile, the chauvinistic British ruling classes now led by Theresa May are facing repeated political reverses in the pursuit of materialising the Brexit deal and leaving the EU. Even within the arch-reactionary conservative sections divisions have arisen over the question of Brexit.
With the beginning of the third week of December, the streets of Budapest in Hungary are witnessing large-scale mobilisation of workers against the amendments in labour laws in the interests of corporate capital. The anti-worker law enacted by right-wing government led by Victor Orbán and its attempt to curtail the power of the judiciary have led to upsurges from workers characterised as “the most violent protests in more than ten years.” As in France, the protests in Hungary supported by students and youth have assumed the character of a broad people’s movement against far-right, pro-corporate austerity measures. Except the financial elite who are the beneficiaries of the neoliberal system, vast majority of the people including workers, women, youth and students are sympathetic to the protests in all European countries.
Historical Context of the Advent of Ultra-Right Politics
Today, the neo-fascist or far-right political spectrum has become a well-defined and consolidated force in almost all European countries that pursued a liberal bourgeois order for almost three decades following the Second World War. A whole set of ideological and political factors contributed for the shift towards right-wing marked by anti-communism, neo-fascism, ultra-nationalism, chauvinism, xenophobia, racism, authoritarianism and so on that often combine laissez-faire/free market fundamentalism in economic policies with ultra-nationalist/protectionist militarism in international relations. The discrediting of fascism and advance of socialism had effectively prevented the emergence of such reactionary ideologies in the immediate postwar context.
However the ideological-political setbacks suffered by the political Left since the seventies have enabled imperialist ruling classes to depoliticize the masses and put heavier burdens on the people in the mad pursuit of marking up profits. Together with this, views justifying the “superiority” of the elite and racial minority over the “inferior” masses and fascist ideas that “superior people” should have greater rights than common people have got legitimacy in political discussions. Often, these ultra-right and neoconservative thinking in the beginning was camouflaged under “right-wing populism” involving appeals to the “common people” against immigrants and refugees. It is only later that they have resorted to an exclusive neo-Nazi/neo-fascist identity-politics based orientation based on nationality, ethnicity, race, religion and even culture. Effectively utilizing the anti-establishmentarian attitude of the middle-classes, taking advantage of people’s mistrust of mainstream parties, mobilising hooligans and putting demagogues in front, the far-right could make electoral successes of varying degrees since the 1980s.
Table: Vote Share of Selected Far-Right Parties in EU
Country Name of the Party Vote Share (approximate %)
Austria Austrian Freedom Party 26
Czech Republic Freedom and Direct Democracy 11
Denmark Danish People’s Party 21
Finland The Finns 18
France National Front 13
Germany Alternative for Democracy 13
Greece Golden Dawn 07
Italy The League 17
Netherlands Freedom Party 13
Sweden Democrats 18
Switzerland Swiss People’s Party 29
More or less the same pattern of neo-fascist and ultra-right political trends in varying degrees are visible across many countries. The ascendancy of “anti-establishmentarian” Trump in the US and the coming to power of saffron fascist Modi rule in India are instances. Though their concrete manifestations are different, pro-corporate orientation in economic policies coupled with an all-out ideological-political offensive against all progressive and democratic forces is the hallmark of all of them. To camouflage this far-right offensive, along with “populism” postmodern/post-Marxist intellectuals under the service of imperialist capital everywhere provide the necessary inputs to the ruling classes for depoliticising the masses. And as already noted, to divert people’s attention from the operations of capital and to disorient their struggles against neoliberal policies, chauvinistic and fundamentalist ideas and ideologies based on nationalism, ethnicity, religion, race, and so on are suggested as the “preferred cohesion of the oppressed” against the injustices of the modern world. Quite reminiscent of the Nazi days, immigrants, refugees, low-castes, racial and religious minorities, are blamed for all the “misfortunes”. With the backing of state apparatus and corporate media, vigilante groups and storm troopers, hatred, suspicion and attacks are systematically spread and enforced to divide people’s fighting unity against corporate capital.
Return of People’s Surging Fury against the Far-Right
However, in Europe, Americas, Afro-Asian and Far East countries, the neoconservative, ultra-right forces are now facing people’s simmering discontent. Constant efforts on the part of ruling classes everywhere to keep the profit rates high have imparted heavier and heavier burdens on the backs of the working people in the form of declining earnings and falling living standards on the one hand and curtailment of hard-earned democratic rights on the other. And in order to effectively serve the corporate class, the neo-fascist rulers have replaced the veil of bourgeois democracy with authoritarian and dictatorial methods. At global level, this right-wing offensive is manifested in mounting trade/currency wars and protectionist policies. And the last several years of neo-fascist economic, political and cultural offensive together with the intensification of the inherent contradictions of the imperialist ruling system have immensely contributed in raising the political consciousness of the broad masses of people. Thus working class struggles and people’s discontent are surging in every part of the globe in one form or another. Though a revolutionary political leadership capable of leading these struggles against neoliberal policies and transform the system is yet to emerge, as noted in the beginning, people’s fury is rising up against the economic, social, political and ecological disruptions created by neo-fascists and ultra-rightists.
While these lines are being written, the French political scenario where the world has been witnessing relentless people’s struggles in recent days is becoming more critical. Being denied of decent pay and service conditions, the French police led by their unions have threatened to join the “yellow vest” protesters imparting a new political dimension to the crisis faced not only by the Macron government, but also by the ruling system as a whole. In a similar way, people’s opposition in many countries is developing in novel forms even as mainstream traditional parties and trade unions who have no alternative to the ruling class policies are remaining as spectators. Similarly, even though not so apparent and consolidated as in France and other EU countries, people’s resentment against Trump’s austerity measures (recently, thousands of teachers have marched through the streets of Los Angeles and California), especially against his anti-immigrant “child separation” policy is mounting in the US. Domestically the US ruling system itself is in a “destabilisation crisis”, as Trump the CEO of world’s leading imperialist power is facing several civil and criminal investigations especially with regard to violations of campaign finance laws during his election. Both the Republican and Democratic chieftains of American imperialism, world people’s number one enemy, are afraid of the potential damages to the system that may result from the present political crisis. And irrespective of the national specificities, as a manifestation of the crisis and rottenness of the ruling system, all the political and constitutional (as in India) institutions of the country are undermined in one way or other.
To be precise, worldwide surging people’s movements underscore that the days of class compromises and consensus are over and that contradiction between the people and the ruling elite is mounting. While struggling workers and oppressed masses are advancing, the march of unfettered neoliberal capitalism is blocked, and the latter is facing many reverses. The global crisis of imperialism everywhere has assumed an irreversible dimension as all its inherent contradictions are piling up on an unprecedented scale. Previous atraction to neoliberal ideologies are waning and concerned sections have started seriously thinking over the sustainability and continuance of imperialist globalisation. All existential tactics adopted by ruling classes have become ineffective. And the situation is very favourable for a revolutionary intervention by the political left who can put forward a people’s alternative to neoliberalism.
Down With US Imperialism! It has de-recognized the Maduro government in Venezuela. Maduro has retaliated by demanding the US diplomats to leave Venezuela in 72 hours. Oppose US interference in Venezuela.
K N Ramachandran
CPI (ML) Red Star
25th January 2019
Land for Tiller! Conference of Declaration for Right of Farm Land and housing right by the landless peasants including hundreds of Adivasis was held at Sulthan Batheri, Wynadu District. CPI (ML) Red Star PB Member Com P J James inaugurated the Struggle Declaration Right Conference. AIKKS Central Committee Member and leader of the Land Struggle Com M P Kunjikkanaran, AIKKS leader Com Sukumaran Attappadi, CPI (ML) Red Star State Executive member Com Sam P Mathew, Party District Secretary Com Premanand, Land Struggle leader Com K V Prakash etc addressed the conference.
Greetings to Bindu and Kanaka Durga who have entered and worshiped at Sabarimal shrine at 3.30 am, Salute their activism which will inspire more believers of menstruation period to defy the Sangh Parivar led forces and enter the shrine.
K N Ramachandran
CPI (ML) Redstar
Twenty days passed after the young miners in Meghalaya are trapped in coal mines. Neither the Modi government nor the state government is taking emergency steps to drain out the water and to save them. What a sadistic state we are having!
Com K N Ramachandran
For the toiling and oppressed masses 25th December is Kizhvenmani martyrs' day. It was 50 years ago on 25th December 1968 the upper caste landlords in Kizhvenmani, TN, attacked the dalit families who were struggling against feudal suppression and for wage demands. 44 of them including children, women and the aged were massacred by the landlords. Let us remember these martyrs and intensify the struggle against the corporate raj, Manuvadi caste system and the saffron fascist forces to achieve social change.
K N Ramachandran
CPI (ML) Red Star