Official Website of Communist Party of India, Marxist - Leninist (ML) Redstar

Stop clampdown in J&K, Repeal unconstitutional abrogation of Article 370 and down grading J&K to two union territories!

Joint Convention held at GPF, Delhi, on 13th September, calls for mass mobilization at Jantar Mantar on 15th October!.


With an appeal based on above slogans to all compatriots, to the workers and oppressed classes/sections including dalits, adivasis, backwards, minorities and women, to all struggling left, democratic and Bahujan forces, to mass organizations and people’s movements, a joint convention was organized on 13th September at Gandhi Peace Foundation (GPF), New Delhi,from 6 PM to 9 PM. The Convention was addressed by comrades KN Ramachandran,(CPI(ML) Red Star), Arun Maji (NDPI), Sheomangal Sidhantkar (CPI(ML) New Proletarian), Thakur Khanal (AINUS-Mulpravah), Dr Parvej Mian (All India Milli Council),KK Neogi (Bahujan Communist Party), Vidushi (Sarvahara Lokpaksh), Harish (Inquilabi Mazdoor Kendra), KK Singh (Lokpaksh), Ad. Pancholi (CFD), Somnath (JSM-Haryana), Daya Singh ( AIPM), ,Ajay Sinha, Christopher Gahatraj addressed the Convention explaining how Modi raj is communalizing every issue and trying to impose RSS goal of Hindurashtra through fascist methods while the vast masses of people are reeling under intensifying economic slow down throwing millions from their workplaces and impoverishing them The following Resolution was discussed and adopted by the Convention:

Compatriots, struggling people of our country,
1. We are living in an extremely difficult situation when every field, every issue is communalized by the Manuvadi Hindutva forces under Modi raj. It is creating atmosphere of hatred and intolerance, and unleashes fascist terror to impose its dictates. This is what is happening to the people of J&K where Article 370 and 35 A were abrogated on 5th August, downgrading the state to two union territories without consulting the people of the state in any form, and violating Constitutional provisions. The whole state is militarized, put under prohibitory orders and all communications and democratic rights are cut down. This Convention strongly condemns these steps of Modi-2 and demand the restoration of the special rights of the people of J&K including their right to self determination. It demands the immediate withdrawal of the army to barracks and restoration of all communications and fundamental rights of the citizens.

2. This Convention severely condemns the hasty way the NRC/Assam was constituted unconstitutionally and speeded up by the supreme Court, the final list was announced on 31st August declaring 19,06,657 people as stateless. Large number of them are Adivasis including Adivasis and dalits taken from Jharkhand, Bihar etc by Britishers for plantations, Nepalese, and almost half of them from resident Muslim minority, all of whom presently residents of the state. They are given 120 days to get clearance from Foreigners’ Tribunals or later from higher courts. Otherwise they shall be thrown in Detention Camps. This is a most inhuman step condemned by democratic forces internationally and within the country. This Convention demands immediate cancellation of the NRC/Assam list prepared against the constitutional principles; it demands that citizenship should be provided for all, as they are residents of the state and/or born in India.

3. Modi-2 is trying to get the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, which was passed by the Lok Sabha on 8th January, 2019, adopted by the parliament somehow. It is against the secular values of the Constitution and for communally discriminating against Muslims in line with the Two-nation theory initiated by Savarkar, while granting citizenship to migrants (from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan) including Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian. This Convention calls for the immediate withdrawal of this Bill.

4. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs’ Notification of 31st July, the Central Government has already decided to prepare and update the National Population Register(NPR) at all India level on a time bound manner, as the NRC/Assam was finalized, by starting the field work for it from 1st day of April, 2020 to 30th September, 2020. If this NPR process is taken up based on the Citizenship (Amendments) proposed in BJP’s Bill, with the aim of driving out ‘all migrants’, it will become binding on the whole population to prove their citizenship. It is apprehended that almost 20 millions or more people, who are born in India and presently staying here, may lose citizenship. It will create a horrific situation and an unprecedented humanitarian tragedy. This Convention demands that the whole process of NPR should be abandoned recognizing the criteria for citizenship based on the Constitution and international covenants adopted by the government of India. This Convention demands that construction of Detention Camps should be stopped forthwith.

In order to take these decisions of this Convention to the people and to create public opinion in support of it, all organizations who are part of this Convention, together other like-minded organizations, shall organize a people’s mobilization on 15th October at Juntar Mantar to put these demands before the government; all the constituents of this move shall constitute a joint forum and carry forward the campaign with the slogan “No to NRC/Assam, No to NPR, Citizenship is the fundamental right of every resident and everyone born in India”, coordinating with similar movements started in different states, to save the country from a horrific humanitarian tragedy and Constitutional crisis created by the fascist RSS/BJP regime.

Constituents of the joint forum:
CPI(ML) Red Star, New Democratic Party of India, Lok Samiti, Citizens for Democracy, Bahujan Communist Party, IFTU (Sarvahara), Inquilabi Mazdoor Kendra, Lok Paksh, All India Milli Council, All India Nepali Unity Society-Mul Pravah, CPI(ML) New Proletarian, Democratic People’s Lawyers’ Association, All India Peace Mission, All India Christian Minority Front, Jan Sangharsh Manch (Haryanna). Other organizations and individuals supporting the above demands raised by the Convention shall be included in the joint forum..

For Contact: Ad. Arun Maji 9582529401, Com. Umakant (7838856058)

NPR Press Statement

Proposed Citizenship (Amendments) Bill Unconstitutional, Reject it!

Home minister Amit Shah has once again arrogantly asserted that Modi-2 shall get the Citizenship (Amendments) Bill, 2016, (CAB) adopted at any cost. This Bill for amending the 1955 Citizenship Act was introduced in Lok Sabha on July 19, 2016. Lok Sabha passed it on January 8, 2019. Now, according to his statement, BJP is planning to get it passed somehow in the Rajya Sabha, or if not possible, get it passed by a joint session of parliament. This bill is for granting citizenship to migrants (from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan) including Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian, but totally excluding Muslims. Against this, in 2016 itself there were protests from the Northeastern states where BJP’s allies are in power. Now Amit Shah has issued the statement after attending the meeting of the chief ministers of Northeast and, it seems, winning over them by giving assurance that Article 371, giving certain special powers to these states will not be amended.

The Citizenship Act of 1955, a result of the freedom movement, recognized that every person who was born in India, irrespective of religion, would be eligible for citizenship. Another method of obtaining citizenship was through descent – if either parent was a citizen of India. A third method of obtaining citizenship was by registration of the migrants/refugees, or by the method of naturalization . The preamble of our constitution calls India a secular country. Article 15 of the constitution prevents discrimination, by the state, against any citizen on the basis of religion. It is clear that the proposed law is against the right to equality and the right against discrimination given by the constitution. These amendments show BJP government’s intention to follow Israel, the only country which allows citizenship on the basis of religion. This too is not on the basis of “naturalization” but on the basis of the unique “right of return”, a special Israeli law. All Jews have the right to return to the “promised land”! In fact, the true intentions behind the new citizenship amendments put forward is to establish the “right of return” to “Akhand Bharat” of RSS. They would like the whole of the sub-continent to become a part of a great Hindurashtra!
According to the Ministry of Home Affairs’ Notification on 31st July, the Central Government has already decided to prepare and update the National Population Register(NPR) on a time bound manner, as the NRC/Assam was finalized, by starting the field work for it from 1st day of April, 2020 to 30th September, 2020. The final list of NRC/Assam has announced more than 19 lakhs residents of Assam as stateless has already created a huge humanitarian challenge, as they will be thrown to the Detention Camps, if they cannot get any relief from the Foreigners’ Tribunals or from the higher courts. If this CAB is passed and becomes an act, and the NPR process is taken up based on it with the aim of driving out ‘all migrants’, , besides forcing the whole population to prove their citizenship, it is apprehended that almost 20 to 30 million people, who are presently staying in India, may lose citizenship. It will create a horrific situation and an unprecedented humanitarian tragedy, which will gladden only the saffron fascists.

Citizenship is the fundamental right of everyone based on their residency and birth. So, along with intensification of the struggle for the issuing citizenship to all the 19,06, 657 people kept out of the NRC/Assam final list, we have to intensify the campaign to create public opinion to throw out the monstrous CPB and the proposed NPR as unconstitutional and against all international covenants

KN Ramachandran, General Secretary, CPI(ML) Red Star

Appeal to all compatriots, to the workers and oppressed classes/sections including dalits, adivasis, backwards, minorities and women, to all struggling left, democratic and Bahujan forces, to mass organizations and people’s movements

 

We are living in an extremely difficult situation when every field, every question is communalized by the Brahmanical Hindutva forces under Modi raj.  It is creating atmosphere of hatred and intolerance, and unleashes fascist terror to impose its dictates. This is what is happening to National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam also, excluding 19, 06,657 residents from final list. These include almost half of it from Muslim minorities, large numbers of Nepalese, Adivasis from Jharkhand, Bihar etc taken by Britishers for plantations in Assam. Inhuman situation is created throwing these people to uncertainty, with the threat of becoming stateless and thrown to Detention Camps, without any human rights.

Besides, the BJP is calling for NRCs in W. Bengal, Delhi, Bihar etc excluding Muslim minorities dubbing them as infiltrators from Bangladesh, contrary to facts. The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, moved by BJP is against secular values of the Constitution and to communally discriminate Muslims. Modi-2 is trying to get this bill passed somehow, and to conduct an all India survey next year for a National People’s Register (NPR), demanding all residents of India to prove their citizenship! These are fascist move towards its Hindurashtra goal, to cover up the intensifying economic recession which is further impoverishing the masses and making many more millions jobless,!

In this grave situation, it is our task to mobilize people and create public opinion with the demands: Cancel the NRC, Assam, Withdraw Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, Withdraw Home ministry order for all India survey for NPR (Peoples’ National Register). All residents of India are its citizens and citizenship should be based on following criteria:  (a) Any resident of India, any person born in India is citizen of India. This was the case till the 1986 Act and is the case in most of the countries all over the world; (b) Any person either of whose parents are/ were citizens of India must be eligible for citizenship; (c )Any person who is resident in India for 5 years and intends to stay further should be eligible for citizenship; and (d) Any refugee who is fleeing from oppression, or whose democratic rights are not protected in the country from which he/she is fleeing, should be eligible for right to stay in India leading eventually to citizenship.

We appeal to all of you, representatives of the organizations to participate in a Convention at GPF from 6 to 9 pm on 13th September to declare our resolve to carry forward this movement and to decide about our future campaign plans.

CPI(ML) Red Star, New Democratic Party of India, Lok Samiti, Citizens for Democracy, Bahujan Communist Party, Sarvahara Lokpaksh, Inquilabi Mazdoor Kendra, Milli Council, All India Nepali Unity Society-Mul Pravah, Lok Paksh, CPI(ML) New Proletariat, Democratic People’s Lawyers’ Association, All India Peace Mission, Social Democratic Party of India, All India Christian Minority Front.

Contact nos.

Advocate Arun maji (9582529401)                               

Umakant (7838856058)

Today is a black day for the millions of people whose names are absent in the final list of the NRC for Assam published; it is going to be a black day for the idea of India we cherish. Citizenship in this NCR is finalized including only the names of those persons (or their descendants) in the NRC, 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971, or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to mid-night of 24 March 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam or in any part of India on or before 24 March 1971. They will get 120 days more for presenting their appeal to the Foreigners Tribunals for reconsideration. If they fail even then, they will be sent to Detention Camps. , This NRC is finalized without considering refugees’ question according to present context by the BJP governments at centre and state, egged on by the Supreme Court. If implemented, it will create another great human tragedy in our country.


So, we demand postponement of the implementation of this final list till the Foreigners Tribunals get sufficient time to give citizenship to all those whose names are not in today’s final list based on the following conditions for finalization of the NCR in Assam as well as at all India level: (a ) Any person born in India must be eligible for the citizenship of India. This was the case till the 1986 act and is the case in most of the countries all over the world. (b) Any person either of whose parents who were citizens of India must be eligible for citizenship. (c )Any person who is resident in India for 5 years and who intends to stay for a further five years should be eligible for citizenship. This is the period which is considered for citizenship by registration. (d) Any refugee who is fleeing from oppression, or whose democratic rights are not being protected in the country from which they are fleeing, should be eligible for some form of right to stay in India leading eventually to citizenship.
We appeal to all democratic forces to support this proposal and save the country from another human tragedy! Let us act fast!


KN Ramachandran
General Secretary
CPI(ML) Red Star

Modi-2 Plans Publication of NRC in Assam, Followed by All India NPR based on the communal amendments in the bill before Rajya Sabha to be, followed by Detention Camps for millions who lose citizenship! Should We Not React?

Comrades and Compatriots,

  1. According to reports, about four million people, mostly Muslims, living presently in Assam for many years are going to lose citizenship in the NCR for Assam to be released in its final form on 31st According to BJP governments at centre and in Assam, this NRC is now finalized including the names of those persons (or their descendants) in the NRC, 1951, or in any of the ElectoralRolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971, or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to mid-night of 24 March 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam or in any part of India on or before 24 March 1971. Those 4 million who may lose citizenship will get 120 days more for presenting their appeal to the Foreigners Tribunals for reconsideration.
  2. The Citizenship Act of 1955, a result of the freedom movement recognized that every person who was born in India, irrespective of religion, would be eligible for Indian citizenship. Another method of obtaining citizenship was through descent – if either parent was a citizen of India. A third method of obtaining citizenship was by registration. A person who has been staying in India for one year or seven years (depending upon whether she or he is of Indian origin or not, broadly), could apply for being registered as a citizen. Among the other methods of obtaining citizenship was the method of naturalization. A person who had stayed in India for over 11 years was eligible of applying for becoming a citizen under it. The law for registration and naturalization was applicable to all persons from all countries and all religions. However, it was made clear that “illegal migrants” would not be eligible for citizenship. The Citizenship Act of 1955 defines “illegal migrant” as a person who enters India without a proper visa or other valid travel document or, who, having entered with a valid document or visa, stays beyond the time permitted for stay in such a visa.
  3. The BJP government moved the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill of 2016 whose Statement of Objects and Reasons says (excerpted):

Under the existing provisions of the Act, persons belonging to the minority communities, such as Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, who have either entered into India without valid travel documents or the validity of their documents have expired are regarded as illegal migrants and hence ineligible to apply for Indian citizenship. It is proposed to make them eligible for applying for Indian citizenship.

Many persons of Indian origin including persons belonging to the aforesaid minority communities from the aforesaid countries have been applying for citizenship under section 5 of the Act, but are unable to produce proof of their Indian origin. Hence, they are forced to apply for citizenship by naturalization under section 6 of the Act, which, inter alia, prescribes twelve years residency as qualification for naturalization in terms of the Third Schedule to the Act. This denies them many opportunities and advantages that may accrue only to the citizens of India, even though they are likely to stay in India permanently. It is proposed to amend the Third Schedule to the Act to make applicants belonging to minority communities from the aforesaid countries eligible for citizenship by naturalization in seven years instead of the existing twelve years.

But, while the bill explains that the sections mentioned above shall not be treated as illegal migrants for the purposes of this Act,  nothing is said about the minorities like Muslims, or among the Muslims, the Bohri’s, Khojas and Ahmeddiyas, who are persecuted even in Muslim countries.

  1. The preamble of our constitution calls for a secular country, whatever may be the meaning of secularism. Article 15 of the constitution of India prevents the discrimination, by the state, against any citizen of India on the basis of religion. It is clear that the proposed law is against the right to equality and the right against discrimination given by the constitution. These amendments to the citizenship law are communally conceptualized. It puts forward an abstract notion of a religious Hindu state, not one conforming with the existing modern reality, Article 25 specifically states that “every person” will have the right to freely “profess, practice and propagate religion”. These amendments show BJP government’s intention to follow Israel, the only country which allows citizenship on the basis of religion. This too is not on the basis of “naturalization” but on the basis of the unique “right of return”, a special Israeli law. All Jews have the right to return to the “promised land” In fact, the true intentions behind the new citizenship amendments put forward under Modi regime is to establish the “right of return” to an “Akhand Bharat” of the RSS. They would like the whole of the sub-continent to become a part of a great Hindu nation. Unable to come close to it or even to justify it, they had given it a back seat to this rhetoric for long. The proposed amendment to the citizenship law is the first stirring for bringing back this archaic and unjust concept.
  2. In this bill there is also a threat to the diasporas. The Government is given the right to cancel the “overseas citizen of India” status of any person if they violate any law of India. That means that an OCI card can be cancelled if they do anything against the liking of RSS parivar.
  3. This Citizenship (Amendment) Bill for amending the 1955 Citizenship Act was introduced in Lok Sabha on July 19 2016. It was referred to the Joint Parliamentary Committee on August 12 2016. The JPC submitted its Report on January 7, 2019, and the Lok Sabha passed it on January 8. But it is not yet passed by the Rajya Sabha. 2 is planning to pass it in the Rajya Sabha at the earliest, or if this is not possible, bypassing the legal aspects involved including the convening of a joint session of the parliament. This bill is for granting citizenship to migrants on communal basis (from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan) including Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian and totally excluding Muslims.  Against this, in 2016 itself violent protests took place in Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh, alleging that the bill is going to make these states dumping grounds for the migrants.
  4. In its Election Manifesto BJP had called for updating the National People’s Register based on the amendments proposed in the bill in a time bound manner as is done to NCR for Assam, to throw out all illegal migrants from India as Amit Shaw announced in parliament and later repeated in the president’s speech on the eve of 15th In accordance with this plan, the MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS (OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR GENERAL CITIZEN REGISTRATION, INDIA) has issued the NOTIFICATION of 31st July, 2019, S.O. 2753(E), in THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—SEC. 3(ii) which states;—“In pursuance of sub-rule(4) of rule 3 of the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003, the Central Government hereby decides to prepare and update the Population Register and the field work for house to house enumeration throughout the country except Assam for collection of information relating to all persons who are usually residing within the jurisdiction of Local Registrar shall be undertaken between the 1st day of April, 2020 to 30th September, 2020”.
  5. If this amendment bill is passed and it becomes an act, and NPR process is taken up based on it with the aim of driving out all migrants, it is apprehended that almost 20 to 30 million people, who are presently staying in India, may lose citizenship. It is already announced by home minister and Assam government that Detention Camps will be constructed soon and all those who have lost citizenship shall be shifted to these Camps once the final NCR list for Assam is announced on 31st If the same process is continued at all India level, more than two crores of people will be pushed inside these Detention Camps. They will be almost like the Concentration Camps built by Nazi government in Germany for the jews from the end of 1930s. This is going to be an enormous and explosive issue, the magnitude of it and the reaction to be organized against it are probably never discussed seriously in an organized form.
  6. Friends, so, our appeal is that we should wage a consistent struggle against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, and all proposals to carry out determination of citizenship based on it; we should put forward our proposals based on the 1955 Citizenship Act. Understanding the existing communalized situation, we have to adopt a proper democratic stand on this subject.  For wide discussion among the democratic forces, we are putting forward the following proposals as the  eligibility  criteria for citizenship:
  7. Any person born in India must be eligible for the citizenship of India. This was the case till the 1986 act and is the case in many countries all over the world including in the USA.
  8. Any person either of whose parents who were citizens of India must be eligible for citizenship. This should also apply if either of the parents were eligible for citizenship though it was never taken.
  9. Any person who is resident in India for 5 years and who intends to stay for a further five years should be eligible for citizenship. This is the period which is considered for citizenship by registration. Right now naturalization requires 12 years of stay in India. Both can be taken on the same criterion.
  10. Any refugee who is fleeing from oppression, or whose democratic rights are not being protected in the country from which they are fleeing, should be eligible for some form of right to stay in India leading eventually to citizenship (say giving residential permits to such refugees for 3 years at the end of which they become eligible for citizenship).

 1o. We should demand that the Foreigners Tribunals should decide citizenship of all those who have lost it in the NCR of Assam published on 31st August based on this criteria. And the proposed NPR from 1st April to 30th September also should be based on it. We are putting forward these proposals for wide circulation and open discussions. so that a consensus opinion can be arrived at and the campaign for creating public opinion can be launched.

What is urgently required is arriving at a consensus on these proposals as early as possible and arriving at the broadest possible unity of  all who agree with the finalized proposals.  Then we can strive for creating maximum possible public opinion for it and demand even a referendum, if necessary, on it. Recognizing the seriousness of the issue, let us take it up as a challenge. Please send your responses and suggestions to the email or post addresses given below. For speeding up the process and to involve more sections in this process we suggest state level meeting of the like-minded forces as soon as possible so that we can decentralize our move.

KN Ramachandran, GS, CPI(ML) Red Star.

Central Office: C – 141, Sainik Nagar, New Delhi – 110059

Phone: 09582950680, Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,

 

Modi-2 Plans Publication of NRC in Assam, Followed by All India NPR based on the communal amendments in the bill before Rajya Sabha to be, followed by Detention Camps for millions who lose citizenship! Should We Not React?

Comrades and Compatriots,

  1. According to reports, about four million people, mostly Muslims, living presently in Assam for many years are going to lose citizenship in the NCR for Assam to be released in its final form on 31st According to BJP governments at centre and in Assam, this NRC is now finalized including the names of those persons (or their descendants) in the NRC, 1951, or in any of the ElectoralRolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971, or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to mid-night of 24 March 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam or in any part of India on or before 24 March 1971. Those 4 million who may lose citizenship will get 120 days more for presenting their appeal to the Foreigners Tribunals for reconsideration.
  2. The Citizenship Act of 1955, a result of the freedom movement recognized that every person who was born in India, irrespective of religion, would be eligible for Indian citizenship. Another method of obtaining citizenship was through descent – if either parent was a citizen of India. A third method of obtaining citizenship was by registration. A person who has been staying in India for one year or seven years (depending upon whether she or he is of Indian origin or not, broadly), could apply for being registered as a citizen. Among the other methods of obtaining citizenship was the method of naturalization. A person who had stayed in India for over 11 years was eligible of applying for becoming a citizen under it. The law for registration and naturalization was applicable to all persons from all countries and all religions. However, it was made clear that “illegal migrants” would not be eligible for citizenship. The Citizenship Act of 1955 defines “illegal migrant” as a person who enters India without a proper visa or other valid travel document or, who, having entered with a valid document or visa, stays beyond the time permitted for stay in such a visa.
  3. The BJP government moved the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill of 2016 whose Statement of Objects and Reasons says (excerpted):

Under the existing provisions of the Act, persons belonging to the minority communities, such as Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, who have either entered into India without valid travel documents or the validity of their documents have expired are regarded as illegal migrants and hence ineligible to apply for Indian citizenship. It is proposed to make them eligible for applying for Indian citizenship.

Many persons of Indian origin including persons belonging to the aforesaid minority communities from the aforesaid countries have been applying for citizenship under section 5 of the Act, but are unable to produce proof of their Indian origin. Hence, they are forced to apply for citizenship by naturalization under section 6 of the Act, which, inter alia, prescribes twelve years residency as qualification for naturalization in terms of the Third Schedule to the Act. This denies them many opportunities and advantages that may accrue only to the citizens of India, even though they are likely to stay in India permanently. It is proposed to amend the Third Schedule to the Act to make applicants belonging to minority communities from the aforesaid countries eligible for citizenship by naturalization in seven years instead of the existing twelve years.

But, while the bill explains that the sections mentioned above shall not be treated as illegal migrants for the purposes of this Act,  nothing is said about the minorities like Muslims, or among the Muslims, the Bohri’s, Khojas and Ahmeddiyas, who are persecuted even in Muslim countries.

  1. The preamble of our constitution calls for a secular country, whatever may be the meaning of secularism. Article 15 of the constitution of India prevents the discrimination, by the state, against any citizen of India on the basis of religion. It is clear that the proposed law is against the right to equality and the right against discrimination given by the constitution. These amendments to the citizenship law are communally conceptualized. It puts forward an abstract notion of a religious Hindu state, not one conforming with the existing modern reality, Article 25 specifically states that “every person” will have the right to freely “profess, practice and propagate religion”. These amendments show BJP government’s intention to follow Israel, the only country which allows citizenship on the basis of religion. This too is not on the basis of “naturalization” but on the basis of the unique “right of return”, a special Israeli law. All Jews have the right to return to the “promised land” In fact, the true intentions behind the new citizenship amendments put forward under Modi regime is to establish the “right of return” to an “Akhand Bharat” of the RSS. They would like the whole of the sub-continent to become a part of a great Hindu nation. Unable to come close to it or even to justify it, they had given it a back seat to this rhetoric for long. The proposed amendment to the citizenship law is the first stirring for bringing back this archaic and unjust concept.
  2. In this bill there is also a threat to the diasporas. The Government is given the right to cancel the “overseas citizen of India” status of any person if they violate any law of India. That means that an OCI card can be cancelled if they do anything against the liking of RSS parivar.
  3. This Citizenship (Amendment) Bill for amending the 1955 Citizenship Act was introduced in Lok Sabha on July 19 2016. It was referred to the Joint Parliamentary Committee on August 12 2016. The JPC submitted its Report on January 7, 2019, and the Lok Sabha passed it on January 8. But it is not yet passed by the Rajya Sabha. 2 is planning to pass it in the Rajya Sabha at the earliest, or if this is not possible, bypassing the legal aspects involved including the convening of a joint session of the parliament. This bill is for granting citizenship to migrants on communal basis (from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan) including Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian and totally excluding Muslims.  Against this, in 2016 itself violent protests took place in Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh, alleging that the bill is going to make these states dumping grounds for the migrants.
  4. In its Election Manifesto BJP had called for updating the National People’s Register based on the amendments proposed in the bill in a time bound manner as is done to NCR for Assam, to throw out all illegal migrants from India as Amit Shaw announced in parliament and later repeated in the president’s speech on the eve of 15th In accordance with this plan, the MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS (OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR GENERAL CITIZEN REGISTRATION, INDIA) has issued the NOTIFICATION of 31st July, 2019, S.O. 2753(E), in THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—SEC. 3(ii) which states;—“In pursuance of sub-rule(4) of rule 3 of the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003, the Central Government hereby decides to prepare and update the Population Register and the field work for house to house enumeration throughout the country except Assam for collection of information relating to all persons who are usually residing within the jurisdiction of Local Registrar shall be undertaken between the 1st day of April, 2020 to 30th September, 2020”.
  5. If this amendment bill is passed and it becomes an act, and NPR process is taken up based on it with the aim of driving out all migrants, it is apprehended that almost 20 to 30 million people, who are presently staying in India, may lose citizenship. It is already announced by home minister and Assam government that Detention Camps will be constructed soon and all those who have lost citizenship shall be shifted to these Camps once the final NCR list for Assam is announced on 31st If the same process is continued at all India level, more than two crores of people will be pushed inside these Detention Camps. They will be almost like the Concentration Camps built by Nazi government in Germany for the jews from the end of 1930s. This is going to be an enormous and explosive issue, the magnitude of it and the reaction to be organized against it are probably never discussed seriously in an organized form.
  6. Friends, so, our appeal is that we should wage a consistent struggle against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, and all proposals to carry out determination of citizenship based on it; we should put forward our proposals based on the 1955 Citizenship Act. Understanding the existing communalized situation, we have to adopt a proper democratic stand on this subject.  For wide discussion among the democratic forces, we are putting forward the following proposals as the  eligibility  criteria for citizenship:
  7. Any person born in India must be eligible for the citizenship of India. This was the case till the 1986 act and is the case in many countries all over the world including in the USA.
  8. Any person either of whose parents who were citizens of India must be eligible for citizenship. This should also apply if either of the parents were eligible for citizenship though it was never taken.
  9. Any person who is resident in India for 5 years and who intends to stay for a further five years should be eligible for citizenship. This is the period which is considered for citizenship by registration. Right now naturalization requires 12 years of stay in India. Both can be taken on the same criterion.
  10. Any refugee who is fleeing from oppression, or whose democratic rights are not being protected in the country from which they are fleeing, should be eligible for some form of right to stay in India leading eventually to citizenship (say giving residential permits to such refugees for 3 years at the end of which they become eligible for citizenship).

 1o. We should demand that the Foreigners Tribunals should decide citizenship of all those who have lost it in the NCR of Assam published on 31st August based on this criteria. And the proposed NPR from 1st April to 30th September also should be based on it. We are putting forward these proposals for wide circulation and open discussions. so that a consensus opinion can be arrived at and the campaign for creating public opinion can be launched.

What is urgently required is arriving at a consensus on these proposals as early as possible and arriving at the broadest possible unity of  all who agree with the finalized proposals.  Then we can strive for creating maximum possible public opinion for it and demand even a referendum, if necessary, on it. Recognizing the seriousness of the issue, let us take it up as a challenge. Please send your responses and suggestions to the email or post addresses given below. For speeding up the process and to involve more sections in this process we suggest state level meeting of the like-minded forces as soon as possible so that we can decentralize our move.

KN Ramachandran, GS, CPI(ML) Red Star.

Central Office: C – 141, Sainik Nagar, New Delhi – 110059

Phone: 09582950680, Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.