Political Organisational Report

26 May 2015

Excerpts from the Political Organizational Report adopted by 10th Congress of CPI(ML) Red Star held at Lucknow from 25 Feb. to 2 March, 2015 – Editorial Board

1. Introduction

1.1 The Tenth Congress of the CPI (ML) Red Star was convened by the Central Committee at a critical juncture in the history of our country. The Ninth Congress had evaluated how the UPA rule is impoverishing the masses and devastating the country through corporate loot. Price rise, unemployment, corruption, and intensifying attacks on the toiling masses as a consequence of neo-liberal policies imposed by this government and the necessity for speeding up efforts to build a powerful people's alternative were pointed out then. During the last three years of the UPA rule, while all these reached their peak, alienating and angering the people against it, especially against Congress which was leading it, neither the regional, caste based, reformist parties, nor the Left Front parties could put forward an alternative capable of challenging the Congress-led rule at all India level. Utilizing this situation and the all-out support extended by the corporate/ MNC forces and the media under their control, the BJP under Modi's leadership succeeded in capturing majority in the 16th Lok Sabha elections, replacing the rightist Congress rule with its ultra-rightist rule. What is happening under this transformation is explicit from the further speeding up of the implementation of the neo-liberal policies and the RSS agenda of communalization. The condition of the vast masses of people and the country is like being thrown 'from frying pan into the fire'. Under Modi government all basic contradictions in the country are further sharpening, calling for an all-out offensive by the struggling left and democratic forces to resist the reactionary BJP rule.

1.2 The significance of the Tenth Congress should be seen in this context. By evaluating the present situation when the contradiction between the Indian state, a state of the comprador bureaucratic bourgeois big landlord classes led by the comprador bureaucratic bourgeoisie serving imperialism, on the one hand, and the masses of people on the other is intensifying day by day, it has given emphasis for developing the theoretical and practical approach for launching countrywide offensive against the reactionary state and the imperialist forces behind it. It has developed the basic documents and put forward the Resolution on Theoretical Offensive and the Political Resolution; it has also put forward the orientation for taking up the theoretical challenges before the communist movement at international and national level; and put forward the tactical line to take up the immediate tasks.

2. International situation

2.1 The international situation after the Ninth Party Congress is marked by increasing turmoil in all fields and in all continents instigated by the imperialists, especially US imperialists, and their compradors and lackeys, to overcome the consequences of the still continuing crisis of the international finance system by shifting its burden to the countries under neo-colonial domination. As noted in the report to the last Party Congress, the resistance against shifting the burden of the meltdown that started in 2008 led to a series of upsurges all over the world, especially in North Africa and West Asia. Some of these uprisings were so powerful that they uprooted decades' long dictatorships in Tunisia and Egypt and stirred up revolts in countries where the rulers were having apparently peaceful times. But in the absence of powerful communist parties capable of providing them orientation and leadership, the Islamic fundamentalists or such other forces aligned with imperialists and their lackeys could come to their leadership and finally replace them with new forms of dictatorship, or brutally replace the regimes which they did not like with their puppets as in Libya.

2.2 The turmoil in Syria instigated by the US and its allies has led to almost a civil war like situation. Same is the case in Ukraine where the US-NATO interferences have led to inter-imperialist contradictions sharpening, with Russia openly coming to the assistance of the Russian speaking sections. In Iraq, though the US had technically withdrawn by putting a puppet Shia government in power, contrary to their calculations the Sunni armed revolt has led to a bitter civil war with Sunni-Shia conflict coming to the foreground in West Asia. The heinous manipulative policies of US imperialism have led to emergence of Islamic State like terrorist forces and Sunni-Shia conflicts escalating to civil war – and now US-backed aggression – in Yemen. With the support of US, the Zionist Israeli government has launched barbaric bombing of Gaza to foil any attempt to establish a sovereign Palestine state. Though US-led NATO forces annihilated Gaddafi and foisted a puppet government in Libya, civil war is raging there. The so-called withdrawal plans of US from Afghanistan are seriously affected with the Taliban once again coming to the fore and due to contradictions among the internal forces. In Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan like countries also as in Ukraine, US-NATO interferences and manipulations have led to sharpening of inter-imperialist contradictions, with Russia and China increasingly challenging US hegemonic efforts. The Israeli occupation of Palestine areas and its latest aggression against Gaza are also going on with open US support and hence alienating the US from world people. The US manipulations in East Asia where China is exerting its influence, has turned this region also into another arena of inter-imperialist contradictions. Thus while the crisis in the imperialist finance system and shifting of this burden to countries under neo-colonial domination has led to people's revolts in many regions and to further intensification of the contradiction between imperialism and the oppressed peoples and countries on the one hand, it has also led to sharpening of inter-imperialist contradictions all over the world on the other.

2.3 The condition in the Latin American countries considered the safe backyard of US imperialism for long decades has started changing. Its military hegemony in the region and unrestricted exploitation of petroleum resources are challenged. Starting from the anti-IMF revolts which broke out in many countries, governments have come to power in Venezuela, Bolivia like countries which along with Cuba are resisting US interference. In Venezuela American imperialism could not succeed to overthrow the progressive forces even after Chavez's death. It was in this situation that it shifted its attention more to West Asia, North Africa and East Asia. But in the last few years in these regions also hegemonic efforts of US are not being crowned with absolute success. Though it is still exerting influence and acting as a self-appointed trouble shooter all over the world its economic strength is dwindling and its trade deficit with China like countries is galloping. Even its relation with European Union countries is also not as close as it was earlier, and the EU is emerging as another economic and trade competitor against it. All these developments have led to a situation when US hegemony as the sole superpower in a uni-polar world is increasingly challenged; the world situation is transforming to a multi-polar one with inter-imperialist contradictions sharpening more and more.

2.4 Under neo-liberal policies the working class has lost many of the rights it had won through centuries' old bitter struggles. Every new bout of crisis in the imperialist system is leading to newer onslaughts on the working class. While the benefits so far enjoyed regarding wages, working hours, pension facilities etc. are increasingly lost, unemployment and under employment, contract system, 'hire and fire', rise in prices of essential commodities, cost of essential services etc. are pauperizing them. The democratic space in society is shrinking. The working class is subjected to onslaughts of reactionary culture. Politically they are increasingly sidelined. In this situation not only in the imperialist countries, but in the countries under neo-colonisation also the contradiction between capital and labour is intensifying. It is coming out through the numerous struggles waged in countries, many times paralyzing the economy like the big strike in France and anti-austerity struggles in several countries in Europe. Still the imperialists and their lackeys are succeeding to control them or to put down these agitations as the leadership of the working class all over the world has by and large compromised with the rulers to a great extent and abandoned the idea of revolutionary re-organization of society during the last few decades.

2.5 In the post-Second World War economic boom of imperialism, consumerism was increasingly instigated. The over-exploitation of the natural resources to satisfy the 'development paradigm' put forward by the imperialists and their lackeys, uncontrolled development of thermal and nuclear power sources etc. have led to a situation when 'global warming' and 'climate change' like consequences of ecological destruction have taken monstrous proportions. Though due to tremendous pressure from the world people imperialist countries have been compelled to take some measures against reckless carbon emission and a protocol in Kyoto, Japan, has been adopted regarding this, now they are trying to revoke this protocol in various ways. Though in the Kyoto Protocol the US was under no compulsion to decrease carbon emission, from its very inception a struggle is going on to compel the US for this. In the Durban Meet Canada excluded itself from this Protocol as protest against the US and China not adhering to it. Russia supported Canada's position. Thus the imperialists are trying to destroy the progressive aspects of Kyoto Protocol. Russia and Canada are trying to end the compulsion to decrease carbon emission instead of exerting pressure on US. Imperialist governments are blatantly refusing to cut down carbon emission and energy consumption in their own countries, shifting the burden of saving the world from ecological catastrophe also to the shoulders of countries under neo-colonial domination. As these governments are not ready to accept this cut down of their own 'development' schemes, the international conferences on climate change are facing a stalemate. The contradiction between capital and nature is reaching dangerous levels.

2.6 In the last three years, development of world situation has shown that the intensification of contradictions between imperialism and oppressed nations and peoples, between capital and labour and the sharpening of the contradiction between capital and nature is once again bringing the slogan "not imperialism, socialism is the only alternative" before the people more powerfully. This has brought forward the contradiction between imperialist system and socialist forces with more intensity.

2.7 hese developments are having a sharp impact in Asia also. Here both collusion and contention between imperialist US and social imperialist China are getting manifested. China's claims over South China Sea are utilized by US to turn Vietnam, Philippines and nearby countries against it. Similarly, every opportunity is utilized by US to turn China's neighbouring countries, especially India, against it. The hegemonic policies of China in its neighbourhood are utilized by US for it. As a result, the North Eastern, South Eastern, Western and Central Asian regions are increasingly becoming conflict areas. While US with its NATO allies is trying to expand its influence from West Asian regions to Central Asian regions and also trying to consolidate its influence in North East through its ally Japan, in South Eastern region through ASEAN, and all over Asia by cultivating strategic relations with its junior partner, India, the contradiction between it and China is increasing day by day in numerous forms.

2.8 This US interest in Asia is more intensely reflected in South Asia also. The shift in the policy of Indian government from late 1970s, especially during last three decades, from a strategic ally of Soviet social imperialism to a strategic ally and junior partner of US imperialism was utilized by the US administration to manoeuvre in this region. It is utilizing the conflict between India and Pakistan for this. Indian expansionist designs in the region are promoted by US and its allies. The subservience to US over the last six decades has weakened Pakistan, strengthening the forces of disintegration. Afghanistan is already under a US puppet regime. In Bangladesh US plunder is intensifying. Though the people of Nepal made history by overthrowing the 250-year-old monarchy, the progress of democratic movement there is blocked due to interference by US and India, with most of the internal players becoming pawns in their hands. Sri Lanka is virtually turned into a military state after wiping out LTTE. Maldives, Bhutan like countries are dominated by the Indian government. While ASEAN has turned into a strong economic union influenced by US, the SAARC remains a non-starter due to Indo-Pak conflicts. As in other parts of Asia, in South Asia also US interference, growing contradiction between US and China and the role of junior partner of US imperialism played by Indian government are grave challenges to the unity of the people of this region.

4. National situation

4.1 After its re-election in 2009, the Congress-led UPA government had ruthlessly carried forward the 'neo-liberal' policies opening up every field of the country to imperialist agencies and corporate-MNCs forces. The remaining shares of the public sector enterprises were also being sold out, speeding up privatization. The petroleum sector was increasingly privatized and de-controlled, allowing private companies to hike the prices or pressurize to hike the prices of petroleum products. The mines were opened to mafias who amassed fabulous wealth. In the name of public-private partnership, all infrastructural facilities were opened for the plunder of corporate-mafia forces. In short, the industrial sector including the medium and small scale industries, the infrastructure and service sectors were subjected to globalization-liberalization-privatization regime ruthlessly. In the agrarian sector, corporate-MNC forces were provided free entry in the name of 'Second Green Revolution'. From seed production and marketing to providing capital, procurement of agricultural products, providing mechanization, to retail trade, the corporate-MNCs were allowed to tighten their grip. Facilitating forward trading, hoarding and black-marketing were institutionalized. Land concentration in private hands increased rapidly. Large-scale confiscation of land in the name of SEZs, corporate-MNC projects and for real estate mafias displaced millions of families of workers and peasants. The much trumpeted 'Gujarat Model', which is now pursued by the Modi government at the centre, is nothing but ruthless acceleration of Manmohanomics.

4.2 The June 10 Global Economic Prospects by World Bank has made a global call for cuts in government subsidies that hold down food and energy costs and privatization of state owned industries. At the global level, the crises precipitated by US neo-colonial policy in Ukraine, Iraq and elsewhere have already led to rising food and energy prices coupled with inflation fuelled by rise in stock prices and other financial assets.

4.3 Though UPA 2 government was adamant to expedite the "second generation of reforms", the imperialists were not satisfied with this speed. They wanted more. So they openly said through their organs that Manomohan Singh is a spineless prime minister. Making that observation, they changed sides. They started to back Modi to power instead of Manomohan and Congress. Congress couldn't satisfy either big capital or the people. Several scams came to the fore. People's wrath also increased.

4.4 A big movement against corruption erupted under the leadership of Anna Hazare. But it died down due to the reformist leadership. As long as revolutionary leadership cannot take this type of initiative at all-India level, these types of movements shall be confined within the reformist agenda and finally become subjugated to forces serving the ruling system. The formation of AAP under the leadership of Kejriwal was by and large an offshoot of this movement. Though AAP is in essence a reformist organisation, it still could attract a large section of the people, in the absence of a revolutionary alternative to the ruling system.

4.5 It was the BJP which could utilise the people's wrath against Congress fully in the Lok Sabha elections in the absence of a real people's alternative. Modi with corporate help came to power to speed up the reform process opted by imperialism with more vigour. Immediately upon coming to power Modi has taken several steps to put an end to the previous welfare policies of the Indian state. The Planning Commission is closed down. The government is on the way to changing labour laws to the detriment of the interest of the working people.

4.6 Instead of raising its voice against the intensification of neo-liberal raj, the CPI (M) and its allies are by and large seeking ways to ally with Congress to weaken BJP! All of them are interested in targeting BJP for the communal fascist programmes it is taking up, delinking it from its ruthless economic policies. Actually, all political groups linked to religious fundamentalism of all hues whether in India or outside use the communal cover to sell their right wing economic policies. So the struggle against both should be taken up simultaneously. As the contradiction between the Indian state and the people, between capital and labour and between capital and nature are going to further intensify with the coming of BJP to power, what is required is a countrywide offensive against the Modi government and all its policies. From their reactions following the ascendance to power of BJP government it has become clear that none of these parties are committed to mobilize the masses and organize struggle against the neo-liberal policies. So the present national situation urgently calls for building a secular democratic people's alternative committed to throw out neo-liberal policies and to usher in a people oriented development paradigm. The task before the party is to strengthen itself ideologically, politically and organizationally to become capable of taking immediate steps to give leadership to this task.

5. On unification of communist revolutionaries into powerful Marxist-Leninist Party

5.1 The Communist movement in India has a history of more than nine decades starting from the days of formation of Communist groups in early 1920s. By calling the present Party Congress the Tenth Congress it is declared that CPI (ML) Red Star is the continuation of the communist movement in India. The primary task before the party is to re-organize the party upholding its past heritage, taking lessons from its positive and negative experiences and developing its ideological, political, organizational line continuously according to present conditions. The problems of party re-reorganization today are basically different from what it was during the existence of First, Second or Third (Communist) Internationals. After the dissolution of the Comintern in 1943, the degeneration and then disintegration of Soviet Union, and the degeneration of the CPC and PL of Albania to capitalist path, there are no international 'authorities' or ideological centres to fall back to for the communist parties. This may look like a positive factor, as some argue, considering the serious repeated mistakes committed by the communist organizations of a number of countries including India in the past by mechanically imitating the 'Soviet' or 'Chinese' or any other model without bothering to make concrete analysis of the situation in the country and trying to apply Marxist-Leninist theory accordingly. By getting influenced by the 'Theory of Three Worlds' or similar other theories, many of the organizations who call themselves communists while upholding the concept of 'proletarian internationalism' in words, have abandoned the importance it deserves. While the practice of parroting any line mechanically should be denounced and lessons learned from the mistakes committed by trying to apply these lines without analyzing the conditions in one's own country, rejecting or weakening the concept of proletarian internationalism shall only further weaken the communist movement. So this is one of the points to be stressed while taking up the question of party re-organization.

5.2 Presently through decades of strenuous struggles the CPI(ML) Red Star has developed its Programme and Path of Revolution based on the analysis that imperialism has transformed its colonial plunder and domination to neo-colonial forms and the former colonial, semi-colonial, dependent countries of the colonial phase are today under neo-colonial plunder. When the different organizations in India which are part of the present broad communist spectrum are divided into a number of trends, similar to the reality around the world, the Party is not calling for a blanket unity of all these organizations. The Party aims to unite those organizations and individuals who share a common understanding on questions related to the programme of the Indian revolution, the path and Constitution.

7. Significance of theoretical offensive and publications

7.1 Marxist teachers have repeatedly pointed out that the ideological political line determines everything in leading the social revolution forward. Resorting to practice without scientific theoretical line is like fumbling in the dark. It does not mean upholding Marxism-Leninism in the abstract, but developing it and applying it according to concrete conditions. During the emergence and consolidation of the capitalist system, till the Marxist outlook was presented through The Communist Manifesto the working class movement could not make any advance. Similarly, when capitalism transformed to monopoly capitalism, imperialism, in the absence of its scientific analysis and development of strategy and tactics, the Second International faced liquidation. Only when Lenin developed Marxist theory according to the concrete conditions of monopoly capitalism and developed the strategy and tactics of revolution, the Russian revolution could advance to victory and the ICM could make headway. When, under the leadership of Lenin the general line of World Proletarian Socialist Revolution was developed by the Comintern, the communist movement started advancing internationally applying Marxist-Leninist principles according to the concrete conditions of each country.

7.2 As already pointed out, during the post-Second World War decades when the US-led imperialist camp transformed hitherto colonial domination with neo-colonial forms of exploitation and challenged the advance of the socialist camp, it failed to develop its theory and practice according to the needs of the new situation. Very soon it faced severe setbacks. It started facing serious challenges. The right opportunist positions of Soviet revisionists and the left sectarian line emanating from the Ninth Congress of the CPC in 1969 caused severe damage to the ICM. The communist parties of different countries including not only CPI-CPI (M) but also the CPI(ML) came under their sway. The ideological confusion prevalent then has deepened with counter-revolutionary theories and petit-bourgeois lines promoted by imperialist think tanks proliferating. Vast majority of the organizations in the left spectrum failed to overcome these as they refused to resort to concrete analysis of the international and national situation and did not dare to develop the Marxist-Leninist teachings and practice accordingly. As a result, right opportunist or left sectarian lines dominated them, weakening all of them. It was in this situation, the communist revolutionaries polarized in them have carried forward theoretical debates for the last four decades based on the analysis of post-Second World War developments and arrived at the position that the imperialist powers have transformed their colonial forms of exploitation and domination to neo-colonial forms of domination. This understanding has helped them to develop the theory and practice of PDR in the new situation and achieve political- organizational advances. The evaluation of this experience, including the theoretical offensive during the post-1972 period, was adopted by the Ninth Congress of the party held in 2011.

7.3 The setbacks to the communist movement over the past 60 years or so show that there is need for serious evaluation of the hitherto experience of the ICM and the communist movement in India. While almost all the basic formulations put forward in the analysis of Lenin in his epochal work Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism, are still valid, they explain only the initial decades of monopoly capitalism and the colonial phase. Taking them as basics, a theoretical study of the later years of the colonial phase and of the neo-colonial phase has to be carried forward. Similarly the experience of building socialism in the former socialist countries, the general line put forward by Soviet revisionists, the Great Debate documents, the general line in the Ninth Congress report of the CPC, the Theory of Three Worlds etc. also call for further evaluation. As a part of that evaluation, the various counter revolutionary, reformist theories promoted by the imperialists and their lackeys also call for studies and rebuttal. The evaluation of the past has to be taken up thoroughly, not to target and indulge in individual attacks on any Marxist leaders, but to take lessons and to develop the theory and practice of revolution in contemporary conditions. It is to emphasize this aspect that the "Resolution on Theoretical Offensive" was discussed and adopted by the Tenth Congress.

7.4 We are rebuilding the Communist party in a period when internationally and within the country the communist revolutionary movement has suffered severe setbacks as pointed out already. In spite of objective situation becoming increasingly favourable for the development of people's movements as the imperialist system and its lackeys are facing increasing crises, and as many spontaneous upsurges have broken out in many countries, in the absence of organized communist movements capable of leading them, the imperialists and local reaction have succeeded to suppress them or divert them to rightist path. Moreover, the weakness of the revolutionary left movement is fully utilized by the ultra-rightist forces to come to power in new forms once again as happened in our country and in dozens of countries. Or, in spite of sharpening contradiction between imperialism and world people, the rightist trend is still dominating the world scene. Our Party has recognized this fact long back and based on a Marxist-Leninist analysis of the post-Second World War situation and the setbacks suffered by the ICM, it has developed the Programme and Path of Revolution, leading to the advances it has made so far.

8. Mobilizing working class as leader of people's democratic revolution

8.1 Compared to the situation in the countries where revolutions have taken place in the past like Russia, China or other countries, the strength of the working class in India is much more. Including the very large number in the unorganized sector, their strength is growing every year. So the question of establishing the working class leadership in the PDR is not just a question of theoretical importance. Without establishing their physical leadership in practice in all fields the PDR cannot advance. So the Party should give cardinal importance to mobilize the working class, to politicize them and to establish their effective leadership in all fields.

8.2 In spite of their increasing strength in the society and in spite of the ever intensifying attack on them, snatching away almost all the wage and democratic rights they had won in the past, the response of the present major trade union centres to these attacks is negligible. The division of the working class into almost front organizations of different political parties has made any united struggle even to defend their existing rights difficult. The INTUC, BMS like trade union centres, who have maximum membership among the organized sectors, do not take any initiative to lead a countrywide or state wide, or a sector based movement against the neo-liberal onslaught against the working class. They do not even help the working class in the economic and trade union struggle when wage slavery and contract system are pressing them down more than ever. As far as the Campaign Committee and other apex bodies formed under the CITU-AITUC leaderships are concerned, though they talk against neo-liberal policies and wage token countrywide strikes and campaigns, they do not take up any consistent movement to reverse the anti-working class policies pursued by the central and state governments. The problem with the leaderships of these two categories of trade union centres is that, though they claim they are opposed to the neo-liberal policies, these differences are in words only. All of them are closely linked to political parties leading central or state governments who are united in implementing the neo-liberal policies in practice. So none of them wants to wage struggles to reverse them. As a result, day by day the organized working class struggles are getting weakened when the situation demands an all-out offensive by them to reverse the neo-liberal policies.

8.3 On the other hand, the influence and strength of the 'left of CPI (M)' organizations and groups, who have taken political stand against neo-liberal policies, among both organized and unorganized sectors of the working class is still very limited. As our Party has recognized the cardinal importance of work among the working class and for establishing its leadership in the PDR, an all out political and organizational offensive in this direction is needed.

9. Building revolutionary peasant movement

9.1 The Path of Revolution has analyzed the importance of advancing the agrarian revolution according to the specific features of the neo-colonial phase. It has made a class analysis in the agricultural sector also.

13. Cultural movement

13.1 Imperialism and its lackeys use culture as an effective tool to beat back revolutionary ideas and revolutionary forces in general. This offensive is further intensified with the degeneration of all former socialist countries to capitalist path and communist parties built up during Comintern days to revisionist path. It has degenerated the positive values created during the renaissance movements, during the days of communist advances and during the independence movement. To re-capture the offensive and to develop cultural movement in theory and practice party has to play a major role in developing the revolutionary cultural activists capable of leading the movement according to present challenges and needs. Also the party should appreciate such cultural activity from any part of the society which opposes the caste system, religious fundamentalism and racism, and which promotes secular and democratic culture.

14. Developing secular and anti-caste movement

14.1 The coming to power of Modi government has further intensified the attack on secular values in the county in line with the imperialists and their lackeys who are utilizing religious teachings and religious fundamentalists of all hues to perpetuate their counter revolutionary domination. The renaissance movements and the bourgeois democratic revolutions in Western Europe from the 18th century had challenged hitherto religious stranglehold over the state, and had introduced secular values which called for separating religion from politics, for common civil liberty laws and democratic rights for all citizens. But with the advent of imperialism and degeneration of the capitalist class to its moribund stage, these values were weakened even in the countries where bourgeois revolutions had taken place. Presently in the neo-colonial phase, the imperialists and their lackeys are utilizing religion, race, caste like institutions to degenerate the state as an institution to serve communal appeasement and rabid fundamentalist positions. Religious fundamentalists are promoted to beat back progressive movements and democratic values. Presently, when the crisis faced by the global imperialist system is intensifying in all forms, in order to transfer its burden to the international proletariat and people of the neo-colonially dependent countries, imperialists and forces of reaction are promoting various hues of religious fundamentalists and ultra-rightist regimes led by them. What is happening in India cannot be seen separately.

14.2 This challenge can be met not by seeking alliance with Congress like parties, or by allying with minority fundamentalism to fight majority fundamentalism or by taking such other opportunist positions as reformist parties and intellectuals advocate. It calls for launching consistent campaigns for separating religions from politics, fighting for genuine secular values.

15. Approach towards environmental questions and movements

15.1 The intensification of imperialist plunder of natural resources and promotion of consumerism in most rabid forms, especially after the imposing of neo-liberal policies from 1970s, have led to ecological catastrophe causing serious 'climate change' and 'global warming' like features. The depletion of ozone layer like developments calls for cutting down production of carbon gases and transformation of energy sources to renewable ones. It is an established fact that the contradiction between nature and human beings started becoming more antagonistic with the beginning of capitalist loot, and especially under imperialist plunder during the post Second World War decades in the name of 'development' which really leads to devastation of nature, threatening the very existence of humanity. It is in this context the Ninth Congress of the party decided to introduce the contradiction between capital and nature as one of the major contradictions at international and national level in its Programme. Based on this understanding Party committees at various levels have taken up many ecological issues as part of the class struggle.

15.3 The Uttarakhand catastrophe in 2013, recurring huge landslides in Himalayas and yearly floods in Terai region has repeatedly brought forward the need for a macro level study of the ecological challenges faced by this vast region, especially in the context of climate change and global warming like phenomena. The party has started discussion with scientists, environmentalists and intellectuals concerned with this issue affecting more than 300 millions of people to prepare a macro level study and campaign program based on it for protection of the ecology of this fragile region.

15.4 In coming days such initiatives have to be taken up concerning other ecological issues also as part of the approach towards sustainable development paradigm, joining hands with broad sections of democratic forces.

16. Approach towards energy questions and anti-nuclear movement

16.1 From 1985-86 when the Kerala committee of CRC-CPI(ML) waged a major struggle joining with other progressive forces to effectively stop the proposal to build a nuclear power plant in the state, we have taken up the struggle against nuclear plants seriously. Though the great devastation caused by the dropping of atom bombs on Japan in 1945 had led to international uproar and beginning of an anti-nuclear movement, it was mainly against the aspect of nuclear militarization. But the proliferation of nuclear power plants, the pollution they create, and the devastation caused by Three Mile Island and Chernobyl nuclear plant meltdowns had strengthened the call for alternate energy sources, rejecting thermal and nuclear plants. When the Fukushima nuclear disaster happened in 2011, it gave a new dimension to the struggle against nuclear plants and for environmental protection all over the world. In India it gave a new impetus to the ever-growing people's opposition to Jaitapur and a dozen other plants, where nuclear power plants were being imposed after bull-dozing the nuclear agreement with US. Various studies had established that at the present level of development of nuclear technology including the unresolved questions of waste disposal, it is against people's interest to go for nuclear power. But the consecutive governments are going for it under dictates of US and other imperialists, and MNCs. This is also done without taking in to consideration that the anti-nuclear movement presently gaining strength all over the world has compelled many developed countries to close down existing plants. It is in this context joining hands with progressive forces all over the world our Party observed April 26, the 25th anniversary of Chernobyl Day, as Anti-Nuclear Power Day, as called by ICOR, based on the slogans: Abandon all nuclear plant proposals including Jaitapur; Close down all existing nuclear power plants, and Struggle for universal nuclear disarmament.

21. Conclusion

21.1 The successful convening of the Tenth Party Congress at Lucknow in continuation to the convening of the Ninth Congress at Bhubaneswar in November, 2011, marked an important step forward not only for our Party members, but also for all those Marxist-Leninist forces and progressive forces who look forward to the emergence of a unified Party with all India influence, capable of leading the PDR to victory and advancing to socialist revolution. During this period not only has the neo-colonial plunder imposed by the US-led imperialist camp become more pernicious, as the capitalist-imperialist system is facing further crises, its burden is increasingly shifted to the working class and world people through intensification of neo-liberal policies. At this juncture, to overcome the fractured condition of the Marxist-Leninist forces and to build the party based on the ideological political line according to present conditions, it is necessary that the theoretical struggle, both within and outside the revolutionary camp, is taken up with more vigour. The launching of relentless theoretical offensive against wrong ideas prevalent within the revolutionary camp as also against all anti-socialist ideas and tendencies propagated by the bourgeois theorists in the wider society as a whole, is of paramount importance today. This situation demands revolutionary initiative on the part of the Marxist-Leninist forces to free themselves from the old shackles binding them, daringness to find answers for past weaknesses, and to find solutions for future revolutionary advances. Our studies on Imperialism in its neo-colonial phase and the ideological-political line we have put forward based on it, are providing basic orientation to evaluate the reasons for past setbacks and to develop the revolutionary orientation to move forward according to the needs of the present situation.

21.2 In 2009 the All India Special Conference had adopted documents on Our Approach to International Situation and Our Tasks, On the Character of Indian State, On Principal Contradiction and the Path of Revolution. These documents provided a good fillip to overcome past mistakes and to go forward with revolutionary orientation which reflected the concrete realities of the present neo-colonial phase. The progress achieved in Party building, in launching the class and mass organizations at all India level, in organizing a number of campaigns and struggles at local, state and all India level, and in initiating the joint activities at all India level, along with the in-depth ideological-political struggle waged against alien trends have shown that our general orientation was correct, though it needed further development through the dialectical process of interaction between theory and practice. In continuation to this the Party Programme was adopted by the Ninth Congress represented the theoretical clarity achieved by then. Now, the Tenth Congress, convened at a time when the tasks which were pointed out in the last Congress including the ideological, political, organizational and agitational level were fulfilled to a great extent have opened up possibilities for greater achievements in coming days.

21.3 The developments at the international and national levels show that the major contradictions have sharpened with the principal contradiction between imperialists and their lackeys on the one hand and the world people on the other becoming sharper more than ever. Against imperialism, especially US imperialism, and its lackeys, in Latin America, in North Africa and West Asia, in all regions people's struggles are developing. To confront this, the imperialists are trying their level best to replace rightist regimes with ultra-rightist regimes wherever possible. In this situation, what is lacking in almost all these countries are the Marxist-Leninist parties capable of leading the people's movements towards social change. This weakness can be overcome by developing the Marxist-Leninist understanding according to the present concrete conditions and by re-organizing and strengthening the communist parties based on it everywhere.

21.4 This is also the situation in our country. We have made significant advances during the last three decades after we took up the theoretical studies, developed theory and practice utilizing all forms of organizations and struggles. A favourable situation for the revolutionary forces to advance is emerging. Let us seize the day, seize the hour and march forward uniting the masses and waging relentless struggles to overthrow the reactionary ruling system in a mighty wave of people's uprisings with the working class and its Party in the vanguard.

Long Live Marxism-Leninism-Mao Thought!

Long Live Proletarian Internationalism!

Long Live ICOR!

Long Live CPI (ML) Red Star!

Advance along the Path of People's Democratic Revolution as part of World Proletarian Socialist Revolution! 


Read in PDF file: Political Organizational Report (Excerpts)

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.