1.1) The Eleventh Congress of the CPI (ML) Red Star was convened by the Central Committee from 27th November to 1st December, 2018, when the ultra rightist and communal fascist BJP led NDA rule is intensifying the corporate raj at maddening pace. It has further intensified all the major contradictions in the country. As the Ninth Congress held in 2011 had evaluated, the UPA rule led by Congress from 2004, instead of providing relief to the people from six years of BJP led NDA rule, continued to impoverish the masses and devastate the country by increasing corporate loot. The price rise, unemployment, corruption, and attacks on the toiling masses increased as the neo-liberal policies imposed from 1991 were further accelerated. During the last phase of UPA rule, all these reactionary policies went on intensifying, alienating and angering the people. Neither the regional, caste based, reformist parties, nor the CPI(M) led Left Front could challenge the Congress-led UPA rule and the danger posed by the BJP at all India level. Instead they were compromising with the Congress at various levels.
1.2) It was by utilizing this situation and all out support extended by corporate forces including their media, the ultra rightist BJP guided by Sangh Parivar could capture majority in the 16th Lok Sabha elections under Modi’s leadership, replacing the rightist Congress led UPA rule. As evaluated in the Tenth Congress in 2015, what happened under Modi rule was further speeding up of the neo-liberal policies and implementation of the RSS agenda of communal-ization. During the last four years, condition of the vast masses of people and the country was like ‘getting thrown from frying pan to fire’. Under Modi government all basic contradictions in the country have further sharpened, intensifying the corporate raj along with saffron fascism. It calls for an all out offensive by the struggling left and democratic forces along with the growing people’s movements to resist the reactionary BJP rule, to overthrow it and to build people’s alternative at all India level. .…
2.b) Our (International) Tasks
2.b.1) After the Tenth Party Congress our Party continued to play a major role in developing the activities of the International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations (ICOR) As a leading member of the International Coordination Committee (ICC) of the ICOR, the Party delegation actively participated in its Third World Conference in October, 2017. We also actively participated in the International Theoretical Seminar focussing on the centenary of October Revolution.
2.b.2) Following the founding of ICOR steps towards organizing programmes of the International Workers’ Conferences in different fields, World Agricultural Conference, World Women’s Conference, ecological and anti-nuclear movements etc. are taken up. Our delegations actively participated in the World Miners’ Conference at Ramgundam, Telengana, held in India, and in the World Agricultural Conference and World Women’s Conference at Kathmandu. AIRWO successfully hosted the Theoretical Seminar organized by the WWC at Bengaluru on 2 to 4 December, 2018.
2.b.3) At the same time, though our International Department has coped up with the responsibilities satisfactorily so far, we have to prepare it to take up more responsibilities in coming days. We have to contribute much more to develop ICOR as a vibrant international platform. We have to make it capable of reacting readily to significant international issues that require immediate reaction, and to organize frequent international solidarity campaigns. We have to contribute more to increase the participation of more communist parties, especially from Asia, in the ICOR. We also have to actively participate in the theoretical struggle focussing on the cardinal challenges before the ICM. ......
4) Campaigns and Agitations
- a) Significance of Bhangar Movement, Its Future Perspectives and Overview of Other Struggles
4.a.1) The 10th Party Congress had called on the Party committees to develop mass movements at all levels. The Bhangar movement in South 24 Parganas district of W. Bengal marks the peak of the Party’s efforts so far to launch and sustain people’s resistance movements. It mobilized the masses against annexation of their agricultural land, opposing the imposition of the Power Grid Project which destroys their environment and livelihood. It started with the formation of the Committee for Protection of Land, Livelihood, Ecology and Environment by the end of November. 2016. The overwhelming majority of the people got organized under this Committee. It made repeated efforts for discussion with the state government, the governor and the Power Grid Corporation. Instead of initiating negotiations, police forces were deployed in large numbers and TMC goons started attacking the people with bombs and guns. As the state terror intensified and two comrades became martyrs in the police firing on 17th January 2017, the people were forced to raise barricades and launch a resistance struggle, demanding the return of the 13 acres of land forcefully annexed, cancellation of the Power Grid Project, withdrawal of all cases charged implicating large number of villagers and activists, and compensation for the loses to the villagers including the martyrs’ families. In this movement women played a very significant role. Our Party General Secretary Com KN Ramachandran was abducted on his way to Bhangor by the State Police machinery. The abduction news was widely covered by media and peoples protests followed all over the nation, which forced the state machinery to release Com KNR after 24 hours. In fact the abduction made the Bhangor struggle better known at the national level As the central authorities and state government refused to accept people’s demands, the struggle continued and expanded to more areas, inspiring many such movements inside and outside the state. The Committee sought new avenues of offensive to break out of the stalemate and to win the struggle. In this atmosphere of protracted people’s resistance, finally the CPGC and the state government signed the agreement on 11th August with the Committee agreeing to all its demands, marking successful culmination of the two year long struggle.
4.a.2) Bhangar movement cannot be seen in isolation. It should be seen as a continuation of the Singur and Nandigram movements which played significant role in throwing out the 34 years long Left Front rule. Though the TMC succeeded to come to power in 2011 and got re-elected in 2016 utilizing fall out of these movements, it is pursuing the very same LF’s path of ‘development, imposing Bhangar like projects over the people. But contrary to its expectations, if it could demolish the mass base of the CPI(M) through criminal attacks by TMC goons and using state terror, the people of Bhangar have so far successfully resisted these. It is creating a new political situation in the state. Except TMC and BJP, all parties, even Congress, were compelled to support this movement.
4.a.3) Evaluating the situation, the Committee decided to contest the local bodies elections at Bhangar and nearby villages under its banner. In the district, it planned to make tactical adjustments with all those who supported the struggle to defeat TMC and BJP. At the state level, the Party state committee planned to organize People’s Alternative based on People’s Manifesto to contest these elections. But under state terror unleashed by TMC government, it became difficult to put these plans in to action. Even the filing of nominations itself turned out as a major struggle as TMC goons with support of police and administration launched criminal attacks to prevent opposition nominations. Finally after facing many attacks and imprisonment of many comrades, the Committee could field 8 candidates at Bhangar and in a nearby panchayat, that also through WhattsApp with special permission from the High Court. During the campaign one more comrade became martyr as the rally was fired upon by TMC goons. Out of these, TMC goons captured three booths, and the remaining 5 seats were won by the Committee with overwhelming majority. It was another step forward. It proved people’s support to the resistance movement against the Power Grid. It was another rebuff to TMC government.
4.a.4) It was at this important stage com. Alik who was leading the movement from the beginning was arrested on 31st May from Bhubaneswar, where he had gone for urgent medical treatment. The people’s response and media attention of his arrest and the continuing protest actions reveal the political importance of Bhangar movement not only in Bengal, but all over the country. Contrary to the expectations of the enemy forces, in spite of the arrest of Alik, which was a great loss at this juncture, the Committee and the people were so well politicized and organized that with the help of party comrades and fraternal forces in the state the movement shall advanced. While the TMC and BJP were engaged in a war of attrition for hegemony, Bhangar became the focal point of people’s alternative in the state leading to the signing of the agreement on 11th August. It is the important task before the Party to unite all fraternal forces to further develop and consolidate the Mass Political Movement.
..... (after presenting an overview of the political organizational developments in other states, Kerala, TN, Karnataka, AP, Telengana, Maharashtra, Gujarat, MP, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand, UP, Punjab, Delhi-NCR and Overseas Committee also where state level party committees are functioning, this part concludes as follows) 4.a.9. In other states also party committees have played important role in the mass movements and struggles against neoliberal projects like the nuclear power plants in MP, Haryana and Gujarat, in the peasant movements highlighting the plight of the peasantry, in the housing right movements of slum dwellers in different states, in Himalaya Bachao like movements focussing on the problems of people in Terai region of UP etc, in most of the places making issue based unity with large array of organizations and individuals. Though the objective conditions and possibilities for launching and leading forward numerous mass people’s movements in all states, and possibilities for joining many of the ongoing movements and providing them correct orientation exist, due to lack of developed cadres and overall organizational limitations, we are facing many obstacles in this important field.
The consistent efforts for expansion and consolidation of these activities shall help to develop mass upsurges at numerous places based on the orientation of our Party line. On the strategic line of the People’s Democratic Revolution our Party Program states: “Rejecting the line of parliamentary cretinism and the line of sectarianism and individual terrorism, upholding path of revolutionary mass line, it (our Party) resolves to utilize all forms of struggle and organizations to mobilize the working class and all revolutionary classes and sections for a massive countrywide people’s uprising to overthrow the Indian state and to seize political power”.
- b) Centenary of October Revolution
4.b.1) The centenary of October Revolution was observed for a year. It was very significant both ideologically and politically as the international communist movement still has not overcome the severe setbacks it is confronting from the second half of 1950s. It was also important to expose the anti-communist campaign of imperialists and their lackeys. The centenary programs helped to evaluate and take lessons from the contributions of Marxism as a whole and Lenin in particular which made the October Revolution possible; to evaluate the Soviet experience in socialist transformation, and the experience of the Communist International. On the whole, this campaign which started with a mobilization at Jantar Mantar on 7th November, 2016, helped the ideological and political strengthening of the Party. It concluded with important state level mobilizations and many seminars and propaganda campaigns.
4.b.2) On the whole this campaign was successfully organized, But due to weaknesses of some of the state committees, and as lot of attention had to be diverted for organizing solidarity campaigns for the Bhangar movement, some of the programs planned in the beginning could not be fulfilled. The party committees can overcome such weaknesses only by further strengthening themselves, both politically and organizationally.
4.b.3) The international level programs under the initiative of ICOR gave a good fillip to it. Our Party actively participated in it.
- c) 50 Years of Naxalbari Uprising
4.c.1) The Central Committee called for observing the 50 years of Naxalbari Uprising from 25th May 2016 to 25th May 2017 at an important juncture in our country, when attempts are made to dilute the historic significance of the Uprising from within the movement as well as by the revisionists of all hues and the reactionary forces. The outbreak of Bhangar movement gave new significance to the programs taken up during this period, culminating with the rally and public meeting at Naxalbari on 25th May 2017.
4.c.2) The Naxalbari Uprising took place when usurpation of power by revisionists had degenerated Soviet Union to capitalist path and weakened the international communist movement. Under its influence, the CPI and soon the CPI(M) leaderships embraced revisionism. Both started pursuing path of parliamentarism, abandoning path of class struggle. The Naxalbari Uprising brought revolution back to the agenda of the communists. The campaign organized by the Party focussed on these cardinal questions extending to struggle against all hues of right opportunism. Similarly, the campaign also focussed on the ideological struggle against the left sectarian line which refuses to make concrete analysis of the conditions of our country and to develop Marxist theory and practice accordingly. Campaigns were organized explaining basic documents of the Party, emphasising significance of the theoretical offensive against all alien trends.
4.c.3) Though a much more vigorous campaign was needed, due to organizational limitations and as major section of the W. Bengal committee had to concentrate on Bhangar movement, it could not be taken to such levels. Overcoming these weaknesses, party has to make all out efforts to continue theoretical offensive focussing on Naxalbari Uprising, later developments and on developing Bhangar like movements in more places leading to strengthening of the people’s alternative against the ruling class alternatives.
- d) Other Major Campaigns and Agitations
4.d.1) Against the neoliberal policies speeded up by the Modi government including demonetisation, imposition of the GST and against the latest budget which further accelerated liberalization policies under the cover of populism, the Central Committee has brought out studies and handbills and called for countrywide campaigns. These campaigns were linked to propagation of an alternate development path based on all round democratization of the society, combating the neoliberal raj and saffron fascist onslaught carried forward by the Modi rule.
4.d.2) In the working class front, TUCI in alliance with like-minded organizations took up many campaigns focussing on the increasing attacks on them. There is an expansion of the work in this field. But much more is needed. Resisting the increasing attacks by the vested interests, many spontaneous struggles are breaking out. Conscious efforts to politicize and bring them nearer to organized movements are required.
4.d.3) In the agrarian sector, under neo-liberal policies, In many states increasing number of peasants are committing suicide. At the same time, refusing to surrender, the peasantry is waging numerous struggles.. The condition of the agricultural workers and poor peasants is becoming worse. The AIKKS is participating in many joint campaigns. At the same time, it waged many struggles against displacement on the one hand, and struggles for land on the other in few areas. Considering the magnitude of the challenges in this field we have to overcome present organizational limitations and expand the movement to more areas mobilizing millions of the peasantry as well as the agricultural workers and landless peasants, the most oppressed sections like dalits, adivasis etc.
4.d.4) In some of the states women’s committees took up campaigns against attacks on them and children. Youth and student organizations also took up some campaigns in few states. AIRSO is active in the movement against commercialization of education as part of AIFRTE. The cultural and caste annihilation movements took local level campaigns focussing on burning issues in these fields and oppression of dalits by saffron fascist forces. Party committees and the mass organizations joined hands with like mind forces in numerous movements against attacks and murder of leading democrats, institutional murder of Rohit Vemula, communal riot in Muzafarnagar and other places, RSS parivar’s attacks on educational and cultural institutions etc. Wherever the Party and class/mass organizations are active they have actively participated n the movement against Sangh Parivar’s communal fascist attacks. Party committees actively participated in the All India Bandh Call by dalit organizations on 2nd April.
4.d.5) During these years Party comrades actively participated in numerous environmental movements including the anti-nuclear power movements, Save Western Ghats movement, Terai Bachao Movement (UP), anti- Bullet Train, Industrial corridor movements etc. The anti- POSCO like movements became successful during this period. The slum/housing right movement was also active in this period, extending its activities to new areas. On the whole, along with Bhangar movement, the Party, class/mass organizations and various people’s movements were actively engaged in numerous campaigns and agitations.
4.d.6) During these years Party comrades actively participated in numerous Digital Media Campaigns and proved our Party Website and Social Media page as one of the important organizer of our party now. With comparatively limited resources of our party, we could achieve wide level of peoples reach through digital media campaign for various major struggles including Bhangor movement and many political campaigns. During last one year, our Party Website and Party Social media Pages collectively attracted larger number of people. We need to intensify our digital campaigns further in systematically organized and collective manner by developing effective Digital Media Cell as explained in the Party Letter on Social Media
5) On Party Building
- a) Significance of Theoretical Offensive
5.a.1) “The Resolution on Theoretical Offensive for Communist Resurgence” adopted by the Tenth Party Congress, after explaining the communist advances following the October Revolution, and the severe setbacks suffered by the movement following the 1956 Twentieth Congress of the CPSU which advocated the Theory of Peaceful Transition, it pointed out: “This (experience) clearly outlines the need for a theoretical offensive. At the international level we are one of the few parties which are now willing to see the real concrete situation. We are willing to make a self-criticism of our past and are also willing to make an attempt to rectify these mistakes. We are therefore in a stronger and more advantageous situation for undertaking such a theoretical offensive. What does such an offensive entail? a) We have to undertake a thorough study and analysis to identify the causes of the collapse of the erstwhile socialist countries, especially Soviet Union and China; b) We have to launch a vigorous ideological struggle to establish across society the superiority of communism over the present ruling system as well as over various alien trends; c) We have to develop Marxism-Leninism on the basis of a concrete analysis of the concrete situation…” The Tenth Congress had called for serious study of The Resolution and the implementation of the conclusions put forward by it at all levels.
5.a.2) Adoption of this Resolution by the Tenth Party Congress was a bold step forward. Based on this we further developed our analysis of present day imperialism and discussed it in the Party Schools. When the MLPD came up with the interpretation of New Imperialist Countries, trying to explain India also as a new imperialist country, we came forward with critic of this erroneous concept. We have taken up the environmental movements emphatically, joining hands with like minded forces. Bhangar movement has shown how to resist the annexation of the land, livelihood and environmental aggression by mobilizing the masses. The successful anti nuclear power movements also gave new insight in to the struggle against imperialist development perspective which is leading to environmental catastrophe. The Caste Annihilation Movement has initiated moves to build movements for social change as a continuation and development of the Renaissance movement. The Cultural Movement has put forward the significance of the protracted Cultural Revolution for continuous transformation of the superstructure.
5.a.3) But while considering the magnitude of the theoretical challenges confronting the communist movement, as explained in The Resolution, what we could do in this field so far is still very little. The Central Committee self critically view this. In spite of many initiatives taken through the pages of The Marxist-Leninist, our theoretical organ, of the Red Star, our central organ, and through the website: ecopolitiks.org, very little contributions have come forward to carry forward the debate. There are three reasons for it: firstly, the large gap between what we try to achieve and the real theoretical level of our party cadres and ranks; secondly, still we have failed to raise the intellectual level inside the Party, to recruit revolutionary intellectuals in to the Party and to involve intellectuals from outside the Party to participate in the debate; and thirdly, due to the objective reality that powerful influence of right opportunism and sectarianism prevent most of the organizations outside our party from taking such initiatives. A serious effort is required to overcome these weaknesses and obstacles.
5.a.4) Through the various environmental movements and initiative, the Caste Annihilation Movement, the Revolutionary Cultural Forum etc many initiatives were suggested on the theoretical offensive. But what we could achieve so far is minimal. Here again, both in developing the theoretical level of our activists and cadres, and in attracting the involvement of revolutionary intellectuals from outside, our efforts are still unsatisfactory. A major effort is needed in this sphere. Similar is the case of the development of the class/mass organizations and the various people’s movements initiated with the help of the Party. Though the challenges before them are enormous, very little advances could be made to overcome them by equipping these movements theoretically and practically. In this the Party Working Groups have to work hard to fulfill these tasks. The Party Central Committee and the state committees should overcome the present weaknesses in this field.
5.a.5) In a country where 60% of the population is below 35 years old, and when this new generation is systematically kept ignorant about socialism and of Marxist thought, the Tenth Congress also had highlighted the significance of organizing the youth and students and of politicizing them. But during last three years only negligible advances could be made in these fields.
5.a.6) The Party publications including the central and state organs have to play a leading role in raising the ideological and political level of the movement as a whole. Though the central organs are trying to take up these tasks to some extent and are published regularly, their readership has increased only marginally. As far as the state organs are concerned, except in Kerala, no other state committee is publishing them regularly. Though a Party Letter to streamline the utilization of the New Social Media was discussed in the CC and send for discussion at all levels, no considerable progress is visible in this field also. Once again a more developed note is sent for discussion. At all levels these questions should be taken up and seriously discussed during the Party Congress process for necessary rectification.
5.a.7) Deepening the theoretical studies and preparing the party members for ideological political offensive demands party study classes and party schools. After the Ninth Congress the process of conducting regular study classes from top to bottom level was started. But hitherto experience shows that though regular arrangement for preparing materials for studies and organizing central study classes are started, except in few states, organizing regular party schools from state to area level is not taking place. The papers for the study classes are not translated and distributed. It is a big challenge before the whole Party. All these weaknesses should be self critically evaluated in the reports of the concerned committees, in-depth discussion should be held and methods to over come them should be evolved.
5.a.8) In the Tenth Party Congress an amendment to the Constitution was adopted calling on the comrades working in higher level committees to participate in the meeting of the grass root level committees when they go to native places. It is not at all implemented. Condition of our grass root level committees are very bad. Even where they exist, most of them are inactive or do not take part in day to day problems of the people. There is no supervision from above to overcome this serious weakness.
5.a.9) Our Party Constitution demands from every member, and it is repeatedly reminded by the CC Circulars, that levy collection from members should be regularized, party fund collection streamlined and account system maintained at all levels. But in spite of reminders our weakness in this field continues. It calls for immediate rectification. A dedicated sub-committee team or a responsible comrade from each / concerned committees to be assigned for monthly levy collection from part-timers and close sympathizers. The proper materialization of levy will enable our party committees to provide uninterrupted allowance to full timers.
5.a.10) Pointing out many of the weaknesses in the Party organization, after the Varanasi CC meeting a call for rectifying various influences of liberalism in the party was issued. The latest developments in some of the party committees reveal that this rectification is not taken up by many of the state committees. The state committees were asked that the POR of the state committees should evaluate its implementation and future plans to fight influence of liberalism within the party.
5.b) Overview of the Party Organization in the States ….
5.c) Unification of Communist Revolutionaries
5.c.1) The present situation, more than ever, demands the unity of the communist revolutionary (CR) forces to defeat the ruling class forces and to advance towards people’s democracy and socialism, in continuation to the Naxalbari Uprising, which was a revolt against the revisionist CPI and neo-revisionist CPI (M). After last five decades’ practice of parliamentary cretinism, the CPI(M) led Left Front has degenerated to Indian Mensheviks. At the same time, on the other extreme, the CPI(Maoist) has degenerated to Indian Narodniks. In this situation, the unity of the communist revolutionaries can be achieved only by linking it with the ideological-political struggle against these deviations and based on developing Marxist-Leninist theory and practice according to the concrete analysis of present international and Indian situation.
5.c.2) Based on this understanding, during the last one decade after the Bhopal Special Conference in 2009, many sections/organizations of communist revolutionaries have merged with Red Star. This process is still continuing. Presently, when almost all the parties/organizations within the broad “left spectrum” are undergoing a major churning due to many reasons, there are good possibilities for a new polarization, including merger of many of them with us. After Tenth Party Congress, we have patiently continued ideological political discussions and efforts to win over them, always stressing the urgency of this question.
5.c.3) The experience of the Bhangar people’s resistance struggle has created more favourable conditions for advancing unity talks with the communist revolutionary forces. These efforts should be energetically pursued at all levels.
6) Evaluation of experience of building class/mass organizations, people’s movements
It was following the First All India Conference of the CRC-CPI(ML) in 1982 the process of building class/mass organizations was started. Firstly the TUCI was formed. Later other class/mass organizations were formed, first at state level and then united at all India level. Initially there were problems as there was absence of enough experienced cadres to lead this process. During this decade to some extent these problems are resolved, they continue to affect their development.
- a) Mobilizing Working Class as Leader of People’s Democratic Revolution
6.a.1) Compared to the situation in the countries where revolutions had taken place in the past like Russia, China or other countries, under neo-liberal policies and consequent changes in the mode of production, the strength of the working class in India is much more since the end of Second World War. Including the very large number in the unorganized sector, their strength is growing every year. The working class and other oppressed classes and sections including dalits, adivasis, women etc constitute overwhelming majority of the population. So the question of establishing the working class leadership in the PDR is not just a question of theoretical importance. Without establishing their physical leadership in practice in all fields the PDR cannot advance. So the Party should give cardinal importance to mobilize the working class and to politicize them along with establishing its closest relations with other oppressed classes and sections, including establishing worker-peasant alliance.
6.a.2) But in spite of their increasing numbers, attacks on them are intensifying, snatching away almost all the wage and democratic rights they had won in the past. Under contract system, hire and fire etc their condition is worsening fast. But, the response of the major trade union centres to these attacks do not go beyond occasional token hartals. They do not take up any movement to reverse the anti-working class policies pursued by the central and state governments under globalization-liberalization-privatization policies. Though the leaderships of major trade union centres claim to oppose neo-liberal policies, their leaders are linked to political parties leading the central or state governments which are implementing these policies. After Modi government coming to power, Sangh Parivar’s saffronization has divided the working class and weakened them further.
6.a.3) The TUCI has led some important struggles and achieved organizational gains during last three years. It has brought together various trade union centres committed to fighting the neo-liberal policies under the banner of MASA. The party has to play an important role in building up the TU movement
6.a.4) The work of mobilizing the working class as the leader of the PDR should be undertaken by the Party with all the importance it deserves. It has to concentrate on organizing the working class as a class in itself to elevate it to the position of leader of the revolution. All out efforts including organizing Party fractions at all levels in the working class front including in the unions in the core sectors are needed. Politicization of the working class through ceaseless agitations and propaganda, along with organization of study classes has to be taken up in planned manner. Our party members working in the trade unions should strive to lead struggles of the working class, not only for better remuneration, but also for politicizing them to take up the task of abolishing the existing social system. For this we have to overcome present organizational and political weaknesses in this field. The Party as a whole and the party cadres deputed to working class field should strive hard for this.
- b) Building Revolutionary Peasant Movement
6.b.1) Still more than half of the population in the country has their subsistence linked with the agrarian sector. So, advancing the agrarian revolution according to the specific features of the neo-colonial phase is a cardinal task in front of the party. The All India Krantikari Kisan Sabha (AIKKS) which held its first All India Conference in August 2011 had adopted an immediate action plan. During the last seven years, it has waged many mass movements against the anti-peasant state policies, against the corporate houses and MNCs, landlord classes and land mafias to resist land confiscation for neo-liberal projects, for capture and distribution of land for the landless tillers etc. The Bhangar movement in W, Bengal against land confiscation and the Power Grid Project, and waging people’s resistance to defend it against state terror has provided an orientation to take these movements to a higher level.
6.b.2) After the last Party Congress, during the last three years advances are made in the activities of the AIKKS in a number of states. Still the overall membership is as low as 15,000. The experience during the period was evaluated and a new Program and Constitution were adopted in its Second Conference in March 2018. The Conference has worked out plans to increase the membership, to strengthen the organization and to intensify the agrarian programs more actively. Overcoming present organizational weaknesses, this task should be carried forward.
6.c) Women’s Movement
6.c.1) Attacks on women are intensifying under the neo-liberal regime. Recognizing the significance of organizing the Women’s movement to lead the struggles for women’s liberation, the first all India Women’s Conference was held at Kolkata in December, 2010. It called for building a broad based revolutionary women’s movement, and the All India Revolutionary Women’s Organization (AIRWO) was launched. Evaluating the hitherto experience a new Program and Organizational Principles were drafted and its fourth All India Conference was planned at Delhi on 4-5 June 2018. But the major challenge confronting its expansion is the lack of cadres capable of providing central and state level leadership. This is a major question to be addressed urgently and party committees should give attention to it.
6.c.2) As its GS com. Sharmistha could not participate due to her involvement in Bhangar movement, during the last minute the the Fourth Conference was postponed. The comrades who reached Delhi from Odisha, Chhatthisdarh, MP, Kerala, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Delhi decided to hold it as a leading activists meeting which decided to start membership drive and conening of conferences up to state level by 31st August and to convene the Fourth Conference at an appropriate time.
6.c.3) An AIRWO delegate participated in the international conference of women held at Caracas, Venezuela, in 2011. Its delegation attended the Second Women’s World Conference at Kathmandu also. These international contacts are maintained and an international theoretical seminar of women is proposed to be held in India by the end of this year. In order to take up the challenges confronting women’s movement and fulfill the national and international tasks a serious effort is needed overcoming present weaknesses.
- d) Youth Movement
6.d.1) Organizing the youth for their immediate demands and politicizing them to play major role in the struggle for social change are important tasks before the party. Under neo-colonization intensified though neo-liberal policies and corporatization the unemployment, under employment, and socio-cultural attacks confronted by youth have intensified many times. It has led to alienation and criminalization of increasing number of youth. With the coming to power of BJP led NDA government and the reactionary offensive unleashed by the Sangh Parivar using state power the challenges faced by the youth who constitute almost half the population, have aggravated. Under saffron fascist onslaughts unleashed by the Brahminical forces, all renaissance, democratic, secular and egalitarian values are under attack. Communal, caste-based, chauvinist divisions are intensified. Youth have come under the increasing influence of consumerism and capitalist values. To liberate youth from the clutches of these forces, to win them over and politicize them for social change, is a major task.
6.d.2) It was after prolonged deliberations, the party took initiative in helping the founding of the Revolutionary Youth Federation of India (RYFI) at Bangalore in February, 2010. This first Conference adopted the Program and Constitution and defined the tasks before it. But, after the Second All India Conference at Bhopal in October, 2012, in evaluating the objective situation, in defining the tasks before the youth and in developing struggles in different fields, and in politicization of the youth, it faced serious problems. It also faced serious problems in developing cadres at central and state levels, capable of building RYFI as a struggling and broad based youth movement. An effective central functioning could not be developed. As the central functioning became weaker, the coordination of state level functioning with all India activities and publication of its organ Rebel were also affected. The central question was to attract the tens of millions of youth who are getting increasingly dissatisfied with the present social system but are at the same time getting alienated from the ideals of Bhagat Singh like revolutionaries.
6.d.3) Though the Third Conference at Varanasi tried to evaluate these problems and to find answers, the central functioning became further weakened. The Fourth Conference at Ranchi in February 2018 has made an evaluation of the situation, adopted amended Program and Organizational Principles, and elected a new All India Committee. At state level also there are some advances. More attention is needed to face the challenges in building a powerful youth movement. At central and state level more attention should be paid by the party to overcome these present problems.
6.e) Revolutionary Student Movement
6.e.1) The number of students in the country, an important section of the society, is increasing very fast. Organizing and politicizing them is an important task before the party. It is with this understanding the All India Revolutionary Student Organization (AIRSO) was organized as the mass organization of the students. Its first Conference held at Mumbai, in May, 2010, adopted the Program and Organizational Principles. Under the neo-liberal policies the education right from the KG level is increasingly privatized and commercialized.. The religious - casteist organizations, ruling class institutions and imperialist agencies are concentrating their efforts to destroy the revolutionary potential of this most vibrant section of the society and to impose the hegemony of the ruling system over them. In the name of job oriented education, reactionary, consumerist, elitist ideas and concepts are imposed. With the ascendance to power of Modi government, along with commercialization, communalization and saffronization of education is intensified further. In this situation, the tasks faced by the AIRSO is a challenging one. Uncompromisingly struggling against these reactionary, reformist, revisionist and decadent values, progressive, democratic and secular orientation has to be developed among them through campaigns and struggles.
6.e.2) The serious problem faced by AIRSO is that it has very little mass base and organizational leadership still in many states, while where it is having mass contacts as in Karnataka its organization is weak. One positive development is that during the last few years a leading nucleus could be developed. Under its initiative strenuous efforts were made to strengthen it including launching a website, utilization of new social media etc. A Special Conference was held at Nagpur in December, 2017, which adopted a Political Resolution explaining urgent asks and has developed the Program and Organizational Principles. A website of the AIRSO is also launched.
6.e.3) On the whole the AIRSO is still very weak while considering the fast increasing number of students, the challenges faced by them and the tasks to be undertaken to realize secular democratic and universal education at all levels. The entire Party has to give more importance to this task by selecting schools and colleges in areas where the party and class/mass organizations have mass base, by organizing nuclei of students in them and helping them to organize membership campaigns during the time the educational institutions are opening, by taking up organizational work and campaigns focusing on student issues etc, and continuing this process during every academic year.
- f) Cultural Movement
6.f.1) Imperialism and its lackeys along with the Indian ruling system, religious fundamentalists, Brahminical-Manuvadi forces, and caste-communal forces use culture as an effective tool to beat back secular democratic ideas and democratic forces in general. This reactionary offensive has further intensified after the severe setbacks suffered by the international communist movement. To re-capture the democratic offensive in continuation of the values of the renaissance movement, anti-imperialist movement and the experience of the Cultural Revolution, and to develop the people’s cultural movement in theory and practice, the party has to play a major role in developing the revolutionary cultural activists capable of leading the movement according to present challenges and needs. Also, the party should appreciate such cultural activity from any part of the society which opposes the caste system, religious fundamentalism and racism, and which promotes secular and democratic culture, and to unite them in a platform.
6.f.2) In the 1980s itself, starting with the People’s Cultural Forum in Kerala, initiative was taken in this direction. Following series of meetings of cultural activists, artists and writers from different states during 1990s and later, a Coordination Committee of Cultural Activists was formed to carry forward this initiative in as many states as possible. Its Thrissur, Kerala, meeting decided to launch the Revolutionary Cultural Forum (RCF) or Krantikari Sanskritik Manch (Kasam). During the last few years it has succeeded to hold all India conferences, to develop state level activities and to develop a few cadres with all India perspective. . Second All India Conference of RCF and Cultural Fest at Humpi (Karnataka) in December 2015, in which Prof. K S Bhagawan attended as Chief Guest, was a remarkable national level initiative to resist Sangh Parivar Fascist death threat to progressive intellectuals all over the nation, especially after the killing of Dr. Kalburgi. Based on the evaluation of the present challenges in this field and it’s hitherto experience, a new Program and amendments to its Organiational Principles were drafted. For adopting these and to consolidate the organization and activities at all India level, the Fourth All India Conference was held at Bhopal. To take up the important tasks confronting it, the party should extend all possible help to the RCF, including facilitating more effective organization of state level activities winning over progressive forces in to it.
- g) On Building the Adivasi Movement
6.g.1) In 2010 an attempt was made to coordinate our activities among the Adivasis who constitute more than 12% of India population, by organizing the All India Krantikari Adivasi Mahasabha. Though the state level activities continued, the all India coordination did not function as its leading cadres left our ranks. Evaluating this experience, and establishing relations with like minded Adivasi organizations, a meeting of representatives of these organizations and leading Party cadres active n this field was held at Bhopal in September, 2017. It drafted a Program and Organizational Principles for this coordination and launched the Adivasi Bharat Mahasabha.
6.g.2) The First All India Conference of ABM was held at Raipur on 2-3 February which adopted the Program and Organizational Principles, and resolutions on immediate demands of the Adivasi people. It decided to launch continuous movements for Adivasis’ rights over Land, Forest and Environment. It condemned the oppression of Adivasis in the name of ‘Maoist’ activities and demanded the withdrawal of para military forces from Adivasi habitats and the release of all Adivasis from jails, including withdrawal of false cases charges against them. A 17 member All India Coodination Council and a seven member Central Secretariat were formed to carry forward the activities. It is another important step taken by the Party which should be carried forward actively to mobilize the Adivasi masses for their rights.. To make this coordination to function effectively firstly, wherever party has already influence among the adivasis, they shuld be organized under the banner of Krantikari Adivasis Mahasabha and made part of ABM; secondly all state committees should try to establish contacts with already functioning adivasi organizations and win over them to coordinate with the ABM. Initiative should be taken at both levels.
- h) On Developing Caste Annihilation Movement
6.h.1) In line with the imperialists and their lackeys who are utilizing caste-race-chauvinist divisions and religious fundamentalists of all hues to perpetuate their counter revolutionary domination, with the coming to power of Modi government, it has further intensified the attack on secular values in the county; it has intensified Manuvadi caste based oppression. In the neo-colonial phase, the imperialists and their lackeys had started the utilization of religion, race, caste like institutions in more frenzied manner to degenerate the state as an institution to serve communal appeasement and rabid fundamentalist positions. Religious fundamentalists are promoted to beat back progressive movements and democratic values. Presently, when the crisis faced by the global imperialist system is intensifying in all spheres, in order to transfer this burden to the international proletariat and people of the neo-colonially dependent countries, the imperialists and all forces of reaction are promoting all hues of religious fundamentalists and ultra rightist regimes led by them. What is happening in India cannot be seen in isolation to these. So, the importance of developing an active secular and caste annihilation movement has intensified manifold.
6.h.2) One of the basic weaknesses of the communist movement in our country right from the beginning was that, though it claimed to uphold the renaissance movement, it refused to accept genuine secular values of treating religion as a private affair and the caste annihilation movement as a part of class struggle. So, along with its other basic weaknesses, they also played major roles in its failure to establish the leadership of the working class movement in the socio-cultural and political fields. Once the movement started surrendering to parliamentarism, like the ruling class parties the revisionists also started utilizing communal-caste vote bank politics.
6.h.3) Caste system continues as a distinctive inhuman unique feature of Indian society. In spite of capitalist relations coming to dominance in the agrarian sector also under neo-colonization, the ferociousness of this plague has not reduced. On the other hand it has taken barbarous new forms. It is by recognizing the weakness of the communist movement to realize the importance of caste annihilation to develop the class unity of the exploited classes, the Party took the initiative to launch the ‘Caste Annihilation Movement’ in 2011 by joining hands with a broad spectrum of like minded forces.
6.h.4) After the last Party Congress many efforts were made to advance its activities and to develop it at all India level. Calling for enhancing the coordination of its activities at all India level the Third Conference was held at Raipur. But in the absence of leading cadres capable of advancing the movement theoretically and in practice, it faced many obstacles. In the context of Sangh Parivar blatantly advancing Brahminical offensive and caste system, there are many sections who are increasingly recognizing for secularism and resistance to caste oppression. But what is lacking is the will to advance this movement as a continuation of the great renaissance movement according to the concrete conditions of today, defeating imperialist promoted ‘identity politics’ like post-modernist ideas.
6.h.5) The Fourth All India Conference of the CAM held at Nagpur in January, 2018, tried to address these problems. The participation of many leading comrades from the dalit organizations and progressive intellectuals helped to take up a serious discussion on how to take up the struggle for caste annihilation. Following it an All India Coordination Committee is also elected with an all India perspective and action program. Party should give continuous attention to this field deploying cadres who can be active in this field.
- i) On Building the Environmental Movement
6.i.1) Plunder of nature is inseparable from the mainstream development paradigm. It has reached the level of a global environmental catastrophe today. Industrial revolution had already done irreparable damages to global environment. It got further momentum in the post- Second World War neocolonial phase when rapid technological advances provided new avenues to corporate capital for intensified exploitation of world people and nature leading to the contradiction between capital and nature becoming one of the major contradictions under neoliberal corporatization. Internationalization of production and global market expansion led by monopoly finance capital leading to change in the life styles and growth in the conspicuous consumption and wastage of energy by the superrich financial elite have directly contributed to ecological damages everywhere. Today, this damage is exemplified through unpredictable climate change, loss of biodiversity, desertification, melting of the glaciers, problems of river protection, ocean acidification, drinking water scarcity, global warming, chemical pollution, deforestation, conversion of food agriculture to bio-fuels, alarming extinction of species, and above all the threat of radioactive contamination from nuclear industry. The repercussions of these transformations on climatic patterns have resulted in loss of livelihood, food shortages, massive displacement and migration of people, all leading to the worsening of already existing poverty, unemployment, hunger, oppression and inequalities. Meanwhile, in response to people’s ever-growing ecological consciousness and consequent worldwide environmental struggles and emergence of worldwide movements against environmental destruction, discussion on ecology has come to the centre-stage today.
6.i.2) It is in this context the Ninth Party Congress adopted the contradiction between capital and nature as one of the major contradictions at international and national level in the Party Program. Based on this understanding Party committees at various levels have taken up many ecological issues as part of the class struggle. The Election Manifesto put forward by the party for the 16th Lok Sabha elections had given the call for sustainable and people oriented development paradigm against the imperialist promoted neo-liberal development which leads to devastation, and campaigned for it. When all the so-called main stream parties are practicing imperialist dictated neo-libeal policies wherever and whenever they come to power, and when the revisionists of all hues refuse to recognize the fundamental importance of the struggle against ecological catastrophe, the theoretical stand and the various movements taken up by the Party at all India level has contributed much to strengthen the environmental movement.
6.i.3) Formation of the People’s Initiative against Nuclear Power and the campaigns organized joining with like minded forces scored great success in blocking the ten major nuclear projects including the ‘nuclear hub’ planned at Jaitapur in Maharashtra by the UPA government. This movement is continuing to resist and defeat the large number of nuclear power projects planned by the Modi government. Following Fukushima nuclear disaster, ICOR has launched an international campaign against nuclear power. This movement has already scored significant victory with many of the imperialist countries already starting to dismantle their nuclear power plants. This movement has to be carried forward vigorously.
6.i.4) The Save Western Ghats Movement demanding the implementation of Gadgil Report to save Western Ghats from the loot of mining, plantations and real estate mafias in Kerala, Tami Nadu, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra with formation of state level coordination committees which are launching campaigns. joining hands with many like-minded forces. Following the Uttarakhand catastrophe in 2013, recurring huge landslides in Himalayas and yearly floods in Terai region, a macro level study of the ecological challenges is initiated with the objective of organizing Save Himalayas Movement. At local level in some parts of the Terai region of UP an attempt was made to launch such campaigns. A major initiative is require to take up this macro project affecting about 200 millions of people in the Himalayan region.
6.i.5) The Bhangar Movement against confiscation of agricultural land and for throwing out the Power Grid Project has given a new dimension to the movement for protection of environment. The broad based movement for protection of environment initiated by the Party or joined by it along with the scientists, environmentalists and various groups engaged in this field is increasingly challenging the devastating neoliberal development paradigm imposed by the forces of reaction. Various initiatives are taken by the Party and class/mass organizations to intensify the resistance against it. It is as a part of it a website is launched to help the coordination of the campaigns for it. As early as possible initiative is to be taken to launch a countrywide coordination, People’s Forum for Environmental Protection, as an umbrella forum of all these movements with the website: www.ecoplitiks.org as its publicity organ.
6.j) Strengthen Slum/Housing Right Movement
6.j.1) Under neo-liberal/corporatization policies, the process of migration and urbanization has intensified. The internal migration to urban centres has led to proliferation of slum clusters with tens of millions of people living in sub-human conditions. Though most of the contract workers live in them, the central and state governments and the city administrations do not provide housing rights and civic facilities to them.
6.j.2) The Basti Suraksha Manch of Bhubaneswar has organised continuous resistance struggles to beat back the government’s move to forcefully throw out the more than four lakh slum dwellers in the city. In these resistance struggles the women and children play a major role. The slum movement of Bhubaneswar is a very good example of urban resistance movement mobilizing the masses. Taking lessons from this, at many urban centers in Odisha and in other states also movements of slum dwellers and houseless people are becoming active under the initiative of our party committees. In Odisha state level coordination of the slum movements has started functioning.
6.j.3) The initiative taken for All India Coordination of these movements based on a Charter of Demands had led to meetings at Bhubaneswar followed by Bengaluru. In continuation to the coordination efforts so far made, an all India convention of the activists of this movement was held on 28-29 May at Delhi. Delegates from eleven organizations from different parts of the country participated. At the culmination of two days of discussion All India Coordination of Slum Dwellers and Housing Rights Movements was formed with Stop All Forcible Eviction and Ensure Housing for All at Work Place as central slogans. It adopted a 10 point Charter of Demands, and elected a seven member All India Committee for coordination Work with com. Sivaram as convener. This is another important area of work which calls for more attention. All state committees should take initiative in this field also.
6.k) Democratic Rights Movement
6.k.1) Under neo-liberal policies, even existing democratic rights are taken away and state terror is intensifying. With the coming of Modi government saffron fascism is let loose with the Sangh Parivar playing aggressive role. In this situation it is the task of the Party to assist democratic right activists to launch a broad based democratic rights movement. Though many organizations for the protection of democratic and human rights were formed in different centers especially after the emergency declaration in 1970s and they have taken many democratic rights issues, the experience so far is that most of these activities were confined to the release of political prisoners linked to the Communist Revolutionaries. By and large they have failed to take up the democratic rights of the toiling and oppressed masses in general. So, following the merger of leading comrades, who were organizing the OPDR for decades, in the party, it was resolved to activize OPDR as a broad based organization which shall take up all questions concerning the democratic rights of all oppressed classes and sections. Based on this concept the Program and Organizational Principle of the OPDR were developed, and they were adopted in a Conference attended by delegates from eight states. A leading committee was also elected. Following this its organizational work and activities have spread to AP, Telengana, TN, Karnataka, Odisha and UP.
6.k.2) It is an important field where Party comrades have taken initiative joining hands with democratic right activists and progressive intellectuals. All possible assistance should be provided to make it active and to spread its activities at all India level.
7) On Developing United Front Activities
7.1) From the time the party reorganization process was taken up after the 1982 First All India Conference, the CRC-CPI (ML) had taken up a number of joint activities with like-minded forces and gained experience in it. After the Bhopal Special Conference in 2009, in continuation to many bi-lateral discussions, the Democratic People’s Forum was formed based on a Common Minimum Program. The DPF took up many programs at Delhi and a big rally at Ahmedabad in November, 2012,and many other joint programs. On 7th November, 2016, a mass mobilization launching the year long centenary programs of October Revolution was organized at Delhi. In spite of all these efforts and appeal to CR forces as well as democratic organizations, no positive response was forthcoming from them. Besides, the existing constituents of DPF were organizationally weak. They could not mobilize for any program. They were local based and were reluctant to participate in all India programs. In this situation the DPF has become inactive.
7.2) The new situation demands a new initiative to unite the struggling left and democratic forces along with the various people’s movements to build Mass Political Platforms based on common manifesto at state level as the first step., At all India level they can be united as a broad coordination of the Party with other struggling left organizations, struggling mass platforms like the Bhangar committee (Committee for Protection of Land, Livelihood, Ecology and Environment), organizations of oppressed classes and sections like dalits, adivasis, women, minorities etc based on a People’s Manifesto. In the coming days this initiative has to be taken energetically.
8) Tasks Before the Party
8.1) The Resolution on Theoretical Offensive adopted by the 10th Party Congress pointed out: “We have already made certain theoretical gains. We have a deeper understanding today of the neo-colonial system. We have found that in India and in many other countries under neo-colonial domination, there has been an ever more capitalistic system being introduced in agriculture. We have understood the importance of the environmental question and given it the importance it deserves. Many more questions still face us, such as further studies on the nature of imperialism today, the meaning of a new paradigm of development and the building of socialism with greater democracy. We have to face such questions fearlessly and study them. ……
“The task before us is to take up the building of the communist movement in India and to play an active role in doing so in the rest of the world. …We must boldly seize the real questions faced by the people in today’s situation and must scientifically search out the solutions. We must unsparingly lay bare our own history, the history of the communists in India and all over the world. We must make a base for combining with all sections of the people who are fighting against the injustice caused by the present capitalist imperialist system – whether in intensifying human exploitation, in all forms of environmental damage, gender injustice, caste and racial injustice, persecution of minorities, etc. We must fervently organize the workers and peasants to face the new situation. Students, youth etc. must be rallied on the basis of the new understanding. It is precisely if we develop the correct theory, that we will not have to go behind the workers, peasants, youth, women, etc. – they will be drawn forward to the correct theory. This true measure of the theoretical offensive has to be grasped and carried forward”.
8.2) The main tasks before the Party starts with energetic party building, intensifying the building of class/mass organizations and people’s movements, developing class struggle with a comprehensive understanding, launching people’s struggles vigorously focusing on urgent issues, utilizing all forms of struggle to intensify class struggle, and build up People’s Alternative based on People’s Manifesto to develop both non-parliamentary and parliamentary struggles. All out initiative for advancing these tasks should be taken up with the perspective of creating revolutionary upsurge.
9) Political Organisational Report Part II (In this part a summary of the PORs adopted by the state committees, of the overseas committee and the Party Centre was given)
10.1) The successful convening of the Eleventh Party Congress marked an important step forward not only for our Party, but for all the Marxist-Leninist forces and progressive forces who look forward to the emergence of a unified Party with all India influence, capable of leading the PDR to victory and advancing to socialist revolution. During the period following the Tenth Congress the neo-colonial/corporate plunder became more pernicious. As the capitalist-imperialist system is facing further crises, its burden is increasingly shifted to the working class and world people through intensification of the neo- liberal policies utilizing the religious fundamentalist, casteist-racist like forces and corporate fascist offensive. The absence of Marxist-Leninist forces capable of effectively challenging this ultra rightist corporate offensive is the major challenge before the world people. To overcome this, launching of relentless theoretical offensive against wrong ideas prevalent within the revolutionary camp, as also against all anti- socialist ideas and tendencies propagated by the bourgeois theorists in the wider society as a whole, are of paramount importance. This situation demands revolutionary initiative on the part of the Marxist-Leninist forces to free themselves from the old shackles binding them, daringness to find answers for past weaknesses, and to find solutions for future revolutionary advances. It demands intensification of class struggle in all fields
10.2) As the obstacle for the development of the people’s upsurges coming up is the absence of Marxist- Leninist parties capable of leading them towards social change, it can be overcome by developing the theoretical understanding according to the present concrete condition and through intensification of class struggle everywhere. This is also the situation in our country. We have made advances during the last four decades after we took up the theoretical studies, developed theory and practice utilizing all forms of organizations and struggles. In spite of the counter revolutionary fascist offensive by the RSS Parivar, a favourable situation for the revolutionary forces to advance is emerging by daring to challenge this by mobilizing the masses as at Bhangar . Let us seize the day, seize the hour, march forward uniting all oppressed classes and sections, and wage relentless struggles to overthrow the reactionary ruling system in a mighty wave of people’s uprisings with the working class and its Party in the vanguard.
Long Live Marxism-Leninism-Mao Thought !
Long Live Proletarian Internationalism !
Long Live ICOR !
Long Live CPI (ML) Red Star ! Advance Along the Path of People’s Democratic Revolution as Part of World Proletarian Socialist Revolution ! n