Official Website of Communist Party of India, Marxist - Leninist (ML) Redstar - Resolutions

[Adopted by the Tenth Congress of the CPI(ML) Red Star]

1. Presently the situation in India has changed drastically. The rightist Congress led government has given way to the ultra-rightist BJP led Government. But that is not the phenomenon only in India. The world today presents a mixed picture. On the one hand, in many Latin American countries the Left are being voted to power, and the recent success of the Syriza in Greece is quite as spectacular. On the other hand, in several countries across the globe the Right and the Ultra-Right are being returned to power with a vengeance. In Turkey, the Erdogan regime got a larger percentage of the vote after the struggle at Taksim square than before. In Nepal, the government of the UCPN (Maoist) has been replaced by the openly rightist Nepali Congress government. In Egypt, the leadership of the Muslim Brotherhood was stopped, but only by the army taking over power once again. Still, the youth in general do not appear to be attracted by the ideas put forward by the revolutionary left. Rather, their opposition to rightist regimes and policies is reflected in their gravitation towards sundry alternatives like the Aam Aadmi Party in India or the Greens, NGOs, etc., which have no radical alternatives to put forward against the reactionary ruling system which is speeding up imposition of the neo-liberal policies.

2. The situation in around 1950s was exactly the opposite. The upsurge of the international communist movement was so powerful that half of the land of the world and a third of the population were living in socialist countries. Powerful national liberation movements were challenging the vestiges of colonial domination. Strong communist parties were leading the movements of the working class and oppressed peoples in a number of countries. Since then, however, there has been a decline. It was usual for us, earlier, to blame Khruschevite revisionism for this decline. However, even the Chinese Party, even though it led the opposition to Khruschevite revisionism, itself fell prey to left deviation and, subsequently, revisionism. Many of the Marxist-Leninist parties which emerged in large number of countries all over the world finally accepted that both the USSR and China were not socialist any more but had degenerated as imperialist countries, colluding and contending for power with US and other imperialists. However, many of these Marxist-Leninist parties have simply vanished without a trace, while many have degenerated all over the world either into becoming neo revisionists or left adventurists. The problem with the international and national communist movement therefore is clearly not only the problem of Khruschevite revisionism or neo-revisionism or the left sectarianism that the Chinese leadership succumbed to. The solutions must be sought even deeper than this.

3. In 2004, fighting against a section within the party which wanted to go closer to the CPI(M), the then CPI(ML) Red Flag had reached a conclusion that it was necessary to unite all sections of the ML forces who were opposed to both right revisionism and left sectarianism. It undertook an experiment in this regard of forging a unity "with differences". It was guided by the understanding that the Communist party must have a mechanism for solving all problems of program, strategy and tactics on the basis of a democratic procedure, once the basic ideas of class struggle, dictatorship of the proletariat and democratic centralism are accepted. That our understanding and faith was misplaced is a testament of history. The section with whom the unity was forged based on the agreement that through a Conference the majority line shall be evolved and it will be accepted by all as the general line for practice rejected it, making this experiment a failure. There were gains from this experience, may not be so much in terms of membership and spread, but in terms of learning the problems that the movement faced.

4. In the subsequent All India Special Conferences in Bhopal in 2009 and in the Ninth Party Congress held at Bhubaneshwar in 2011 we have succeeded to address many questions related to problems faced by the communist movement and put forward some new developments of thought. We were able to put forward our understanding of the neo-colonial phase of imperialist domination as distinguished from the colonial phase. We accepted that there has been a growth of capitalistic type of relations even in the agricultural sector while remnants of feudal relations still existed. We accepted the reality that new classes were developing in the rural areas. We were able to clearly show that Mao himself said that the foot must not be cut to fit the shoe, but rather the path of revolution in each country must follow the concrete conditions of that country. We were able to openly and without hesitation or apology reject the path of protracted people's war for India. We have put forward the necessity to link the struggle for protection of nature with the class struggle.

5. With this new understanding also came glimpses of what was the problem with the communist movement in the world. It was no coincidence that the decline of the International Communist movement had started taking place since around 1950s, the same time as imperialism had changed from the colonial phase to the neo-colonial phase of plunder. When Marx was writing about capital, it was the stage of free competition and he naturally could not foresee that capitalism would develop into a new phase – imperialism. Around the turn of the 20th century, when capitalism was developing into imperialism and free competition was giving way to monopoly, Lenin who, having read all the literature on the subject, laid bare the machinations of the new capitalist cartels and exposed that imperialism was nothing but a higher stage of capitalism. They were talking about how the capitalists had formed cartels, about how the big banks were not only loaning money to industrialists but were entering into industrial ventures on their own thus forming "finance capital". They were talking about how war was inevitable in such a scenario where groups and sections of capitalists, backed by certain states would have to fight it out for the raw materials and markets of the world. Lenin in around 200 pithy pages laid bare the machinations of the new capitalist cartels and exposed that imperialism was none other than a higher stage of capitalism. In continuation to this the basic contradictions of this era were then put forward by the Communist International as: (1) between imperialism and the oppressed nations and peoples of the world; (2) between capital and labour; (3) between socialism and imperialism; and (4) among the various imperialist countries.

6. It was Lenin who extended the theory of the workers in the imperialist countries uniting to liberate themselves from their wage-slavery to the peoples of the exploited countries liberating themselves from imperialism. It was the Bolshevik party under the leadership of Lenin which put forward the thesis of turning the world war into civil war in Russia and of the essential link between the movement of the workers for socialism in the imperialist countries and the movement of the peoples of the oppressed nations for national liberation. It was on the basis of this understanding that the original slogan of the Communist Manifesto, "Workers of the world unite" was subsequently developed to "Workers and Oppressed Peoples of the World, unite!"

7. We may well criticize this understanding of the world, in retrospect, as being inadequate. It did not say anything about the environment and "sustainable development". It did not put forward a new paradigm of "development". It did not give a clear enough understanding of the problem of women's liberation. It did not even have a whiff of the need for fighting against caste, colour, "race", etc. However, such a judgement would clearly partake of idealism. We would be trying to judge the leaderships and movements of those times on the anvil of today's social structure and understanding.

8. Based on this General Line the international communist movement grew from strength to strength till the 1950s. The main thrust behind this growth was the basis line laid down by the understanding of imperialism put forward by Lenin. No doubt, this understanding had to develop – and it was developed to a very great extent. This understanding was also able to grip the masses and become a social force. Even, till after 1950s, when many countries of the world had come under neo-colonial domination, even the ruling classes in the countries under neo-colonial domination had agreed, at least in words, that colonialism and neo-colonialism must be opposed. The writings of Nkrumah on neo-colonialism, the acceptance of the Bandung Declaration and the starting of the Non-Aligned Movement were all testaments to this felt need. There was a profound change in the situation in the world around 1950s. Bretton Woods Conference had given rise to a new economic system of which the WB and the IMF were the pillars. There was a massive proliferation of MNCs. Green revolutions started taking place all over the world. Connected to this was the political system put in place. Not only the formation of the United Nations Organization as a world body, but also the acceptance of the UN Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 which then became the basis for most of the Constitutions written during that period (though each Constitution did have its particularities). New blocs were formed like SEATO, CENTO, NATO, Warsaw Bloc, etc. Soon discussions started on the GATT and finally in 1995 the WTO was formed. On the philosophical front, post modernism took on an ever growing role and became the theoretical backbone for the proliferation of reactionary schools of thought and became the basis of formations like NGOs.

9. The International Communist Movement responded to these changes in two ways. Firstly, under Khruschev, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union took the line that with the disappearance of colonies, imperialism itself had become very weak and that there was now no more need of revolutionary change. The Socialist camp and the imperialist camp would now peacefully coexist, compete peacefully on the market and finally, seeing the innate superiority of the socialist system, the newly independent colonies would peacefully transform themselves to socialism. The Chinese Communist Party opposed this analysis and put forward that the disappearance of colonies did not herald the disappearance of imperialism. They put forward that the old colonial system had given way to a new neo-colonial system, which, they emphasized, was more pernicious than the earlier colonial system. However, beyond this short analysis made in "Apologists of neo-colonialism", the CPC did not take this further forward. The General Line document made an attempt to put forward a strategy for the communist movement in the new situation. Though it was not developed further, its contents are relevant in today's communist movement too.

10. This clearly outlines the need for a theoretical offensive. At the international level we are one of the few parties which are now willing to see the real concrete situation. We are willing to make a self-criticism of our past and are also willing to make an attempt to rectify these mistakes. We are therefore in a stronger and more advantageous situation for undertaking such a theoretical offensive. What does such an offensive entail? a) We have to undertake a thorough study and analysis to identify the causes of the collapse of the erstwhile socialist countries, especially Soviet Union and China; b) We have to launch a vigorous ideological struggle to establish across society the superiority of communism over the present ruling system as well as over various alien trends; c) We have to develop Marxism-Leninism on the basis of a concrete analysis of the concrete situation.

11. We have already made certain theoretical gains. We have a deeper understanding today of the neo-colonial system. We have found that in India and in many other countries under neo-colonial domination, there has been an ever more capitalistic system being introduced in agriculture. We have understood the importance of the environmental question and given it the importance it deserves. Many more questions still face us such as further studies on the nature of imperialism today, the meaning of a new paradigm of development and the building of socialism with greater democracy .We have to face such questions fearlessly and study them.

12. We must take up a clear, unsparing and scientific analysis of our past! Without this we cannot make a correct objective analysis of the present. This will mean asking a lot of uncomfortable questions and shedding some of our dearly held conceptions. This is necessary even to begin a theoretical offensive. Even during such an offensive we may, many times come to the conclusion that many of the positions put forward by us in the past were wrong. We must be able to boldly put forward a clear and pointed self-criticism including how and why we went wrong. This requires that we must build up an atmosphere of trust, openness and frankness within the party. We must not be scared of analyzing the situation of ours and of others around us and must go, in practice, to wherever such an analysis takes us.

13. We must develop a system of propagating our ideas to the masses. To do that requires not only a good development of our publications but also a more systematic use of the social media. We have to develop such a style of writing which will help the people to clearly understand what we stand for in the concrete situation of today.

14. A party does not consist of a few thinkers and a mass of doers. Today there is a great gap in the consciousness of a few leading cadres and of the rest of the cadres in the party. A systematic method of developing the party study schools etc must be undertaken to build up the party as a whole.

15. Even with party study schools, etc we will not be able to propagate the ideas for a theoretical offensive on our own. We have to take the help of mass organizations like cultural organizations, anti-caste organizations, trade unions, peasants' organizations, etc for this purpose. We must involve all such organizations into the debate on the real questions which are facing the people today and must use their resources to propagate radical solutions for such questions.

16. The task before us is to take up the building of the communist movement in India and to play active role in doing so in the rest of the world. A major part of this task is to take such a theoretical offensive as we have outlined above. We must boldly seize the real questions of the people in today's situation and must scientifically search out the solutions. We must unsparingly lay bare our own history, the history of the communists in India and all over the world. We must make a base for combining with all sections of the people who are fighting against the injustice caused by the present imperialist-capitalist system – whether in intensifying the human labour, in all forms of environmental damage, gender injustice, caste and racial injustice, persecution of minorities, etc. We must fervently organize the workers and peasants to face the new situation. Students, youth etc must be rallied on the basis of the new understanding. It is precisely if we develop the correct theory, that we will not have to go behind the workers, peasants, youth, women, dalits, etc – they will be drawn forward to the correct theory. This true measure of the theoretical offensive has to be grasped and carried forward.

Central Committee,

CPI(ML) Red Star.

Dated 28th April, 2015.

 

Read Resolution on Theoritical Offensive in PDF file  

1. International situation

1.1 The international situation almost six years after the eruption of the economic crisis in the latter half of 2008 continues to be gloomy. As investment, the driving force behind capitalist accumulation is still lagging, any return to the pre-crisis growth rates is ruled out by the most optimistic imperialist projections. The whole set of neoliberal policies super-imposed on humankind by ruling classes everywhere in the guise of alleviating the crisis has dragged the whole world into a vicious circle of speculation, inflation, unemployment, austerity, recession, social decay and cultural degradation. The much trumpeted talk on a 'recovery' during the 2010-12 period in imperialist circles has once again exposed following reports recently released by various international agencies including UN and ILO and even by the Bretton Woods twins (the IMF and the World Bank) on the continuing stagnation and unemployment. All the indicators point towards a further acceleration in the immediate future of all the negative trends associated with stagflation. All over the imperialist world as well as in countries under neocolonial domination, fresh capital investment in employment oriented productive spheres is collapsing at an alarming speed and finance capitalists are only interested in ballooning money-spinning speculative businesses. The resulting decline in the consuming power of the vast majority of people has created gruesome levels of inequality and poverty and a contraction in market.

1.2 A striking feature of neo-liberalism today is horrific levels of unemployment and underemployment quite unparalleled in capitalist history such that the entire world is now transformed into a 'waste-land of unemployment.' Growing unemployment resulting in relatively low share of national income to the working people coupled with rising prices of essentials today is an ingenious device that systematically redistributes income in favour of finance capitalists in both imperialist countries and countries under neocolonial domination, as well as to the rural landlord class in case of the latter. Capitalism has become so decadent and moribund that rather than production, it is redistribution of income and wealth that forms the basis of appropriation and that leads the capitalist accumulation process today. At a time when the employment growth rate is plummeting under stagflation and income inequality is rising alarmingly through monetarist policies, corporate profits are soaring in the neoliberal world order. Unprecedented growth in the number of "absolute poor" lacking minimum food, medi-care and shelter which are indispensable for life's sustenance alongside the most shameless and conspicuous displays of wealth by corporate elite are inseparable components of neoliberal accumulation today. According to ILO's latest World Protection Report 2014-15, at a global level, 18000 children below the age of five are dying per day due to lack of food. The study that examined primary health care, maternal and child protection, condition of the workers and old age people in 200 countries found an average 37 percent reduction in the availability of these services in the year 2013 compared with 2012. At a global level only 0.4 percent of the GDP is set apart for child welfare. While the EU spends 2.2 percent of GDP for child protection, the corresponding figure for the US is 0.69 percent and for Africa and Asia-Pacific only 0.2 percent. In the year 2013, only 25 percent of world's women workers got maternity benefits and the US, still the leading imperialist power is among the group of countries along with Oman, New Guinea, etc., that deny even the minimum maternity benefits including wages to women workers. In imperialist countries, during the period 2008-13, unemployment has increased by 45 percent, and 48 percent of the pensioners were pushed out of the pension system. The number of American households that lives on less than $2 per day more than doubled during the past decade and the proportion of households that are "food insecure" is almost one-fifth in 2013. Today the US, whose real economy is shrinking at a level comparable with that of the Depression years, has become far more unequal than any other period in history, as the top 10 percent there received more than 50 percent of the national income and owns three-fourths of the national wealth. All these are the direct outcome of the neoliberal measures implemented after the eruption of the global meltdown in 2008 to save the finance capitalists from collapse. While it worsened economic and social conditions of the broad masses of people in US and EU, the bubble that is created in the process is ripe for another meltdown. There is no solution for this contradiction within the present parasitic system and it can be resolved only by revolutionary transformation of the society.

1.3 The critical situation in imperialist countries and countries under neocolonial domination whereby corporate profits are at the highest levels when economic crisis as manifested in stagnant production and sliding wages is the deepest is a relatively new phenomenon. On account of the inherent parasitism and decay of finance capital, a large chunk of the profits is not used to finance increased productive capacity or investing even in profitable industrial outlets, but to buy back shares and inflate stock prices and for trading in commodity futures leading to sky-rocketing prices of everything. Speculation in real estate, currency, stock and futures markets coupled with the inherent corrupt deals has led to a financial parasitism or 'crony capitalism' engulfing the whole world at maddening pace. As economic breakdown and joblessness mount, instead of taking up the fundamental questions concerning the people, the ruling classes everywhere is eulogizing sky-rocketing financial indices as true indicators of capitalist vitality and seeks to defend soaring corporate profit rates by putting heavier burdens on the shoulders of working class and toiling masses. Left with no other alternative, the imperialist effort to resolve the crisis by diverting public resources to private coffers through austerity programs is reducing the purchasing power of the masses further making the crisis irreversible, once again underlining non-viability of the imperialist system.

1.4 The efforts on the part of US-led imperialism and its lackeys to help corporate profits to leap by shifting the burden of this ever-mounting crisis on to the shoulders of working class and oppressed masses in the imperialist countries and in the countries under neocolonial domination are met with resistance and upsurges in diverse forms in different parts of the world ranging from Occupy Wall Street type movements to massive upsurges against authoritarian regimes, to anti-corruption movements in India. Struggles against soaring prices of food and other essentials, corruption, commodification of women and gender discrimination, ecological and cultural degradation and against state oppression and denial of hard-earned democratic rights have become features worldwide. People's uprising in Nepal succeeded in throwing out the two-and-a-half century old monarchy. In North Africa and West Asia, these uprisings were so powerful that they uprooted decades-long dictatorships in countries like Tunisia and Egypt. But, ideological bankruptcy of the so called Left forces or the absence of powerful communist parties capable of providing political orientation and leadership to these struggles helped the forces of 'political Islam' or religious fundamentalists aligned with finance capital in one way or other to come to power again in these countries. Imperialism is trying to overcome world people's resistance to the rule of capital by releasing reactionary forces everywhere. In this process it intensifies existing conflicts and creates new ones. In several African countries, US led imperialism has succeeded in diverting people's simmering discontent against the ruling system into internecine tribal conflicts. In countries like Libya, US-led imperialists succeeded in regime-replacement with their puppets. In Ukraine US-NATO intervention has led to a sharpening of inter-imperialist contradiction with Russia. The civil war like situation created in Syria by US and its European allies is presently having its worst ramification in Iraq already ruled by the US puppet Shia regime with the advent of ultra-fundamentalist ISIS. This has resulted in ever-mounting Sunni-Shia civil-war destroying the remaining social fabric there, compelling US to redraw its West Asian strategy accordingly. The US backed Zionists of Israel are slaughtering the people of Gaza and West Bank. The mockery of US withdrawal plan from Afghanistan has led to more problems there. The 'pivot to Asia' policy of US for isolating China and re-militarisation of Japan coupled with new Sino-Russian strategic economic and military alliance have led to an aggravation of inter-imperialist conflicts in East Asia as in the case of East Europe.

1.5 Meanwhile, US hegemonic position in Latin America which had been depicted as the former's backyard since the nineteenth century has considerably weakened. Emergence of progressive-democratic movements in many Latin American countries against US backed military dictatorships since the beginning of the 1980s followed by persistent people's resistance codified as "anti-IMF riots" against IMF-imposed structural adjustment programs leading to the "debt crisis" of the late 1980s and cold-war justifications for continued US military presence becoming no longer valid in the 1990s, etc., are major factors that challenged decades long American neo-colonial strategy there. As a result, many progressive governments with a nationalistic and anti-imperialist orientation have come to power in countries like Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Ecuador, etc. which along with Cuba are resisting US intervention in Latin America through nationalisation of essential natural resources such as petroleum and resorting to a whole set of welfare-oriented policies. In this peculiar situation, already burdened with a crisis-ridden domestic economy coupled with successive military disasters in Iraq and Afghanistan and being overstretched and finding itself difficult to manage the neocolonial geo-political system so assiduously built up in the postwar period, US imperialism is forced to divert major part of its military investments in West Asia, North Africa, Asia pacific Region and more recently to East Europe in the context of growing conflict with Russia.

1.6 Along with this, the relative economic declines of the US vis-à-vis other imperialist powers on the one hand, and China's ascendancy as an imperialist power together with its acknowledged position as the second largest economy in the world are new developments. Backed by its inexhaustible source of cheap labour, China's emergence as a low wage manufacturing hub successfully carving out export markets and sources of raw materials and neocolonial spheres of influence in Asia, the Pacific and Africa has taken its bureaucratic state monopoly capitalism into conflict with other imperialist powers , especially with the US and Japan. China's position as world's biggest exporter and growing trade surplus against the US which is the largest in recorded economic history and the consequent pressure on US dollar to depreciate and China's strengthening militarization as a corollary of its neocolonial ambitions leading to increasing conflicts with Japan, and above all China's role as the leading player in BRICS, etc., have imparted new dimensions to inter-imperialist rivalries. American effort to involve India, one of its junior partners in the region and other countries in its machinations against China along with Japan is transforming the whole of South Asia and East Asia as conflict zones. However, though US direct and indirect involvement as the leading imperialist player of the neocolonial order is visible everywhere, relative alterations within the imperialist system have made the post cold-war world situation as one where the uni-polar situation with hegemonic role of US is transforming in to a multi-polar one with sharpening inter-imperialist contradictions.

1.7 As a result, all the major contradictions at the global level, the contradiction between imperialism and the oppressed peoples and nations, the contradiction between capital and labor, the contradiction between the imperialism and the socialist forces and the contradiction among the imperialist countries and monopoly groups have intensified to unprecedented levels. In addition, plunder of nature has become a major form of accumulation by finance capital today such that with the further intensification of internationalization of finance capital, humankind today faces an environmental catastrophe of hitherto unknown levels. Consequently, world people's growing resistance against displacement from their habitat and movements against super-imposed calamities such as those arising from fresh water scarcity, desertification, deforestation, chemical pollution, and above all against radio-active contamination from nuclear industry and so on which are inseparably linked up with the predatory plunder by corporate capital have become a major arena of class struggle today. As such, along with the above four major contradictions, the contradiction between capital and nature has become a fifth major contradiction, the resolution of which along with the other four also forms a major task of the international proletariat.

1.8 In the international arena in the place of uni-polar world, multi-polar world has emerged. The contradiction among the imperialist forces has got intensified. The contradiction between the oppressed nations and peoples on the one hand and imperialism, especially US imperialism, on the other has also got intensified. The contradiction between capital and labour has also intensified. However balance of power is still inclined in favour of imperialism and the reactionaries and against the world people. The west wind still prevails over the east. In this situation, the possibility of yet another world war remains, though there exist factors to prevent it. As imperialism is carrying forward the capitalist accumulation process by shifting the burden of the continuing capitalist crisis to the shoulders of people, it is met with stiff resistance and recent years have witnessed growing workers struggles in countries such as France, Greece, Spain and Britain. Though the political leadership is weak, working class in countries like India is coming forward to participate in general strikes. No doubt, as the economic crisis intensifies and as the ruling classes will try to put heavier burdens on the working class and oppressed masses by curtailing wages and democratic rights on the one hand, and resorts to ruthless plunder of nature on the other, these emerging struggles are going to develop further.

1.9 In this context, the founding of ICOR in October 2010 following the initiatives taken by CPI (ML) Red Star along with MLPD has created favourable conditions for Marxist-Leninist and revolutionary parties to carry forward the revolutionary task in the present world situation. Led by ICOR significant steps are taken to organize the workers, peasantry and women together with the building up of ecological and anti-nuclear movements having international ramifications. Asserting that "capitalism has no future to offer to the working class and the broad masses of people in the world", the Founding Document of ICOR stated: "The founding of the ICOR follows from the understanding: The time is ripe to counter highly organized, globally linked international finance capital and its imperialist world system with something new - the organized power of the international revolutionary and working-class movement and of the broad masses in a new stage of the cross-border cooperation and coordination of the practical activity: "Imperialism with its system of neo-colonialism can further exist only in a developing proneness to crisis which dramatically calls into question the existence of humankind. It is expressed in the world economic and financial crisis 2008, the structural crises of the capitalist system of production and reproduction, the debt crises, the global environmental crisis, the growing absence of family of the proletariat and the broad masses, the political crises, but also in the growing international threat of war, the increasing imperialist aggressions, and in the general tendency of imperialism to reaction and fascism."

1.10 The founding of ICOR based on the rich experiences of historical examples of international forms of organization like the First, Second and Third International is the result of more than three decades of struggle by the Marxist-Leninist forces against erroneous tendencies. It is a first step towards deepening the ideological struggle in the ICM in order to develop a General Line For The World Proletarian Socialist Revolution according to the concrete conditions of today, in continuation to the general line put forward by the Comintern under Lenin's leadership and the Proposal Concerning the General Line of the ICM put forward by the CPC during the Great Debate under the leadership of Mao Tsetung. In continuation to the successful convening of the Second World Conference of ICOR in April 2014, it is our duty to carry forward the tasks of the ICOR as necessitated by the concrete international situation.

2. National Situation

2.1 The 16th Indian General Election took place when further intensification of the neoliberal regime nicknamed Manmohanomics under the UPA government during the three years since our Tenth Congress has led to alarming price rise, unemployment, corruption, displacement, ecological destruction, loss of livelihood, etc. which have aroused unprecedented people's fury across the length and breadth of the country. In the absence of a left-democratic people's alternative, with the backing of corporate capital that gobbled up the biggest gains from the UPA rule, together with the ideological and organisational backing of the Hindutva forces led by RSS, in the atmosphere created by its 'cultural nationalist' offensive, the BJP had succeeded in utilizing people's fury to catapult itself to power, thereby creating a dangerous situation in the country.

2.2 During its ten-year rule, pursuing a policy of supporting or collaborating with US imperialist global manoeuvres under the 'strategic alliance' with it, the Congress-led UPA regime had started repudiating even the positive elements associated with India's erstwhile foreign policy. Clinging to the apron strings of US imperialism in its 'war on terror' policy, the UPA regime worsened India's hitherto friendly relations with the West Asian countries. The cancellation of the Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline under pressure from US had not only harmed the national interests, but also worsened decades-long good relations with Iran. Same was the case with SAARC countries. Developments pertaining to Indo-Pak relations rather than serving the aspirations of people in both countries continued to be dictated by the interests of multinational arms manufacturers and arms dealers for whom both India and Pakistan are flourishing markets for dumping their obsolete weapons. The big brother attitude of the Indian ruling classes has contributed much in isolating the country from its neighbours. In continuation of this pro-imperialist external policies, by implementing all the IMF-WB-WTO conditionalities, through agreements such as Indo-US Nuclear Accord, US-India Agricultural Technology Initiative, etc., and through a series of economic and trade pacts with other imperialist powers such as EU and Japan and above all by opening up India for unhindered penetration of international finance capital through FIIs and FDIs, the UPA regime had carried forward the process of full integration of Indian economy with the crisis-ridden imperialist economy. Its outcome has been an intensification of globalization-liberalization-privatization policies over the past decade.

2.3 It resulted in an extensive deregulation and liberalization of the agricultural, industrial, financial and foreign trade and currency sectors, liberalization and restructuring of tax, labour and industrial relations and above all a down- sizing and rollback of the state from economic social spending. Backed by the philosophy of neo-liberalism or monetarism, the state itself was transformed from its erstwhile Keynesian role of an 'initiator' of economic activities to a 'facilitator' of corporate dominance in all fields. The IMF-World Bank-WTO enforced conditionalities which form the core of the neoliberal attack, led to a downsizing and roll back of the erstwhile welfare state, cut in social welfare expenditures pertaining to food, health, education and shelter, abolition of special provisions oppressed and weaker sections, elimination of state subsidies including that of food, stoppage of price support and procurement programs, closing down of public sector units and disinvestment of even the very profitable ones at throwaway prices, restructuring infrastructures, public utilities and social overheads under the euphemism of public-private partnership(PPP) and BOT schemes enabling private sector to accumulate vast amount of wealth through toll collection or imposition of appropriate user charges, liberalization of trade, banking and financial markets, liberalization of tax regime, liberalisation of the labour market including wage freeze along with required anti-strike laws and above all, through free entry and exit of MNCs. During 2006-14 alone, corporate tax exemptions have amounted to around Rs. 35 lakh crore!

2.4 Agriculture was subjected to the worst form of financial penetration and corporatisation through the so called 'Second Green Revolution', adding a new dimension to India's agrarian and ecological crisis already worsened by the 'first green revolution'. Along with corporate land grab in the name of various neocolonial projects such as SEZs, New Manufacturing and Industrial Zones (NMIZs) tourism zones, townships, industrial corridors, etc., vast land areas are concentrated in agri-business companies in the name of corporate agriculture leading to further landlessness and destitution of the peasantry. Even existing land ceiling acts are repealed to facilitate corporatisation resulting in large scale displacement of the peasantry. The result has been an unprecedented internal migration ever recorded in human history and the displaced landless peasantry is joining the ranks of slum dwellers in urban centers of the country.

2.5 During the past several years, in terms of its contribution to GDP, industrial sector was more or less stagnant. Several spheres of manufacturing industry had already started experiencing what is called restructuring and consequent joblessness. The super-imposed export-oriented industrialization that has destroyed several export-based domestic industries such as jut being primarily cheap-labour based, whatever new employment created is in the informal or unorganized sector where job security and social security are nil. As a result of economic crisis in US and EU which are India's major export markets, several 'sunrise' industries that emerged under globalization are facing threat of closures. The IT- related outsourcing bubble which has been solely depending on the financial boom in imperialist countries is also bursting. Transfer of ownership of strategic public sector undertakings to the private sector through disinvestment programs and sell-out of country's mineral and petroleum resources to to big corporate giants such as Reliance strengthened the restructuring process and joblessness further. As a mark of declining earnings and the deterioration in the standard of living of the working class in general, the share of wages in GDP that on an average hovered around 35 percent in the pre-liberalization period has fallen to less than 20 percent at the fag end of Manmohan regime.

2.6 In tune with the specific character of finance capital, corporate MNCs and their Indian junior partners are fast moving from the sphere of production into the sphere of speculation composed of real estate, finance, trade and other money-spinning businesses. Speculative capital has subjected every item of human life such as land, food, medicine, education, fuel and so on to outright speculation. The gains from the flourishing speculative activities in the service sector comprising almost 60 percent of the economy are gobbled up by a tiny upper echelon of society. Along with all pervasive corruption propelled by extreme greed, corporate capital with the connivance of political-bureaucratic set up has unleashed an unprecedented plunder of nature including water, forests and natural and mineral resources leading to massive displacement of peasants including even aboriginal tribes from their habitats and unprecedented ecological destruction in the country

2.7 Corporatization of agriculture and deindustrialization coupled with globalization induced speculation has led to sky-rocketing of the prices of all essential commodities and services including food, fuel, healthcare, education, etc. This has inflicted horrific levels poverty and destitution on the broad masses of population. If the international poverty line of $ 2 (120 rupees) is accepted as the criterion of ascertaining poverty in India, then more than 70 percent( or 75 crore) of the Indian population is to be characterized as absolute poor today. In that context, the much publicized food security bill promulgated during the last days of UPA rule around will be an eyewash as it identifies only 25 crore of Indian people as poor whose minimum calorific requirement will be met at an estimated a cost of one-and-a- half lakh crore rupees, when the tax exemptions to the corporate elites every year come to around 5 lakh crore rupees on an average. Laying red carpet for the highly speculative FII in stock, currency and other money-spinning sectors on the one hand, and throwing open all strategic sectors such as defense and insurance to the FDI on the other, with liberal repatriation offers are unprecedented challenges before the people. Coupled with this, theprivatization and commercialization of education, healthcare and housing, privatization of water and electricity, abolition of administered price mechanism in the petroleum sector, opening up the retail sector which is second only to agriculture as a source of livelihood for the people to FDI, allowing futures trading in food and other essential commodities, sell-out of the country's fisheries sector to MNCs and deep-sea trawlers with devastating consequences for the fishing community, and removal of all democratic rights to workers, etc. have led to the impoverishment of masses at an alarming rate. Along with these, the deals involved among the corporate-bureaucrat- politician nexus in accomplishing all the neo-liberal agenda against the people have put India as one of the most corrupt regimes in the world. And in the repatriation of this loot to foreign tax havens such as Swiss banks, the present regime itself is being exposed as a conduit. This has led to people's growing resentment against scams and corruption in the country.

2.8 A corollary of this neoliberal agenda has been ever-intensifying attacks on the people coming out against the reactionary policies pursued under neo-liberal raj. The militarization of the country as witnessed in Jammu and Kashmir and Northeast is spread to more areas like Chhattisgarh where the military is already deployed with the danger of its operations spreading to all of mineral rich central India where adivasis constitute a major section of the population, under the pretext of countering the Maoist activities. Black laws such as AFSPA and UAPA are wantonly used and new ones created to deny basic civil rights to the people. Imperialism and Indian state which prop up various funding and NGO network as an adjunct of neo-liberalism and to divert people's discontent to apolitical channels have started effectively utilizing the NGO and Maoist bogey to suppress people's movements against displacement, ecological destruction, state repression, etc.

2.9 In the absence of a people's alternative to Congress-led UPA, the BJP succeeded in reaping the benefit of people's fury against it. Despite receiving only 31 percent votes, it managed to get absolute majority in the 16th Lok Sahba with the backing of large scale funding from big corporate houses and with the help of main stream media controlled by them. Modi government's ascendancy to power together with the danger of RSS agenda coming to the forefront marks a distinct ultra rightwing shift in the neoliberal policies pursued by successive governments since the beginning of 1990s and getting intensified as Manmohanomics during the ten-year UPA regime. While all the UPA constituents together with the Congress were routed in the election, along with the NDA partners, the regional parties such as AIADMK in TN, TMC in W. Bengal, BJD in Odisha, and TRS in Telengana which took an anti-Congress position also could make significant gains in the election. But all of them are following neo-liberal economy and themselves depend on communal appeasement, caste and chauvinism for ensuring their vote banks. The Left Front led by CPI(M) which had abandoned the Marxist-Leninist path and was implementing the neo-liberal policies wherever it came to power, suffered the worst-ever setback in its history. In West Bengal and to a certain extent in Kerala whatever vote share was lost by the LF was gained by BJP, which indicates a sharp rightist turn in these states' politics in line with the all India developments. This ultra-rightist threat in the country is similar to the international situation where with the weakening of the revolutionary Left, the imperialist forces and their lackeys are propping up ultra rightist and fascist trends to tide over the present acute crisis faced by the international finance capital system.

2.10 Modi's ascent to power has been inevitably characterized by the ascendancy o aggressive Hindu communalism, as reflected in a slew of riots, religious conversion drives, esoteric Hinduisation of culture and science, strident calls for Hindu Rshtra, idiolization of Nathuram Godse and like features. The opn communal polarization resorted to by RSS, Bajrang Dal etc has ben met with silent support from Modi and his administration. BJP MPs and MLAs continue to make blatant communal statements and to incite tensions. All this has been accompanied by ruthless acceleration of Manmohanomics as is manifested in the extrapolation of his 'Gujarat model' to the whole of India with the corporate-friendly catchwords such as 'minimum government,' 'good governance', development, etc. The 'road map' for Modi regime's economic policy in the coming years containing transparent policy environment for business including reforms to enhance "ease of doing business", liberal tax regime, full liberalization of FDI regime in strategic sectors such as defense and railways, construction of freight and industrial corridors including the creation of what is called a Diamond Quadrilateral project of high speed trains, specialized Agri-Rail networks, promotion of air connectivity to smaller towns and development of low-cost airports, connecting ports with hinterland through road and rail, outsourcing of public sector banking operations to MNCs and corporate giants such as Reliance, building up of 100 cities equipped with world class amenities, etc. based on PPP, a euphemism for privatization, attracting private investment in coal sector, completion of nuclear power projects and operationalization of international nuclear agreements, modernization and corporatization of agriculture, time-bound forest and environmental clearance for projects, and so on are fully in conformity with the diktats and requirements of crisis-ridden international finance capital. Followed by the decision to raise the height of Narmada Dam by another 17 metres leading to the submergence of two-and-a-half lakh families, this ultra-rightist economic agenda was inaugurated with the extra-budgetary announcement accomplishing the largest-ever rail fare hike in the entire history of Indian railways, one of the world's largest, to make it an attractive destination of foreign direct investment.

2.11 This was followed by the presentation of its maiden Budget which raised FDI limit in Defense and Insurance to 49 percent at a stroke for the year 2014-15 with clear hints on 100 percent FDI in these and other strategic sectors through successive budgets. Along with this, the budget announced a disinvestment target of around Rs. 60000 crore; across the board entry of foreign capital in manufacturing including e-commerce; restructuring of Food Corporation of India and PDS to facilitate free trade led by speculative financiers in food and agricultural goods; Second Green Revolution-linked corporatization of agriculture based on agri-business, bio-technology and farm agriculture; complete privatization of all infrastructures such as ports, airports, roads, SEZs, industrial corridors, urban housing, 16 metros in selected cities and 100 smart cities and so on through the public-private-partnership (PPP) mode; corporate tax exemptions to the tune of more than 5 lakh crores, etc. to put the country along the high way to an era of unprecedented corporatization and privatization. Envisaging a whole set of tax giveaways and indirect subsidies to the corporate sector, the Budget took decision to transfer the country's precious public assets and natural resources to foreign capitalists and their Indian compradors. As we are experiencing, the immediate impact of the budget has been an unprecedented boost in real estate and all sorts of money spinning activities leading to destructive levels of corporate profits coupled with de-industrialization and further joblessness, run-away inflation, loss of purchasing power for the broad masses and hitherto unknown levels of pauperization and inequality. Abstaining from domestic resource mobilization and heavily depending on the crisis-ridden imperialist capital for fresh investment, and having no plan to deal with corruption or speculation which is major source of inflation, and withdrawing from social services such as education, healthcare, etc. altogether for their eventual corporatization, in the name of minimum government and pursuing the discredited neoliberal trajectory of its predecessor in an ultra-rightist manner, the Modi regime has become a mere facilitator of corporatization that fattens the stock and asset portfolios of the super-rich enabling them to indulge in most destructive, reckless and criminal forms of financial manipulation. Its outcomes are brutal austerity programs, cut in subsidies, galloping prices of food, fuel and other essentials, exorbitantly heavy charges for public utilities and destruction of social services including even pensions and the living standards of the working class, toiling masses and oppressed peoples. Together with this neocolonial servitude, since the reins of power are directly wielded by RSS, further communalization of the entire administration, education, scientific and historical research, culture, and the society as a whole has intensified in an alarming manner.

3. Tasks before the Party

3.1 The urgent and primary task before all progressive forces in the country, of the left masses and of the party is an all-out offensive against BJP's ultra-rightist rule in the background of ever worsening international and national situation sketched above. It calls for immediate strengthening of the Party ideologically, politically and organizationally, capable of mobilizing and leading the masses of people. All state governments run by different parties are also committed to speed up the neo-liberal policies. All of them are adherents of neoliberal policies in varying degrees. The same is true for the CPI (M) and its allies who practiced the same policies while in power in Kerala and Bengal. The recent appeal of CPI(M) for the unity of of all those opposed to communalism and neo-liberal policies should be viewed in the context of their past practice. As all the major contradictions are intensifying fast under the BJP regime countrywide offensive against its policies is the need of the hour. So the present national situation calls for building a struggling left, secular democratic alternative committed to throw out the neo-liberal policies and communal politics to usher in a people oriented development paradigm. The task before the party is to take immediate steps to give ideological and political leadership to this offensive.

3.2 The primary task is to develop the existing Party organization and class/mass organizations to make them capable of intensifying the struggles to throw out neo-liberal policies and communal fascist tendencies, and to launch people oriented development paradigm. Along with this, strengthening party fraction work in all class/ mass organizations and recruiting party members from them should be given utmost importance. A vigorous campaign for recruiting party members from revolutionary intellectuals, students and youth based on the ideological political line put forward by the Party has to be launched. People's resistance against the neoliberal regime can be built up effectively only by a party working among the masses. It calls for consolidation and expansion of the Party organisation in those states where party committees are already active, and to spread the Party to more areas. Based on the ideological political line put forward by the party, systematic political and organisational work should be initiated and developed to make the Party a political force at all India level. The process of party building through building and strengthening of class and mass organizations, by expanding their membership and struggles and recruiting comrades from them and politicizing them should be given priority. Continuous efforts are needed to recruit and develop ideologically-politically equipped professional revolutionaries.

3.3 Reorganization of the party is inseparably linked to uniting all Marxist-Leninist forces in to a powerful Communist party capable of leading the working class, peasantry and all other exploited and oppressed classes and sections of people for revolutionary social transformation. While the BJP with its ultra-rightist and communal fascist agenda has unleashed an unprecedented onslaught, the struggling left forces should put forward an alternative before the country and give leadership to people's struggles against imperialism, against neo-liberal policies and programs of the Modi government and various state governments, and against communalism. As CPI(M) has already abandoned Marxist-Leninist path and degenerated to right opportunism and parliamentary cretinism, uncompromising ideological struggle should be waged against it with the intention of winning over all revolutionary sections remaining in it. On the other hand, the CPI (Maoist) pursuing anarchist path is indirectly helping the ruling classes and getting increasingly alienated from the people. Ideological struggle against this section should be continued without any let up. While waging uncompromising ideological struggle against these trends, healthy political relations should be developed with different left organizations. The unfolding situation calls for renewed efforts for development of a platform of struggling left, democratic and secular forces for initiating broad movements against neo-liberal policies and their consequences and against communal fascist forces, winning ever more forces to confront the new challenges posed by the Modi government.

3.4 The efforts to reorganize the communist party should be linked with moves tounite all left and democratic forces for broadest possible people's resistance against neo-liberal policies and intensifying fascist danger. When the RSS backed corporate offensive has assumed intensive forms, building unity of left and democratic forces based on a common minimum program against the ruling regime is highly imperative. The DPF initiated with like-minded forces from 2010 has taken up many campaigns and mobilizations against neo-liberal policies during last five years including the powerful rally at Ahmedabad in November 2012 with 'Oust Modi' slogan and yearly mobilizations in Delhi. The unfolding situation calls for renewed efforts for further development of DPF as a platform for initiating broad movements against the neo-liberal policies and their consequences and against communal fascist forces, winning over more forces to confront the new challenges posed by the Modi government.

3.5 The Party building and united front initiatives get strengthened if concerted propaganda and political education work through party organs and publications, and systematic education of cadres based on Marxist literature, basic documents of the Party and ICOR, and the documents and publications of the class and mass organizations are carried forward. When imperialism and its lackeys have unleashed unparalleled rightwing, malicious global misinformation campaign and counter propaganda against communism and revolutionary forces through all the avenues of corporate media, revolutionary propaganda is indispensable for creating a revolutionary atmosphere in the country for bringing new sections to the ideological-political line of the Party and to bring together like minded forces for joint movements. At a time when imperialist think-tanks and imperialist media machine are profusely producing and spreading various hues of postmodern and post-Marxist theories, ideological offensive to expose them and for bring the people to revolutionary orientation is indispensable for the Marxist-Leninists the world over. This task can be fulfilled only through strengthening the publications and the effective use of media, both print and electronic including social media. Language-wise publication centers all over India for bringing out Marxist classics and progressive books should be started by all Party state committees. To develop ideological level and understanding of the cadres, the Central Committee should further improve the system for organizing regular party schools, study classes and theoretical discussions for applying the theory of Marxism-Leninism according to concrete situation. Appropriate ideological-political initiatives and propaganda work are required for the development of revolutionary theory and practice at international level too.

3.6 One of the political campaigns that require foremost attention in the present context is regarding the election reforms. The biggest-ever corporate-funded 2014 General Elections gave BJP absolute majority in Lok Sabha with just 31 % votes. Though Congress got 19.3 percent of votes, it got only 44 seats, while BSP with 4.1 percent votes could not get even one seat. The Election Manifesto of CPI (ML) had demanded urgent electoral reforms, replacing the 'first pass the post system' with the method of proportional representation. The Manifesto had stressed that electoral reforms should be implemented as part of basic changes in the Constitution for separation between religion and politics to strengthen secular values, for abolition of the caste system, for radical land reforms including distribution of land to the real tillers and rejection of corporatization of agriculture etc. Along with these, important reforms are urgently needed in the Constitution for democratization of the polity, for introducing the right to recall the elected representatives as well as all government officials indulging in corrupt practices, for ensuring the right to food-clothing-shelter-health-education-employment as fundamental right for all and so on. The option of state funding of elections must be taken up as a national debate.

3.7 As the Party Program points out conditions for countrywide people's uprisings against the ruling system can be created only under the leadership of the working class. But, in continuation to the two-and-a-half decades of neoliberal policies, the ultra-rightist Modi regime, under the banner of "minimum government" is accelerating the policy of disinvestment and state's withdrawal from economic and social sectors leading to further shrinking of organised sector employment to just 7 percent of the total. Whatever new job opportunities are created are in the informal sector. So further intensification of casualisation, contract labour system, hire and fire, etc. are taking place. A comprehensive policy of liberalization of the labour market, including amendment to Factories Act is on the anvil. Coupled with these, the FDI and PPP based corporatization and privatization of every sphere is announced in the BJP budget. As one of the important sources of wealth appropriation and capital accumulation under the neo-liberal order is through plunder of natural resources, as job oriented production is cut down, unemployment and under employment have become in built trends. So, the contradiction between capital and labour has assumed extreme dimensions. Resisting neoliberal policies has become the foremost task of the working class. Since the trade union centres led by bourgeois, revisionist, reformist and communal leaderships are not serious, consistent and thoroughgoing about this task, the Party comrades working in TUCI and other trade unions should take up this question with the aim of building broad platforms of the working class- by uniting those forces that can be united - to fight these policies. In this process, particular emphasis should be given for politicizing the working class.

3.8 In continuation to the first Green Revolution of the pre-globalization period, under neoliberal globalization, the policies pursued by successive governments based on agribusiness, corporate farming and new agricultural technologies, the agricultural sector is increasingly subjected to what is called a Second Green Revolution, which in essence means ever growing corporatization of the agrarian sector. Corporate houses and MNCs with the backing of most modern agricultural technologies and monopoly market power are grabbing vast tracts of agricultural lands and transforming certain areas of the rural heartland in to big corporate farms. They are violating even the existing land ceiling laws. It is leading to massive devastation of the peasantry. Through region-specific studies the details can be brought out. The consequent displacement of peasantry coupled with forcible eviction from their habitats for SEZs, corridors, mining projects, etc. have assumed horrific proportions today. These displaced peasantry, adivasis and dalits, flock to corporate farms or extractive industries. Or as migrant workers they flock to slums in urban areas.. As a result of these developments during many decades, the development of capitalist relations in agriculture is now a growing trend at all India level, though there are diversities and unevenness to a large extent. These diversities and unevenness exist among the different states, within a state and even within a district. There are areas where the capitalist relations in agriculture have reached dominant position. Again there are areas where feudal and semi-feudal relations exist quite strongly. Throughout the country there is prevalence of usury capital and caste oppression.

3.9 Work in the women's front for their emancipation from the clutches of patriarchy and commodification is crucial component of the PDR. It should be taken up as a vital aspect of the revolutionary movement not only for capturing the political power, but also for continuing the revolution in the direction of socialist transformation. In the present context women are coming out of the confines of home on a large scale so as to earn a living. At the same time, women and girls are coming under increasing sexual assaults. The ruling system is maintaining criminal indifference to it. This barbaric situation can be resisted and defeated only through the development of a powerful revolutionary women's movement. It can function with this perspective only if it is developed as a real mass movement attracting large number of women activists from the different social strata. While large number of women from the Party are working in the AIRWO, it has to grow beyond this present limitation attracting the masses of struggling women from the society as a whole. This will pave the way for the independent development of the revolutionary women's movement capable of challenging all forms of patriarchy including even its influence within the Party. Party should extend all out support for such a development in the women's front.

3.10 In a situation when the left movement has suffered severe setbacks internationally and in India, the youth and students who are born and brought up in the neoliberal period are ferociously indoctrinated with anti-communist propaganda. Imperialism and ruling classes along with all reactionary forces are constantly engaged in de-politicization drive to make the youth and students apolitical. In such a situation, a major chunk of votes that put the ultra-rightist Modi regime in power came from the youth. Unemployment, price rise, corruption, commercialization of everything including education, etc. make the youth very vulnerable. In search of quick-fix solutions, they are easily carried away by rhetoric on development and job. In the absence of credible alternative from the left, influenced by individualist consumer culture, the youth and students have become easy prey to religious and caste forces. This situation calls for an all-out offensive to attract youth and students to the revolutionary movement based on an objective evaluation of the real problems confronting them and putting forward revolutionary alternative to them. With this perspective and taking stock of the concrete situation and specific issues, the Party should take appropriate steps, both political and organizational, to strengthen the activities of the students and youth fronts. The success in these fronts will be a determining factor in the further growth and expansion of the Party. Vigorous efforts are needed to strengthen the activities of the youth and student organizations as broad based mass movements capable of launching state wide and country wide agitations for urgent issues confronting them as well as for the general issues before the masses. Movements against growing unemployment, under employment, commercialization of education, corruption, communalization and criminalization of youth and students etc along with continuous efforts to recruit large number of them in to party and to politicize them.

3.11 Adivasis who constitute almost 10 percent of the population are the most exploited and oppressed section of the Indian society. Since plunder of nature is an important means of wealth accumulation under neo-liberalism, corporate houses and MNCs are entering the mineral-rich areas inhabited by tribal people. The presence of Maoists in some of these regions is utilized by the government to justify the large-scale deployment of police and para-military forces in these areas. The Maoist bogey and the recent IB Report on NGOs are utilized to suppress the resistance to corporate plunder of country's rich mineral wealth. The relatively large allocation set apart for Tribal Plan in the BJP budget will mainly be channeled to RSS sponsored NGOs in addition to diverting big sums to the politician-bureaucrat nexus as usual. The Party should develop a comprehensive plan to advance the work among the adivasis and render all assistance to develop activities in the adivasi front and to mobilize and politicize cadres from the region to lead it. Party should wage a consistent struggle for implementation of the autonomous councils with full rights wherever adivasis constitute a sizable section of the population.

3.12 The Caste Annihilation Movement which is developing at all India level after it was launched two years ago through the initiative taken by the Party and like-minded forces is a crucial step for rectifying the weakness of the Communist Movement to develop a revolutionary approach to this important question. Dalits who are predominantly poor and landless peasants and agricultural workers and who have played an important role in the revolutionary movement in the country constitute almost 15 percent of the Indian population. Apart from growing economic subjection under neoliberal policies, caste-based socio-cultural attacks on dalits as manifested through khap panchayats like institutions, especially sexual atrocities on dalit women are intensifying. As explained in the Program of CAM, while waging democratic movements to solve the land question faced by the dalits, and defending 'reservation' as a democratic right against caste oppression, the Party should carry on an uncompromising fight against all forms of caste discriminations including the use of caste symbols. The Party should take initiative to develop CAM as a country-wide movement capable of taking up concrete instances of caste oppression and should encourage nation-wide struggles and campaigns including the propagation of such means as inter-caste marriages.

3.13 Taking advantage of the ideological-political setbacks suffered by the left movement internationally, propped up by the finance capital, rightwing forces the world over have unleashed one of the biggest reactionary intellectual and cultural offensives ever recorded in the postwar neocolonial period. The advent of RSS and Hindutva forces at the helm power in India has given rise to a qualitatively new dimension to the feudal and neocolonial cultural onslaught by imperialism and Indian ruling classes. Having established their stranglehold on education, historical and cultural research, scientific research, media, information, communication and broadcasting, the ultra-right-wing and reactionary forces have started an ideological-political offensive against communists and democratic forces. In this counter-cultural offensive, Indian reactionaries have the full support of all hues of postmodern ideologues from imperialist centers. The program of Revolutionary Cultural Front has laid down the fundamental task in the cultural front for launching relentless struggles against distortion of history and culture and to throw out the influence of feudal, imperialist, consumer culture, unhealthy customs and superstitions on the one hand, and for developing democratic, revolutionary, socialist cultural values on the other. Emphasis should be given to developing proletarian culture. This approach should be strengthened in the context of the new situation by launching powerful revolutionary cultural offensive at all levels..

3.14 Successive governments at the centre were pursuing the policy of militarization in Jammu and Kashmir and Northeast to suppress the people's aspirations. Now it is being extended to more areas like Chhattisgarh where the military is already deployed with an intention to spread to all areas of mineral rich central India where adivasis constitute a major section of the population. Black laws such as AFSPA and UAPA are wantonly used and new ones are created to deny democratic and basic civil rights to the people. With the ascendancy of Hindu supremacist and pseudo-nationalist BJP to power, the continuing struggle of the people of Jammu and Kashmir has become all the more serious as RSS elements have started further communalizing the situation by demanding a repeal of Article 370. Spokespersons of the ruling regime have asserted that the AFSPA will be implemented more ruthlessly in Jammu and Kashmir as well as in the Northeast. In the same vein, in its first budget itself, the BJP government has earmarked special budgetary allocation for further militarization of the 'Maoist-infected areas'. The Party should intensify its campaign for withdrawal of the military and abolition of black laws from these regions and for political settlement of the national question in these regions based on the right of self determination. A vigorous campaign for withdrawal of the military and para-military from Chhattisgarh and other adivasi areas is urgently required. While the Sangh Parivar forces are working overtime to further communalize the J&K question, challenging it our Party should come forward with the slogan for restoration of Article 370 with its initial power and content, respect the aspirations of the people of J&K, withdrawal of military occupation and repeal of all black laws, and right of self-determination up to the right of secession.. Similarly, the Hindutva demand for a uniform civil code should be resisted with the call for a secular civil code, ensuring equality for all sections.

3.15 Our party has put forward a pro-nature, people's development paradigm in contradistinction to the mainstream corporate model of development espoused by the ruling classes, opportunists, anarchists, postmodernists, funded NGOs, etc. irrespective of their declared ideological persuasions. Based on the approach to environment during the past years we are engaged in continuous efforts to coordinate the different people's movements developing at various regions against displacement from corporate projects, reckless plunder of natural resources by MNCs, and superimposition of nuclear plants on the people. Our initiative against the dependence on scientifically and economically unviable nuclear energy leading to the formation of All India People's Initiative Against Nuclear Power and our leading involvement in the Save Western Ghats campaign by forming All India Coordination Committee of People's Movements for the Protection of Western Ghats have evoked good responses from people's movements, scientists, environmental activists and like-minded people of different ideological persuasions. They should be carried forward and strengthened in the coming days. In the same vein, under the banner of Save Himalaya Campaign we have started discussions for developing a perspective against the present devastations and to put forward an alternative concept of development of this fragile region, in the context of the catastrophic ecological challenges faced by the vast and most ecologically sensitive region extending from J&K in the West to Arunachal in the East, the Himalayas and the Terai region with the active involvement of scientists and political activists. More serious environmental issues are in store as the Modi regime serving the interests of corporate MNCs has declared both in its Policy Statement and in the Budget its intention to dilute even the existing environmental regulations for speeding up corporatization. The Party should give special attention to coordinate all these movements in the states and at all India level based on our scientific understanding on development. Based on these efforts broad sections of people should be mobilized for country-wide movements against the ecologically catastrophic neoliberal policies.

3.16 In present situation, with state power in hand, the Hindutva forces are using all administrative avenues and law enforcement agencies to promote hatred towards religious minorities using the bogey of terrorist actions, religious conversions etc, though, as proved later, RSS and its various offshoots are behind these actions. At the same time, anarchic acts by frustrated sections in the name of fighting majority religious fundamentalism are boomeranging on the minorities. The soft Hindutva of Congress and the vote-bank politics of so called secular parties are also creating a favourable climate for Hindutva forces to impose the RSS agenda. At the same time, it is proved that the Hindutva nationalism of Sangh Parivar is a smokescreen to serve imperialist capital. In this context, from a secular-democratic perspective, our Party should resolutely and consistently fight both majority and minority communalisms, the former being the main danger in the concrete Indian situation. A vigorous campaign putting forward the renaissance approach to secularism as complete separation between state and religion, politics and religion, and education and religion – treating religion as a private affair of citizens, is to be carried forward. Hindu supremacist rhetoric on uniform civil code that always smacks of majoritarian undertones should be exposed and countered with the concept of a truly secular democratic common civil code that ensures equality for women irrespective of all religions. In a country like India of continental size where several languages and innumerable dialects are in use, the right to receive education in their mother tongue or in the language of choice is a democratic right of the people. In this regard, the Party should always be in the forefront of protecting the rights of religious minorities and against the imposition of the language of the majority on people speaking other languages.

3.17 The ten-year UPA rule demolished to a great extent the progressive elements of India's foreign policy. Clinging to US imperialism on all matters of national and international importance, it had converted India as a junior partner of US imperialism. In continuation to these and going to more reactionary positions, when Zionist Israel unleashed a slaughter of people in Gaza and West Bank, the Modi regime is reluctant even to discuss this matter in Parliament. In spite of inviting SAARC leaders to the oath taking ceremony, Modi government is continuing India's expansionist approach to them unabatedly. Indian attempts to impose its dictates over neighbouring countries like Bhutan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal, have compelled them to view the South Asian big brother with suspicion. India's relations with the other countries subjected to imperialist aggression have also deteriorated fast. The Party should wage a vigorous campaign for an anti-imperialist foreign policy, which will focus on strengthening relations with all countries, especially the neighbouring countries, subjected to aggression, plunder and bullying by the imperialists, especially US imperialists. All efforts should be made to strengthen fraternal relations with like-minded parties and organizations at the international level and to develop people to people relations.

3.18 The visit of Obama and signing of the nuclear treaty has deepened the neo-colonial servitude further. Impatient to go through the parliamentary process for passing the bills, Modi government has resorted to 'ordinance raj' promulgating a number of ordinances on important issues. The Land Acquisition Bill is an attack on the right of the peasantry to their land. At the same time the election time rhetoric on getting back the black money from foreign banks is given a buried. All the talks about fighting corruption are also thrown overboard. At the same day by day the corporate loot is allowed to intensify while communal division is promoted in most heinous ways. In continuation to its expansionist policies, the Indian government has meddled in the Sri Lankan elections through RAW.

3.19 While taking up these tasks, the Party should seriously ponder over the quantitative and qualitative changes that have taken place in the country as a result of almost two-and-a-half decades of imperialist globalization. Of particular concern should be with reference to the economic and cultural repercussions that these changes have brought among the class forces and their impact on working class, peasantry, women, youth, students, and all other oppressed sections including dalits, adivasis and minorities. A concrete analysis and understanding on these aspects must go hand in hand with Party building and with the efforts for broadest possible unity of all genuine left and democratic forces, linking them with all out ideological, political and organizational offensive against the ruling system for building up a people's alternative. At this juncture when the imperialist finance capital in alliance with all reactionary forces have launched the worst-ever offensive against the working class and broad masses of people, on the basis of a concrete evaluation of this neoliberal-neocolonial phase, the CPI (ML) Red Star pledges to take the lead to impart fresh orientation to the revolutionary advance.

 

Read Political Resolution in PDF File

1     A Budget for the Corporates

Under the guise of putting the Indian economy on a full growth trajectory a whole set of giveaways and exemptions to corporates like abolition of wealth tax and reduction in corporate tax from 30% to 25% are introduced in the 2015-16 budget. As a result the effective corporate tax is reduced to about 20%, one of the lowest compared to other countries.  The implementation of the General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) enacted by parliament to deal with the evasion of tax by the corporate is postponed for another to years.

In the name of making the subsidies more targeted through various schemes of direct transfer of payment, the budget proposals have brought about an unprecedented 20% cut in food, health, education and women's development. At the same time, defence allocation, a major portion of which is flowing in to international arms dealers and weapons companies has been raised almost 10% to Rs. 2,46, 727 crores this budget.

The budget has incorporated all the corporate agenda enumerated in the 'Make in India' program announced by Modi. It has unleashed a whole set of PPP schemes in all infra-structural projects including railways, roads, ports and power plants. The 'strategic disinvest'' plan to mobilize Rs.69,500 crores through sale of public sector units will result in dismantling the domestic industrial base on the one hand and aggravation of unemployment on the other.

The proposal to introduce an all India Goods and Services Tax (GST) and across the board increase in all indirect taxes and the proposal to increase service tax from present 12.6% to 14 % coupled with the withdrawal of the government from price control program shall be highly detrimental for the broad masses of people.

The Tenth Congress of the CPI(ML) Red Star appealed to the workers, peasants and all other toiling masses and all progressive forces rise up against the pro-corporate, ant-people budget proposals and to resist their implementation. n

2     Against Nutrino Project in Tamilnadu

The Nutrino Project being constructed in Theni district of Tamilnadu by the central government without any transparency, without explaining its purpose to the people is suspected to cause earth quakes in a region where more than a dozen major dams exist in the surrounding areas. More than Rs.1500 is going to be invested in this project in the name of developing understanding about Nutrino for Research Institutes. But the information from unofficial sources shows that it may be for nuclear waste disposal. The authorities have not come out with clarifications to remove people's anxiety.

The Tenth Congress condemns the imposition of this project without clarifying its actual purpose, creating panic among the people. It demands that all activities connected with it should be stopped till the apprehensions among the people are removed. n

3     Stop POSCO Plant Construction

TheModi government has extended all support to the Odisha government which has issued orders to the CEO of POSCO project to restart the project work as early as possible, defying the eight year old people's movement against it. Not only against the POSCO project but also against many neo-liberal projects to serve the interests of international and native corporate, people are struggling all over the country for last many years. Irrespective of it, and against the existing laws which forbid such projects without the approval of the people of the area, they are imposed using barbarous state force by the central and state governments.

The Tenth Congress salutes the valiant people fighting against these projects which are part of the anti-people development plans and calls on all progressive and democratic forces to extend support to these struggles so as to stop them forthwith. n

4     For Right to Housing and Against Demolition of Slums

As a result of the policies pursued by the central and state governments, large scale migration to urban areas is increasing day by day. There are no schemes for the housing of these tens of millions of workers in the unorganized sectors. So they also depend on the mushrooming slums which are already overfilled. Almost half of the population in the cities and major industrial areas are depending on the slums which have no basic facilities like drinking water, electricity and sanitation. Instead of providing housing with basic facilities near their areas of work, these ever increasing people are subjected to further torture through the demolition of these slums by the state government agencies.

The Tenth Congress demand an immediate end to demolition of all slums and provision of housing to all including all basic facilities like water and electric supply, sanitation, educational institutions, transport etc.n

5.    Against "Make in India" Call by Modi Government

With the advent to power of Modi government, it has enhanced the utter dependence on foreign capital with the call for "Make in India" in the name of developing goods manufacture and services. It is known to all that the paradigm of development pursued under neo-liberal regime is under serious attack form the popular forces for last two decades due to its anti-people, anti-nature character. Under it while the corporate are growing fast, tens of millions are displaced and impoverished. Refusing to heed the demands of the people, the BJP government is intensifying these policies and implementing the blue print of the imperialist agencies and corporate forces to loot the natural resources and human resources.

The Tenth Congress condemns the shameful comprador policies of the Modi government and calls on the people to combat and defeat them. n

6.    Defeat the land Acquisition Bill

The Tenth Congress severely condemns the ordinance followed by the draconian bill for land acquisition promulgated in the interest of corporate forces by Modi government. Forcible land grabbing is going on in the name of 'public purpose' from the 1950s onwards using the colonial 1894 Land Acquisition Act. But following the imposition of imperialist globalization, in the interest of foreign and native corporate lobby forcible land grabbing has increased manifold in the name of development, industrialization, employment generation, public interest etc.

But the movement against the forcible land acquisition all over the country like the movement against POSCO, Kalinga Nagar in Odisha, at Singur and Nandigram in West Bengal etc forced the central and state governments to take in to consideration the demands of the people particularly the peasantry, the adivasis and dalits. As a result, the parliament passed the existing Land Acquisition Act which provided better protection for the owner, took social impact and food security in to consideration, and insured better compensation and rehabilitation.

But immediately after coming to power the Modi government came out with the land ordinance writing off whatever positive aspects the previous act had. It is an attempt to impose a more draconian law than the colonial 1894 act. It is now trying to enact it by bulldozing through the parliament.

The Tenth Congress calls upon all the progressive forces to resist this reactionary move and to get mobilized to defeat the heinous moves of the Modi government to impose this draconian move over the people. n

7.    Against Oppressive Laws and Oppression of Democratic Rights

The Tenth Congress demands the withdrawal of all oppressive laws like AFSPA, UAPA etc, and an end to fake encounter killings, torture of people under police custody and day to day attacks on rural and urban poor.

The colonial legal system intended to institutionalize suppression, put down all dissent, and keep people submissive to state authority to the lowest power centers like police station/village office is followed lock-stock and barrel by the post-colonial state for last more than six decades To impose the neo-liberal policies with more ferocity these black laws and state terror are intensified ruthlessly.

The Tenth Congress calls on all democratic forces to mobilize the people against the reactionary ruling system to realize all democratic rights of the people. n

8.    Protect Western and Eastern Ghats

TheTenth Congress calls for resisting the mafia forces who have devastated the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats irrecoverably and are engaged in further damaging whatever is left of these with the connivance of the central and state governments. It demands the progressive implementation of the Gadgil Report and other commission reports which recommend measures to stop the loot of natural resources impoverishing the people and devastating the nature.

The Tenth Congress calls for a mighty people's movement for the protection of the these Ghat regions along with the natural resources against the marauding forces of the 'development paradigm' imposed under continuous reactionary governments and further speeded up by the Modi government. n

9.    On the Involvement and Rehabilitation of Indian Expatriates in a Peoples' Development Alternative

At present, more than 6 million Indians are working all over the world. Out of this, a large majority of them are labourers working in very precarious political-social-climatic conditions in gulf countries, without internationally recognized wage and working conditions and often being denied even basic human rights. However, their collective remittance per annum to India amounts to more than one lakh crore rupees. In the absence of a proper policy to utilize these funds in a fruitful and productive way, under the successive Central and State Governments in India these huge funds are being diverted to corporate coffers and often wasted in propping up consumerism and other speculative options. Nor the Indian authorities have any policy of effectively rehabilitating the lakhs of workers returning every year from the Gulf after spending their prime life in miserable living conditions. These immense remittances by expatriate Indian workers are a source of resource mobilization for a progressive, people oriented development program. However, the Indian ruling regime which serves the interest of corporate capital has no inclination in utilizing these funds for such purpose.

The 10th Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star resolves to take up the entire Indian expatriate workers' question from a people oriented development perspective in which their earnings, skills and experiences can be effectively utilized, thereby ensuring their rehabilitation in the most appropriate manner. n

10.  Fight against  Human Right Violations

The ever-growing nationwide agitation against plundering of natural resources by multinational corporations, agri-business monopolies, BOT companies, FDI, real-estate mafia and against commercialization of education and public health are being suppressed by Modi Govt, alleging Maoist and extremist links.

The Govt. should immediately stop all its moves against peoples' right to genuine protests. The 10th Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star appeals to all democratic forces in the country to unite together and come forward for the protection of people's democratic rights effectively resisting the repression unleashed by governments both at the centre and in the states. n

11.  Against Ordinance Raj

Keepingthe parliament itself as a spectator, Modi Government is indiscriminatingly promulgating ordinances which affect the larger section of the ordinary people very adversely. These ordinances pertain to the abolition of several hard-earned social security measures through yester years struggles, violation of labour and environmental regulations, for forcible land acquisitions and so on. Even the limited democratic right available by way of parliamentary functioning is thus flouted in the interests of corporate capital.   The Tenth Party Congress demands that the Modi Govt. should immediately desist from the ordinance raj and put all proposals before the parliament enabling the general public also to debate all such issues. n

12.  Abolish corporate control over plantations  and bring them under social control

Aspart of corporatization and commercialization of agriculture, corporate giants, with the connivance of ruling class parties and institutionalized trade unions, are establishing their control over the plantations all over the country and agri-business farms are mushrooming.  Landless plantation workers who have been working in the plantations lands for many generations and dwelling in line rooms are denied their basic democratic rights are being thrown away at an alarming rate compelling them either to become migrants or slum dwellers.

The Tenth Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star appeals to plantation workers and landless peasantry in the country to come forward for establishing their democratic rights and for bringing social control over plantations by uniting with left –democratic forces. n

13.  Against Growing Atrocities against Woman

Day by day, attack against woman is increasing everywhere, including work places and in families. Patriarchal values and commodification of women are prime reasons for these increased attacks. Even after raising concerns and mobilization of the democratic sections against the heinous attacks, Govt. and its institutions are not doing anything to stop such attacks.

The 10th Party Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star appeals to all democratic sections to join and voice against growing attacks against women in India. n

14.  Solidarity with European Working Class

Recentdevelopments in Greece, Spain and other European Countries show the increasing vigor of the working class movement across Europe when imperialist world system is  trying to shift the burden of its own crisis to working class and general public.  Re-assertion of working class and its ideology have great importance today.

The Tenth Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star salutes and expresses solidarity to the working classes in these countries in their fight against imperialist world system. n

15.  Condemn dastardly attack on comrade Govind Pansare

The Tenth Congress condemns the dastardly attack on com. Govind Pansare and his wife com. Uma at Kolhapur in Maharashtra. A veteran leader of AITUC, he was known for his progressive and outspoken scientific views. His book on Shivaji is well known against the jingoistic communal colour given by the Hindutua brigade. A month ago he had exposed the real thinking of Nathuram Godse. Later he had spoken on 26/11 incident in Mumbai in which ATS chief Hemant Karkare, who had made exposures on links of Hindutua forces in terror attacks, was killed. He became a target of Hindutua forces for his outspoken secular views.

On 16th February when he with his wife had gone for morning walk he was shot and as a result he died on 21st.  The tenth Congress extends its condolences to his wife and family and pledges to intensify the struggle against the communal forces who are perpetuating such dastardly acts. n

16.  Expose and oppose Modi Regime's Duplicity on Black Money Issue

Beforecoming to power, Modi had promised to transfer Rs. 15 lakh to each Indian family by confiscating the huge amounts stashed away in foreign banks. Once in power he is repeating the same arguments of earlier UPA government to justify his inability to bring back the amounts.

As everyone knows, the very same corporate forces aligned with former UPA government are aligning with the BJP government. Even when talking big about bringing back the stashed away money, Modi regime is not ready to execute agreements with these governments for the return of these amounts.

The Tenth Congress resolutely condemns the Modi government's double talk on bringing back the black money and appeals to the progressive forces to stand up and struggle for the return of the black money. n

17.  Intensify Struggle Against All Types of Caste Discrimination and Suppression

Theatrocities and discrimination against dalits, adivasis and all oppressed castes are increasing day by day in an unprecedented manner in all parts of the country. Khap Panchayat like degenerated caste based institutions are conducting many atrocities against these oppressed sections.

Historically the caste system always served the interests of the oppressive ruling class system. Ideologically and in practice it was used as a tool to subjugate the oppressed sections. Even after the freedom struggle it continued unabated and still it is used as an oppressive political system to subjugate the down trodden sections. The Tenth Congress calls intensifying the caste annihilation movement to put an end to all types of caste discrimination and suppression.n

18.  In Support of Maruti Workers' Struggle

TheTenth Congress applaud the brave struggle of the workers of Maruti Suzuki Ltd plant at Manessar, Gurgaon, Haryana. While there are no evidences whatsoever that any worker was involved in the death of a manager of the plant, there are also no evidences of murder or conspiracy for it.

It is a sad reflection of the state of the judiciary in this country that 147 workers have been languishing in jail for two years on charges of conspiracy to murder the said manager. The 10th Congress demand that the workers should be released at once and the workers are permitted to form the union of their choice. n

19.  Confiscate and return the money deposited in the Chit Funds to common people

Thousandsof crores of rupees are looted from the common people by Chit Fund companies of many states in collaboration with the corrupt political leaders and bureaucrats. These poor people have lost their hard earned money putting them in to abject misery. In spite of many protest movements the governments are not taking any speedy action to save these people. The Tenth Congress demand that all these looted amounts should be confiscated from the culprits and returned to the suffering people looted by the Chit Fund companies. n

20.  Resist Environment Threats

The humanity is facing a great threat challenging its very existence due to environmental destruction. In the name of development the natural resources are looted wantonly and the atmosphere is polluted increasingly. As a result the relation between humans and nature is made antagonistic.

The Tenth Congress call for vigorous campaign s to make the people aware of this increasing threat and to resist and defeat the anti-people development perspective imposed by the imperialists and their lackeys which is devastating nature and people's life. n

21.  Bring Plantations and Corporate Farms Under Social Control

As corporatization of agriculture is intensifying, the plantation owners and the corporate forces are violating all existing rules and regulations, pushing the plantation workers and agricultural workers to pauperization. The central and state governments are conniving with these attacks on the toiling masses.

The Tenth Congress calls for confiscating and bringing these plantations and corporate farms under social control of the plantation workers and agricultural workers. n

22.  On Oppression on Minorities

Underthe ultra rightist Modi government the minorities are under increasing threats. With its connivance the RSS Parivar is propagating Hindu Rajya and cultural chauvinism along with intimidations and violent physical attacks against the minorities and secular democratic forces. Along with cultural code, dress code, now even food code is imposed banning cow slaughter. Even existing Constitutional rights are taken away to intensify communal fascist onslaughts.

The Tenth Congress strongly condemns these communal fascist actions and calls on all secular democratic forces to resist and defeat these heinous moves. n

23.  In Support of the people of Kobane and Rojava

Thestruggle of the people of Kobane, Rojava against US imperialism, its lackeys and the Islamic State terrorists is one of the important struggles of today. Not only they are fighting for their freedom, but they also the last line of defense against the new Islamic terrorist IS.

The Islamic State (IS) is backed by Saudi money. The Saudi Arabia is closely supported by the US. Even when the IS was in the area where they could be in control of all oil wells, the US did not act against them promptly. When Kobane was first attacked US remained a silent spectator leaving it to the heroic fighters of Rojava and of Kobane to defend not only their own land but also to become the last line of defense, for the whole world against Islamic fascism. It was only when there was an international uproar against the inaction of the US that they finally began bombing the IS forces. Even then, for days the bombs were only dropped in pretense largely in areas where there was no fighting whatsoever. Only after much Kurdish blood has been spilled did the US actually start supporting the Kurdish fighters. This was also largely due to the pressure of the movements in various nations against US inaction.

The 10th Congress take great pride in the fact that the Coordination Council of the Kurdish organizations has appealed for membership of the ICOR. The Congress fully support the steps taken by the ICOR to sign a solidarity pact with the leadership of Rojava. The Congress pledge to support the initiative of ICOR to send different kinds of aid and to send international brigades in to Rojava to help the process of rebuilding.

Long Live the freedom of Rojava'!

Everlasting victory to heroic fighters of Kobane !

Down with US imperialism and IS fascists !

Workers and oppressed peoples of the world unite !n

24.  In memory of the martyr comrades and comrades departed us after the Ninth Congress

TheTenth Congress extends revolutionary greetings to the martyr comrades who sacrificed their lives for the liberation of humankind from all forms of oppression and for a world without exploitation and oppression.

March 2nd marks the 39th anniversary of com. Rajan's martyrdom, who died due to torture in a concentration camp of the Kerala Police during the emergency rule. Along with him comrades Vijayan and Balakrishnan in Kerala and about 250 communist revolutionaries became martyrs in the struggle against the emergency rule of Indira Gandhi government.

During the last three years after the Ninth Congress in 2011, many of our comrades have departed us. They include comrades, Mukul Sinha who was secretary of NSM, Gujarat and president of TUCI, com. AB Das, veteran trade union activist of Karnataka, ES George, and com. NM Baby who died during the recent Kerala state conference and many other comrades from different states.

The Tenth Congress remembers all of them and pledges to continue the revolutionary struggles for realizing the cause of liberation and socialism for which they strived hard during their life. n

25.  Against the vulgarization and communalization of education and      culture

Duringthe last two and half decades of neo-liberal raj, whatever progressive values existed in the fields of historical research and culture is under increasing attacks. With the coming to power of BJP government the commercialization and communalization of these fields have intensified manifold. The concept of Hindu Rashtra based on RSS agenda is being put in to practice. As the Modi government is doing everything to promote these tendencies all the scientific values are being destroyed in a planned manner.

The Tenth Congress calls upon the progressive forces and the cultural movements to expose the vulgarization of history and culture by the ultra rightist forces and to build up resistance against these heinous moves. n

26.  Against commercialization and communalization of education

Withthe coming to power of the ultra rightist BJP government the commercialization and communalization of education has further intensified. At the same time, against the corporatization of education the unity of progressive forces and students is also getting strengthened.

In this situation the Tenth Congress calls for intensification of the movement against commercialization, privatization and communal-ization of education with the demand for socialization of education, ensuring free, equal and scientific education for all. n

27.  Against nuclear Energy and nuclear agreements signed by BJP government

During the last decade the UPA government followed by present BJP government is intensifying efforts to speed up installation of nuclear plants in the country. But because of the increasing resistance from the people the Jaitapur project in Maharashtra, Chutka in MP, Fatehabad in Haryana, expansion of Kudamkulam plant in Tamilnadu etc are delayed or stalled. Bowing to pressure from US, Japan governments earlier UPA and now the BJP governments are signing agreements favoring the nuclear MNCs. On the occasion of Obama's visit to India, Modi government has speeded up moves to take up the construction of nuclear plants claiming that it is the only way to overcome power shortage, while more economic and safer alternatives are available. The nuclear liability act pushed forward by it is only helping the nuclear MNCs while endangering people's life.

The Tenth Congress calls for intensification of the anti-nuclear movement to defeat the nuclear plans of Modi government, putting forward alternate safe and economic energy options before the people. n

28.  Oppose the oppressive black act in Punjab

TheAkali-BJP government in Punjab has put in to force the Prevention of Damages to Government and Private Property Act, 2014, which is used to prevent demonstrations, hartal like people's protest actions. All democratic forces in the state have opposed this draconian act. The Tenth Congress condemns this black act and pledges its support to the movement to get it scrapped. n

29.  Intensify resistance to increasing communalization by Modi Govt.

Aftercoming to power the Modi government is giving a free lease to the RSS Parivar to unleash Brahmanical offensive in different forms in the name of Ghar Vapasi, dress code, food code etc. The state governments run by BJP are competing with each other to intensify the saffronization of the society and its culture. The Tenth Congress calls for intensification of resistance to the increasing communalization promoted by Modi government.
We are publishing below the draft Political Resolution for wide discussion among the readers of Red Star. Its Hindi translation is already published in the July issue of Hindi Red Star. Both are available in our website: www.cpiml.in also. Before it is discussed and finalized in the 11th Party Congress held at Bengaluru from 27th November to 1st December, the Central Committee is inviting your critic/suggestions/amendments up to 31st October. All of them also shall be taken in to consideration while finalizing the draft. We expect active response from all comrades and friends – Red Star

THE political tasks before us today need to be assessed in the context of the objective international and national situation especially since the 10th Congress of our Party in 2015.

International Situation

1.i The Political Resolution adopted by the 10th Congress had evaluated the international situation as crisis-prone and of growing multi-polarity. In the last three years, those trends have developed further leading to an aggravation in the economic and political crisis of world imperialism today.

Crisis-ridden Neoliberal Imperialism

1.ii The systemic crisis of world imperialism even as internationalization of monopoly finance capital reaching new levels continues unabated. Most optimistic projections of the UN and Bretton Woods institutions are unable to cover up the continuing risk from the bubble-induced inflation and recession haunting the world. Last several years’ incessant pumping of trillions of dollars of cheap money from government treasury and banks in to the coffers of corporate financiers, rather than facilitating any recovery, has only worsened the situation. The chronic over-accumulation of finance capital as was exemplified in the speculative bubble that led to the ‘global meltdown’ of 2007-08 is strengthening. Consequently, the financial bubble measured in global stock market capitalization alone further rose from $ 63 trillion on the eve of the ‘sub-prime crisis’ in 2007 to more than $ 80 trillion by mid 2017, again resulting in the biggest-ever short-term collapse in capitalist history on February 6, 2018 eroding more than $ 4 trillion from US stock exchanges in a single day due to this ‘flash crash’! Thus the situation is ripe for another round of prolonged bubble burst. In that sense, the decade-long current phase of the imperialist crisis has turned out to be more prolonged and severe than that of the 1970s.

1.iii As a manifestation of this crisis in both imperialist and neocolonially dependent countries, fresh capital investment in employment oriented productive spheres is alarmingly collapsing. Corporate financiers everywhere are mainly interested in ballooning money-spinning speculative businesses. Growth in GDP indices arising from this is used by ruling classes to cover up the acute de-industrialization and joblessness today experienced by common people. Corporatization of agriculture and devastation inflicted on local and rural communities everywhere are resulting in de-peasantization, displacement, migration and refugee crisis. The decline in the consuming power of the vast majority of people, gruesome levels of poverty and inequality coupled with more intrusions on nature threatening the very existence of humankind have become unbearable. All over the world, neoliberal budget cuts in health, education and social welfare have worsened the suffering of the masses along with double exploitation of the mass of women in particular.

1.iv Imperialist globalization has been associated with liberalization of labour laws, tax systems and environmental regulations which are more severe in neocolonially dependent and oppressed countries. Internationalization of production and new trends in global division of labour such as outsourcing have led to the super-exploitation of working class and oppressed people especially in backward countries. The mad rush for profit has also resulted in the transplantation of polluting industries to neocolonially dependent countries and dumping of industrial waste in them. To facilitate the unprecedented levels of exploitation of people and plunder of nature by corporate capital, all democratic rights of workers and broad masses are curtailed in one form or another.

1.v Global inequalities have reached record levels. According to latest report by Oxfam, 83 percent of the wealth created in 2017 has gone to the top one percent of the global superrich. Country-level inequalities are also steeply going up. Even as the world economy is experiencing a slump, the number of billionaires and the share of wealth with them are having a steady upward trend.

1.vi While employment situation in imperialist countries is stagnant, real wages and living conditions of the workers and toiling people are continuously declining. Casualization and frequent hire-and fire have led to deterioration in working conditions. Even as labour productivity is steadily rising due to the application of new technologies, wages are maintained at the subsistence level while profit rates are going up. The consequence is a decline in the purchasing power of the broad masses of common people that prompts capitalists to bring about a relative curtailment in the production of mass consumption goods.

1.vii Even as the world is on the brink of an environmental catastrophe, the mad rush for profit is inflicting further damage on ecology. In continuation of consistent US violations of various international environmental treaties and protocols, Trump has unilaterally withdrawn from the Paris Accord thereby once again repudiating all “legally binding” international environmental regulations and mandated reductions in green house gas emissions. Thus the struggle for a reversal of the adverse environmental damage caused by mainstream development paradigm and years of global warming has again come to a standstill.

1.viii Across the world, this has led to a favourable objective condition for the emergence of class and mass struggles. Workers, peasants, women, youth and students are rising up in imperialist as well as in dependent countries in one form or another. People’s movements for protecting habitats and for a sustainable environment, for democratic rights and against various forms of oppression are also springing up across the world. Against the imperialist and ruling class offensives, workers and oppressed people’s struggles are developing in several Latin American, African and Asian countries. Workers and youth are rising up in the US and in many countries of Europe. Across Asia, workers, peasants, women, youth and students are leading struggles against neoliberal policies, fascism and reaction. In particular, mass movements for freedom and democracy during the last three years have challenged ruling regimes in Egypt, Tunisia, Greece, Turkey, Bahrain, Iran, etc. Neoliberal budget cuts and austerity policies aimed at shifting the burden of crisis to the shoulders of workers and peasants have led to the eruption of large scale struggles in Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Colombia, South Africa, Bangladesh, India, etc. Big global movements have developed against neocolonial-neoliberal agencies like IMF, World Bank, WTO and against various trade and military agreements. However, in spite of the prevalence of many left forces in the forefront of these struggles, those capable of concretely analyzing the situation with a correct ideological perspective and politically leading the people towards a revolutionary alternative is lacking.

Rightward Shift in Ruling Class Politics

1.ix To deal with the emerging people’s struggles and divert them away from developing into a revolutionary situation, almost everywhere ultra-rightwing, neo-fascist, racist, xenophobic, reactionary and religious fundamentalist forces are propped up by neoliberal imperialism. Strengthening of the repressive state apparatus along with the tendency to fascistization have become the general trend in both imperialist and dependent countries.

1.x In continuation of our analysis in the Political Resolution adopted in the 10th Congress, the following period has witnessed a clear-cut neo-fascist shift in politics at a global level. The ascendancy of Trump in the US, Brexit and further rightward political shift in Britain, victory of the right of centre forces in France, further strengthening of neo-Nazi Alternative for Germany, rise to dominance of the far right Freedom Party in Austria, fascist trends in Spain and so on are instances of this general trend. Similar right wing political trends are visible in Latin America. As a result, many progressive governments with a nationalistic and anti-imperialist orientation that have come to power in several countries in Latin America in the first decade of the 21st century have faced reverses in the context of the general rightward shift in global politics. Trump administration is openly engaged in destabilizing governments in Bolivia, Venezuela Ecuador, Honduras and Nicaragua which are not ready to toe the US line. The US and EU are in the pursuit of large scale military investments in North Africa, West Asia, East Asia and more recently in East Europe in the context of growing conflict with Russia. Superimposition of neoliberal policies coupled with postmodern identity politics that prop up new interpretations of tribalism and religious fundamentalism as new-found means of emancipation are sowing the seeds of disunity among the oppressed. Its outcome is an acute political and economic destabilization in many African countries like, Tunisia, Morocco, Nigeria and so on. Identical trends are visible in Asia too. The corporate-saffron Modi regime in India is a typical example of this ultra-rightist trend.

Geopolitical Trends and Sharpening Inter-imperialist Contradictions

1.xi This international situation in which scope of surplus capital investment as well as avenues of increased global market share shrink particularly due to collapse of the purchasing power of the broad masses has prompted imperialists to intensify their struggle for re-division and domination of world market and spheres of influence. Consequent inter-monopoly competition and scramble for political and strategic influence in various parts of the world have led to mounting global political instability, growing multi-polarity and sharpening of inter-imperialist contradictions in manifold ways. Bourgeois diplomatic deception is giving way to open external reaction and violence in international affairs even in the absence of a direct confrontation between the imperialists.

1.xii US imperialism, still the leading superpower and chief war monger, sponsor of terrorism and main threat to world peace led by its arch-reactionary president Trump today pursues an extremely diehard ‘ protectionism’ at home along with an aggressive militarism abroad. Its policy towards Afghanistan, Libya, Syria, Ukraine, etc., has become more ruthless. Even in gross disregard of the views of his NATO allies, by unilaterally terminating the 2015 Nuclear Agreement, Trump has taken an aggressive posture directed against Iran. The Trump administration is characterizing those countries that are reluctant to submit to the will of US imperialism as “rogue states”. Though North Korea is one among them and even bracketed as a “sponsor of terrorism” till now, a bilateral discussion is scheduled with it during the second week of June in Singapore.

1.xiii Today, the inter-imperialist rivalry for world hegemony is most acutely manifested in imperialist China’s efforts to challenge US imperialism at both economic and political levels. Emerging as a rival centre of global production and market and as the second largest economy in the world, China has established its military base not only in Africa but even in far-flung Latin America. With its domination over global trade and finance, China has surpassed US in many spheres of production. For the uninterrupted continuation of such imperialist interests, both at home and abroad, recently the ruling Chinese regime has brought about a constitutional amendment of even abolishing the presidential term limit for putting the present incumbent Xi Jinping in the throne as the life-long head of the state. In view of such initiatives as Shanghai Cooperation Organization along with Russia, Belt and Road Initiative that in terms of its extent and scope is characterized as bigger than America’s postwar Marshall Plan, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank in which China’s currency Yuan is expected to play the crucial role, BRICS and especially Shanghai based BRICS bank, etc., led by China, the US economic position is waning both at regional and global levels. To counter this, while Trump is pursuing extreme protectionist policies as manifested in the repudiation of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), disenchantment with WTO, withdrawal from Paris Climate Accord and so on, China has become the ardent champion of “globalization” and open market policies today. US imperialism is trying to overcome the consequent relative deterioration in its economic position through more aggressive militarization everywhere.

1.xiv The non-viability of the postwar geopolitical arrangement in Europe including the internal crisis of NATO has been another manifestation of the unfolding inter-imperialist rivalry. The recent Brussels meeting of the EU member states with the exception of four smaller states of Denmark, Ireland, Malta and Portugal and the decision to revive the idea of ‘Schengen military zone’ based on a common defense policy comprising the development and accumulation of weapons and joint military interventions is a challenge to the coherence of NATO in the context of the emerging contradictions between the EU and US on many international questions. This resurgence of European militarism independent of the transatlantic NATO alliance has been driven by German and French imperialists whose initiative at the creation of a European army is to be evaluated in the context of the relative weakness of US imperialism. Trump’s extreme protectionist “America First” policy that has sharpened the tensions between the United States and Europe and the Brexit that eroded the clout of US’ closest ally Britain in EU affairs have prepared the background for this. Trump’s sanctions on North Stream Pipeline to Germany have eliminated a cheap source of fuel from Russia to EU as a whole. All these developments have already weakened the erstwhile coherence in NATO between the US and EU. In general, European imperialism led by Berlin and Paris has begun openly resisting the US policy particularly in West Asia as exemplified by its open defiance of US approach towards the “Qatar crisis”, recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, withdrawal from ‘two-state solution’ on Palestine and on the latest US withdrawal from Nuclear Agreement with Iran. Acute differences have emerged within the G8 and today cooperation between EU and US is more or less confined to the tactical use of NATO against Russia, their common enemy. In coming days, the materialization of an independent EU military is definitely going to sharpen inter-imperialist rivalries both in Europe and elsewhere in newer ways. At the same time, the large cuts in social spending necessitated by increased military outlays will aggravate the class contradictions in Europe and the unleashing of all reactionary, chauvinistic, anti-immigrant and neo-fascist elements on the one hand, and increasing intimidation of the revolutionary and democratic forces on the other.

1.xv Meanwhile, Trump administration has revamped the concept of the “Quadrilateral” (Quad) in alliance with its key regional partners, viz., Japan, Australia and India to further develop the so called “Indo-Pacific” bloc targeted against China in continuation Obama’s ‘pivot to Asia’ policy. As a result, the Asia-Pacific region has become a hot spot of growing inter-imperialist rivalries especially between the US and China. Quad’s earlier assertion to address the nuclear and missile programs of North Korea also displays US intention to isolate China in dealing with the former. At the same time, Quad’s main thrust will be on challenging Chinese territorial and maritime claims in the South China Sea. Meanwhile, the US has also intensified its “interventions” in Philippines, Indonesia and other countries of the region under the guise of “countering terrorism.”

1.xvi Growing multi-polarity and rapid shift in geopolitics leading to disintegration and redrawing of the postwar international relations have other manifestations too. Imperialist globalization and unhindered cross border capital flows and integration of economies have enabled corporate monopolies from neocolonially dependent countries to enter into mergers, acquisitions and joint ventures with MNCs from imperialist countries. Regional powers like India in South Asia, Saudi Arabia in West Asia, Brazil in Latin America, South Africa in Africa, etc. which are acting under the economic, political and military umbrella erected by imperialism but incapable of accomplishing self-expanding capitalist path of development on account of their class character, are also playing their respective role as dictated by the imperialist rules of the game. India’s big-brother role in south Asia and its strategic military alliance with US imperialism as the latter’s junior partner is an example.

1.xvii These geopolitical trends give rise to new tensions and deep contradictions within imperialism which are moving toward further global instabilities as manifested in large-scale trade wars and regional military conflicts in different parts of the world. The worsening situation in West Asia, Afghanistan and mass killing in Syria arise directly from US interventions there. Russia’s intervention in Syria in the guise of supporting the elected Assad regime is also motivated by the latter’s strategic interests. The ongoing US sponsored Saudi slaughter and blockade in Yemen, Zionist attacks on the people of Palestine and the latest assault on Gaza, atrocities committed on the democratic and revolutionary forces in Rojava and so on, though short of a full scale war, are wiping out the people of the region and have become threatening to the international community. Coordinated efforts are urgently required to kick out the imperialists, especially the US-Israel axis from West Asia for the maintenance of peace there. Along with West Asia, the Asia Pacific is also transformed as dangerous “flash points”. Imperialist intervention in West Asia and North Africa has led to the biggest-ever exodus of refugees whose number has already crossed 65 million. The Rohingyas in Asia have become one among the most persecuted refugees today.

1.xviii As a result, all the major contradictions at the global level, the contradiction between imperialism and the oppressed peoples and nations, the contradiction between capital and labor, the contradiction between capital and nature, the contradiction between the imperialist system and the socialist forces and the contradiction among the imperialist countries and monopoly groups have sharpened further. However, in the present phase of internationalization of monopoly finance capital, rather than moving towards an open military confrontation among the major powers, in conformity with imperialism’s geopolitical interests, through local wars, threat of wars and trade and currency wars, imperialists are expanding the markets for weapons and commodities, ensuring conditions for cross-border capital flows and sharpening the scramble for sources of raw materials and putting heavier burdens on workers and oppressed masses by intensifying neoliberal policies and resorting to fascistisation.

Our Tasks at the International Level

1.xix This international situation calls for cooperation and coordinated action among Marxist-Leninist parties and revolutionary organizations against imperialism from the perspective of proletarian internationalism. Such efforts based on a concrete understanding of the international relations should at the same time be interlinked with the specific strategy and tactics of revolution in each country.

1.xx The founding of ICOR in 2010 in which CPI(ML) Red Star played a major role and the practical cooperation in international issues together with the ideological-political exchange developing among its constituents since then leading to the successful completion of the Third World Conference of ICOR are welcome initiatives in this regard. While dealing with the new developments taking place in imperialism through various seminars and debates upholding the spirit of internationalism, positive experience has gathered through several successful international conferences on workers, peasants, women and youth as well as the initiatives for the protection of environment under the auspices of ICOR. The ICOR campaign on the occasion of the 100 Years of October Revolution has brought forward more unity of revolutionary forces against imperialist reaction and fascist repression. Along with the strengthening of these initiatives, it is also our task to carry forward the ongoing debate over the understanding on imperialism and major world contradictions today within ICOR .

1.xxi The concrete international situation demands broad-based campaign against imperialism and for world peace. It necessitates the need for coordinated work to establish fraternal relations with all like-minded forces. The success of such coordinated initiatives is already evident from the experience in organizing the October Revolution Centenary Rally in St Petersburg initiated by ICOR as well as in joint anti-nuclear and environmental campaigns. In the coming days there is ample scope for such issue-based coordination among those forces having an anti-imperialist orientation.

1.xxii However, when the objective situation for a revolutionary transformation is developing everywhere, the subjective factor essential for social change is still weak on account of historical, ideological and political reasons. This is manifested in the relative absence of Marxist-Leninist parties and revolutionary organizations deeply rooted among the working class and oppressed masses capable of leading such struggles within the country and at the same time supporting and coordinating them internationally. As the reactionary essence of imperialism is becoming more and more catastrophic, a worldwide anti-imperialist movement based on a revolutionary ideological-political orientation that can effectively challenge the threat of aggression, resist corporatization and fascistization and all forms of reaction and moving towards democracy and socialism has become an urgent necessity. This is possible only by the time-bound fulfillment of our international tasks.

National Situation

2.i More than four years of Modi regime has brought India to frightening disruption of its socio-economic and political fabric. In a situation of RSS led extreme divisive policies, instigation of mutual hatred among people, and in an atmosphere of increasing feeling of insecurity among dalits and minorities, BJP government has brought every aspect of social life under the firm grip of corporate capital. Strengthening India’s position as the junior partner of US imperialism and entering in to strategic alliance with it, Modi has destroyed the erstwhile non-aligned position that India had in international relations. All institutions of parliamentary democracy are degraded so as to facilitate the corporate, saffron fascist offensive.

2.ii The Political Resolution adopted by our 10th Congress in 2015 when Modi completed just eight months of his tenure had recorded thus: “2.9 Modi’s ascendancy to power has been followed by a ruthless acceleration of Manmohanomics as is manifested in the extrapolation of his ‘Gujarat model’ to the whole of India with the corporate-friendly catchwords such as ‘minimum government,’ ‘good governance’, development, etc. The ‘road map’ for Modi regime’s economic policy in the coming years containing transparent policy environment for business including reforms to enhance “ease of doing business”, liberal tax regime, full liberalization of FDI regime in strategic sectors such as defense and railways, construction of freight and industrial corridors including the creation of what is called a Diamond Quadrilateral project of high speed trains, specialized Agro-Rail networks, promotion of air connectivity to smaller towns and development of airports, connecting ports with hinterland through road and rail, outsourcing of public sector banking operations to MNCs and corporate giants such as Reliance, building up of 100 cities equipped with world class amenities, etc. based on PPP, a euphemism for privatization, attracting private investment in coal sector, completion of nuclear power projects and operationalization of international nuclear agreements, modernization and corporatization of agriculture, time-bound forest and environmental clearance for projects, and so on are fully in conformity with the diktats and requirements of crisis-ridden international finance capital.”

2.iii Since then, the drive towards neoliberal corporatization unleashed by Modi has led the country to a frightening disruption in productive and employment-oriented sectors. Thus, even according to usually doctored official data, economic contraction in India today is the worst since the fiscal year of 2008-09 when the country was confronting the global meltdown under the Congress led UPA government. The crucial reason for this socio-economic disruption has been the sudden deterioration in the purchasing power of the vast majority of Indian people on account of deindustrialization and de-peasantizaton coupled with the super-imposition of demonetization and neoliberal policies like anti-federal GST, the biggest-ever loot through corporate price-fixing of petroleum etc., that have transferred the reins of the economy to the firm grip of corporate capital.

2.iv Ultra-rightist and pro-corporate shift in economic policies including massive subsidization and transfer of wealth to the financial elite and superrich through several corporate tax exemptions along with a steep budgetary cut in all kinds of social welfare spending have resulted in a forcible extraction from even the bare minimum means of people’s subsistence. As a consequence, India has become one of the most unequal countries globally. According to a Credit Suisse analysis, the richest one percent owned 53 percent of the country’s wealth in 2016 compared to 36.8 percent in 2000. As per a latest report by Oxfam, the top 1 percent in India has gained 73 percent of the additional wealth generated in India in 2017.

2.v Though the share of agriculture in national income is around 15 percent, almost half of the Indian people still depends on it for their sustenance. Unlike in the colonial days, the present trends in agriculture should be visualized in the context of the fast penetration of corporate capital in to it along with usury and still prevailing pre-capitalist relations in certain regions. The drive towards corporate agriculture is resulting in land concentration in agri-business companies, corporate farms and new landlord classes on the one hand, and increasing landlessness, displacement and destitution of the peasantry on the other. With no avenues to subsist, large sections of the displaced landless peasants and agricultural workers are forced to migrate to urban centres only to join the ranks of informal working class and slum dwellers. On the other hand, the share-croppers, marginal peasants and even middle peasants who have no other option but to cling on to agriculture become the worst victims of neoliberal and WTO-enforced agricultural policies. Rise in input costs and decline in the prices of agricultural outputs in the absence of price support programs together with lack of peasant-friendly credit policies and mounting debt burden are pushing peasants to mass suicides.

2.vi Industrial sector including core and strategic industries remains sluggish. To ensure ‘ease of doing business’ for FDI and corporate capital, even the namesake pro-worker laws are amended and workers are deprived of their hard-earned democratic rights. Privatization of existing infrastructural facilities, extension of PPP model for all new infrastructure projects, disinvestment of PSUs, etc. have already destroyed large number of employment opportunities in the organized sector. While casualization and contractualization in the organized sector are the general trend, more and more workers are forced to depend on the informal and unorganized sectors which have been the worst hit on account of demonetization and GST. Allocation on the much publicized MNREGA in real terms has gone down in successive budgets. While coming to power, Modi had promised new employment generation of 2 crores per annum; but the actual labour-participation rate is going down due to all round economic slowdown.

2.vii The condition of all oppressed including women, dalits, adivasis and minorities has become more devastating. Crisis in the unorganised sector has reduced women workers’ participation in employment. All forms of sexual violence both in home and at workplace against women especially emanating from religious codes and caste-based violence against dalit women have increased in manifold ways. Archaic and feudal values are imposed on women, who are subjected to moral policing by free-wheeling saffron goons. The BJP leadership maintains total silence on women’s reservation in parliament and legislatures, even as it reaps maximum communal mileage from the Triple Talaq issue.

2.viii Privatization and disinvestment of PSUs and machinations against caste-based reservation have become threatening to dalits. Worst form of caste discrimination and humiliation and caste-based daily oppression together with forcible displacement from land and habitats and consequent increased marginalization have accelerated their discontent and resentment. Increasing dalit fury and resistance have been steadily growing beginning with the movements against Rohit Vemula’s murder and attacks on dalits in UP and Maharashtra. The Una flogging of dalits by saffron goons, attacks on dalits attending the Bhima-Koregaon anniversary and similar developments in various parts of the country are also the contexts for rapid politicization among the oppressed and for militant dalit assertion and resistance against brahmanical offensive.

2.ix While budgetary allocations to adivasis are either curtailed or withheld on the one hand, various RSS-affiliated NGO organizations are actively engaged in dragging the tribal people in to the Hindutva fold. Penetration of corporate capital and forest mafia in violation of Forest Rights Act in different ways, hand in glove with politician-bureaucrat nexus, is threatening adivasis’s livelihood and right to forest produce. Like the dalits, tribal people are also subjected to massive displacement from their habitats and migration to urban slums. Malnourishment and hunger deaths have become frequent among tribal communities. The corporate- saffron regime is ruthless in suppressing adivasi struggles for land and livelihood as in the case of the struggles of other oppressed sections.

2.x Corruption which is inherent under capitalism has assumed new dimensions as an inalienable concomitant of neoliberal corporatization under the Modi regime. Corporate loot of public sector banks and creation of huge volume of NPAs under official patronage is just one glaring example. Most corrupt corporate leaders and CEOs accompanying Modi in his frequent foreign tours has become regular feature. Demonetization itself was an ingenious move for the corporate black money holders to whiten their huge unaccounted wealth through the legal route. Unlike in the past, the biggest corruption scandals of recent period including the latest Rafale deal are directly traceable to Modi with his ‘larger-than-life stature’ even as corporate media keeps a studied silence on them. India has become a flourishing example of ‘crony capitalism’ emanating from corporate-politician-bureaucrat nexus in the policy decision-making process such that, as pointed out by various international studies, during the last two year period, even surpassing Pakistan, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, India has become the most corrupt country in Asia.

2.xi Islamofobia is systematically built up; Muslim Youth are targeted as antinational and terrorist and are often charged under UAPA and anti-Sedition laws. Muslims are frequently attacked and lynched by Hindutva goons masked as cow vigilantes or Gau Rakshaks, with the connivance of the BJP government. The rightwing communal offensive has created a climate of fear and insecurity amongst the Muslim minorities. The lynching of innocent Muslim men and boys and the palpable bias of the state administration in dealing with such incidents in BJP-ruled states has heightened their insecurity. Security and livelihood of minorities are in peril in BJP ruled states like Uttar Pradesh. All these also prepare the ground fertile for the growth of extremist Muslim outfits adding further justification for fascistization and intensified repression on minorities.

2.xii All environmental regulations including mandatory EIA studies for infrastructure projects are being taken away. In the name of development, corporate financiers are given unfettered freedom for natural resource explorations in gross violation of laws pertaining to workplace, land conservation, food agriculture, forest, wildlife and coastal zones, with highly detrimental impacts on the sustenance of workers especially women workforce, dalits, tribals, fishers and so on.

2.xiii Meanwhile, prices of all items of mass consumption and essential services like healthcare and education fuelled especially by soaring petroleum prices are galloping. PDS is systematically dismantled even as large sections of poor people are deprived of all kinds of subsidized services through Aadhar that has become a data base available for online monopolies. Corporatization and commercialization of healthcare and education have become the general trend.

2.xiv Concerted efforts are in full swing to bring the entire cultural and educational spheres of the country under saffron tutelage. Obscurantism and religious bigotry are superimposed on science and historical studies. Dissenters are branded as ‘anti-Hindu’ and are subjected to fascist attacks. Intellectuals and activists like Pansare, Dabholkar, Kalburgi and Gauri Lankesh are killed and many more are intimidated. Democratic rights activists are branded as ‘terrorists’ and ‘Maoists’ and targeted. The charging of UAPA against the leaders of the Bhima-Koregaon struggle is the latest example. People are denied their choice of food and are accused as cow-slaughterers and beef eaters and are brutally beaten up and killed by freewheeling saffron gangs under the umbrella of the central regime.

2.xv For the first time in India, Modi government’s sinister effort to manipulate the judiciary has compelled even the senior judges of the apex court to come out openly, exposing the crisis confronting the judicial system. Loya case has unfolded as a typical instance of the dangerous situation in which even the security of judges hearing ‘sensitive’ cases is in jeopardy. On the one hand, while Modi government is interfering in the appointment of judges to the highest court violating all precedents, on the other, it is resorting to illegal means to keep out judgments against BJP and Saffron leaders.

2.xvi Manipulation of judiciary is part of the broader theme of communalization of all constitutional offices, civil and military services so as to toe the saffron line. All key policy-making and implementation bodies, councils, and committees of the central government are packed with RSS-affiliated NGO leaders, voluntary activists, academics, intellectuals, spiritual leaders and even Hindu godmen. The extra-ordinary move to nominate corporate-sanghis to government administration as senior bureaucrats superseding the Indian Civil Service is the latest in this series. Right from the post of the President to governors of states and vice-chancellors of universities are filled with RSS leaders or hard-core Hindutva adherents. Those who question the impropriety of such moves are branded as anti-nationals.

2.xvii Even as major sections of the media have fallen in line with the corporate-saffron agenda, media persons and journalists taking independent positions are eliminated and intimidated often through false charges. To avoid reports and news which expose the true colour of the regime, reporters and editors are threatened and even removed from their posts using pliable managements.

2.xviii Modi regime’s insistence on digitization of citizen’s identity through such means as Aadhar or Unique Identification Number(UID) disregarding larger privacy concerns associated with the collection of biometric data and personal information has become a serious threat to people. India still not having specific laws to guarantee privacy, the government forcing citizens to share their biometric details under threat of denying essential services is a breach of the fundamental right to privacy. In view of renewed efforts by Europe and other countries to make their privacy laws more stringent in the context of the information of the kind of data scraping resorted by Cambridge Analytica, concerted efforts are required here to ensure people’s freedom from both state and corporate surveillance and guarantee of fundamental democratic rights.

2.xix Urgent attention is called for a major restructuring of the entire election process in the country. The BJP which till 2014 had been vociferously condemning the EVM on account of its vulnerability to fraud and tampering has now become its ardent champion as it can effectively utilize the same in its favour. The possibility of insertion of malicious software in to EVMs and manipulation of voting preferences being already proved, several countries of the world have abandoned EVMs and are pursuing the ballots. While raising this issue together with all like-minded forces, a concerted campaign is also required for replacing the ‘first pass the post system’ with proportional representation in elections and introduction of people’s right to recall the elected representatives. Similarly, provisions should be incorporated for totally keeping communal forces away from interfering in election in any manner. In brief, our Party should unite in campaign with all democratic and progressive forces for a thorough democratization of the election process.

2.xx In accordance with its saffron agenda, the BJP government has made the J&K question at its worst. Totally rejecting the need of an independent referendum which is the only feasible political solution for Kashmir question, Modi regime’s militarization of the entire region by unleashing armed forces and state police has completely alienated Kashmiri people. RSS elements are constantly communalizing the situation there by repeatedly demanding repeal of Article 370. The Kathuva-like incidents have aggravated it further.

2.xxi The entire north-east is militarized and the situation in Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram and Assam has further aggravated due to the wanton use of black laws such as AFSPA along with state’s own militarization with the backing of open communalization led by RSS. The attempt to amend the Citizenship Act in favour of Hindu immigrants and specifically targeted against Muslims and the efforts to tinker with the National Register of Citizens in Assam in conformity with this have created a communally surcharged and polarized situation there. The state of the Gurkha people’s ethnic question has further worsened due to the manner it is handled by the TMC government along with interference by the BJP. As a whole, the federal structure of the country is facing the biggest threat under Modi regime.

2.xxii Together with these political moves, the superimposition of GST depriving the states of their constitutional rights to have own sources of resource mobilization has undermined the federal structure of India. As a whole, various administrative steps such as abolition of the Planning Commission, alteration in the terms of reference of Finance Commission, changes in the priorities of central fund devolution to the states, etc., arbitrarily imposed by the Modi government has done immense damage to the federal nature of the constitution and in strangling the democratic aspirations of various nationalities in the country.

2.xxiii Relations with all neighbouring countries have worsened. SAARC has become defunct, mainly on account of the pursuit of totally antagonistic policies and cutting down all channels for bilateral talks with Pakistan. In the protracted Doklam stalemate from which India had to ignominiously retreat, Bhutan refused to come out in support of Indian military deployment. On the contrary, it has started leaning more to China. The Indian regime led by Modi had tried its level best to thwart the advent of a secular government in Nepal. However, the political unification in Nepal between CPN (UML) and CPN (Maoist) in to a single party following government formation and its move for closer ties with China have been a slap on the face of the Modi government. Modi’s communal handling of the Rohingya refugees has even alienated Bangladesh also giving scope for anti-India campaign there.

2.xxiv Similar is the case with Sri Lanka and Maldives. Even after the civil war, the Buddhist fundamentalists in Sri Lanka continue their antagonism towards Tamil people and Muslims without any let up and the promise of autonomy to Tamil majority area has become an eyewash. Modi government’s US-backed ‘expansionist’ designs have prompted the Sri Lankan regime to move closer to China. Similarly, in the recent political crisis in the Maldives, a SAARC member, arising from contradiction between judiciary and executive, the latter has openly displayed its distrust of the Indian regime. Thus the big-brother bullying attitude of Modi regime has unprecedentedly worsened the relations with all neighbours. On the other hand, it is satisfied with its strategic alliance with US imperialism and being used as a launching pad for the latter’s anti-China machinations.

2.xxv Against this corporate-saffron offensive unleashed by the Modi regime, different sections of the toiling and oppressed are steadily coming up all over India. Militant struggles of the peasants who form one of the major chunks of the most devastated, are rising up especially from BJP-NDA ruled states such as Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand etc. The Maruti workers struggle has got widespread attention. The heroic resistance of the people of Tamil Nadu that led to the massacre of 13 people in police firing has forced the government to cancel Vedanta’s Sterlite Copper Smelter Plant project in Tutucorin. During this period, the capital city of Delhi itself has witnessed many prolonged struggles by workers, peasants, students and cultural activists. Against the atrocities including subtle forms of untouchability and caste-discrimination being practiced in campuses, and against the increasing Hindutva academic and ideological offensive in higher education, student resistances have emerged in the renowned central universities and research institutes of India. Rallies and protests by dalits, tribals and minorities uniting with struggling democratic forces against the saffron fascistic onslaughts have become regular all over India. Even leading writers, intellectuals and artists have come out in the streets protesting against the killings of Kalburgi and Gauri Lankesh after returning their prestigious awards.

Immediate Task of Resisting BJP’s Corporate Saffron Fascistization

3.i The disastrous situation brought out by BJP regime and the mounting all round social contradictions have brought India to a critical situation. In this context, the debate whether India has become a fascist state or not, or attempt at differentiating between fascism and authoritarianism is not the relevant issue now; rather, the immediate task today is to resist and resolutely defeat the intensifying trend towards corporate saffron fascistization, the concrete manifestations of which are self-evident before the people. The situation today is a qualitatively distinct one with a well-defined ultra-rightwing shift in policies coupled with the BJP call towards an ‘opposition-free’ saffron fascist sate.

3.ii While drawing out the basic contours of the essential task of isolating and defeating corporate saffron forces, a clear perception regarding the positions of the political parties and formations in the country is also important. Obviously, it was by effectively utilizing the people’s resentment against the neoliberal policies of the Congress-led UPA rule on the one hand, and cleverly appropriating the soft-Hindutva pursued by it on the other, that the RSS led BJP ascended to power in 2014. Today, while the BJP has grown as the leading Indian ruling class party merging itself with corporate-big bourgeois interests, the class character of the Congress though in opposition continues to be the same. Similar is the case with the regional and state-level parties, many of whom having communal and caste orientation and eager to seek opportunist alliances with both Congress and BJP. And like the BJP and Congress, these parties are also adherents of neoliberal policies.

3.iii It is a fact that the documents of the Left Front led by the CPI (M) including other left parties speak at length against the neoliberal policies and saffronisation inflicted by BJP on the one hand, and expose the class character of the Congress on the other. However, its appeal for left assertion is confusing. Its approach towards an anti-BJP alliance lacks clarity as it implies an understanding with the reactionary Congress. In practice, its anti-communal stance against fascistization is separated from its link with neoliberalism such that wherever the Left Front comes to power it also faithfully implements the very same pro-corporate neo-liberal policies. For instance, the CPI (M) led Kerala government was among the first that came forward wholeheartedly supporting the Modi government’s anti-federal and pro-corporate GST. And, the left sectarian sections at the other end of the political spectrum are reluctant to concretely approach the national and international realities. They also have no alternative to the grave danger the country is confronting today.

3.iv It is in this context that the urgency of concretely putting forward the idea of independent left assertion with that of building up a people’s alternative as two inseparable components becomes imperative. At the realm of parliamentary politics, defeating the BJP in the forthcoming general election has become the central question today. While acknowledging that task, as revolutionary left, the task of overthrowing the saffron fascist challenge should not in any way dilute our perspective of an alternative people’s development paradigm against neoliberal policies initiated and strengthened by the ten-year successive UPA rule which is now speeded up by the BJP regime. That is, while welcoming the defeat of Modi regime, our stand is not for an acknowledgement of the pro-corporate policies led by another combination of ruling class parties. Therefore, under the banner of a grand alliance against BJP, the indispensable political struggle against neoliberalism and all its manifestations should not be obliterated. At a time when world imperialism and ruling classes everywhere are engaged in their anti-communist offensive in diverse forms and are denigrating all socialist ideals, the perspective of a people’s alternative with all-round democratization for paving the way towards socialism assumes paramount importance in our political struggle.

3.v Therefore, the uncompromising struggle against saffron fascist forces needs to be carried forward uniting with all the genuine secular, democratic and left forces having a principled stand against neoliberal policies. As opposed to the opportunist ruling class alliances, this alternative capable of bringing about a political and class polarization led by working class, peasantry and all the oppressed will strengthen itself and can more effectively and vigorously lead the struggle against corporate saffron fascistization. Raising high the banner of this principled and class-oriented political initiative is thus the need of the hour. If such an initiative is not forthcoming at this juncture, when the communist revolutionary forces are not strong enough to lead a nation-wide struggle against neoliberalism and saffron fascist onslaught, as hitherto experience has time and again proved, it will only marginalize and further weaken the Left both politically and organizationally. As such, this line of independent self assertion with clear-cut revolutionary political orientation is indispensable for enthusing the broad masses of struggling people in the country and for overcoming the depoliticizing situation propped up by the ruling system.

3.vi In resisting and defeating corporate saffron offensive, the effectiveness of our electoral interventions as communists is inevitably rooted in the ideological and political basis developed through Left’s independent self assertion. This is to be achieved through sustained people’s resistance struggles and movements for an alternative people’s development paradigm against the neoliberal pro-corporate policies espoused by the ruling classes and their apologists. In building up such a broad movement, the working class, peasantry, women, dalits, adivasis, minorities and all oppressed and toiling sections should be rallied against corporate onslaughts, displacement, caste and communal oppression, violation of democratic rights, environmental degradation, etc. Unity in such struggles shall also provide the context for a healthy ideological-political debate among the revolutionary-progressive sections for building up a left-democratic people’s alternative to defeat corporate saffron fascism and neoliberalism.

3.vii In this political task of welding together both parliamentary and non-parliamentary forms of struggles, the Bhangar resistance movement in West Bengal developing under the political initiative of CPI(ML) Red Star and supported by other likeminded forces offers valuable insights. This movement against power grid has yielded a political atmosphere there enabling all forces fighting the anti-people and repressive policies of both the central and state governments to join together. Backed by this people’s movement, the Committee that stood for the local body election could make an impressive victory in those seats where it could contest. Together with this, the movement has also become a model of resisting the reign of terror unleashed over the people by Mamta regime and its fascist goons. The Bhangar people’s resistance movement unfolds itself the correctness of the political orientation as elucidated in the Program and Path of Revolution of CPI (ML) Red Star. At the state level, the Bhangar has inspired the West Bengal State Committee to draw out a Mass Political Platform for combating the local body elections based on a People’ Manifesto with emphasis on people’s political power and a sustainable people’s development paradigm.

3.viii The Bhangar experience pinpoints towards the possibility of building up similar people’s movements through appropriate revolutionary intervention according to the concrete conditions of different states in the country. It is a political line combining both electoral and non-parliamentary struggles that we should boldly uphold before the left, democratic and struggling forces in our country. People organized and politicized through various resistance movements against all forms of corporatization and fascistization can be brought together and linked with the concept of the Mass Political Platform having a common manifesto at appropriate levels. Interactions with all revolutionary, left, democratic and struggling forces are to be carried forward and developed further for evolving a national coordination based on a common manifesto to resist the corporate saffron fascistization at the all India level.

3.ix With this comprehensive understanding, as outlined in Part 3 of the Political Resolution adopted by the 10th Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star, we have to urgently engage in building up Party, strengthening class/mass organizations and peoples movements and developing class struggle. Together with this, using all available means we should go for a resolute ideological-political campaign against imperialism and the ruling system, against corporate-saffron fascism, on the ideological-political questions facing the communist movement today and on the need of developing Marxism-Leninism according to the concrete conditions of our country. In this background, our Party should actively strive for discussions with all revolutionary, left and democratic forces along with other struggling forces for a national coordination seeking the possibility of drafting a common manifesto to resist and defeat the corporate-communal fascist threat. To facilitate this, all state committees of the Party should take up the task of building up struggle-based Mass Political Platforms as per the objective situation prevailing at the state level and inspire and enthuse the struggling masses so that these efforts can develop to a Political Alternative at the national level by the time of the 2019 General Election.

3.x In the coming days, this political line of our Party resisting corporate -saffron fascist forces from the perspective of independent left assertion based on a people’s alternative will strengthen the Marxist-Leninist forces on the one hand, and shall impart a powerful boost for all the anti-fascist progressive, democratic and secular forces engaged in the challenging task of defeating the Modi regime on the other.

 Defeat Corporate- Saffron Fascist Raj!

 Build up Independent Left Assertion Based on People’ Alternative!

 March towards People’s Democracy and Socialism!

 Make 11th Party Congress a Great Success!

 Long Live CPI (ML) Red Star! 

Political Resolution (Draft)

Presented to 11th Party Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star

To be held at Bengaluru from 27th November – 1st December 2018

The political tasks before us today need to be assessed in the context of the objective international and national situation especially since the 10th Congress of our Party in 2015.

International Situation

1.i The Political Resolution adopted by the 10th Congress had evaluated the international situation as crisis-prone and of growing multi-polarity. In the last three years, those trends have developed further leading to an aggravation in the economic and political crisis of world imperialism today.

Crisis-ridden Neoliberal Imperialism

1.ii The systemic crisis of world imperialism even as internationalization of monopoly finance capital reaching new levels continues unabated. Most optimistic projections of the UN and Bretton Woods institutions are unable to cover up the continuing risk from the bubble-induced inflation and recession haunting the world. Last several years’ incessant pumping of trillions of dollars of cheap money from government treasury and banks in to the coffers of corporate financiers, rather than facilitating any recovery, has only worsened the situation. The chronic over-accumulation of finance capital as was exemplified in the speculative bubble that led to the ‘global meltdown’ of 2007-08 is strengthening. Consequently, the financial bubble measured in global stock market capitalization alone further rose from $ 63 trillion on the eve of the ‘sub-prime crisis’ in 2007 to more than $ 80 trillion by mid 2017, again resulting in the biggest-ever short-term collapse in capitalist history on February 6, 2018 eroding more than $ 4 trillion from US stock exchanges in a single day due to this ‘flash crash’! Thus the situation is ripe for another round of prolonged bubble burst. In that sense, the decade-long current phase of the imperialist crisis has turned out to be more prolonged and severe than that of the 1970s.

1.iii As a manifestation of this crisis in both imperialist and neocolonially dependent countries, fresh capital investment in employment oriented productive spheres is alarmingly collapsing. Corporate financiers everywhere are mainly interested in ballooning money-spinning speculative businesses. Growth in GDP indices arising from this is used by ruling classes to cover up the acute deindustrialization and joblessness today experienced by common people. Corporatization of agriculture and devastation inflicted on local and rural communities everywhere are resulting in de-peasantization, displacement, migration and refugee crisis. The decline in the consuming power of the vast majority of people, gruesome levels of poverty and inequality coupled with more intrusions on nature threatening the very existence of humankind have become unbearable. All over the world, neoliberal budget cuts in health, education and social welfare have worsened the suffering of the masses along with double exploitation of the mass of women in particular.

1.iv Imperialist globalization has been associated with liberalization of labour laws, tax systems and environmental regulations which are more severe in neocolonially dependent and oppressed countries. Internationalization of production and new trends in global division of labour such as outsourcing have led to the super-exploitation of working class and oppressed people especially in backward countries. The mad rush for profit has also resulted in the transplantation of polluting industries to neocolonially dependent countries and dumping of industrial waste in them. To facilitate the unprecedented levels of exploitation of people and plunder of nature by corporate capital, all democratic rights of workers and broad masses are curtailed in one form or another.

1.v Global inequalities have reached record levels. According to latest report by Oxfam, 83 percent of the wealth created in 2017 has gone to the top one percent of the global superrich. Country-level inequalities are also steeply going up. Even as the world economy is experiencing a slump, the number of billionaires and the share of wealth with them are having a steady upward trend.

1.vi While employment situation in imperialist countries is stagnant, real wages and living conditions of the workers and toiling people are continuously declining. Casualization and frequent hire-and fire have led to deterioration in working conditions. Even as labour productivity is steadily rising due to the application of new technologies, wages are maintained at the subsistence level while profit rates are going up. The consequence is a decline in the purchasing power of the broad masses of common people that prompts capitalists to bring about a relative curtailment in the production of mass consumption goods.

1.vii Even as the world is on the brink of an environmental catastrophe, the mad rush for profit is inflicting further damage on ecology. In continuation of consistent US violations of various international environmental treaties and protocols, Trump has unilaterally withdrawn from the Paris Accord thereby once again repudiating all “legally binding” international environmental regulations and mandated reductions in green house gas emissions. Thus the struggle for a reversal of the adverse environmental damage caused by mainstream development paradigm and years of global warming has again come to a standstill.

1.viii Across the world, this has led to a favourable objective condition for the emergence of class and mass struggles. Workers, peasants, women, youth and students are rising up in imperialist as well as in dependent countries in one form or another. People’s movements for protecting habitats and for a sustainable environment, for democratic rights and against various forms of oppression are also springing up across the world. Against the imperialist and ruling class offensives, workers and oppressed people’s struggles are developing in several Latin American, African and Asian countries. Workers and youth are rising up in the US and in many countries of Europe. Across Asia, workers, peasants, women, youth and students are leading struggles against neoliberal policies, fascism and reaction. In particular, mass movements for freedom and democracy during the last three years have challenged ruling regimes in Egypt, Tunisia, Greece, Turkey, Bahrain, Iran, etc. Neoliberal budget cuts and austerity policies aimed at shifting the burden of crisis to the shoulders of workers and peasants have led to the eruption of large scale struggles in Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Colombia, South Africa, Bangladesh, India, etc. Big global movements have developed against neocolonial-neoliberal agencies like IMF, World Bank, WTO and against various trade and military agreements. However, in spite of the prevalence of many left forces in the forefront of these struggles, those capable of concretely analyzing the situation with a correct ideological perspective and politically leading the people towards a revolutionary alternative is lacking.

Rightward Shift in Ruling Class Politics

1.ix To deal with the emerging people’s struggles and divert them away from developing into a revolutionary situation, almost everywhere ultra-rightwing, neo-fascist, racist, xenophobic, reactionary and religious fundamentalist forces are propped up by neoliberal imperialism. Strengthening of the repressive state apparatus along with the tendency to fascistization have become the general trend in both imperialist and dependent countries.

1.x In continuation of our analysis in the Political Resolution adopted in the 10th Congress, the following period has witnessed a clear-cut neo-fascist shift in politics at a global level. The ascendancy of Trump in the US, Brexit and further rightward political shift in Britain, victory of the right of centre forces in France, further strengthening of neo-Nazi Alternative for Germany, rise to dominance of the far right Freedom Party in Austria, fascist trends in Spain and so on are instances of this general trend. Similar right wing political trends are visible in Latin America. As a result, many progressive governments with a nationalistic and anti-imperialist orientation that have come to power in several countries in Latin America in the first decade of the 21st century have faced reverses in the context of the general rightward shift in global politics. Trump administration is openly engaged in destabilizing governments in Bolivia, Venezuela Ecuador, Honduras and Nicaragua which are not ready to toe the US line. The US and EU are in the pursuit of large scale military investments in North Africa, West Asia, East Asia and more recently in East Europe in the context of growing conflict with Russia. Superimposition of neoliberal policies coupled with postmodern identity politics that prop up new interpretations of tribalism and religious fundamentalism as new-found means of emancipation are sowing the seeds of disunity among the oppressed. Its outcome is an acute political and economic destabilization in many African countries like, Tunisia, Morocco, Nigeria and so on. Identical trends are visible in Asia too. The corporate-saffron Modi regime in India is a typical example of this ultra-rightist trend.

Geopolitical Trends and Sharpening Inter-imperialist Contradictions

1.xi This international situation in which scope of surplus capital investment as well as avenues of increased global market share shrink particularly due to collapse of the purchasing power of the broad masses has prompted imperialists to intensify their struggle for re-division and domination of world market and spheres of influence. Consequent inter-monopoly competition and scramble for political and strategic influence in various parts of the world have led to mounting global political instability, growing multi-polarity and sharpening of inter-imperialist contradictions in manifold ways. Bourgeois diplomatic deception is giving way to open external reaction and violence in international affairs even in the absence of a direct confrontation between the imperialists.

1.xii US imperialism, still the leading superpower and chief war monger, sponsor of terrorism and main threat to world peace led by its arch-reactionary president Trump today pursues an extremely diehard ‘ protectionism’ at home along with an aggressive militarism abroad. Its policy towards Afghanistan, Libya, Syria, Ukraine, etc., has become more ruthless. Even in gross disregard of the views of his NATO allies, by unilaterally terminating the 2015 Nuclear Agreement, Trump has taken an aggressive posture directed against Iran. The Trump administration is characterizing those countries that are reluctant to submit to the will of US imperialism as “rogue states”. Though North Korea is one among them and even bracketed as a “sponsor of terrorism” till now, a bilateral discussion is scheduled with it during the second week of June in Singapore.

1.xiii Today, the inter-imperialist rivalry for world hegemony is most acutely manifested in imperialist China’s efforts to challenge US imperialism at both economic and political levels. Emerging as a rival centre of global production and market and as the second largest economy in the world, China has established its military base not only in Africa but even in far-flung Latin America. With its domination over global trade and finance, China has surpassed US in many spheres of production. For the uninterrupted continuation of such imperialist interests, both at home and abroad, recently the ruling Chinese regime has brought about a constitutional amendment of even abolishing the presidential term limit for putting the present incumbent Xi Jinping in the throne as the life-long head of the state. In view of such initiatives as Shanghai Cooperation Organization along with Russia, Belt and Road Initiative that in terms of its extent and scope is characterized as bigger than America’s postwar Marshall Plan, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank in which China’s currency Yuan is expected to play the crucial role, BRICS and especially Shanghai based BRICS bank, etc., led by China, the US economic position is waning both at regional and global levels. To counter this, while Trump is pursuing extreme protectionist policies as manifested in the repudiation of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), disenchantment with WTO, withdrawal from Paris Climate Accord and so on, China has become the ardent champion of “globalization” and open market policies today. US imperialism is trying to overcome the consequent relative deterioration in its economic position through more aggressive militarization everywhere.

1.xiv The non-viability of the postwar geopolitical arrangement in Europe including the internal crisis of NATO has been another manifestation of the unfolding inter-imperialist rivalry. The recent Brussels meeting of the EU member states with the exception of four smaller states of Denmark, Ireland, Malta and Portugal and the decision to revive the idea of ‘Schengen military zone’ based on a common defense policy comprising the development and accumulation of weapons and joint military interventions is a challenge to the coherence of NATO in the context of the emerging contradictions between the EU and US on many international questions. This resurgence of European militarism independent of the transatlantic NATO alliance has been driven by German and French imperialists whose initiative at the creation of a European army is to be evaluated in the context of the relative weakness of US imperialism. Trump’s extreme protectionist “America First” policy that has sharpened the tensions between the United States and Europe and the Brexit that eroded the clout of US’ closest ally Britain in EU affairs have prepared the background for this. Trump’s sanctions on North Stream Pipeline to Germany have eliminated a cheap source of fuel from Russia to EU as a whole. All these developments have already weakened the erstwhile coherence in NATO between the US and EU. In general, European imperialism led by Berlin and Paris has begun openly resisting the US policy particularly in West Asia as exemplified by its open defiance of US approach towards the “Qatar crisis”, recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, withdrawal from ‘two-state solution’ on Palestine and on the latest US withdrawal from Nuclear Agreement with Iran. Acute differences have emerged within the G8 and today cooperation between EU and US is more or less confined to the tactical use of NATO against Russia, their common enemy. In coming days, the materialization of an independent EU military is definitely going to sharpen inter-imperialist rivalries both in Europe and elsewhere in newer ways. At the same time, the large cuts in social spending necessitated by increased military outlays will aggravate the class contradictions in Europe and the unleashing of all reactionary, chauvinistic, anti-immigrant and neo-fascist elements on the one hand, and increasing intimidation of the revolutionary and democratic forces on the other.

1.xv Meanwhile, Trump administration has revamped the concept of the “Quadrilateral” (Quad) in alliance with its key regional partners, viz., Japan, Australia and India to further develop the so called “Indo-Pacific” bloc targeted against China in continuation Obama’s ‘pivot to Asia’ policy. As a result, the Asia-Pacific region has become a hot spot of growing inter-imperialist rivalries especially between the US and China. Quad’s earlier assertion to address the nuclear and missile programs of North Korea also displays US intention to isolate China in dealing with the former. At the same time, Quad’s main thrust will be on challenging Chinese territorial and maritime claims in the South China Sea. Meanwhile, the US has also intensified its “interventions” in Philippines, Indonesia and other countries of the region under the guise of “countering terrorism.”

1.xvi Growing multi-polarity and rapid shift in geopolitics leading to disintegration and redrawing of the postwar international relations have other manifestations too. Imperialist globalization and unhindered cross border capital flows and integration of economies have enabled corporate monopolies from neocolonially dependent countries to enter into mergers, acquisitions and joint ventures with MNCs from imperialist countries. Regional powers like India in South Asia, Saudi Arabia in West Asia, Brazil in Latin America, South Africa in Africa, etc. which are acting under the economic, political and military umbrella erected by imperialism but incapable of accomplishing self-expanding capitalist path of development on account of their class character, are also playing their respective role as dictated by the imperialist rules of the game. India’s big-brother role in south Asia and its strategic military alliance with US imperialism as the latter’s junior partner is an example.

1.xvii These geopolitical trends give rise to new tensions and deep contradictions within imperialism which are moving toward further global instabilities as manifested in large-scale trade wars and regional military conflicts in different parts of the world. The worsening situation in West Asia, Afghanistan and mass killing in Syria arise directly from US interventions there. Russia’s intervention in Syria in the guise of supporting the elected Assad regime is also motivated by the latter’s strategic interests. The ongoing US sponsored Saudi slaughter and blockade in Yemen, Zionist attacks on the people of Palestine and the latest assault on Gaza, atrocities committed on the democratic and revolutionary forces in Rojava and so on, though short of a full scale war, are wiping out the people of the region and have become threatening to the international community. Coordinated efforts are urgently required to kick out the imperialists, especially the US-Israel axis from West Asia for the maintenance of peace there. Along with West Asia, the Asia Pacific is also transformed as dangerous “flash points”. Imperialist intervention in West Asia and North Africa has led to the biggest-ever exodus of refugees whose number has already crossed 65 million. The Rohingyas in Asia have become one among the most persecuted refugees today.

1.xviii As a result, all the major contradictions at the global level, the contradiction between imperialism and the oppressed peoples and nations, the contradiction between capital and labor, the contradiction between capital and nature, the contradiction between the imperialist system and the socialist forces and the contradiction among the imperialist countries and monopoly groups have sharpened further. However, in the present phase of internationalization of monopoly finance capital, rather than moving towards an open military confrontation among the major powers, in conformity with imperialism’s geopolitical interests, through local wars, threat of wars and trade and currency wars, imperialists are expanding the markets for weapons and commodities, ensuring conditions for cross-border capital flows and sharpening the scramble for sources of raw materials and putting heavier burdens on workers and oppressed masses by intensifying neoliberal policies and resorting to fascistisation.

Our Tasks at the International Level

1.xix This international situation calls for cooperation and coordinated action among Marxist-Leninist parties and revolutionary organizations against imperialism from the perspective of proletarian internationalism. Such efforts based on a concrete understanding of the international relations should at the same time be interlinked with the specific strategy and tactics of revolution in each country.

1.xx The founding of ICOR in 2010 in which CPI (ML) Red Star played a major role and the practical cooperation in international issues together with the ideological-political exchange developing among its constituents since then leading to the successful completion of the Third World Conference of ICOR are welcome initiatives in this regard. While dealing with the new developments taking place in imperialism through various seminars and debates upholding the spirit of internationalism, positive experience has gathered through several successful international conferences on workers, peasants, women and youth as well as the initiatives for the protection of environment under the auspices of ICOR. The ICOR campaign on the occasion of the 100 Years of October Revolution has brought forward more unity of revolutionary forces against imperialist reaction and fascist repression. Along with the strengthening of these initiatives, it is also our task to carry forward the ongoing debate over the understanding on imperialism and major world contradictions today within ICOR .

1.xxi The concrete international situation demands broad-based campaign against imperialism and for world peace. It necessitates the need for coordinated work to establish fraternal relations with all like-minded forces. The success of such coordinated initiatives is already evident from the experience in organizing the October Revolution Centenary Rally in St Petersburg initiated by ICOR as well as in joint anti-nuclear and environmental campaigns. In the coming days there is ample scope for such issue-based coordination among those forces having an anti-imperialist orientation.

1.xxii However, when the objective situation for a revolutionary transformation is developing everywhere, the subjective factor essential for social change is still weak on account of historical, ideological and political reasons. This is manifested in the relative absence of Marxist-Leninist parties and revolutionary organizations deeply rooted among the working class and oppressed masses capable of leading such struggles within the country and at the same time supporting and coordinating them internationally. As the reactionary essence of imperialism is becoming more and more catastrophic, a worldwide anti-imperialist movement based on a revolutionary ideological-political orientation that can effectively challenge the threat of aggression, resist corporatization and fascistization and all forms of reaction and moving towards democracy and socialism has become an urgent necessity. This is possible only by the time-bound fulfillment of our international tasks.

National Situation

2.i More than four years of Modi regime has brought India to frightening disruption of its socio-economic and political fabric. In a situation of RSS led extreme divisive policies, instigation of mutual hatred among people, and in an atmosphere of increasing feeling of insecurity among dalits and minorities, BJP government has brought every aspect of social life under the firm grip of corporate capital. Strengthening India’s position as the junior partner of US imperialism and entering in to strategic alliance with it, Modi has destroyed the erstwhile non-aligned position that India had in international relations. All institutions of parliamentary democracy are degraded so as to facilitate the corporate, saffron fascist offensive.

2.ii The Political Resolution adopted by our 10th Congress in 2015 when Modi completed just eight months of his tenure had recorded thus: “2.9 Modi’s ascendancy to power has been followed by a ruthless acceleration of Manmohanomics as is manifested in the extrapolation of his ‘Gujarat model’ to the whole of India with the corporate-friendly catchwords such as ‘minimum government,’ ‘good governance’, development, etc. The ‘road map’ for Modi regime’s economic policy in the coming years containing transparent policy environment for business including reforms to enhance “ease of doing business”, liberal tax regime, full liberalization of FDI regime in strategic sectors such as defense and railways, construction of freight and industrial corridors including the creation of what is called a Diamond Quadrilateral project of high speed trains, specialized Agro-Rail networks, promotion of air connectivity to smaller towns and development of airports, connecting ports with hinterland through road and rail, outsourcing of public sector banking operations to MNCs and corporate giants such as Reliance, building up of 100 cities equipped with world class amenities, etc. based on PPP, a euphemism for privatization, attracting private investment in coal sector, completion of nuclear power projects and operationalization of international nuclear agreements, modernization and corporatization of agriculture, time-bound forest and environmental clearance for projects, and so on are fully in conformity with the diktats and requirements of crisis-ridden international finance capital.”

2.iii Since then, the drive towards neoliberal corporatization unleashed by Modi has led the country to a frightening disruption in productive and employment-oriented sectors. Thus, even according to usually doctored official data, economic contraction in India today is the worst since the fiscal year of 2008-09 when the country was confronting the global meltdown under the Congress led UPA government. The crucial reason for this socio-economic disruption has been the sudden deterioration in the purchasing power of the vast majority of Indian people on account of deindustrialization and de-peasantizaton coupled with the super-imposition of demonetization and neoliberal policies like anti-federal GST, the biggest-ever loot through corporate price-fixing of petroleum etc., that have transferred the reins of the economy to the firm grip of corporate capital.

iv Ultra-rightist and pro-corporate shift in economic policies including massive subsidization and transfer of wealth to the financial elite and superrich through several corporate tax exemptions along with a steep budgetary cut in all kinds of social welfare spending have resulted in a forcible extraction from even the bare minimum means of people’s subsistence. As a consequence, India has become one of the most unequal countries globally. According to a Credit Suisse analysis, the richest one percent owned 53 percent of the country’s wealth in 2016 compared to 36.8 percent in 2000. As per a latest report by Oxfam, the top 1 percent in India has gained 73 percent of the additional wealth generated in India in 2017. v Though the share of agriculture in national income is around 15 percent, almost half of the Indian people still depends on it for their sustenance. Unlike in the colonial days, the present trends in agriculture should be visualized in the context of the fast penetration of corporate capital in to it along with usury and still prevailing pre-capitalist relations in certain regions. The drive towards corporate agriculture is resulting in land concentration in agri-business companies, corporate farms and new landlord classes on the one hand, and increasing landlessness, displacement and destitution of the peasantry on the other. With no avenues to subsist, large sections of the displaced landless peasants and agricultural workers are forced to migrate to urban centres only to join the ranks of informal working class and slum dwellers. On the other hand, the share-croppers, marginal peasants and even middle peasants who have no other option but to cling on to agriculture become the worst victims of neoliberal and WTO-enforced agricultural policies. Rise in input costs and decline in the prices of agricultural outputs in the absence of price support programs together with lack of peasant-friendly credit policies and mounting debt burden are pushing peasants to mass suicides.

2.vi Industrial sector including core and strategic industries remains sluggish. To ensure ‘ease of doing business’ for FDI and corporate capital, even the namesake pro-worker laws are amended and workers are deprived of their hard-earned democratic rights. Privatization of existing infrastructural facilities, extension of PPP model for all new infrastructure projects, disinvestment of PSUs, etc. have already destroyed large number of employment opportunities in the organized sector. While casualization and contractualization in the organized sector are the general trend, more and more workers are forced to depend on the informal and unorganized sectors which have been the worst hit on account of demonetization and GST. Allocation on the much publicized MNREGA in real terms has gone down in successive budgets. While coming to power, Modi had promised new employment generation of 2 crores per annum; but the actual labour-participation rate is going down due to all round economic slowdown.

2.vii The condition of all oppressed including women, dalits, adivasis and minorities has become more devastating. Crisis in the unorganised sector has reduced women workers’ participation in employment. All forms of sexual violence both in home and at workplace against women especially emanating from religious codes and caste-based violence against dalit women have increased in manifold ways. Archaic and feudal values are imposed on women, who are subjected to moral policing by free-wheeling saffron goons. The BJP leadership maintains total silence on women’s reservation in parliament and legislatures, even as it reaps maximum communal mileage from the Triple Talaq issue.

2.viii Privatization and disinvestment of PSUs and machinations against caste-based reservation have become threatening to dalits. Worst form of caste discrimination and humiliation and caste-based daily oppression together with forcible displacement from land and habitats and consequent increased marginalization have accelerated their discontent and resentment. Increasing dalit fury and resistance have been steadily growing beginning with the movements against Rohit Vemula’s murder and attacks on dalits in UP and Maharashtra. The Una flogging of dalits by saffron goons, attacks on dalits attending the Bhima-Koregaon anniversary and similar developments in various parts of the country are also the contexts for rapid politicization among the oppressed and for militant dalit assertion and resistance against brahmanical offensive.

ix While budgetary allocations to adivasis are either curtailed or withheld on the one hand, various RSS-affiliated NGO organizations are actively engaged in dragging the tribal people in to the Hindutva fold. Penetration of corporate capital and forest mafia in violation of Forest Rights Act in different ways, hand in glove with politician-bureaucrat nexus, is threatening adivasis’s livelihood and right to forest produce. Like the dalits, tribal people are also subjected to massive displacement from their habitats and migration to urban slums. Malnourishment and hunger deaths have become frequent among tribal communities. The corporate- saffron regime is ruthless in suppressing adivasi struggles for land and livelihood as in the case of the struggles of other oppressed sections.

2.x Corruption which is inherent under capitalism has assumed new dimensions as an inalienable concomitant of neoliberal corporatization under the Modi regime. Corporate loot of public sector banks and creation of huge volume of NPAs under official patronage is just one glaring example. Most corrupt corporate leaders and CEOs accompanying Modi in his frequent foreign tours has become regular feature. Demonetization itself was an ingenious move for the corporate black money holders to whiten their huge unaccounted wealth through the legal route. Unlike in the past, the biggest corruption scandals of recent period including the latest Rafale deal are directly traceable to Modi with his ‘larger-than-life stature’ even as corporate media keeps a studied silence on them. India has become a flourishing example of ‘crony capitalism’ emanating from corporate-politician-bureaucrat nexus in the policy decision-making process such that, as pointed out by various international studies, during the last two year period, even surpassing Pakistan, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, India has become the most corrupt country in Asia.

2.xi Islamofobia is systematically built up; Muslim Youth are targeted as antinational and terrorist and are often charged under UAPA and anti-Sedition laws. Muslims are frequently attacked and lynched by Hindutva goons masked as cow vigilantes or Gau Rakshaks, with the connivance of the BJP government. The rightwing communal offensive has created a climate of fear and insecurity amongst the Muslim minorities. The lynching of innocent Muslim men and boys and the palpable bias of the state administration in dealing with such incidents in BJP-ruled states has heightened their insecurity. Security and livelihood of minorities are in peril in BJP ruled states like Uttar Pradesh. All these also prepare the ground fertile for the growth of extremist Muslim outfits adding further justification for fascistization and intensified repression on minorities.

2.xii All environmental regulations including mandatory EIA studies for infrastructure projects are being taken away. In the name of development, corporate financiers are given unfettered freedom for natural resource explorations in gross violation of laws pertaining to workplace, land conservation, food agriculture, forest, wildlife and coastal zones, with highly detrimental impacts on the sustenance of workers especially women workforce, dalits, tribals, fishers and so on.

2.xiii Meanwhile, prices of all items of mass consumption and essential services like healthcare and education fuelled especially by soaring petroleum prices are galloping. PDS is systematically dismantled even as large sections of poor people are deprived of all kinds of subsidized services through Aadhar that has become a data base available for online monopolies. Corporatization and commercialization of healthcare and education have become the general trend.

2.xiv Concerted efforts are in full swing to bring the entire cultural and educational spheres of the country under saffron tutelage. Obscurantism and religious bigotry are superimposed on science and historical studies. Dissenters are branded as ‘anti-Hindu’ and are subjected to fascist attacks. Intellectuals and activists like Pansare, Dabholkar, Kalburgi and Gauri Lankesh are killed and many more are intimidated. Democratic rights activists are branded as ‘terrorists’ and ‘Maoists’ and targeted. The charging of UPA against the leaders of the Bhima-Koregaon struggle is the latest example. People are denied their choice of food and are accused as cow-slaughterers and beef eaters and are brutally beaten up and killed by freewheeling saffron gangs under the umbrella of the central regime.

2.xv For the first time in India, Modi government’s sinister effort to manipulate the judiciary has compelled even the senior judges of the apex court to come out openly, exposing the crisis confronting the judicial system. Loya case has unfolded as a typical instance of the dangerous situation in which even the security of judges hearing ‘sensitive’ cases is in jeopardy. On the one hand, while Modi government is interfering in the appointment of judges to the highest court violating all precedents, on the other, it is resorting to illegal means to keep out judgments against BJP and Saffron leaders.

2.xvi Manipulation of judiciary is part of the broader theme of communalization of all constitutional offices, civil and military services so as to toe the saffron line. All key policy-making and implementation bodies, councils, and committees of the central government are packed with RSS-affiliated NGO leaders, voluntary activists, academics, intellectuals, spiritual leaders and even Hindu godmen. The extra-ordinary move to nominate corporate-sanghis to government administration as senior bureaucrats superseding the Indian Civil Service is the latest in this series. Right from the post of the President to governors of states and vice-chancellors of universities are filled with RSS leaders or hard-core Hindutva adherents. Those who question the impropriety of such moves are branded as anti-nationals.

xvii Even as major sections of the media have fallen in line with the corporate-saffron agenda, media persons and journalists taking independent positions are eliminated and intimidated often through false charges. To avoid reports and news which expose the true colour of the regime, reporters and editors are threatened and even removed from their posts using pliable managements. xviii Modi regime’s insistence on digitization of citizen’s identity through such means as Aadhar or Unique Identification Number(UID) disregarding larger privacy concerns associated with the collection of biometric data and personal information has become a serious threat to people. India still not having specific laws to guarantee privacy, the government forcing citizens to share their biometric details under threat of denying essential services is a breach of the fundamental right to privacy. In view of renewed efforts by Europe and other countries to make their privacy laws more stringent in the context of the information of the kind of data scraping resorted by Cambridge Analytica, concerted efforts are required here to ensure people’s freedom from both state and corporate surveillance and guarantee of fundamental democratic rights. xix Urgent attention is called for a major restructuring of the entire election process in the country. The BJP which till 2014 had been vociferously condemning the EVM on account of its vulnerability to fraud and tampering has now become its ardent champion as it can effectively utilize the same in its favour. The possibility of insertion of malicious software in to EVMs and manipulation of voting preferences being already proved, several countries of the world have abandoned EVMs and are pursuing the ballots. While raising this issue together with all like-minded forces, a concerted campaign is also required for replacing the ‘first pass the post system’ with proportional representation in elections and introduction of people’s right to recall the elected representatives. Similarly, provisions should be incorporated for totally keeping communal forces away from interfering in election in any manner. In brief, our Party should unite in campaign with all democratic and progressive forces for a thorough democratization of the election process.

2.xx In accordance with its saffron agenda, the BJP government has made the J&K question at its worst. Totally rejecting the need of an independent referendum which is the only feasible political solution for Kashmir question, Modi regime’s militarization of the entire region by unleashing armed forces and state police has completely alienated Kashmiri people. RSS elements are constantly communalizing the situation there by repeatedly demanding repeal of Article 370. The Kathuva-like incidents have aggravated it further.

xxi The entire north-east is militarized and the situation in Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram and Assam has further aggravated due to the wanton use of black laws such as AFSPA along with state’s own militarization with the backing of open communalization led by RSS. The attend to amend the Citizenship Act in favour of Hindu immigrants and specifically targeted against Muslims and the efforts to tinker with the National Register of Citizens in Assam in conformity with this have created a communally surcharged and polarized situation there. The state of the Gurkha people’s ethnic question has further worsened due to the manner it is handled by the TMC government along with interference by the BJP. As a whole, the federal structure of the country is facing the biggest threat under Modi regime.

2.xxii Together with these political moves, the superimposition of GST depriving the states of their constitutional rights to have own sources of resource mobilization has undermined the federal structure of India. As a whole, various administrative steps such as abolition of the Planning Commission, alteration in the terms of reference of Finance Commission, changes in the priorities of central fund devolution to the states, etc., arbitrarily imposed by the Modi government has done immense damage to the federal nature of the constitution and in strangling the democratic aspirations of various nationalities in the country.

2.xxiii Relations with all neighbouring countries have worsened. SAARC has become defunct, mainly on account of the pursuit of totally antagonistic policies and cutting down all channels for bilateral talks with Pakistan. In the protracted Doklam stalemate from which India had to ignominiously retreat, Bhutan refused to come out in support of Indian military deployment. On the contrary, it has started leaning more to China. The Indian regime led by Modi had tried its level best to thwart the advent of a secular government in Nepal. However, the political unification in Nepal between CPN (UML) and CPN (Maoist) in to a single party following government formation and its move for closer ties with China have been a slap on the face of the Modi government. Modi’s communal handling of the Rohingya refugees has even alienated Bangladesh also giving scope for anti-India campaign there.

2.xxiv Similar is the case with Sri Lanka and Maldives. Even after the civil war, the Buddhist fundamentalists in Sri Lanka continue their antagonism towards Tamil people and Muslims without any let up and the promise of autonomy to Tamil majority area has become an eye-wash. Modi government’s US-backed ‘expansionist’ designs have prompted the Sri Lankan regime to move closer to China. Similarly, in the recent political crisis in the Maldives, a SAARC member, arising from contradiction between judiciary and executive, the latter has openly displayed its distrust of the Indian regime. Thus the big-brother bullying attitude of Modi regime has unprecedentedly worsened the relations with all neighbours. On the other hand, it is satisfied with its strategic alliance with US imperialism and being used as a launching pad for the latter’s anti-China machinations.

xxv Against this corporate-saffron offensive unleashed by the Modi regime, different sections of the toiling and oppressed are steadily coming up all over India. Militant struggles of the peasants who form one of the major chunks of the most devastated, are rising up especially from BJP-NDA ruled states such as Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand etc. The Maruti workers struggle has got widespread attention. The heroic resistance of the people of Tamil Nadu that led to the massacre of 13 people in police firing has forced the government to cancel Vedanta’s Sterlite Copper Smelter Plant project in Tutucorin. During this period, the capital city of Delhi itself has witnessed many prolonged struggles by workers, peasants, students and cultural activists. Against the atrocities including subtle forms of untouchability and caste-discrimination being practiced in campuses, and against the increasing Hindutva academic and ideological offensive in higher education, student resistances have emerged in the renowned central universities and research institutes of India. Rallies and protests by dalits, tribals and minorities uniting with struggling democratic forces against the saffron fascistic onslaughts have become regular all over India. Even leading writers, intellectuals and artists have come out in the streets protesting against the killings of Kalburgi and Gauri Lankesh after returning their prestigious awards. Immediate Task of Resisting BJP’s Corporate Saffron Fascistization

3.i The disastrous situation brought out by BJP regime and the mounting all round social contradictions have brought India to a critical situation. In this context, the debate whether India has become a fascist state or not, or attempt at differentiating between fascism and authoritarianism is not the relevant issue now; rather, the immediate task today is to resist and resolutely defeat the intensifying trend towards corporate saffron fascistization, the concrete manifestations of which are self-evident before the people. The situation today is a qualitatively distinct one with a well-defined ultra-rightwing shift in policies coupled with the BJP call towards an ‘opposition-free’ saffron fascist sate.

3.ii While drawing out the basic contours of the essential task of isolating and defeating corporate saffron forces, a clear perception regarding the positions of the political parties and formations in the country is also important. Obviously, it was by effectively utilizing the people’s resentment against the neoliberal policies of the Congress-led UPA rule on the one hand, and cleverly appropriating the soft-Hindutva pursued by it on the other, that the RSS led BJP ascended to power in 2014. Today, while the BJP has grown as the leading Indian ruling class party merging itself with corporate-big bourgeois interests, the class character of the Congress though in opposition continues to be the same. Similar is the case with the regional and state-level parties, many of whom having communal and caste orientation and eager to seek opportunist alliances with both Congress and BJP. And like the BJP and Congress, these parties are also adherents of neoliberal policies.

3.iii It is a fact that the documents of the Left Front led by the CPI (M) including other left parties speak at length against the neoliberal policies and saffronisation inflicted by BJP on the one hand, and expose the class character of the Congress on the other. However, its appeal for left assertion is confusing. Its approach towards an anti-BJP alliance lacks clarity as it implies an understanding with the reactionary Congress. In practice, its anti-communal stance against fascistization is separated from its link with neoliberalism such that wherever the Left Front comes to power it also faithfully implements the very same pro-corporate neo-liberal policies. For instance, the CPI (M) led Kerala government was among the first that came forward wholeheartedly supporting the Modi government’s anti-federal and pro-corporate GST. And, the left sectarian sections at the other end of the political spectrum are reluctant to concretely approach the national and international realities. They also have no alternative to the grave danger the country is confronting today.

3 iv It is in this context that the urgency of concretely putting forward the idea of independent left assertion with that of building up a people’s alternative as two inseparable components becomes imperative. At the realm of parliamentary politics, defeating the BJP in the forthcoming general election has become the central question today. While acknowledging that task, as revolutionary left, the task of overthrowing the saffron fascist challenge should not in any way dilute our perspective of an alternative people’s development paradigm against neoliberal policies initiated and strengthened by the ten-year successive UPA rule which is now speeded up by the BJP regime. That is, while welcoming the defeat of Modi regime, our stand is not for an acknowledgement of the pro-corporate policies led by another combination of ruling class parties. Therefore, under the banner of a grand alliance against BJP, the indispensable political struggle against neoliberalism and all its manifestations should not be obliterated. At a time when world imperialism and ruling classes everywhere are engaged in their anti-communist offensive in diverse forms and are denigrating all socialist ideals, the perspective of a people’s alternative with all-round democratization for paving the way towards socialism assumes paramount importance in our political struggle.

3.v Therefore, the uncompromising struggle against saffron fascist forces needs to be carried forward uniting with all the genuine secular, democratic and left forces having a principled stand against neoliberal policies. As opposed to the opportunist ruling class alliances, this alternative capable of bringing about a political and class polarization led by working class, peasantry and all the oppressed will strengthen itself and can more effectively and vigorously lead the struggle against corporate saffron fascistization. Raising high the banner of this principled and class-oriented political initiative is thus the need of the hour. If such an initiative is not forthcoming at this juncture, when the communist revolutionary forces are not strong enough to lead a nation-wide struggle against neoliberalism and saffron fascist onslaught, as hitherto experience has time and again proved, it will only marginalize and further weaken the Left both politically and organizationally. As such, this line of independent self assertion with clear-cut revolutionary political orientation is indispensable for enthusing the broad masses of struggling people in the country and for overcoming the depoliticizing situation propped up by the ruling system.

3.vi In resisting and defeating corporate saffron offensive, the effectiveness of our electoral interventions as communists is inevitably rooted in the ideological and political basis developed through Left’s independent self assertion. This is to be achieved through sustained people’s resistance struggles and movements for an alternative people’s development paradigm against the neoliberal pro-corporate policies espoused by the ruling classes and their apologists. In building up such a broad movement, the working class, peasantry, women, dalits, adivasis, minorities and all oppressed and toiling sections should be rallied against corporate onslaughts, displacement, caste and communal oppression, violation of democratic rights, environmental degradation, etc. Unity in such struggles shall also provide the context for a healthy ideological-political debate among the revolutionary-progressive sections for building up a left-democratic people’s alternative to defeat corporate saffron fascism and neoliberalism.

3.vii In this political task of welding together both parliamentary and non-parliamentary forms of struggles, the Bhangar resistance movement in West Bengal developing under the political initiative of CPI(ML) Red Star and supported by other likeminded forces offers valuable insights. This movement against power grid has yielded a political atmosphere there enabling all forces fighting the anti-people and repressive policies of both the central and state governments to join together. Backed by this people’s movement, the Committee that stood for the local body election could make an impressive victory in those seats where it could contest. Together with this, the movement has also become a model of resisting the reign of terror unleashed over the people by Mamta regime and its fascist goons. The Bhangar people’s resistance movement unfolds itself the correctness of the political orientation as elucidated in the Program and Path of Revolution of CPI (ML) Red Star. At the state level, the Bhangar has inspired the West Bengal State Committee to draw out a Mass Political Platform for combating the local body elections based on a People’ Manifesto with emphasis on people’s political power and a sustainable people’s development paradigm.

3.viii The Bhangar experience pinpoints towards the possibility of building up similar people’s movements through appropriate revolutionary intervention according to the concrete conditions of different states in the country. It is a political line combining both electoral and non-parliamentary struggles that we should boldly uphold before the left, democratic and struggling forces in our country. People organized and politicized through various resistance movements against all forms of corporatization and fascistization can be brought together and linked with the concept of the Mass Political Platform having a common manifesto at appropriate levels. Interactions with all revolutionary, left, democratic and struggling forces are to be carried forward and developed further for evolving a national coordination based on a common manifesto to resist the corporate saffron fascistization at the all India level.

3.ix With this comprehensive understanding, as outlined in Part 3 of the Political Resolution adopted by the 10th Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star, we have to urgently engage in building up Party, strengthening class/mass organizations and peoples movements and developing class struggle. Together with this, using all available means we should go for a resolute ideological-political campaign against imperialism and the ruling system, against corporate-saffron fascism, on the ideological-political questions facing the communist movement today and on the need of developing Marxism-Leninism according to the concrete conditions of our country. In this background, our Party should actively strive for discussions with all revolutionary, left and democratic forces along with other struggling forces for a national coordination seeking the possibility of drafting a common manifesto to resist and defeat the corporate-communal fascist threat. To facilitate this, all state committees of the Party should take up the task of building up struggle-based Mass Political Platforms as per the objective situation prevailing at the state level and inspire and enthuse the struggling masses so that these efforts can develop to a Political Alternative at the national level by the time of the 2019 General Election.

3.x In the coming days, this political line of our Party resisting corporate saffron fascist forces from the perspective independent left assertion based on a people’s alternative will strengthen Marxist-Leninist forces on the one hand and, shall impart a powerful boost for all the anti-fascist progressive, democratic and secular forces engaged in the challenging task of defeating the Modi regime on the other.

* Defeat Corporate Saffron Fascistization!

* Build up Independent Left Assertion Based on People’ Alternative!

*March towards People’s Democracy and Socialism!

*Make 11th Party Congress a Great Success!

*Long Live CPI (ML) Red Star!

Political Resolution (Draft) in PDFPolitical Resolution (Draft) in PDF

Please send your comment/opinion/critic on above Draft Political Resolution to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. before 30th October 2018

Reduce Taxes on Petroleum and Abolish Price Fixation by Oil Companies

EVER SINCE the abolition of administered price mechanism for price fixing of petroleum products, the prices of petrol and diesel are galloping. Until June, 2017 while petroleum prices were revised on a bi-weekly basis, but with effect from June, oil companies, including Reliance and Essar, the leading private players in the field, have given full freedom to revise petrol and diesel prices on a daily basis. As a result, within three months alone, quite unprecedentedly, the price of petrol has gone up by Rs. 6 and that of diesel has gone up by around Rs. 3. The cascading effect of this rise in the price of fuel is rampant inflation.

The CPI (ML) Red Star asks the Modi regime to withdraw the freedom given to oil companies to determine prices. The Party also demands that the innumerable taxes imposed on petrol and diesel at the central and state level shall be abolished forthwith.

Withdraw GST

THE anti-people, anti-federal, pro-corporate GST imposed by the Modi regime with effect from July 1, 2017 is devastating the country. Since the neo-liberal regime has already handed over the power of price determination to corporate market forces, prices of all essential goods and services are galloping following GST as it is on the top of the marked-up prices. Consequent on the demolition of economic borders between states, black marketers, hoarders and speculators are dictating prices and the state governments have no authority to intervene in the market. Under the unified GST regime since all special provisions for the vast local, unorganized sectors that are the major source of employment are taken away, they are collapsing.

Coupled with demonetisation, the GST aims at corporate consolidation and concentration of wealth. Being an unsustainable regressive regime for the people, CPI (ML) Red Star demands a total withdrawal of the GST with immediate effect.

Burn Modi in Effigy Protesting Demonetisation Fiasco

THE latest RBI report on demonetisation has officially acknowledged that the demonetisation has not fulfilled any of its declared objectives. It has turned out be a total fiasco and as pointed out by CPI (ML) Red Star and progressive, democratic forces, the whole demonetisation exercise has been a guinea-pig experiment on the people of India at the behest of imperialist centres. Rather than resolving the issues of black money, corruption, counterfeiting, etc. demonetisation has aggravated all these evils. It has been a death blow to the vast majority of Indians composed of workers and toiling people who are subsisting on the cash-based agricultural, unorganized and retail trading sectors of the country. Demonetisation has further enriched the corporate monopoly sections in the country.

In this context, and in view of the RBI report on demonetisation, CPI ML) Red Star calls upon all party committees to burn Modi in effigy on September 12, 2017 vehemently protesting against demonetisation and appeals to people to rise up against this pro-corporate regime.
Resolutions adopted by the Polit Bureau of CPI (ML) Red Star which met on 30th & 31st August 2017 at Party Center, New Delhi:

Reduce Taxes on Petroleum and Abolish Price Fixation by Oil Companies

Ever since the abolition of administered price mechanism for price fixing of petroleum products, the prices of petrol and diesel are galloping. Until June, 2017 while petroleum prices were revised on a bi-weekly basis, but with effect from June, oil companies, including Reliance and Essar, the leading private players in the field, have given full freedom to revise petrol and diesel prices on a daily basis. As a result, within three months alone, quite unprecedentedly, the price of petrol has gone up by Rs. 6 and that of diesel has gone up by around Rs. 3. The cascading effect of this rise in the price of fuel is rampant inflation throughout the country.

The CPI(ML) Red Star asks the Modi regime to withdraw the freedom given to oil companies to determine prices. The Party also demands that the innumerable taxes imposed on petrol and diesel at the central and state level shall be abolished forthwith.

Withdraw GST

The anti-people, anti-federal, pro-corporate GST imposed by the Modi regime with effect from July 1, 2017 is devastating the country. Since the neo-liberal regime has already handed over the power of price determination to corporate market forces, prices of all essential goods and services are galloping following GST as it is on the top of the marked-up prices. Consequent on the demolition of economic borders between states, black marketers, hoarders and speculators are dictating prices and the state governments have no authority to intervene in the market. Under the unified GST regime since all special provisions for the vast local, unorganized sectors that are the major source of employment are taken away, they are collapsing.

Coupled with demonetisation, the GST aims at corporate consolidation and concentration of wealth. Being an unsustainable regressive regime for the people, CPI(ML) Red Star demands a total withdrawal of the GST with immediate effect.

Burn Modi in Effigy Protesting Demonetisation Fiasco

The latest RBI report on demonetisation has officially acknowledged that the demonetisation has not fulfilled any of its declared objectives. It has turned out be a total fiasco and as pointed out by CPI(ML) Red Star and progressive, democratic forces, the whole demonetisation exercise has been a guinea-pig experiment on the people of India at the behest of imperialist centres. Rather than resolving the issues of black money, corruption, counterfeiting, etc. demonetisation has aggravated all these evils. It has been a death blow to the vast majority of Indians composed of workers and toiling people who are subsisting on the cash-based agricultural, unorganized and retail trading sectors of the country. Demonetisation has further enriched the corporate monopoly sections in the country.

In this context, and in view of the RBI report on demonetisation, CPI(ML) Red Star calls upon all party committees to burn Modi in effigy on September 12, 2017 vehemently protesting against demonetisation and appeals to people to rise up against this pro-corporate regime.
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The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.