SECOND MIDDLE-EAST YOUTH CONFERENCE HELD AT KOBANE

03 April 2019
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The 2nd Middle East Youth Conference was organized with the slogan “Towards a multi-coloured and democratic Middle East with the pioneering of the youth” on 20-23 February in Kobanê. At the conference, more than 300 young people from four parts of Kurdistan as well as from Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Libya, Armenia, Egypt and Turkey were present. In addition, delegates from Tunisia, Yemen, Afghanistan, North Africa and Sudan also attended the conference via Skype and greeted the participants. Moreover, apart from Federation of Socialist Youth Associations (SGDF) and Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) Youth Assembly from Turkey and North Kurdistan and newly-established Revolutionary Communist Youth (CKª) from Rojava, a large number of youth groups took their place in the conference.

On the other hand, some delegates from other countries were unable to attend the conference because they were blocked by the Syrian state and South Kurdistan regional government. The conference began with the opening speech of the preparatory committee, following the messages from youth organizations. On the second day of the 2nd Middle East Youth Conference, “the role and responsibilities of the youth in popular resistances in the line of democratic nation” were discussed. In this session, examples of revolutions and resistances in the Middle East, such as Palestine resistance, the Arab popular uprisings, the Kurdish liberation struggle and the Rojava-North East Syria’s revolution and the cultural massacres and genocides on the peoples of the Middle East were discussed. In a speech on behalf of SGDF participating from Turkey, it was stated that “the occupying states’ bond with the imperialist states is quite obvious.

 The attempts of the political-Islamist fascist Turkish state to occupy Rojava are signs of fear of the imperialist and occupying colonial states from the expansion of the Rojava women and youth revolution in the Middle East. The fear of spreading of a Middle East revolution to a world revolution brings about these invasion attacks. Today, we, as the Middle Eastern youth, have to fight against the capitalist system which builds up against our united struggle and we have to take the first step on the path towards communism. A classless, boundless world will be led by us, the youth and women. We have the power, we can do it.”

On the 3rd day of the conference, “Democratic/revolutionary solutions to the crisis of Middle East and the role of the Middle East youth” were discussed. Within the scope of this discussion, the importance of the united struggle in the Middle East in general, the united struggle and needs of the youth were the topics touched on. It was discussed how the youth would raise the common struggle against the existence of reactionary regional states and imperialist dictators, and that the establishment of youth assemblies. Although there are many democratic, socialist and revolutionary youth organizations in the Middle East; it was decided that a new organized and revolutionary structure is needed and the establishment of the Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly, which included young people from CKª, Democratic Syria Assembly (MSD), Senegal, Egypt, Sudan and Libya, was declared. Emphasizing that the occupying Turkish state is the enemy of the peoples of the Middle East, the conference decided to fight against the destructive activities of the Turkish state in the Middle East.

It was also decided to start working for the organization of a World Youth Conference, that dialogue and relationship should be developed with the structures and people who could not participate in the conference due to the obstacles, and that efforts should be made to share these decisions with them and join them in. Þoreþ Serhildan, a representative of Ciwanên Komûnîst ên Þoreþger (CKÞ), who is also a member of both the preparatory committee of the Middle East Youth Conference and the CKÞ delegation, evaluated the conference: The 2nd Middle East Youth Conference was held in Rojava’s revolutionary territory and important decisions were taken at the conference. What is the importance of the decisions taken in the conference for the struggles of the coming period? First of all, I must say that we are proud to hold our conference in the territory of our revolution.

We know that this revolution took place under the leadership of the youth and thousands of women triumphed with the immortalization of young warriors. The youth grew the hope with its actions and embrace of revolution. The youth revealed the role of the laboring popular youth in the revolution. This is very important for us. Because, in other rebellious geographies, hundreds of thousands of young people filled the streets, but could not play a role at this level. Unfortunately, their level of organization was poor, far from having the means and institutions of defense to guarantee the victory of the revolution. At the conference, we tried to talk about these experiences and develop a common point of view. We took our place in the conference as the color of communist youth of the revolution. We tried to convey our views and perspectives to the participants. We know that youth has pioneered the uprisings in the Middle East. In many countries, from Tunisia to Egypt, from Algeria to Jordan, young people took their places in the streets at the forefront. At this point, I would like to commemorate the young Muhammed Buazizi who burned himself against the poverty and loss of future imposed on the youth in

Tunisia. Buazizi had seen that the capitalist system cannot give anything to the youth in the world and in the region, and against the usurpation of the hope and the future, he ignited a wick of rebellion action, became a flare for the peoples and youth. In the Arab geography and in the region, millions of people went out the streets, voiced their displeasure with the existing regimes, and shouted out the desire for “another” world. However, an unorganized and fragmented struggle brought about a failure to create a new alternative. As can be seen in the Rojava revolution, this rebellion wave capable to create completely different results was trapped in the darkness of the Muslim Brotherhood, al-Qaeda, Nusra and ultimately ISIS, besides, as in the example of Syria, it has been an instrument for Ceyº-ul Hur (Free Syrian Army) and such. Aside from the others, the only real alternative from this rebellion wave is embodied in the Rojava revolution. In Tunisia, for example, the process could develop otherwise.

The main problem, however, was the lack of courageous politics, organizations and tools to lead the uprisings, or the improper use of these by their vanguards. Those who put this revolt’s bright into the darkness of ISIS and its cursed vortex were the imperialists and the reactionary states of the region. There was no strong and unified alternative standing up to them. The only exception is Rojava. Its final result is, fortunately, a revolution. We can touch on the importance of this conference right here. The 2nd Middle East Youth Conference both discussed these processes and became an important step in the organized and united revolutionary struggle of the youth. Of course, this conference has not discussed and solved everything. There is no such claim anyway. Most of the topics and issues on the agenda are historical and, from a different perspective, possibilities for solutions can be seen in it.

This conference showed a direction and tried to remark and explain to the youth that another line is possible. Some of the country’s delegations were blocked by their own state, some of them were by the KDP-Barzani, and were unable to cross to Rojava to attend the conference, this, once again showed who was afraid and why. In the light of all these facts, I should reemphasize that the conference is a valuable and important step for the youth of the Middle East. More than 300 revolutionary young people from 15 different countries, with different national and class identities, discussed the future in the lands of the revolution. The youth attending the conference stressed that their future is also the future of the whole society; to play a more active role in this period of time and for the continuation of these discussions, we took important decisions. We, as CKª, stressed the importance of progressing the people’s revolts on the axis of revolution and socialism and underscored that the only way is revolution. We have tried to meet in a revolutionary-democratic axis because the conference is composed of crowds and groups with different lines and tendencies. I can say that despite the differences of the components, it was possible to meet at the minimum commons in ideological and political perspectives.

The conference has made a number of decisions to create a stronger youth movement in the future. One of these is the newly established Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly. This is a positive step for the united resistance and solidarity of youth. If it is operated as its importance deserves, if the duties and responsibilities are fulfilled, there is no reason for this assembly not to succeed. As CKª, you stated that you are also involved in the newly established Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly, which is one of the results of the conference. What effects will the results of this conference have in the coming period? As CKª, we care about the Middle East Revolutionary Youth Council, which we also proposed at the conference. There was a need for an organization to complete discussions and emerging decisions. The established assembly will serve this purpose. We believe that it will strengthen the implementation of the decisions taken in the first place and the communication and experience transfer opportunities in the Middle East. We also believe that it will serve both to raise the struggle against the reactionary states and to organize the youth against the imperialists’ brutal plans to attack and plunder the Middle East territory. These days the Middle East carries new revolutions in its bosom. The international and regional crises of the capitalist system are deepening, forcing more Bouazizis to burn themselves, turning them into a flame of riot.

At a time when the exploiting sovereigns are in such crises, if the youth, who is the dynamic power, is unorganized, we cannot appraise the opportunities we encounter. Today, putting such a mission on the Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly, which is still in the phase of being established, may be a bit early, but we are hopeful. When the revolutionary youth assembly is organized, it will be able to play the leading mission in the Middle East. In this direction, we have taken our place in the Youth Assembly and we will try to fulfill our responsibilities. Finally, do you have a call or something you want to say? We took a modest but important step in the lands of revolution as the youth of the Middle East. This step will be embodied and developed with the stronger participation of us. And our modest steps will be the heralds of our great victories.

This conference, the second of which was held in the city of resistance and dreams, Kobanê, has brought hope and morale to youth. We, as CKÞ, are making a call from these lands where hope is flourishing. The youth should join the anti-colonialist, antiimperialist and anti-capitalist struggle against the threats of the fascist Turkish state and against the imperialist capitalist system and should raise the struggle. An example like the Rojava revolution is ahead of the Middle East youth. This revolution is the revolution of youth, and each youth and youth organization has the task of defending and enlarging this revolution. In this respect, we call on youth to embrace this young revolution. May the 2nd Middle East Youth Conference bring happiness to the youth and our peoples.

Reproduced from International Bullettin, Marxist-Leninist Communist Party (MLCP)  n

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Kabeer Katlat

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.