patrice Lumumba was the first Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Congo following its independence. On 17th January the DRC observes Heroes Day and honours its first democratically elected prime minister. Lumumba came into power after what was then the Republic of the Congo received its independence from its colonizer, Belgium. Whilst speculation and conspiracy promoted by the imperialist agencies still surrounds his assassination in 1961 till this day, it has long been an established fact that he was murdered by the US working together with Belgium.
The leadership of Lumumba was significant in the Republic of Congo securing its independence and eventually becoming what we now know as the DRC. Due to his considerable and understandable dislike for his Belgium colonizers, he joined the Liberal Party of Belgium in 1955. Following his arrest by the colonial government, he went on to co-found the Mouvement National Congolais (MNC) in 1958 and proceeded to win the elections in 1960 at the age of 34. Lumumba’s anniversary comes exactly a week after the DRC’s elections which saw the end of Joseph Kabila’s 17-year rule and ushered in what will hopefully be a brighter era under the leadership of Felix Tshisekedi. The victory by Tshisekedi and his political party Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDSP) came after international pressure succeeded in putting an end to the delay tactics in the announcing of the election results.
Many Congolese Twitter users and Africans alike, have taken to social media to commemorate the revolutionary’s anniversary as well as the DRC’s journey since colonial rule “Without dignity there is no liberty, without justice there is no dignity, and without independence there are no free men” said Patrice Lumumba. This leading Pan-Africanist and revolutionary, was assassinated in 1961 by the Belgian government, with US collusion. n
Defeating the Alexis Tsipras led Syriza (Coalition of Radical Left) in the elections, the Conservative New Democracy Party leader Kyriakose Mitsotakis has taken over as prime minister on 8th July in Greece. The communists have lot to learn from the last one decade’s experience from this country. In the post Second World War period when Greece experienced mass uprisings led by the communists, the US-British led imperialist forces had succeeded to defeat the Communists and impose rightist regime there. But following ever worsening severe economic crisis in 2014-15 once again, workers led people’s uprisings took place challenging the IMF- European Union imposed stringent economy measures on this highly indebted country. While the social democratic communist party remained as a mere spectator, the radical left forces formed a coalition, Syriza, led by Alexis Tsipras and led the uprising. Syriza challenged the Euro-zone dictates and IMF’s bail out conditions and called for a moratorium on the IMF-EU debt. It called for an alternative development paradigm including nationalization of core sectors. The Syriza led rebellion and its vision of a revolutionary alternative to imperialist led neoliberal regime inspired the people of Greece and the communist movement internationally. The spectre of a communist revolution once again haunted the forces of reaction in Europe.
As the workers’ led popular forces had occupied the streets and challenged the ruling class and their imperialist promoters, the Syriza won almost majority seats in 2015 elections and Tsipras took over as prime minister. But as the imperialists intensified pressure, instead of challenging it as the masses wanted, once again, as repeatedly happened in history, the leadership became weak-kneed and betrayed the revolutionary movement. Back-tracking from its stand of calling for a referendum to come out of Euro-zone, Alexis Tsipras compromised and started negotiations with IMF and EU agreeing to a shameful bail out dictated by them. The Tsipras leadership went on surrendering, once again making life more miserable for the masses. When the question of migrants from Syria and other neighbouring countries became serious, Tsipras government refused to take a progressive stand. In this situation, with a right populist agenda the conservative party has won the elections, Though the neo-Nazi Golden Dawn party could not advance its position, the conservative victory shall move in the ultra rightist direction. Once again the revolutionary communists have lost the possibility for putting forward a socialist vision and to lead the struggling people forward. The communists should take lessons from it. n
DEar comrades, Congratulations on the holding of your 21st Annual Conference. We hope that this Conference will enable you to take bold steps forward in building a socialist movement in your country and the whole world. We look forward to getting the results and documents of the conference as soon as possible.
Today, the world is passing through a critical phase. On the one hand the crisis of international capitalism remains constant. The only solution seen by the world imperialist-capitalist system is the neo-liberal policies. As the crisis grows ever more acute, they have no further solutions other than even more of the neo-liberal policies. These consist of helping large capital and big corporate houses to make ever more profits. For this they have to be allowed to exploit workers and nature in a wanton and unbridled manner.
Though the masses are suffering the results of these neo-liberal policies and are fighting against their effects in the streets, the left today is in a very vulnerable position. The masses are more frequently turning to the right and the ultra-right in their search for a remedy. The ultra-right using ideas like religious fanaticism and national chauvinism is able to hoodwink the masses. The left has to come up with new ideas very fast to attract the youth and other oppressed masses of the world. We hope that your conference will be a long stride in this direction.
We have always seen the PSM as a close fraternal organisation and wish to further this relationship. As members of ICOR we are trying to build an international front of revolutionary organisations and, at present, we are engaged, with ILPS in trying to build up an anti-imperialist front. We hope that we will have an opportunity to talk to PSM about this very soon.
Congratulations once again and wishing the best success to your conference.
KN Ramachandran, GS, CPI(ML) Red Star
the 21st national congress of the Socialist Party of Malaysia (Parti Sosialis Malaysia, PSM) took place from the 12th to the 14th of July 2019 in Kajang, Selangor. This congress featured the culmination of a leadership transition process that started five years ago. The original office-holders of top party leadership positions from PSM’s founding in 1998 have now all been replaced. This year, Dr. Nasir Hashim stepped down as Chairman, making way for Dr. Jeyakumar Devaraj, former Member of Parliament for Sungai Siput. At the same time, former General Secretary S. Arulchelvan has been elected as Vice-Chairman, replacing M. Sarasvathy. PSM Secretary-General A. Sivarajan and Treasurer Soh Sook Hwa remain in their respective posts, which they have occupied since 2015.
This year’s party elections also featured the selection of several new faces to the PSM central committee, including social activist Chong Yee Shan, lawyer-activist Kohila, youth activist Sharan Raj and Teh Yee Cheu, the former Penang state assemblyperson for Tanjung Bungah. The central committee will serve a two-year term. A majority (8 members) of the 15-member committee consists of women. These women hold important positions such as Vice Secretary-General, Treasurer, and Assistant Treasurer.
Climate Change Policy
Given the increased importance of environmental issues resulting from unsustainable development in Malaysia, PSM has for the first time put forward and passed a policy paper entitled “Handling Climate Change: A Green Alternative for Malaysia”. This policy paper was accepted by the Congress delegation as a foundation for PSM’s approach to deal with the climate crisis. In keeping with the spirit of this policy paper, PSM Congress delegates also passed a resolution to launch a national campaign to urge the Pakatan Harapan government to declare a “Climate Emergency” so the necessary drastic actions to counter global warming can move forward.
Building a New Political Alliance
In keeping with the theme, “A Progressive Struggle in New Malaysia”, this congress featured for the first time the participation of representatives from Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia as observers in the opening of the Congress. Gerakan, which left the Barisan Nasional coalition, now acts independently and is interested in collaborating with other progressive movements. PSM hopes that their participation in this congress as observers will lead to opportunities for further discussion.
PSM is working toward forming a new political alliance to face the 15th General Election, which is why the opening of the congress was attended by observers from outside parties. Hopefully, their presence will open doors to healthy cooperation.
Formation of State Offices
This congress also resolved to start PSM State Liason Offices in every state. PSM State Liason Offices will scrutinize governmental policies and advocate for victims of unfair practices, whether by Pakatan Harapan or Barisan Nasional governments. The congress also aims for PSM to grow and fill the void in today’s politics, as Malaysia needs a credible and trustworthy opposition party.
Overcoming the Rise of the Right
A special session was held during the Congress to study the phenomenon of the rise of the populist right both internationally and in Malaysia. Discussion papers were put forward by PSM Central Committee member Choo Chon Kai and special guest Hj Zaid Kamaruddin from IKRAM. This year’s 21st PSM Congress in Kajang was an important historical moment in PSM’s struggle- a struggle that always progresses dynamically, launches new campaigns, tackles new issues, forms new partnerships, so we may become a country that is fair, just, and progressive.
International Bureau, PSM
Weapons of mass destruction by definition are weapons with the capacity to inflict death and destruction on such a massive scale and so indiscriminately that its very presence in the hands of a hostile power can be considered a grievous threat. Looking at the Crusades, the wars of jihadist conquest, or how evangelical climate denying oligarchs in America are destroying the planet, one realizes faith is fatal on a mass scale.
While many religious groups are up in arms regarding Iceland’s move, the North Atlantic country reassures the faithful their right to practice the faith of their fathers will not be impinged on. Mr. Kanard refers to the measure as a sort of public health warning. “We passed a similar measure regarding Christianity a little while ago,” he stated. “We in parliament felt it necessary to let people know all religion is a mental disorder and a dangerous one at that.” Iceland is also recommending those who are in a co-dependent relationship with religion to seek out a local chapter of Religion Anonymous (RA).
FOX News is leading the charge against what it sees as an attack on Christianity and civilization itself. In a strange twist of fate, the so-called news channel is inviting prominent Muslims on to discuss the matter. In a not so surprising twist, ICE agents were close by to make sure everyone present were in the country legally. “I came in to talk about Iceland, and it turns out it was a sting operation all along,” one anonymous Muslim pointed out. “I should’ve known better.”
President Trump is fuelling the frenzied fires of religious fear. While addressing red meat Republicans at a rally, he promised the United States will fight for Jesus, Santa Claus, and the Easter Bunny: Americans for America are Americans for God. We can’t let Iceland get away with this, folks. If we don’t do anything now, then White Walkers will destroy summer. We need to build walls. An anti-Mexican wall AND a wall around Iceland. In related news, a snap poll 85% of Republicans believe cutting benefits for the needy is necessary to build a Great Atlantic Wall
Women Rebel Against Sexual Violence of the Fascist Patriarchy Misogynist policies are one of the characteristic features of the fascist patriarchal state power. The fascist regime assaults on women every single day all around the country with an intense agenda. From the denial of gender equality to the usurpation of alimony rights of women, from the repeal of the women-protection law article 6284, to compulsory family settlement regulations, all the rights, which women gained by fighting for many years, have been tried to be stripped off. Yet, women stands up to all this pressure with women’s rebellions.
Turning the 8th of March into a day of resistance once again this year under the oppressive fascistic conditions, women continue to be the consistent, resistant and vanguard section of the mass movement which has beaten a retreat in the last years. While the practice of “women’s strike”, initiated by socialist women for the first time on 8 March, poses as an important experience for the upcoming years, it has become a sign that women raise their voice and take action for not only women’s issues but also all general political issues in terms of continuity of political activity.
Again, the action power of women’s mind on May Day allowed women’s demands to be heard at the highest volume. This year, at the May Day squares, women voiced the labour exploitation they suffer both at home and at work, being pushed more into flexible and insecure working conditions in the face of aggravating economical crisis, the hunger strike resistance which was initiated by Leyla Güven and spread with the participation of thousands of prisoners, their sexual freedom demands and women’s justice struggle against the violence against women and children.
At the beginning of April, when thousands of people taking to the streets after the political crisis brought up by the results of the 31 March municipality elections in Istanbul and the following re-election decision proved once more that mass movements have not yielded into a total graveyard silence despite all the brutal attacks of fascism, a sequence of numerous violence and sexual assault cases in such short time period was met by a women’s mass reaction on the streets again.
And the sexual abuse of a 5-year-old child on 23 April in Kanarya quarter in Küçükçekmece district in Istanbul turned into a massive outburst of rage. While the child was taken to the hospital, the toiling people of Kanarya quarter took to the streets under the leadership of women. The family and the neighbourhood were attacked by police. Immediately after the state brought a broadcast ban to the media on that incident. As a result of the actions the rapist has been captured. The women‘s organizations in the neighbourhood carried out awareness raising activities in order to prevent lynching and racist movements. Socialist women played an active role in demonstrating a political goal, concretising the demands of justice and carrying out actions in a de facto legitimate line.
After this terrible incidence in Istanbul, women‘s mass organizations also organized actions in many other cities of Turkey. In the actions, shields with the slogans “Raise your voice against child abuse”, “You have to be the voice that a child can not raise”, “Rebellion against harassment and rape”, “Sentence, arrest the perpetrator”, “The Ensar regime will be destroyed” and “I won’t be silent, you will be ashamed” have been carried. The Women shouted out slogans like “We aren’t silent, we have no fear, we don’t obey”, “Women, Life, Freedom”, “Children will be silent, but you shouldn’t”, and “Not the perpetrators, protect the victims”.
So what caused this outburst of anger? Let‘s look at some statistics of the social decay organized by the AKP. It showed a 700 percent increase of child abuse in the last 10 years in Turkey. One in every 4 rape cases in the country is about children. The judiciary does not conduct an effective and just investigation against the perpetrators of abuse and rape, and the perpetrators are protected from impunity. 26 percent of married women are married in Turkey under the age of 18, 10 percent get their first child before the age of 18. In the last 10 years 482 thousand 908 girls were married. Turkey fills worldwide the third rank when it comes to sexual abuse, harassment and rape against children. An average of 8,000 children are abused annually. These cases of sexual abuse affect the whole and the future of society, leaving children with various cognitive, emotional, physical and social consequences.
The women‘s movement has recently raised the struggle to fight against a bill, which is called the “marriage amnesty” and shall serve to legitimize child abuse, because it offers immunity from prosecution for child abusers, who marry the child they abused. This legalization and the language used by the ruling media legitimize and normalize child abuse. Contrary to the decisions of the decaying political system, consent cannot be discussed in case of sexual abuse of children. Justice can only be achieved by considering the abuse by an adult, not the consent of the child. The justice system has not the right to protect the abusers, but the responsibility to act in the interest of the children, it’s right to life and develop, it’s right to participate and grow in a safe environment. And women have to fight for this in every situation. While women are leading a political mass struggle against the patriarchal state and its male justice, which prefer to reduce sentences for rapists in case of “good behaviour and respectable attitude” instead of protecting women’s and children’s rights, they develop all their means and forms of struggle, including self-defence and write their own history. If there is hope for the future in the heavy political atmosphere of fascism, it lays in the resistance. What will undermine fascism is the growth of this hope, and women play this role today.
MLCP, International Bulletin n
Algerian protest leaders have vowed to take to the streets for the fourth Friday in succession as the country’s nascent democracy movement begins its search for representatives who can unite hundreds of thousands of demonstrators in advance of a national conference and elections. The ailing president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, on Monday withdrew his bid for a fifth term in office and postponed planned April elections to allow for consultation on reforms “for a new generation”. The move was condemned by civil society groups, who said it was intended to “trick and divide the popular movement”.
Habib Brahmia, from the Jil Jadid political party and the protest movement Mouwatana, said: “On Friday, we will all be in the streets to overthrow this system and its pawns.” Protesters have previously expressed pride in the movement’s leaderless nature, which was born of anonymous social media pages and seen in part as a rebuke to the official opposition, which is viewed as having been co-opted by the regime.
But after protesters succeeded in cancelling Bouteflika’s bid for a fifth term, the movement is working to bring together union leaders, protesters and civil society leaders around potential candidates who can voice their demands as they push to overthrow the government.
“This is a broad and spontaneous movement – it’s not really possible to put forward a single figure who can represent all parts of it,” said Soufiane Djilali, a Mouwatana coordinator. “This is also a movement that won’t accept anyone without a vote or due process. No one has right to say the movement belongs to them.” Djilali suggested the opposition should instead hold a conference to nominate three or four figures who could act as the spokespeople for the opposition with an eye to the election. He declined to say whether he would put himself forward.
A group of developers launched 22Fevrier2019.org, a website where users can “upvote” political propositions by tapping on a heart or hit the thumbs-down button for those they dislike.mThe top suggestion reads: “I nominate Mustapha Bouchachi to oversee the transition period and organise the next elections.” A prominent human rights lawyer, Bouchachi told local site Tout Sur Algérie he was concerned that Bouteflika cancelling the election is a move for the regime to waste time and remain in power. “I fear they will destroy the country,” he said.
Algeria’s new prime minister Noureddine Bedoui and his deputy, Ramtane Lamamra, held a press conference intended to reassure Algerians that the political elite would listen to their demands. “We will take into account the messages of the protesters during the formation of the government,” said Bedoui, as he offered a new “technocratic” government in the coming weeks to usher in the national conference. Bedoui promised a short transition and independent commission to oversee the next election, an offer unlikely to satisfy protesters. “We hope that all will participate,” he said.
(The Guardian, 15th March 2019) n
The 2nd Middle East Youth Conference was organized with the slogan “Towards a multi-coloured and democratic Middle East with the pioneering of the youth” on 20-23 February in Kobanê. At the conference, more than 300 young people from four parts of Kurdistan as well as from Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Libya, Armenia, Egypt and Turkey were present. In addition, delegates from Tunisia, Yemen, Afghanistan, North Africa and Sudan also attended the conference via Skype and greeted the participants. Moreover, apart from Federation of Socialist Youth Associations (SGDF) and Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) Youth Assembly from Turkey and North Kurdistan and newly-established Revolutionary Communist Youth (CKª) from Rojava, a large number of youth groups took their place in the conference.
On the other hand, some delegates from other countries were unable to attend the conference because they were blocked by the Syrian state and South Kurdistan regional government. The conference began with the opening speech of the preparatory committee, following the messages from youth organizations. On the second day of the 2nd Middle East Youth Conference, “the role and responsibilities of the youth in popular resistances in the line of democratic nation” were discussed. In this session, examples of revolutions and resistances in the Middle East, such as Palestine resistance, the Arab popular uprisings, the Kurdish liberation struggle and the Rojava-North East Syria’s revolution and the cultural massacres and genocides on the peoples of the Middle East were discussed. In a speech on behalf of SGDF participating from Turkey, it was stated that “the occupying states’ bond with the imperialist states is quite obvious.
The attempts of the political-Islamist fascist Turkish state to occupy Rojava are signs of fear of the imperialist and occupying colonial states from the expansion of the Rojava women and youth revolution in the Middle East. The fear of spreading of a Middle East revolution to a world revolution brings about these invasion attacks. Today, we, as the Middle Eastern youth, have to fight against the capitalist system which builds up against our united struggle and we have to take the first step on the path towards communism. A classless, boundless world will be led by us, the youth and women. We have the power, we can do it.”
On the 3rd day of the conference, “Democratic/revolutionary solutions to the crisis of Middle East and the role of the Middle East youth” were discussed. Within the scope of this discussion, the importance of the united struggle in the Middle East in general, the united struggle and needs of the youth were the topics touched on. It was discussed how the youth would raise the common struggle against the existence of reactionary regional states and imperialist dictators, and that the establishment of youth assemblies. Although there are many democratic, socialist and revolutionary youth organizations in the Middle East; it was decided that a new organized and revolutionary structure is needed and the establishment of the Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly, which included young people from CKª, Democratic Syria Assembly (MSD), Senegal, Egypt, Sudan and Libya, was declared. Emphasizing that the occupying Turkish state is the enemy of the peoples of the Middle East, the conference decided to fight against the destructive activities of the Turkish state in the Middle East.
It was also decided to start working for the organization of a World Youth Conference, that dialogue and relationship should be developed with the structures and people who could not participate in the conference due to the obstacles, and that efforts should be made to share these decisions with them and join them in. Þoreþ Serhildan, a representative of Ciwanên Komûnîst ên Þoreþger (CKÞ), who is also a member of both the preparatory committee of the Middle East Youth Conference and the CKÞ delegation, evaluated the conference: The 2nd Middle East Youth Conference was held in Rojava’s revolutionary territory and important decisions were taken at the conference. What is the importance of the decisions taken in the conference for the struggles of the coming period? First of all, I must say that we are proud to hold our conference in the territory of our revolution.
We know that this revolution took place under the leadership of the youth and thousands of women triumphed with the immortalization of young warriors. The youth grew the hope with its actions and embrace of revolution. The youth revealed the role of the laboring popular youth in the revolution. This is very important for us. Because, in other rebellious geographies, hundreds of thousands of young people filled the streets, but could not play a role at this level. Unfortunately, their level of organization was poor, far from having the means and institutions of defense to guarantee the victory of the revolution. At the conference, we tried to talk about these experiences and develop a common point of view. We took our place in the conference as the color of communist youth of the revolution. We tried to convey our views and perspectives to the participants. We know that youth has pioneered the uprisings in the Middle East. In many countries, from Tunisia to Egypt, from Algeria to Jordan, young people took their places in the streets at the forefront. At this point, I would like to commemorate the young Muhammed Buazizi who burned himself against the poverty and loss of future imposed on the youth in
Tunisia. Buazizi had seen that the capitalist system cannot give anything to the youth in the world and in the region, and against the usurpation of the hope and the future, he ignited a wick of rebellion action, became a flare for the peoples and youth. In the Arab geography and in the region, millions of people went out the streets, voiced their displeasure with the existing regimes, and shouted out the desire for “another” world. However, an unorganized and fragmented struggle brought about a failure to create a new alternative. As can be seen in the Rojava revolution, this rebellion wave capable to create completely different results was trapped in the darkness of the Muslim Brotherhood, al-Qaeda, Nusra and ultimately ISIS, besides, as in the example of Syria, it has been an instrument for Ceyº-ul Hur (Free Syrian Army) and such. Aside from the others, the only real alternative from this rebellion wave is embodied in the Rojava revolution. In Tunisia, for example, the process could develop otherwise.
The main problem, however, was the lack of courageous politics, organizations and tools to lead the uprisings, or the improper use of these by their vanguards. Those who put this revolt’s bright into the darkness of ISIS and its cursed vortex were the imperialists and the reactionary states of the region. There was no strong and unified alternative standing up to them. The only exception is Rojava. Its final result is, fortunately, a revolution. We can touch on the importance of this conference right here. The 2nd Middle East Youth Conference both discussed these processes and became an important step in the organized and united revolutionary struggle of the youth. Of course, this conference has not discussed and solved everything. There is no such claim anyway. Most of the topics and issues on the agenda are historical and, from a different perspective, possibilities for solutions can be seen in it.
This conference showed a direction and tried to remark and explain to the youth that another line is possible. Some of the country’s delegations were blocked by their own state, some of them were by the KDP-Barzani, and were unable to cross to Rojava to attend the conference, this, once again showed who was afraid and why. In the light of all these facts, I should reemphasize that the conference is a valuable and important step for the youth of the Middle East. More than 300 revolutionary young people from 15 different countries, with different national and class identities, discussed the future in the lands of the revolution. The youth attending the conference stressed that their future is also the future of the whole society; to play a more active role in this period of time and for the continuation of these discussions, we took important decisions. We, as CKª, stressed the importance of progressing the people’s revolts on the axis of revolution and socialism and underscored that the only way is revolution. We have tried to meet in a revolutionary-democratic axis because the conference is composed of crowds and groups with different lines and tendencies. I can say that despite the differences of the components, it was possible to meet at the minimum commons in ideological and political perspectives.
The conference has made a number of decisions to create a stronger youth movement in the future. One of these is the newly established Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly. This is a positive step for the united resistance and solidarity of youth. If it is operated as its importance deserves, if the duties and responsibilities are fulfilled, there is no reason for this assembly not to succeed. As CKª, you stated that you are also involved in the newly established Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly, which is one of the results of the conference. What effects will the results of this conference have in the coming period? As CKª, we care about the Middle East Revolutionary Youth Council, which we also proposed at the conference. There was a need for an organization to complete discussions and emerging decisions. The established assembly will serve this purpose. We believe that it will strengthen the implementation of the decisions taken in the first place and the communication and experience transfer opportunities in the Middle East. We also believe that it will serve both to raise the struggle against the reactionary states and to organize the youth against the imperialists’ brutal plans to attack and plunder the Middle East territory. These days the Middle East carries new revolutions in its bosom. The international and regional crises of the capitalist system are deepening, forcing more Bouazizis to burn themselves, turning them into a flame of riot.
At a time when the exploiting sovereigns are in such crises, if the youth, who is the dynamic power, is unorganized, we cannot appraise the opportunities we encounter. Today, putting such a mission on the Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly, which is still in the phase of being established, may be a bit early, but we are hopeful. When the revolutionary youth assembly is organized, it will be able to play the leading mission in the Middle East. In this direction, we have taken our place in the Youth Assembly and we will try to fulfill our responsibilities. Finally, do you have a call or something you want to say? We took a modest but important step in the lands of revolution as the youth of the Middle East. This step will be embodied and developed with the stronger participation of us. And our modest steps will be the heralds of our great victories.
This conference, the second of which was held in the city of resistance and dreams, Kobanê, has brought hope and morale to youth. We, as CKÞ, are making a call from these lands where hope is flourishing. The youth should join the anti-colonialist, antiimperialist and anti-capitalist struggle against the threats of the fascist Turkish state and against the imperialist capitalist system and should raise the struggle. An example like the Rojava revolution is ahead of the Middle East youth. This revolution is the revolution of youth, and each youth and youth organization has the task of defending and enlarging this revolution. In this respect, we call on youth to embrace this young revolution. May the 2nd Middle East Youth Conference bring happiness to the youth and our peoples.
Reproduced from International Bullettin, Marxist-Leninist Communist Party (MLCP) n