The US-based ‘hacker’ Syed Shuja, claiming himself as a former employee of the Electronic Corporation of India, which designed the EVMs, is the latest one to allege hacking of electronic voting machines and ‘rigging’ of 2014 Indian general elections in favour of the ruling party. In this context, we are reiterating the CPI (ML) Red Star’s position on the use of EVMs in elections, and on other important changes to be implemented in the Election laws. The following excerpt dealing with this question is from the Political Resolution adopted at the 11th Congress of the Party held on November 27-December 1, 2018, at Bengaluru.
“2.xix. Urgent attention is called for a major restructuring of the entire election process in the country. The BJP which till 2014 had been vociferously condemning the EVM on account of its vulnerability to fraud and tampering has now become its ardent champion as it can effectively utilize the same in its favour. The possibility of insertion of malicious software in to EVMs and manipulation of voting preferences being already proved, several countries of the world have abandoned EVMs and are pursuing the ballots. While raising this issue together with all like-minded forces, a concerted campaign is also required for replacing the ‘first pass the post system’ with proportional representation in elections and introduction of people’s right to recall the elected representatives. Similarly, provisions should be incorporated for totally keeping communal forces away from interfering in election in any manner. In brief, our Party should unite in campaign with all democratic and progressive forces for a thorough democratization of the election process.
The people of Northeast and Bengal are struggling against the Citizenship Amendment Bill the Modi government which it is trying to push trough hastily to impose its saffronization. All of us should raise the question: if all Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Christians and Parsis who are forced to migrate from Pakisthan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh etc can be given Indian citizenship, why not the Muslims? Out of the large number of people who were forced to migrate from Bangladesh to Northeast, about half are Hindus and remaining Muslims. Modi govt wants to give citizenships to all Hindus, not to Muslims, thus creating conditions to in which millions of Muslims are going to become stateless! Same policy was followed in the case of the Rohingya refugees who were thrown out of Myanmar also. Instead of finding a political solution to these migrants’ question involving the state governments and political representatives from the Northeast and Bengal, Modi government and the BJP government in Assam are trying to saffronize the question, endangering the whole region. All democratic forces should raise their vice and campaign to defeat the Citizenship Amendment Bill moved by the Modi government.
Message from Congrès des Progressistes pour la Libération – CPL (Congo)
Dear Comrades of the Central Committee of the CPI (ML), Congrès des Progressistes pour la Libération –CPL-, on behalf of all the revolutionaries of the Congo, ask you to convey their warmest greetings to the 11th Congress of CPI (ML).
For us, the African revolutionaries, the current international context, which is characterized by the growing imperialist domination, it is also the one where the peoples of Africa are experiencing a nightmare similar to that of the slave trade and the brutal imposition of colonization on the continent. it's every day that we have information, that it is by hundreds of young Africans drown in the ocean or perish in the desert on the road of migration. The numbers are always scary when it comes to talking about expressions of the miseries of the African peoples: unemployed people in masses, thousands of people killed in armed conflicts guided by multinationals to facilitate the looting of natural resources, or in actions to keep corrupt regimes in power. At the same time, populations are being decimated by epidemics because of the lack of medical infrastructures. In spite of these cruelties, the people do not let themselves be defeated. They resist and seek alternatives for lasting peace and a society without exploitation.
Faced with this situation, a pressing need is needed to revitalize the progressive and revolutionary movement in Africa. But for all this to be possible, we need considerable contributions from Marxist-Leninists working within the masses of the people, and also from active international solidarity.
Therefore, we consider that your Assizes are of great importance in illuminating the struggles of the international working class and oppressed peoples from all over the world. We wish every success to the 11th ICC Congress works.
Long live international solidarity!
Long live ICOR!
30 October 2018
Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist)
The Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist) warmly greets the convening of the 11th Congress of the CPI (M-L) Red Star. We wish all delegates and participants great success for their work at the Congress.
As you know, both the Australian and Indian governments are being positioned by US imperialism to serve its efforts to contain the rival imperialism of the Peoples Republic of China. These preparations for war threaten the peoples of our two countries. This, together with the intensification of the capitalist economic crisis in which both of our countries are embroiled, places more and more responsibility on our two Parties to learn from each other and to support each other in the spirit of proletarian internationalism.
The Indian working class and the broad masses of the people have a great history of fighting colonialism, neo-colonialism and imperialism. They have made major contributions to fighting revisionism and opportunism.
We sincerely wish you success in your 11th Congress.
With communist greetings,
Central Committee, Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist)
Fraternal greetings from Frontline socialist party of Lanka
We, Frontline Socialist Party of Sri Lanka would like to express our revolutionary greetings to the 11th party Congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist). The Indian left movement being one of the oldest communist movements in Asia always guided and impressed other left movements in the region. Among the all the other left parties The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) is playing a frontline role without deviating from fundamentals and policies of a left movement.As we aware most of the giant left parties had lost their courage to face bourgeois political pressure thus formed coalitions causing severe destructions to the left movement. The CPI-ML has an unblemished history of not sinking the bourgeois characteristics such as coalition politics, parlimantariasm, racism, opportunism etc.Comrades,The whole world is experiencing the crisis of the capitalism in an unprecedented manner. But capitalism has its own attribute to manage the crisis through deceptive measures. On the other hand inevitably the failures and inabilities of the left wing further strengthen the capitalist oppression. Therefore barbaric capitalist agendas have trapped the proletariats in web of crisis due to the weakness of the only alternative namely the left power.The crisis of the capitalism in India has promptly influenced the Sri Lanka as the closest neigbour of India. At the same time the horrific examples in all over the world demonstrate how the neoliberal capitalism and imperialism destroy the future of the earth. The world is producing a gross product of $ 70 trillion per year. Instead of sharing the benefit of this production among the seven billion of world population 16 individuals are enjoying the half of the gross production of the world. Simultaneously millions of people are suffering from poverty, starvation, illiteracy, illhealth and hunger. India is also a horrendous victim of this crisis. While generating world richest billionaires and companies India has failed to uplift the standards of the oppressed. The profit oriented capitalism has less concern on the environment and the right to life of the people. The social security systems such as free education and free health service are being totally ignored while converting them to profit oriented commodities. The human requisits such as art, sports, recreation are also restricted and deprived. There is an imminent danger of a nuclear war to grab the surplus of capital endangering the future of the mankind.Therefore not only leftists but the progressive movements of all over the world now thinking and fighting for a system change. The left movement should make use of this opportunity to educate the masses as much as they can in order to eradicate backward ideologies. People should feel that there is no other alternative than socialism. However prior to organize masses we should have clear and unambiguous stands on our fundamentals. Today we need a matured, intellectual, courageous and innovative party to meet the contemporary challenges more comprehensively and deeply. In that sense we believe Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) is the Indian Brigade of world communism.We take this opportunity to express our heartfelt gratitude and solidarity to the comrades who arrived this convention from all over the world. We being a movement which scarified thousands of lives for the sake of Sri Lankan Socialist revolution verily believe that this solidarity and the unity would definitely create a bond advancing the ideologies and struggle of our party. Finally I once again congratulate the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) and its leadership and wish every courage to build the socialism in India together with international revolutionary movement.Frontline Socialist Party – Lanka27th November 2018.
Greeting from Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan/Turkey) – BP(KKT)
We, from North Kurdistan/Turkey are sending you our warmest greetings and we wish your congress great success.
We wanted to share these greetings with the personal participation in your congress, but unfortunately the personal participation was not possible for us because of scheduling difficulties. Even if we are not directly with you, we are in our thoughts connected with you. We will carefully study the results of your congress, especially to learn from them.
We have learned much from your experience in our cooperation with your party in both bilateral relations, as well as working together in ICMLPO and ICOR. We value your work in one of the largest countries in the world very high. Your successes in the struggle for building the Marxist-Leninist Party in India are seen as successes of the Marxist-Leninist World Movement. Today, unfortunately, our World Movement is in one of the weakest phases in its history. In the present situation, we find the work of building genuine Marxist-Leninist Parties in each country the most important task of the Communists. This construction requires an irreconcilable ideological struggle against all forms of revisionism and opportunism, which today also appear in part in the name of a further development of Marxism-Leninism. By referring to so called qualitative changes in the system of imperialism, new theories are being developed. These are, in principle, a new version of Kautsky ultimperialism theory.
We believe that our countries, Turkey and India have many similarities.
They are both on imperialism dependent, capitalist countries and their ruling classes have imperialist ambitions. In both countries, nationalism and religion play a crucial role in society.
In both countries, the fight against dependence on imperialism, against religious fanaticism and the fight against chauvinism, patriarchy, fascism and racism have priority.
In the fight against imperialism we must not forget that the main enemy in our own country is the ruling class in our own country.
In the name of the international revolution, in Trotskyist fashion, the impossibility of winning the proletarian revolution in one country is maintained. A new strategy of international socialist revolution is being developed, which in practice simply ignore the contradiction between a handful of imperialist powers and the oppressed peoples. Further, many dependent countries, such as e.g. Turkey, Argentina, but also India, etc. are declared to "new imperialist countries", and lumped them together with the imperialist powers such as Russia and China.
Today, within the Communist World Movement, it is essential for all Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations to cling to the basic teachings of Leninism, Leninist theory, the Leninist strategy and tactics of world proletarian revolution. Especially after the practical decline of all formerly socialist or new democratic countries by the victory of modern revisionism in these countries, it is urgent to defend Leninist theory against any attack. Our task is based on this theory, which is the Marxism of the epoch of imperialism, to fight. Only then can we and will we win. We hope that your congress will be a new milestone in the fight against even such newfangled “theories”
In the fight against racism, fascism, patriarchy and religious fanaticism, we must not forget that these evils are not tied to individual parties, groups or politicians but to the whole system. The fight against these evils must be waged as a fight against the whole system dependent on imperialism. Only through the people's democratic revolution under the leadership of the proletariat are these evils removed. We firmly believe that the working class in our countries will take the fate of the revolution in their hands and the red banner will blow over our countries!
For that we need Communist Parties! And we are very happy that you are there.
In this sense, congratulations to your congress again!
Inkilab zindabad! Long live proletarian internationalism!
Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan/Turkey) – BP(KKT)
2018 november 4
On the occasion of the 11th Party Congress of CPI (ML) Red Star, we have the pleasure to extend revolutionary greetings from Turkey and Kurdistan to all comrades in the ranks of CPI(ML) Red Star who have been able to bring the party to the present level. We send our warmest greetings to the present leadership and wish success to the future leadership.
As Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Turkey and Kurdistan, we are conscious of the urgent necessity of developing party work and organization in every level to organize the revolution in concrete, in today's conditions. In the contemporary world, in terms of existential crisis of capitalism, revolutionaries all over the world more than ever face important challenges, so it is our task to take every opportunity for revolutionary leaps and to strengthen our organizational level in every manner. As our comrades-in-arm, we believe that your 11th Party Congress will be a great answer on today‘s revolutionary tasks. We believe that it will be an important discussion platform to analyze today's imperialism and that the possibility of sharing different views of today's condition will contribute to a deeper understanding and discussion on an international level.
As you know, we face serious fascist and imperialist attacks and wars in the Middle East. In Turkey, the colonialist dictatorship lead by fascist chief Erdogan attacks with all it‘s force to liquidate the democratic and revolutionary movement. With an increasing war against the freedom forces all over Kurdistan and Turkey, they try to destroy the ongoing revolutionary process in Rojava, which is preparing to spread over the whole region. As MLKP, we fight to the end with all our forces against fascism, colonialism and patriarchy for an antiimperialist, democratic revolution in Turkey and all over the Middle East. We salute your 11th Party Congress from the fronts in Rojava, from the free mountains in Kurdistan, from the poor quarters in the metropoles, from the streets in Turkey with the strength, given to us by our immortals.
Long Live Revolution and Socialism!
MLKP International Bureau November 26, 2018
Greetings of Rode Morgen (Netherlands) to the 11th Congress of CPI(ML)
Rode Morgen of the Netherlands
On behalf of Rode Morgen of the Netherlands, I bring you the warmest and revolutionary greetings of our organization to the leadership and all the members of CPI(ML). We are honoured and excited to be able to take part in these momentous days of struggle, debate and decision-making, which will surely make it possible for your party to advance on the road of class-struggle and organizing the toiling masses in India for progress, real democracy and socialism.
We ourselves have never before been to India, but as we are both members of ICOR – the international revolutionary organisation, we feel right at home here.
Rode Morgen is a party-building organisation in a small, but imperialist country in NorthWest Europe. India and Holland have had historic ties in the past – but that was colonialism. Nowadays, the working classes of India and the Netherlands are both part of the international proletariat, because they work for the same big capitalist monopolies that dominate the world. A special relation exist between the workers of the blast-furnace and steel factory Hoogovens in IJmuiden and their colleagues in India that also work for Tata Steel.
Characteristic of the current economic and political development today are the enormous power shifts among the imperialists on a world scale and thus the intensification of the general danger of war. US-imperialists under Trump are trying to prevent Chinese imperialism from rising to a greater imperialist power, above all through a trade war. These trade wars, combined with the possible collapse of a huge speculative bubble and growing national debt, pose a threat of an even deeper financial and economic crises than in 2008.
The claim to power by European imperialists is expressed in military operations in the Middle-East and in Africa. A year ago, 23 EU states joined together to form the military pact PESCO, nine defence ministers agreed in June 2018 to found a "European intervention initiative".
The strengthening of EU imperialism is sold to the masses through chauvinist slogans, to mislead the masses with the idea of a supposedly peace-loving, democratic Europe. But Lenin wrote as early as 1915 in his paper "On the slogan of the United States of Europe": "From the point of view of the economic conditions of imperialism, i.e. the export of capital and the division of the world by the 'advanced' and 'civilized' colonial powers, the United States of Europe under capitalist conditions is either impossible or reactionary.” The EU is in a deep crisis. The greatest weakening comes from Brexit - which will also weaken Dutch imperialism. Imperialism means external aggression and internal reaction. This should prevent the revolutionizing of the masses. Everywhere the governments are installed with a reactionary program, mainly by agitating against refugees. This must distract from the real causes of all social problems, from capitalism.
These right-wing developments in Europe challenge the working class and the masses to strikes and mass demonstrations - also in the Netherlands.
We live in a small, but imperialist country, so we know what to do: build a revolutionary party that will make it possible for the Dutch proletariat and the Dutch working people to take up their part in preparing for the international socialist revolution.
We hope we can learn from the debates during your Congress – we’re sure it will be successful.
Long live Marxism-Leninism! Long live International Solidarity! Long live CPI(ML)!
New Democratic Marxist-Leninist Party, Sri Lanka
Fraternal salutation to all participants in the 11th Congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star!
I bring warm revolutionary greetings from the New Democratic Marxist-Leninist Party of Sri Lanka and its member to the 11th Congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star, member of Party and fellow delegates to the Congress.
Our two parties forged fraternal relationship several years ago, and the relationship grown closer with time, especially since the New Democratic Marxist-Leninist Party joined the ICOR four years ago. The NDMLP is highly appreciative of the valuable role of the CPI(ML) Red Star in encouraging and supporting the NDMLP to join ICOR and thereby strengthen links with fraternal parties from different parts of the world.
While the political situation in our two countries differs in many ways, there is much in common between the two parties. The historical circumstances that led to the emergence of revolutionary Marxism Leninism as a revolutionary force in our countries can be traced to the great split in the international communist movement in the early 1960s and struggles against modern revisionism.
The Marxist-Leninist tradition in Sri Lanka has a proud history of defending revolutionary Marxism against opportunist and adventurist tendencies. It was at the forefront of combating Trotskyism which had firmer roots in Sri Lanka than elsewhere in Asia. It also contributed significantly both in theory and practice in the international struggle against modern revisionism. The split with the revisionism in 1964 was a key turning point in the development of the Party as the main Marxist-Leninist revolutionary party of country.
Its defense of Marxism-Leninism as upheld by the Chinese Communist Party led by Chairman Mao Zedong during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and understanding and defense of the Cultural Revolution were of historical significance at the time.
While learning from the great revolutionary experiences of Russia (later the USSR) and China as well as the revolutionary experiences of other countries, the NDMLP has avoided imitating the revolutionary path pursued in other countries, while respecting the policies and practices of fraternal parties as based on the objective situation obtaining in each country, and as matter that are subject to development and change.
The Party has struggled against dogmatic tendencies, which led to splits that weakened the party and the left as a whole in Sri Lanka, in a context where imperialism resurged in the 1970s as neo-colonialism and promoted oppression, narrow nationalism and identity politics to divide the oppressed masses. The Party withstood pressures to yield to narrow nationalism and to compromise with chauvinism, unlike other sections of the Sri Lankan left which compromised with nationalism to their worn grief. The Party has consistently adopted a principled position on national question in the post-colonial context by treating it as a friendly contradiction that could be resolved by granting nationalities the right of self-determination secession and creatively applying it to accommodate national minorities while creatively encouraging measures that will avert secession.
The Party was among the first of Third World Marxist-Leninist parties to declare that the term neo-colonial will be most appropriate to most former colonies and urging that since feudal production relation have mostly ceased, it will be appropriate to avoid calling most Third World countries semi-feudal. It, however, notes that feudal ideology and social relation remain strong even in the urban matters relating to gender and caste discrimination, if not oppression and archaic feudal beliefs sustained in the name of religion and culture so that it will be correct to refer to several Third World countries as countries with strong feudal remnants. But the Party does not indulge in debates on terminology with fraternal parties, as long as there is agreement on essential facts, there understanding and approach to addressing issues.
The Party has consistently urged the need for a united front strategy to resolve the pressing problems of the Country as well as to work towards its New Democratic goal (defined in the Sri Lankan context).
On the same basis, it has urged fraternal Marxist-Leninist parties to be mutually supportive, emphasize aspects that are common and resolve differences through serious and extended discussion in a fraternal spirit, and avoid acrimony as much as possible since it only helps the enemy to deepen division among revolutionary forces.
The Party has been sensitive to matters of identity based oppression and adopted stands that placed identity-based contradictions in the context of class struggle. It has lent unqualified support for the rights of those oppressed based on ethnicity, caste, faith and gender, and achieved historic success in its mass struggle (1966 to 1972) against untouchability in North Sri Lanka.
The Party has withstood oppression by the state and by the LTTE by being firm in its principles. It paid a price by way harassment, injuries and loss of life of members, arrest and prolonged detention, and inability to function normally for prolonged periods. But the Party never yielded and emerged morally stronger so that it remains the most credible Marxist political party in the country.
The Party upholds Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought as its ideology and guiding light. It recognizes US-led imperialism as the main enemy of the people of the world. It recognizes class struggle as fundamental while recognizing the national question in Sri Lanka as the current main contradiction. It is on the fore in campaigning for environmental protection, gender and caste issues and in resisting suppression of democratic rights by the successive regimes and warning the public of rising threat of fascism.
The Party has made mistakes and corrected them through the process of criticism and self-criticism and inner-party democracy. It has always been willing to deal with dissent democratically and address criticism with an open mind.
I am here on behalf of the Party to learn from fellow participants and enrich the revolutionary thinking of the Party with the views and experiences that we share on this great occasion.
Let me wish once again all delegates to the 11th Congress of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star on behalf of the New Democratic Marxist Leninist Party of Sri Lanka.
Long Live the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star!
Long Live the Fraternal Revolutionary Relationship between CPI(ML) Red Star and NDMLP!
Long Live Spirit of Proletarian Revolution!
Workers of World Unite!
Victory to the Working Class!
Greeting from Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan/Turkey) – BP(KKT)
To the Congress of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Star
We, from North Kurdistan/Turkey are sending you our warmest greetings and we wish your congress great success.
We want to share these greetings with the personal participation in your congress, but unfortunately the personal participation was not possible for us because of scheduling difficulties. Even if we are not directly with you, we are in our thoughts connected with you. We will carefully study the results of your congress, especially to learn from them.
We have learned much from your experience in our cooperation with your party in both bilateral relations, as well as working together in ICMLPO and ICOR. We value your work in one of the largest countries of world very high. Your successes in the struggle for building the Marxist-Leninist Party in India are seen as successes for Marxist-Leninist World Movement. Today, unfortunately, our World Movement is in one of the weakest phase in its history. In the present situation, we find the work of building genuine Marxist-Leninist Parties in each country the most important task of the Communists. This construction requires an irreconcilable ideological struggle against all forms of revisionism and opportunism, which today also appear in part in the name of further development of Marxism-Leninism. By referring to so-called qualitative changes in the system of imperialism, new theories are being developed. These are, in principle, a new version of Kautsky ultra-imperialism theory. In the name of the international revolution, in Trotskyist fashion, the impossibility of winning the proletarian revolution in one country is maintained. A new strategy of international socialist revolution is being developed, which in practice simply ignore the contradiction between a handful of imperialist powers and the oppressed peoples. Further, many dependent countries, such as not only Turkey, Argentina, but also India, etc. are declared to “new imperialist countries”, and lumped them together with the imperialist powers such as Russia and China.
Today, within the Communist World Movement, it is essential for all Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations to cling to the basic teachings of Leninism, Leninist Theory, the Leninist strategy and tactics of world proletariat revolution. Especially after the practical decline of all formerly socialist or new democratic countries by the victory of modern revisionism in these countries, it is urgent to defend Leninist theory against any attack. Our task is based on this theory, which is the Marxism of the epoch of imperialism, to fight. Only then we can and will we win. We hope that your congress will be a new milestone in the fight against even such new fangled “theories”.
We believe that our countries, Turkey and India, have much similarty. They are both on imperialism dependent, capitalist countries and their ruling classes have imperialist ambitions. In both countries, nationalism and religion play a crucial role in society. In both countries, the fight against dependence on imperialism, against religious fanaticism and the fight against chauvinism, patriarchy, fascism and racism have priority.
In the fight against imperialism we must not forget that the main enemy in our own country is the ruling class in our own country.
In the fight against racism, fascism, patriarchy and religious fanaticism, we must not forget that these evils are not to individual parties, groups or politicians, but to the whole system. The fight against these evils must be waged as a fight against the whole system dependent of imperialism. Only through the people’s democratic revolution under the leadership of the proletariat are these evils removed. We firmly believe that the working class in our countries will take the fate of the revolution in their hands and the red banner will blow over our countries! For the we need Communist Parties! And we are happy that you are there. In this sense, congratulations to your congress again!
Inkilab Zindabad! Long Live Proletarian Internationalism!
Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan/Turkey), Central Committee, 4 November 2018
Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany (MLPD)
Dear comrades, member of Central Committee and delegates
On behalf of the entire Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany, we say thank you for your invitation and the possibility to take part in your 11th congress. I convey the warmest greetings from the MLPD Chairwoman Gabi Fechtner, from Monika Gartner-Engel, Main Coordinator of the ICOR and responsible person for internationalism of MLPD. Also the best wishes from Stephen Engel, the long-time chairperson of MLPD. He is now the head of our theoretical work. And also the greetings from all members of the MLPD, our Youth League REBBEL and from the Red Foxes — our youngest militants. We are celebrating the 100th anniversary of the November Revolution together with 50th anniversary of the beginning of our party building this year.
In the last years the chronic crisis proneness of the imperialist world system has spread and deepened enormously. It unfolds on the whole range of issues: such as the progressing transition to a global environmental catastrophe, the intensification of social conflicts and rifts, the political crises and crises of confidence — and especially the old imperialist forces and a couple of new imperialist countries are very busy with a general tendency to imperialist preparation for war. And the working class and the broad masses do well, if they prepare themselves to fight against this tendency and against every imperialist forces.
This tendency is part of a rightward development of nearly every imperialist government. We can see that India, which has the fourth strongest army of the world today, is part of this development. Our last Central Committee plenary session came to the conclusion that all these developments have the potential to lead to revolutionary fermentation. As harbingers of this we see a polarization in many countries and dialectical relation between the reactionary tendencies from the government and a progrsssive change of mood among the masses.
India has currently one of the biggest working class of the world: Millions of members of the international industrial proletariat are working in Indian and foreign monopoly-companies. It is very important for the communist world movement, which way these workers will choose.
We are happy about long-time friendship between our parties. We jointly work in the International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations (ICOR) to prepare the international socialist revolutiona. We cooperate in the awareness-raising campaign on imperialism and in the construction of an united front against fascism and imperialism, which both were passed by the last ICOR world conference. We share our analysis and our experience and discuss them in constructive way in solidarity.
We surely are very excited about your discussion about class struggle and also about new tendencies in the imperialist world system and the seminar on this topic on Wednesday.
We wish you a fruitful congress with the highlight of the election of a new strong leadership for your party. Your congress has to answer important questions and we wish you great success with it.
After our last party congress, I became the new responsible person for the relation to India in our Central Committee. Your congress is my first visit to India. What a good opportunity to get to know India from its best side, from its revolution side. So again thank you very much for your cordial hospitality!
Long Live the Friendship of CPI(ML) Red Star and MLPD!
Together with the ICOR, the Working Class and the Broad Masses: Onward to Socialism and Communism!
Add to this the growing – and deepening – levels of joblessness in the two formerly industrial belts, which for some years have turned desolate, and you have a near-perfect recipe that any political party seeking to make inroads in Bengal’s politics could stir in a communal cauldron.
Kolkata: BJP workers participate in a bike rally organised on Ram Navami in Kolkata, on March 25, 2018.
When the Bengal Sangh Parivar organised Ram Navami processions in 2017 in Kolkata and a few adjoining places, the participants, including school-going children, were armed with tridents, swords and an assortment of other sharp-edged weapons. This was unseen and unheard of in Kolkata, leave alone other sub-divisional towns of Bengal. It was a “dry run”, a mere testing of the waters.
Last year’s bellicosity of the Sangh Parivar, which has been slowly but surely seeking to get a foothold in the state since the BJP national leadership made it absolutely clear in 2014 that it will take to its characteristic politico-religious programmes to challenge the ruling Trinamool Congress, there was no doubt whatsoever that it would marshal all its resources to keep the communal pot boiling.
It was a signal – and a warning – to the Mamata Banerjee-led TMC that not only would the Sangh exploit its Hindutva programme(s) across Bengal to make electoral capital, but it would also unabashedly unleash its characteristic brand of communal politics, for which the state was primed once the Left had been dislodged from power and reduced to a rump grouping incapable of keeping its flock of cadres together.
Branded as a chief minister who had bent over backwards to appease Bengal’s nearly 30 percent-strong Muslim minority, and faced with the BJP’s imminent threat, Mamata resorted to her own brand of communal politics. She first coaxed, then cajoled, and then began to openly woo the caste Hindus who had begun to flirt with Hindutva.
The communal violence in Kakinara, Asansol and even in the tribal district of Purulia was waiting to happen as both the BJP and the TMC resorted to competitive “ethnic outbidding” in which both parties have now begun to adopt ever more extreme positions over a range of issues.
For a state that never cared for Ram Navami, this year, the smallest pockets saw young and old gather to celebrate. These issues include so-called Muslim appeasement, illegal immigration from Bangladesh, defence of Hindus, celebrating Hindu socio-religious functions, etc, that are perceived by political elites to have some bearing on elections. While the BJP has strong incentives to “demonise” the religiously homogeneous Muslims, who are perceived to be captive voters of the TMC, the ruling party has sensed that in order to offset the gains by the former it must do all it can to wean away potential Hindu voters from swinging right.
Now that the process has begun in earnest, with all the usual rhetoric in place, both the BJP and the TMC will try to outdo each other in competing for both Muslim and Hindu votes. The BJP’s high levels of anti-Muslim rhetoric is matched by the TMC’s pro-Hindu flirtations. Needless to say, competing hostilities and defence could reach a tipping point and unleash the communal genie in ways that could prove disastrous for Bengal.
Why are demographic data for Raniganj and Kakinara important from an electoral perspective? While Raniganj, which is on the Howrah-Dhanbad section of the Indian Railways, has about 22 percent Muslims, Kakinara (on the Sealdah-Naihati line) has upwards of 13 percent of people belonging to the minority community.
The Muslims in both Raniganj and Kakinara are Hindi-speaking and both places have a sizeable population of Hindi-speaking Hindus who, years ago, formed the labour force in sundry factories, paper mills and coalfields in these two distinct belts.
Over the last 20-25 years, as factories and other small-scale industries in these two thickly-populated belts ground to a halt, every available square metre of land, especially along the railways tracks, was occupied by Hindu immigrants from Bangladesh.
A giant Hanuman murti at a BJP-organised Ram puja in Bengal’s Rampurhat.
These Bengali-speaking Hindus and the bulk of the Hindi-speaking Hindus, especially in towns easily accessible from Kolkata, have today turned ardent admirers of the BJP’s brand of politics. The rapid inroads of the RSS in these areas has been matched by its target groups’ growing interest in communal politics. In other words, communal politics has found traction among sections of the Hindu population in these belts – a polarising phenomenon that will certainly creep into Kolkata over time.
Another view that has emerged is that the fomenting of trouble in Raniganj, which is part of BJP MP Babul Supriyo’s Lok Sabha constituency, was partly an outcome of the leader’s sagging popularity. Some political observers believe that party functionaries owing allegiance to Supriyo, who is Union Minister of State for Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, “engineered” the violence using the occasion of Ram Navami and the attendant parades as a means to bolster Supriyo’s image. Supriyo went a step further: as groups battled on the streets with swords, bombs and fire, the minister posted a torrent of tweets and graphic-content videos on social media, which he explained away by claiming to be his version of the “truth”. Reports from Kolkata indicate that not just in Raniganj, Kakinara and Purulia, but the Sangh and the BJP organised Ram Navami parades at Kandi in Murshidabad and Chandannagar in Hooghly area.
The growth, extent and the violence engendered in the name of Ram has been characterised as “people’s enlightenment” by Bengal BJP chief Dileep Ghosh. His colleague in the Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Sachindranath Sinha, has claimed that the Sangh will organise a series of rallies, marches and parades till 31 March when different units of the political right will observe Hanuman Jayanti.
A distinguished advocate for the protection of human rights, Justice Sachar was a former Chief Justice of Delhi and Sikkim High Courts.
He vociferously promoted the cause of human rights and poor and had special love for the people of Kashmir and Northeast who are fighting for their right of self-determination. All through he was active in the socialist movement and was a close front of all communist revolutionary organizations. Many of his articles were published in Red Star
Justice Sachar was also head of People’s Union of Civil Liberty (PUCL). He authored many reports on Kashmir and human right movement.
The CPI(ML) Red Star expresses its deep sorrow in the departure of its close friend Justice Sachar.
If a party is not only in words, but genuinely communist, its tactical line adopted through the PR in Party Congresses should strengthen its strategic line; all forms of struggles and all forms of alliances should help strengthening of independent communist assertion in all fields. To find out whether the PR adopted by the 22nd Congress of CPI(M) serve this purpose, we are quoting extensively from its PR below:” 2.86 The Congress party has the same class character as that of the BJP. It represents the interests of the big bourgeois-landlord classes. Its political influence and organisation has been declining and it has conceded the space as the premier ruling class party to the BJP. The Congress professes to be secular but it has proved to be incapable of consistently fighting the communal forces. The Congress had pioneered the neo-liberal agenda and forged the strategic alliance with the United States when it was in power. As the main opposition party, it continues to advocate these policies. It is necessary to oppose these policies.
“2.87 The three basic tasks of the People’s Democratic Revolution are anti-monopoly, anti-landlord and anti-imperialist. As the Party Programme points out: “However, these basic and fundamental tasks of the revolution in today’s context cannot be carried out except in determined opposition to, and struggle against, the big bourgeoisie and its political representatives who occupy the leading position in the State”.
“2.88 The political representatives of the big bourgeoisie at present in our country are the BJP and the Congress. Based on our programmatic understanding, the Congress represents the interests of the big bourgeoisie and landlords and adopts pro-imperialist policies. Therefore, we cannot have a tactical line which treats them as allies or partners in a united front.
“2.89 But it is the BJP which is in power today and given its basic link to the RSS, it is the main threat. So, there cannot be a line of treating both the BJP and the Congress as equal dangers.
“2.90 Our tactical approach should be to cooperate with the Congress and other secular opposition parties in parliament on agreed issues. Outside parliament, we should cooperate with all secular opposition forces for a broad mobilisation of people against the communal threat. We should foster joint actions of class and mass organisations, in such a manner that can draw in the masses following the Congress and other bourgeois parties”.
As far as CPI is concerned, it had blindly embraced the Krushchov line from 1956. As a result it faced a vertical split in 1964, went on weakening and now is reduced to a mere skeleton, ready to embrace any opportunist alliance for its mere survival. It has abandoned the path of revolution, and no serious political forces consider it as a communist party. As every party congress takes place, its strength gets eroded continuously.
As far as the CPI(M) is considered, towards the Great Debate against the Soviet revisionist line and on using parliamentary struggle to serve the non-parliamentary struggles, right from the beginning it took a centrist line. In 1967 when it led united front governments in Bengal and Kerala, it started degenerating to parliamentary cretinism, abandoning the path of class struggle and agrarian revolution. When Congress splitted in 1969, like CPI it also supported the Indira Congress and helped survival of its government, adopting the ‘lesser evil’ theory. When Indira Gandhi declared emergency, instead of spearheading the struggle against it, as Sundarayya called for, it took the line of ‘protecting the party’ by refusing to take active role in the struggle against Indira autocracy. It compromised with the Janatha regime after 1979, and with the Indira govt after 1980. During this time though its parliamentary strength increased and it emerged as ruling party in Bengal, Kerala and Tripura, it had no left line to put forward against the ruling class line. Internationally it toed the line of Soviet social imperialists and the line of the capitalist roaders who had come to power in Eastern Eurpean countries, in China and Vietnam. In 1989 general election following the line of opposing Congress which was evaluated as the main enemy and “enemy’s enemy is our friend’ it made electoral understanding with BJP and made V P Singh the new prime minister. In this bargain while its communist values further degenerated and it did not benefit inside parliament also, the BJP’s strength leaped from 2 to 85. Using this opportunity, BJP launched the Rathayatra and went on increasing its strength and establishing its Hindurashtra line.
In 1991, under the Congress ministry led by Narasimha Rao, when finance minister Manmohan Singh launched the neoliberal regime, when even many Congress leaders were skeptical, Bengal CM Jyothi Basu lauded it saying ‘there is no alternative’ to it. From that time, though CPI(M) claims to oppose it, its governments in Bengal, Kerala and Tripura always implemented thse policies in practice, repeating that the state governments have no other option. That is why in 1996 elections, when Congress lost majority, the corporate lobby supported Jyothi Basu as next premier. Though it could not materialize as CC majority opposed, even now powerful sections and the ‘intellectual lobby’ inside consider it was a Himalayan Blunder. Still, the two united front governments in which CPI(M) played important roles, went ahead with the globalization-liberalization-privatization policies. In 1998 when BJP led Vajpayee government took over, CPI(M) had no hesitation to allow it Bengal finance minister Asimdasgupta to become chairman of the finance ministers’ committee which launched VAT and proceeded to GST. In 2004, accepting the speaker’s post, it played an important supporting role to help the UPA govt to speed up the neoliberal policies. Though it lost heavily in 2009 Lok Sabha elections and later in 2011 Bengal elections, it refused to break away from the neoliberal policies and to denounce what it did in Singur and Nandigram. Even after losing Tripura elections also, still it clings to the line that there is no alternative to neoliberal policies and still implementing the same policies speeded up by Modi, faithfully in Kerala! Similar to Congress and other ruling class parties, its opposition to Modi government is only for the Hindurashtra communal fascist policies.
Based on this overview if the last five decades of CPI(M) practice is evaluated, one can see that it goes fundamentally against what is stated in its Party program. Karat and the Kerala leaders wanted to avoid even any understanding with the Congress as was stated in the draft PR, only to preserve their election politics in the state. The debate between Karat and Yechury was never on utilizing the parliamentary work to serve “the three basic tasks of the People’s Democratic Revolution which are anti-monopoly, anti-landlord and anti-imperialist” as stated in their PP. Again, it was not at all on utilizing parliamentary work including functioning of the state governments to strengthen independent communist assertion, to develop class struggle towards the PDR. On the contrary, the 34 years rule in Bengal, the 25 years rule in Tripura and altogether more than three decades of rule in Kerala has only taken the CPI(M) away from communist positions. As far as the PDR is concerned, instead of pursuing anti-monopoly, anti-landlord and anti-imperialist, it has advanced from apologists of neocolonialism to faithful implementation of neo-colonially dependent policies of the ‘big capitalist- big landlord’ government at the centre, whether led by Congress or BJP.
At a time, under more than four years of Modi rule, when the corporate communal fascist regime has posed unprecedentedly greater danger to Indian polity, no doubt the left forces should adopt flexible tactical approaches to weaken and defeat it. But what we critic is that the CPI(M) leadership which has already abandoned the basic tenets of Marxism-Leninism long back is using Modi’s corporate fascist rule as a justification to embrace the policies of the big capitalist-big landlord state lock stock and barrel. Though the PR says no alliance with Congress, already it is in alliance with Congress in Bengal. The PR adopted in 22nd Congress provides license for making alliance with Congress in all states except Kerala, if Barquis is willing, that is if Congress is willing. This is CPI(M) brand independent left or communist assertion! The struggling left and democratic forces should expose and defeat this right opportunist line and develop the capability to utilize parliamentary work as complementary to people’s struggles for social change.
Two BJP ministers of J&K, Choudhary LAL Singh and Chandler Prakash Ganga had led the rally by RSS affiliated Hindu EKTA Manchester along with advocates of the 'Rape Parivar' for obstructing the filing of charge sheet by the police in the court. In Unnao too, the intervention of Allahabad High Court was needed to arrest the BJP MLA Kuldeep Singh Sengar who along with his Parivar accomplices abducted and raped the minor girl followed by cold-blooded blooded murder of her father with the backing of official machinery. The tragedy in Unnao and Kathua like similar cases in Gujarat when Modi was the chief minister is that the law and order machinery was also in league with the Parivar rapists.
Rape of women especially minor girls and children is a time tested device practiced by the Nazis to subjugate opponents. Indian fascists emulating this practice has been systematically using this weapon against Minorities and Dalits. Savarkar himself had advocated rape as a strategic weapon against Muslims and in his writings he even criticised Shivaji for letting free the daughter-in-law of the Muslim Kalyan king whom Shivaji had defeated.
In Kathua too, the perpetrators of this crime against humanity was imbibed by the Brahmanical ideology of 'rape as a strategic device' to target the nomadic Muslim community to which the girl belonged.
While the Modi regime and BJP leadership are sidelining the issue as insignificant, the Sangh Parivar outfits are spitting venom on the victims and their family with intensified vigour. It is high time on the part of all democratic forces to rise to the occasion to end this biggest-ever threat the country is facing - Article by Comrade P J James for Red Star Weekly, Issue # 12 (Vol 7), 14th April 2018
THE UNDERLYING CLASS BASIS OF EXPLOITATION OF WOMEN
INTERNATIONAL Working Women’s Day is much more than a celebration of past struggles and achievements won by working women. International Working Women’s Day links the present demands and struggles for equal rights, justice, respect for women and an end to the exploitation of working women, to the movement for a socialist system where women can fully develop and realise their rights and potential. We fight for immediate demands that lessen the heavy burden of capitalism on working women and to strengthen our collective power in the long fight for fundamental change.
Aboriginal women of Australia continue their fight against oppression and exploitation imported by the British invasion and occupation of the country 240 years ago. In 1880 Aboriginal women at Coranderrk station defied the white manager’s orders and went on strike demanding that they be paid in wages, not sugar and flour. (See Vanguardarticle 8 March 2016.) This fight is continuing today by the First People, including the young militant Warriors of the Aboriginal Resistance.
For more than 100 years working women in Australia have fought without let-up for equal pay and decent working conditions, affordable and quality child care, workers’ rights, respect and safety in the workplace, community and at home; against sexual harassment and assault, discrimination and domestic violence.
Women’s persistent struggles have won some limited relief. However, most gains have proven to be temporary and tenuous, eroded or vanished in the past 25 years under constant pressure and demands by capital to intensify exploitation, and increase profits. Child care is again unaffordable for many working women, equal pay for work of equal value has not been realised. Sole parents women live on or below the poverty line, attacked by both major parliamentary parties, relentlessly hounded and demonised by the government bureaucracy, often unable to pay for housing, their children’s education and power bills. Public spending on welfare payments and community services like affordable child care and the health needs of women are constantly cut back, while people’s taxes are syphoned off to multinational corporations.
Legislation on equal opportunity, sex discrimination, sexual harassment and bullying, maternity leave and child care leave entitlements and other rights and provisions that women had fought for and won, are often scraps of paper, unenforceable. In reality they have proven to be mainly window dressing. Under capitalism, the overriding needs of capital to maximise profits from intensified exploitation of workers takes precedence over the rights and wellbeing of working people.
In the meantime, the harsh anti-worker industrial relations laws are swiftly and viciously enforced by the full weight of the capitalist legal system against working women and men and their unions for taking action to defend their rights, wages, safety on the job and solidarity with other workers.
In the late 1960s and 1970s, during the unstoppable tsunami of struggle for women’s rights, capitalism in that historical period had some economic capacity to make a few minor concessions and diverted the struggle away from working class women’s fundamentally far reaching economic and social demands. Capital co-opted some of the women’s struggles that didn’t challenge its own existence. The working class origin and content of working class demands and struggles which were taken up by the founding women of the International Working Women’s Day were pushed aside.
This year’s IWD is taking place on the eve of a nation-wide mass walk out and protests by early childhood educators across the country on 26 March. It’s been a long struggle by early childhood educators and their union, United Voice, fighting to win equal pay for low paid women workers. On 6 March, in a disgraceful ruling, the Fair Work Commission rejected early childhood educators’ application to increase their pay above $21 per hour.
“The Fair Work Commission has failed us. They failed to hear from a single educator about what it’s like to live on half the average wage.
Early educators are qualified, trusted and have a huge responsibility caring for and educating the very youngest members of our community. Yet they can be paid as little as $21 an hour. After years of fighting for pay equity, early childhood educators have had enough. It is not acceptable that educators can be paid as little as $21 an hour.”
Working class women are doubly exploited by capitalism. At work women, like all workers, create the surplus value from where profit is extracted and kept by the boss class. At home, women provide unpaid labour for the capitalist class. We do unpaid work as society’s primary carers of children, who are the next generation of labour for the capitalist class to exploit. Women’s unpaid work at home re-produces and maintains the present and future generations of workers at no cost to the exploiting class. Women look after the society’s elderly and the sick with little financial or material support from the state.
The double exploitation of women economically, socially and culturally is imbedded in the exploitative system of capitalism which depends on the unpaid labour of women at home and raising the next generation of workers for exploitation. This economic exploitation and inequality of women is reinforced and promoted by the mainstream culture of abuse, degradation and violence against women.
For communist and socialist women, the struggle for gender equality and an end to the economic, social and cultural exploitation of women is inseparably linked to the working class struggle for socialism.
Report by Alice M in Vanguard, organ of CPAML