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Algerian protest leaders have vowed to take to the streets for the fourth Friday in succession as the country’s nascent democracy movement begins its search for representatives who can unite hundreds of thousands of demonstrators in advance of a national conference and elections. The ailing president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, on Monday withdrew his bid for a fifth term in office and postponed planned April elections to allow for consultation on reforms “for a new generation”. The move was condemned by civil society groups, who said it was intended to “trick and divide the popular movement”.

Habib Brahmia, from the Jil Jadid political party and the protest movement Mouwatana, said: “On Friday, we will all be in the streets to overthrow this system and its pawns.” Protesters have previously expressed pride in the movement’s leaderless nature, which was born of anonymous social media pages and seen in part as a rebuke to the official opposition, which is viewed as having been co-opted by the regime.

But after protesters succeeded in cancelling Bouteflika’s bid for a fifth term, the movement is working to bring together union leaders, protesters and civil society leaders around potential candidates who can voice their demands as they push to overthrow the government.

“This is a broad and spontaneous movement – it’s not really possible to put forward a single figure who can represent all parts of it,” said Soufiane Djilali, a Mouwatana coordinator. “This is also a movement that won’t accept anyone without a vote or due process. No one has right to say the movement belongs to them.” Djilali suggested the opposition should instead hold a conference to nominate three or four figures who could act as the spokespeople for the opposition with an eye to the election. He declined to say whether he would put himself forward.

A group of developers launched 22Fevrier2019.org, a website where users can “upvote” political propositions by tapping on a heart or hit the thumbs-down button for those they dislike.mThe top suggestion reads: “I nominate Mustapha Bouchachi to oversee the transition period and organise the next elections.” A prominent human rights lawyer, Bouchachi told local site Tout Sur Algérie he was concerned that Bouteflika cancelling the election is a move for the regime to waste time and remain in power. “I fear they will destroy the country,” he said.

Algeria’s new prime minister Noureddine Bedoui and his deputy, Ramtane Lamamra, held a press conference intended to reassure Algerians that the political elite would listen to their demands. “We will take into account the messages of the protesters during the formation of the government,” said Bedoui, as he offered a new “technocratic” government in the coming weeks to usher in the national conference. Bedoui promised a short transition and independent commission to oversee the next election, an offer unlikely to satisfy protesters. “We hope that all will participate,” he said.

(The Guardian, 15th March 2019) n

The 2nd Middle East Youth Conference was organized with the slogan “Towards a multi-coloured and democratic Middle East with the pioneering of the youth” on 20-23 February in Kobanê. At the conference, more than 300 young people from four parts of Kurdistan as well as from Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Libya, Armenia, Egypt and Turkey were present. In addition, delegates from Tunisia, Yemen, Afghanistan, North Africa and Sudan also attended the conference via Skype and greeted the participants. Moreover, apart from Federation of Socialist Youth Associations (SGDF) and Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) Youth Assembly from Turkey and North Kurdistan and newly-established Revolutionary Communist Youth (CKª) from Rojava, a large number of youth groups took their place in the conference.

On the other hand, some delegates from other countries were unable to attend the conference because they were blocked by the Syrian state and South Kurdistan regional government. The conference began with the opening speech of the preparatory committee, following the messages from youth organizations. On the second day of the 2nd Middle East Youth Conference, “the role and responsibilities of the youth in popular resistances in the line of democratic nation” were discussed. In this session, examples of revolutions and resistances in the Middle East, such as Palestine resistance, the Arab popular uprisings, the Kurdish liberation struggle and the Rojava-North East Syria’s revolution and the cultural massacres and genocides on the peoples of the Middle East were discussed. In a speech on behalf of SGDF participating from Turkey, it was stated that “the occupying states’ bond with the imperialist states is quite obvious.

 The attempts of the political-Islamist fascist Turkish state to occupy Rojava are signs of fear of the imperialist and occupying colonial states from the expansion of the Rojava women and youth revolution in the Middle East. The fear of spreading of a Middle East revolution to a world revolution brings about these invasion attacks. Today, we, as the Middle Eastern youth, have to fight against the capitalist system which builds up against our united struggle and we have to take the first step on the path towards communism. A classless, boundless world will be led by us, the youth and women. We have the power, we can do it.”

On the 3rd day of the conference, “Democratic/revolutionary solutions to the crisis of Middle East and the role of the Middle East youth” were discussed. Within the scope of this discussion, the importance of the united struggle in the Middle East in general, the united struggle and needs of the youth were the topics touched on. It was discussed how the youth would raise the common struggle against the existence of reactionary regional states and imperialist dictators, and that the establishment of youth assemblies. Although there are many democratic, socialist and revolutionary youth organizations in the Middle East; it was decided that a new organized and revolutionary structure is needed and the establishment of the Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly, which included young people from CKª, Democratic Syria Assembly (MSD), Senegal, Egypt, Sudan and Libya, was declared. Emphasizing that the occupying Turkish state is the enemy of the peoples of the Middle East, the conference decided to fight against the destructive activities of the Turkish state in the Middle East.

It was also decided to start working for the organization of a World Youth Conference, that dialogue and relationship should be developed with the structures and people who could not participate in the conference due to the obstacles, and that efforts should be made to share these decisions with them and join them in. Þoreþ Serhildan, a representative of Ciwanên Komûnîst ên Þoreþger (CKÞ), who is also a member of both the preparatory committee of the Middle East Youth Conference and the CKÞ delegation, evaluated the conference: The 2nd Middle East Youth Conference was held in Rojava’s revolutionary territory and important decisions were taken at the conference. What is the importance of the decisions taken in the conference for the struggles of the coming period? First of all, I must say that we are proud to hold our conference in the territory of our revolution.

We know that this revolution took place under the leadership of the youth and thousands of women triumphed with the immortalization of young warriors. The youth grew the hope with its actions and embrace of revolution. The youth revealed the role of the laboring popular youth in the revolution. This is very important for us. Because, in other rebellious geographies, hundreds of thousands of young people filled the streets, but could not play a role at this level. Unfortunately, their level of organization was poor, far from having the means and institutions of defense to guarantee the victory of the revolution. At the conference, we tried to talk about these experiences and develop a common point of view. We took our place in the conference as the color of communist youth of the revolution. We tried to convey our views and perspectives to the participants. We know that youth has pioneered the uprisings in the Middle East. In many countries, from Tunisia to Egypt, from Algeria to Jordan, young people took their places in the streets at the forefront. At this point, I would like to commemorate the young Muhammed Buazizi who burned himself against the poverty and loss of future imposed on the youth in

Tunisia. Buazizi had seen that the capitalist system cannot give anything to the youth in the world and in the region, and against the usurpation of the hope and the future, he ignited a wick of rebellion action, became a flare for the peoples and youth. In the Arab geography and in the region, millions of people went out the streets, voiced their displeasure with the existing regimes, and shouted out the desire for “another” world. However, an unorganized and fragmented struggle brought about a failure to create a new alternative. As can be seen in the Rojava revolution, this rebellion wave capable to create completely different results was trapped in the darkness of the Muslim Brotherhood, al-Qaeda, Nusra and ultimately ISIS, besides, as in the example of Syria, it has been an instrument for Ceyº-ul Hur (Free Syrian Army) and such. Aside from the others, the only real alternative from this rebellion wave is embodied in the Rojava revolution. In Tunisia, for example, the process could develop otherwise.

The main problem, however, was the lack of courageous politics, organizations and tools to lead the uprisings, or the improper use of these by their vanguards. Those who put this revolt’s bright into the darkness of ISIS and its cursed vortex were the imperialists and the reactionary states of the region. There was no strong and unified alternative standing up to them. The only exception is Rojava. Its final result is, fortunately, a revolution. We can touch on the importance of this conference right here. The 2nd Middle East Youth Conference both discussed these processes and became an important step in the organized and united revolutionary struggle of the youth. Of course, this conference has not discussed and solved everything. There is no such claim anyway. Most of the topics and issues on the agenda are historical and, from a different perspective, possibilities for solutions can be seen in it.

This conference showed a direction and tried to remark and explain to the youth that another line is possible. Some of the country’s delegations were blocked by their own state, some of them were by the KDP-Barzani, and were unable to cross to Rojava to attend the conference, this, once again showed who was afraid and why. In the light of all these facts, I should reemphasize that the conference is a valuable and important step for the youth of the Middle East. More than 300 revolutionary young people from 15 different countries, with different national and class identities, discussed the future in the lands of the revolution. The youth attending the conference stressed that their future is also the future of the whole society; to play a more active role in this period of time and for the continuation of these discussions, we took important decisions. We, as CKª, stressed the importance of progressing the people’s revolts on the axis of revolution and socialism and underscored that the only way is revolution. We have tried to meet in a revolutionary-democratic axis because the conference is composed of crowds and groups with different lines and tendencies. I can say that despite the differences of the components, it was possible to meet at the minimum commons in ideological and political perspectives.

The conference has made a number of decisions to create a stronger youth movement in the future. One of these is the newly established Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly. This is a positive step for the united resistance and solidarity of youth. If it is operated as its importance deserves, if the duties and responsibilities are fulfilled, there is no reason for this assembly not to succeed. As CKª, you stated that you are also involved in the newly established Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly, which is one of the results of the conference. What effects will the results of this conference have in the coming period? As CKª, we care about the Middle East Revolutionary Youth Council, which we also proposed at the conference. There was a need for an organization to complete discussions and emerging decisions. The established assembly will serve this purpose. We believe that it will strengthen the implementation of the decisions taken in the first place and the communication and experience transfer opportunities in the Middle East. We also believe that it will serve both to raise the struggle against the reactionary states and to organize the youth against the imperialists’ brutal plans to attack and plunder the Middle East territory. These days the Middle East carries new revolutions in its bosom. The international and regional crises of the capitalist system are deepening, forcing more Bouazizis to burn themselves, turning them into a flame of riot.

At a time when the exploiting sovereigns are in such crises, if the youth, who is the dynamic power, is unorganized, we cannot appraise the opportunities we encounter. Today, putting such a mission on the Middle East Revolutionary Youth Assembly, which is still in the phase of being established, may be a bit early, but we are hopeful. When the revolutionary youth assembly is organized, it will be able to play the leading mission in the Middle East. In this direction, we have taken our place in the Youth Assembly and we will try to fulfill our responsibilities. Finally, do you have a call or something you want to say? We took a modest but important step in the lands of revolution as the youth of the Middle East. This step will be embodied and developed with the stronger participation of us. And our modest steps will be the heralds of our great victories.

This conference, the second of which was held in the city of resistance and dreams, Kobanê, has brought hope and morale to youth. We, as CKÞ, are making a call from these lands where hope is flourishing. The youth should join the anti-colonialist, antiimperialist and anti-capitalist struggle against the threats of the fascist Turkish state and against the imperialist capitalist system and should raise the struggle. An example like the Rojava revolution is ahead of the Middle East youth. This revolution is the revolution of youth, and each youth and youth organization has the task of defending and enlarging this revolution. In this respect, we call on youth to embrace this young revolution. May the 2nd Middle East Youth Conference bring happiness to the youth and our peoples.

Reproduced from International Bullettin, Marxist-Leninist Communist Party (MLCP)  n

A SHORT NOTE ON THE ELECTIONS IN NEPAL

LEFTIST ALLIANCE (LA) composed of CPN (UML) and CPN (Maoist Center) has got about two third majority in the election of parliament held recently in Nepal. In fact, it is a big defeat to Nepali Congress. At the same time, it is a heavy blow to Indian ruling class led by Modi.

2) Election held in Nepal was of two types: centre and provincial ones At the centre level the election took place of direct and proportional election of the members of the parliament. The members of the provincial assembly also were elected in the same way. The direct methods mean election by people directly while proportional method means vote to the party and nomination of the member of the parliament or provincial legislative by party.

3) According the federal system of Nepal, the country is divided into 7 provinces which are called Pradesh in Nepali. Our party through our legal front, National People’s Front (NPF), also had participated in both central and provincial elections. We have won 1 seat in the parliament and Comrade Durga Paudel is elected as member of parliament by direct method from Pyuthan. To other Comrades, Com. Krishna Thapa and Com. Tek Bahadur Gharti are elected from Baglung for provincial assembly by direct method. Because of newly established system of threshold of 3 percentages we have not succeeded to gain even a single seat in the parliament by proportional method. However, in the Pradesh no 4 and Pradesh No 5, we have gained one member in each Pradesh by proportional method.

4) On the eve of the election both CPN (UML) and CPN (Moist Centre) had formed Alliance, Left Alliance (LA) . They also have declared that after the election they will form a united communist party. We do not think that they will be able to form a united communist party as both of them are revisionist ones. In spite of that if they get united, it will be possible for them to make a stable govt and to apply some progress-ive policies and progarmmes. But it is not an easy task as both domestic and foreign powers will try their best to foil their govt .and their policies. Because of many of constitutional loop wholes they have not been able to form their government at and the government led by Nepali Congress is pushing many obstacles to form the government. As the govt. of the leftist forces is not formed at, the political picture of the country is not clear yet we shall write more after the govt. is formed.

With revolutionary greetings,

MB Singh,

General Secretry

Nepal Communist Party (Mashal)

SERBIA-RUSSIA-BELARUS MILITARY EXERCISE

SLAVIC Brotherhood 2016, a Serbia-Russia-Belarus trilateral military exercise, began at Serbian Armed Forces airports and training ranges on 3rd November. The final stage of the exercise, which ends on November 9, will take place at the Kovin airport and the Pasuljanske livade interservice training range next week.

The exercise involves 212 Russian, 56 Belarusian and 450 Serbian troops, with the Russian and Belarusian troops scheduled to depart home on November 14, the Serbian Ministry of Defence said in a statement. Slavic Brotherhood 2016 continues the cooperation between the Russian Airborne Troops and the Serbian Armed Forces Special Brigade, which began with the Srem 2014 exercise, also staged in Serbia
PHILIPPINE President Rodrigo Duterte on his Beijing visit denounced Obama administration and suggested that Philippines would break economic and military ties with the US. He called for greater economic and trade ties with China. Speaking to a business audience at a Philippines-China Trade and Investment Forum he branded the US “arrogant” and denounced it for imposing its dictates upon countries throughout the region. He also called for closer China-Russia-Philippine cooperation. Duterte arrived in China for a four-day visit on 18th October and declared that his trip marked a “reconfiguring” of Philippine foreign policy.

He made clear that he would seek to cement economic and trade deals worth billions of dollars with the China, the country’s second largest trading partner. Among his entourage are as many as 400 prominent Philippine business leaders.

Significantly, he indicated that his government could be willing to drop its disputes with China over the South China Sea. China and the Philippines have reportedly agreed to open bilateral negotiations on their territorial disputes, and will establish a joint committee between their coastguards. Duterte did not raise with Xi the issue of the Scarborough Shoals, which have been a source of conflict between the two countries and of which China took control in 2012. But a Reuters report, indicated that Beijing may be willing to grant Filipino fishermen access to the shoal.

Behind the scenes, Washington and its substantial constituency of supporters within the Philippine ruling elite and military are no doubt making contingency plans. Ahead of Duterte’s trip, Supreme Court Justice Antonio Carpio warned that the president would be in violation of the constitution, and could be impeached, if he gave up sovereignty over the Scarborough Shoals. 
AUSTRALIAN trade unions have thrown their weight behind a transition away from coal-generated electricity, calling for a new statutory authority to manage a “just transition”, supporting workers and communities that rely on fossil fuel-related jobs. A policy discussion paper written by the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) said a planned closure of coal power stations – along with both a jobs and energy plan for the country – would “create a more prosperous and diversified economy”. The move comes days after the announcement of the closure of Australia’s dirtiest power station, Hazelwood in Victoria, following agitations by the trade unions and environmentalist organizations
THE Venezuelan opposition needs to understand that “the revolution is going to continue”, President Nicolas Maduro said on 3rd November while urging his political foes to remain part of the dialogue the two sides began earlier this week.

The revolution began in 1999 by his predecessor, the late Hugo Chavez, “is irreversible”, EFE news quoted Maduro as saying in a speech at the presidential palace. He said that his opponents “must learn to co-exist with the revolution” and to accept the principle of democratic governance. Maduro went on to accuse the opposition alliance, known as MUD, of looking for “excuses” to abandon the dialogue that got under way on 31st October under the auspices of the Union of South American Nations and the Vatican.

Earlier on 3rd November, the MUD set several conditions for resuming talks with the government on November 11, including a demand that both sides commit to an “electoral solution” to the nation’s political crisis. That electoral solution could involve a reactivation of a suspended presidential recall referendum process or early presidential elections, opposition Mayor Carlos Ocariz said. Maduro responded to Ocariz by accusing the MUD of presenting an ultimatum and creating “false expectations”. “Nobody can say that in 10 days, if the government does not respond the way they want ... they will go to war,” the President said. “Nobody can accept that.” The purpose of the November 11 session will be to review the findings from the four working groups established during the opening of the talks, Maduro said hours after government supporters began pitching tents around the presidential palace, Miraflores to resist the conspiracies of the rightists.
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The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.