05 October 2020

28th September is Bhagat Singh's birthday. RSS has been continuously presenting Bhagat Singh in its communal colour for many years and has been successful to a large extent. In the mind of the general public, he has kept Bhagat Singh and Subhash Chandra Bose as Gandhiji's Barks and people have accepted this. Bhagat Singh has been restricted to the fake debate of violence - non-violence and is presented as a saffron nationalist. The truth of Bhagat Singh is far away from this and it is a big mistake of the left that he could not take it to such a wide level. In fact, Bhagat Singh was a fierce opponent of communalism. He has clearly shown this in his article ′′communal riots and their treatment”. In this article, he says communal riots are conducted by leaders and newspapers. He also writes that the cure is to awaken the consciousness of the labour class and accelerate the class conflict. He wasn't just against communalism he was atheist. His most famous article is ′′Why am I atheist′′ in which he criticizes all religions and he writes in clear words against reincarnation etc. In his articles ′′untouchable problem′′ he writes against casteism and criticizes the racist attitude of Hindu Mahasabha leaders. In this article he says Dalits are sleeping lions and they should rebel against this system and uproot it.

The biggest thing is that those who call Bhagat Singh theirs today and call communist people Urban Naxal. They hide that Bhagat Singh himself was a communist. Bhagat Singh's party in Hindustan Republican Socialist Association, the word 'socialist' is the gift of Bhagat Singh. He wrote ′′Shoot us instead of hanging", ′′name letters to young political activists", ′′Wires on Lenin Day′′ and many other articles are clear that they were Marxist Leninist. Even when they were about to be hanged they were reading Lenin and he said ′′a revolutionary is meeting another revolutionary” Their Marxist trends were first suppressed by Congress governments and now BJP has shown them their own.

As far as there is a matter of non-violence, the capitalist state is violent in itself. He upholds the social, political, cultural and economic structures of poverty, women exploitation, racism etc everyday through his rules, laws, culture and police. The public only responds to this sometimes from violence and sometimes as peacefully protest. Remember the public fight is the fight for liberation from these bonds and the state suppresses in trying to maintain this violent system. Forms of resistance change with the state's rising decreasing violence. They should not be seen through the glasses of moral immoral, they should be seen in this way which method can create a bigger mass in this era. As Bhagat Singh chose the way of violence outside and hunger strike in jail, both were very effective. Without the change of system, this violence of the state will continue every day, every moment and its evidence is all around. The truth is that today the central government is doing as much violence, we also have to choose the path of public and take the legacy of Bhagat Singh forward. The public is angry, he just needs the thoughts of Bhagat Singh for the change of the system.

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Kabeer Katlat

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.