IT WAS fifty years ago, on 16th May, 1966, the great proletarian Cultural Revolution in China was launched. It was a historic revolutionary move by Mao to prevent the repetition of what happened in Soviet Union where the capitalist roaders from within the Communist Party of Soviet Union had usurped power and degenerated it from socialist path to capitalist path, to a social imperialist power (which later disintegrated in 1991). Though even this epochal move mobilizing the masses in their millions could not succeed to topple the capitalist roaders, who usurped power in China also a decade later, utilizing the opportunity provided by the death of Mao and turned China in to a capitalist super power competing and colluding with US imperialism for world hegemony, the communists around the world cannot belittle its importance. The experience of the international communist movement (ICM) has repeatedly proved that though the imperialist camp and its lackeys are intensely struggling to destroy it everywhere and in every field, the severe setbacks suffered by it compared to the zenith it had reached by the 1950s is primarily and in the main due to the emergence and strengthening of the revisionist line, which in effect amounts to the emergence of capitalist roaders who usurp the leadership. The serious obstacle confronting the communist movement today is that in spite of these repeated bitter experiences, the communists who aspire for revolutionary change are still not recognizing the significance of struggling against and defeating this principal danger before the revolutionary advance.
It is in this context the significance of the Cultural Revolution in China should be recognized and necessary lessons should be drawn from its positive contributions and from its later disintegration. We are publishing an article on this important epoch of the ICM and invite more studies and critics on the theory and practice of the Cultural Revolution in general.