Take Lessons from October Revolution for Future Revolutions

27 November 2016

THE centenary programs of October of Revolution shall start from 7th November this year and culminate with programs across the world on 7th November next year. This shall be a year of great celebrations; a year for learning from the past to create future for the working class and oppressed people.

Hundred years ago on 7th November, 1917, the working class of Russia seized political power and established the worker-peasant state, first time in history. It took place during First World War when imperialist plunderers were engaged in a bloody cut-throat war for re-dividing the colonial world among themselves. Discontentment among workers, peasantry and army men was intensifying. They were mobilized around the slogans of Bolshevik Party: “Peace, Bread and democracy” and “All Power to the Soviets”.

Following revolution, people’s democracy overturned all the policies of the bourgeois state. Land was confiscated from landlords and distributed among the tillers. The control of factories was handed over to workers. A peace proposal was put forward before warring bourgeois states of Europe. It declared that sons and daughters of the workers and peasants of Russia were not prepared to shed blood for the imperialists and their Russian friends. It gave freedom to nationalities kept under suppression by Tsardom, it gave the message that the workers’ state do not keep any weaker nationalities under subjugation.

These achievements of October Revolution deeply influenced the workers, peasants and oppressed masses globally. It inspired and gave new direction to the national liberation movements. Communist parties were formed in many countries. In some countries revolutions took place. Organizing Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union) it inspired the concept of forming union of nationalities based on equality. It initiated liberation of women from shackles of patriarchy. For the first time they got right to vote based on universal franchise. The defeat of fascist forces during Second World War was a great achievement for which humankind will be grateful to Soviet Union.

In spite of all these, it degenerated to capitalist path due to internal sabotage by the capitalist roaders, disintegrated in 1991 and is today reduced to Russian imperialism. There are two important questions now in front of us: how to provide correct leadership to revolution and how to save the workers’ state from internal sabotage by the capitalist roaders.

Today’s situation is quite different from that during October Revolution. No threat of World War immediately before us. Still imperialist system is confronting greatest internal challenges. US superpower is finding it difficult to impose its hegemony. Sparks of people’s discontentment are spreading everywhere. Still, working class and oppressed masses are not in a position to take advantage, as they are unorganized and divided.

In our country also, crisis in the ruling system and condition of the working class and oppressed masses are in any way different. While basically united on the economic-fiscal policies, the ruling system is dividing people based on caste, religion, language etc to continue neo-liberal raj. It is dominated by corrupt, criminal and communal (especially, Hindutuavadi) forces. The Modi government is spreading communal hatred and unleashing unprecedented oppression of dalits and minorities. This is increasing resistance against these policies everywhere.

It is in this situation, the struggling left and democratic forces, the oppressed classes and sections including dalits, adivasis, minorities and women are striving to come on a broad platform of struggle, taking lessons from October Revolution and innumerable revolutionary movements of the toiling and oppressed masses of our country. The primary task is to advance for people’s alternative power which ensures livlihood, housing and democracy for all.

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The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.