Take Lessons from Mao’s Contributions to Marxist Theory and Practice

03 September 2017
IT was on 9th September 1976 Mao Tsetung departed us. During these four decades many things happened which go against his great contributions which have enriched the theory and practice of Marxism. Analyzing the then semi-colonial, semi-feudal conditions of China correctly, Mao applied the Marxist-Leninist principles there for advancing the national liberation and democratic revolution to victory leading to the inauguration of the People’s Republic of China on 1st November, 1949. He led the CPC in completing the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal tasks and advancing the people towards socialist revolution. As the capitalist roaders within the party tried to torpedo it putting forward their “black cat, white cat” theory, Mao led the great socialist rectification movement followed by the Cultural Revolution, succeeding to remove them at least from their positions of power.

During these decades Mao waged relentless struggle against the revisionist forces who had usurped power in Soviet Union and were degenerating the international communist movement. The General Line of communist movement was put forward according to the new situation when imperialism had transformed its phase of colonial plunder to the phase of neocolonial onslaught, using finance capital, market system, technology and military domination as its tools. Till his last days he waged uncompromising struggle against both right opportunism which was trying to destroy the communist movement and the left adventurist concepts and practice which were going against the mass line.

In spite of these struggles and his relentless efforts to mobilize a new generation of Marxist revolutionaries, soon after his death the capitalist roaders could usurp power and turn China also to capitalist path. Those in power in China today are using the red flag to destroy the ideals of Marxism. They are using him as an icon to sell their “socialism with Chinese characteristics” which is nothing but capitalism. At the same time at international level anarchist forces under the label of Maoism are indulging in defaming his great contributions to proletarian revolution including mass line.

In spite of these deviations and setbacks, the Marxist-Leninists all over the world uphold Marxism-Leninism-Mao Thought; they are engaged in developing the theory and practice of revolution according to present conditions. Mao shall remain forever a great teacher for them and for the world people in their struggles to advance towards socialist transformation, towards an exploitation free, egalitarian world with people exercising power at all levels.
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The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.