04 February 2018
THE Caste Annihilation Movement (CAM) was launched in 2012 with the call that modern India has to be built on the plinth of equitable and scientific society. The annihilation of caste system is the necessary precondition for this. With this vision, the All India Coordination Committee of Caste Annihilation Movement successfully conducted its 4th National Conference at Baba Sahab Ambedkar Hall in Kranti Jyoti Savitri Ma Phule Nagar (Barrister Rajabhau Khobragde Hall), Nagpur, from 13th to 14th January 2018.

The Conference started with the inaugural session which focussed on “Present Communal and Brahmanical attack and Significance of the Caste Annihilation Movement”. It was followed by the delegate session till pm on 14th. The National Conference was presided by Sanjeev, of All India Coordination Committee of Caste Annihilation Movement. The list of special guests who addressed the inaugural session included Com. KN Ramchandran, General Secretary, CPI (ML), Red Star, Dr. Sushila Tankbhore, renowned writer of Maharashtra and the state representatives of Caste Annihilation Movement, such as Dr. Brijbihari (Uttar Pradesh), Narbhindar (Panjab), U. Shambshivrao (Telangana), Jinda Bhagat (Nagpur), RP Singh (RCF), Akshay (AIRSO), Sunila (AIRWO), Labh Singh (Punjab), Ravi (TUCI), Ravi Paloor (Kerala) Ramesh Chandra Dutt (Karnataka), Bhimrao Yedke, Devrao Ailwar, Pravin Nadkar (Maharashtra), Rekha Gondane (Chhattisgarh). It was conducted by Tuhin, all India Convener of Revolutionary Cultural Forum & CAM Member, and vote of thanks was delivered by Bandu Meshram. At the end of the inaugural session, the latest issues of Jati Unmoolan, the Hindi organ of the CAM and Vikalp, the Hindi organ of RCF were released. Com. Rambali & Saraiyyah presented revolutionary mass songs.

A press conference was held on 12th January2018 explaining the significance of the CAM in the present context. The Conference concluded with a procession shouting slogans like ‘ Demolish the caste system” through the streets of Nagpur in the afternoon of 14th January, which concluded at the Namantar Chowk with a brief public meeting. In the cultural evening o 13th , inspiring songs were sung and documentary films were displayed on Caste Annihilation. The conference was well attended by large number of students, intellectuals, cultural activists and delegates from all the corners of the country like Delhi, Rajasthan, Punjab, UP,A.P. ,Telangana, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala ,M.P. and Chhattisgarh.

Com. Sanjeev, in his presidential address, said that both class and caste identities have kept the Indian society divided. Both are unpleasant realities. These have made hell of the lives of Indian people. The national movement of Caste Annihilation has begun with the agenda of creating a casteless and classless society. Caste system is like leprosy in Indian society. Since thousands of years, this cruel system has been resisting the change of time and still alive in its present heinous forms. The powerful ruling class is helping its survival for its vested interests. Not a single day passes without hearing the news of oppression of Dalits and other down-trodden caste people, along with that of tribals, minorities and women by the upper-caste and the rich. The toiling mass are the victim of double oppression,— one in agro fields or factories, the other by the upper caste. Some people pretend to be progressive or liberal, yet argue in favour of keeping the caste system in tact in the garb of preserving tradition etc. These hypocrites ought to be unmasked. He appealed to all progressive forces to join in the struggle for building a casteless, classless society based on equality and justice.

While delivering the keynote address, Ramachandran stressed on the significance of the oppressed people in Maharashtra manifested in the 3rd January state level bandh challenging the disturbances created by the RSS forces during the historic Bhima Koregaon mobilization, and said: We have a long tradition of resisting caste system that began with Gautam Buddha. This glorious tradition was carried over by Kabir, Rabidas, Mahatma Phule and Dr. Ambedkar and others inspiring the renaissance movement. We are holding this Conference at such a time when people are being repressed brutally in the name of caste and religion to satisfy nefarious narrow political ends of Sangh Parivar. People are being divided and their basic democratic rights are usurped – all in the name of religion and caste. At present, communal forces have been trying to consolidate their hegemony in all spheres of life. Attacks on oppressed class and caste are on the increase throughout the country. Presently, number of incidents of horrible attacks by the casteist force on Dalits in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa etc are reported. Imperialists and their henchmen are trying to consolidate their hold through intensification of the neo-liberal policies as well as the agenda of Hindu Rashtra as two aspects of their strategy. Religious dogmatism, vulgarization of history and dividing the country in terms of religion and caste are pushing us back to the dark days. We must unite to face this challenge and transform the resistance movement into a revolution. All progressive persons must come forward and bear the responsibility of transforming our society towards one without caste system and communalism, one where social justice flourishes in all fields.

Dr. Sushila Tankbhore affirmed that the situation in Maharashtra is no different from the rest of the country. Rather the situation in our country has worsened in the past few years. Inter-caste and inter-community marriages are opposed and the couples are killed. Imperialism has been providing stimulants to caste system. We are to rise against the prevalent inequality and wipe out the unjust system. We have to raise voice for women’s liberation & against oppression of caste-gender based violence.

Dr. Brijbihari pointed out that Babasaheb Ambedkar asserted that Caste system was like leprosy in Indian society. Still most of the sections he targeted was illiterate and the literate sections were busy in carrying the dead and oppressive customs of Brahmanism. He called for mobilizing the oppressed people and their organizations for rallying round the Caste Annihilation Movement to fight out the present unjust system. Dalit and minorities are fearful and anxious of their safety on account of the perpetual incidents of atrocities and heinous crimes against them. Recent horrific incidents in UP, Haryana etc are cases in point. Complaints pertaining to such violence are either not entertained in the police stations or the perpetrators usually go scot free easily.

Com. U. Shambshiv Rao (Chairperson OPDR, Telangana) opined that the politics of pseudo-identity politics had been creating division among the Dalits. On the basis of scientific consciousness, they should have to fight for a society without caste, class and religious creed. The Dalits in rural area hardly could make their both ends meet and living in penury. None of the leading political parties did anything towards their betterment. It is time to struggle for wiping out the caste identities.

Com. Pravin Nadkar (Lok Shahir Anna Bhau Sathe Manch & TU leader) stressed that caste system was not only for the benefit of Brahminical forces but also a tool for the divide and rule policy of the ruling class. Eradication of Caste system is a must for establishing equal rights for all.

While sharing the recent upheaval in Gujarat, Com. Narbhindar said that it was an effort to divide the community and encourage caste war. In the process, many of the democratic rights, outcome of long arduous struggles of past decades, are being taken back. He emphasized the revolutionary secular progressive legacy of historic “Gaddar Movement” and martyr Bhagat Singh’s anti religion, atheist thinking.

Com. Bhimrao Yedke (Nanded) averred that Humanism and World Unity should be the basis of Caste Annihilation Program. We must remain aware of the shrewd divide and rule moves of the ruling class.

Com. Jinda Bhagat (Convener CAM Nagpur) emphasized the need of providing specific direction to Caste Annihilation Movement. He focused on the role of deep introspection and study of our past weaknesses.He earmarked the question of land as the basis of fierce caste based violence in Rajasthan, U. P and in other states. Most of the Dalits do not possess any land. The agenda of present government is to abolish caste based reservation and rule by creating division among the toilers. He called for giving emphasis to inter caste marriages.

The inaugural session prepared the ground for the delegate session to take up the tasks of evaluating hitherto experiences and to prepare for intensifying the activities of the Movement.

The Conference starting on 13th afternoon firstly discussed and passed the amendments to the draft Program and Constitution of the CAM. Then the All India Report was presented. During the discussion many suggestions to overcome past weaknesses and to intensify the movement were pointed out by the delegates. After reply, the Report was adopted. The Conference elected an 18 member All India Coordination Council and an 8 member Central Executive Group (CCG). Dr. Brijbihari was elected as the Main Coordinator and Com. Sanjeev and Com. U. Shambhashiv Rao as Coordinators.

The Conference passed many resolutions on condemning the nefarious attacks on Dalits, Adivasis & Minorities; on suppression of freedom of expression; on perpetual deterioration of the status of the toiling & common masses; on vulgarization, communalization and saffronization of history and culture. It also expressed anxiety over the pauperization of peasants, increasing penury, price rise and atrocities on women. The central resolution moved by com. R.P. Singh focused on implementation of the main class in the Program, including struggle against caste based, feudal customs, traditions and superstitionsl against creamy layer concept and reservation based on economic positions; for campaigning for inter caste marriages; for removing case based surnames; for supporting the movement for land and housing for the landless etc.

The two day Conference which concluded with the rally and the public meeting, the participation of large number of delegates fro more states and its decision have given a new impetus to the CAM to carry forward its tasks with more enthusiasm. 
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The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.