Nobody can say that foreign relations of a country is a sacred cow, and it cannot be discussed openly by the people. Especially when, after Modi rule started in 2014 India’s relations with all neighbours have worsened much. After intensifying efforts to act as the strategic junior partner of US, as a part of the efforts of US to contain China, Modi government is spending huge amounts to consolidate its position as the third biggest military power in the world. Islamophobia spread by the RSS has alienated all Arab countries. Now according to latest reports, India’s long term close ally Nepal also has accused India for constructing a road through areas it considers as its own. So, all democratic forces should demand a discussion on this question.

India and Nepal share 1,800 kms long open border. The Lipulekh Pass is claimed by Nepal based on the 1816 Treaty of Sugauli its then rulers entered with the British colonial rulers to define its western border with India. According to Nepal government areas of Limpiyadhura and Kalapani belongs to it and Indian troops were deployed there only after Indo-China conflict in 1962,in spite of Nepal’s objections. The question became serious as India constructed a road through this area unilaterally, without even discussing this matter with it. But according to Modi government this area belongs to India and there is no need to discuss with Nepal. Such an arrogant statement is that of an expansionist big brother, no self respecting country will accept.

Nepal considers it another example for India’s big-brotherly attitude to its neighbors.  Nepal published a “new map” endorsed by the cabinet incorporating Limpiyadhura, Lipulekh, and Kalapani, which Modi government considers are part of Indian territory. In his speech in the parliament on 19th May, Nepal PM, Mr Oli also said Nepal would "bring back at any cost" the Kalapani-Limpiyadhura-Lipulekh area, which is part of Nepal’s territory. The statement issued by the Indian army chief that Nepal is speaking in this way as somebody is behind it. (Obviously he meant the Chinese) creating strong anti-IIndia sentiments, only helped to worsen the situation.

In such an atmosphere, Nepal PM has accused India for whatever little covid19 infection has happened to his country. He told Nepal’s parliament “It has become very difficult to contain COVID-19 due to the flow of people from outside. Indian virus looks more lethal than Chinese and Italian now. More are getting infected," Modi government is entirely responsible for this worsening relations with Nepal.

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.