As the humanity as a whole is led to extremely horrific situation by the capitalist-imperialist ruling system and their junior partners in the neo-colonially dependent countries, as it is becoming clearer day by day that without overthrowing this monstrous system and initiating an alternate path of development, the human species cannot be saved from extinction, the importance of all CRs who uphold the Naxalbari Uprising and remember the martyrs and millions of others who sacrificed their life or great part of their life for revolutionary change in the country, have a big responsibility to make an introspection, find the reasons for our incapability to mobilize the masses and to launch powerful movements to throw out the corporate fascist Modi regime, which will help the efforts of the working class and all oppressed people of the world to put an end to the barbarous imperialist system. Observing the 54th anniversary of Naxalbari Uprising and remembering the martyrs are great moments if it is followed by the unity of communist revolutionaries which will help us to advance the people’s movements according to present situation, understanding the newer and newer sinister and barbaric attacks of Imperialist system. Let us march forward to complete the democratic revolution against all monsters and for socialist transition for a communist future!
May 26: Observe May 26 as Black Day, against the corporate fascist Modi government, declaring solidarity with the struggle of the farmers to oppose corporatization of agriculture, and with the people who are facing increasing agony under a government which do not bother to help them in this critical period, but use this also for increasing monopolization, making the divide between the rich and poor widest ever.
On this occasion joining with like minded forces organize all forms of protest possible according to present difficult pandemic conditions. At state level webinars can be organized to plan for advancing the movement against corporate fascist Modi in coming days.
Severely Condemn Imposing RSS Agenda over Lakshadweep;
Stand with the People of Lakshadweep against draconian Draft LDAR 2021
Lakshadweep is primarily the home to a people with centuries-old unique cultural and linguistic identity. Through the recent posting of RSS/BJP agent Praful Patel as the Island’s Executive Administrator over the elected legislative body, Sangh Parivar is attempting to disrupt their way of life and limit their freedom leading to a kind of genocide. Against earlier usual practice of appointing a senior IAS officer as Island Administrator, Modi posted his right hand BJP leader Praful Patel, who had served as Home Minister of Gujarat under Modi Govt, to impose RSS Hindutva Agenda over the people of Lakshadweep. After Praful Patel took charge as the Administrator of Lakshadweep, he ordered to arrest hundreds of people under sedition charge, who participated Anti-CAA movement. Now, he is forcefully throwing out the native population from jobs & unilaterally amending laws. He has shown no concern for the people & livelihood of the islands. As per RSS agenda, the so far peaceful population of this Island inhabited by 96% of Muslim fishermen community is on the way of forceful change under draconian, undemocratic and unconstitutional Draft of Lakshadweep Development Authority Regulation, 2021 (LDAR 2021). This draft threatens the existing land ownership and usage in Lakshadweep by giving sweeping, arbitrary, unchecked powers to the government (and all its bodies) to directly interfere with an islander’s right to possess and retain their property. People with more than two kids are ineligible to contest panchayat polls!! This bizarre formulation in the draft Lakshadweep Panchayat Regulation 2021 is exposed RSS Hindutva agenda under Praful Patel imposed administration.
CPI (ML) Red Star severely condemn this undemocratic fascist interference of Modi / RSS rule. We call all secular democratic forces to unitedly stand with the people of Lakshadweep to resist this draconian fascist draft.
Resist saffronisation of Lakshadweep !
Revoke LDAR 2021 !
Stand with the People of Laskhadweeb !
K N Ramachandran
CPI (ML) Red Star
23rd May 2021
Generations of school kids across India have heard of Sunderlal Bahuguna from their school books, in the social science chapter on the Chipko movement, if it is not already removed by the BJP governments. Recognizing the consequences of tree felling in the villages of Himalayan regions of Uttarakhand, in reaction to the bitter experiences of their families and people around, it was the local women who first started the resistance to it locally by embracing the trees in 1970s when the contractors’ men came for cutting them down. The movement was further developed and given new conceptualization by environmental activist Chandi Prasad Bhatt who founded the Dasholi Gram Swarajya Mandal (DGSM). Sunderlal Bahuguna popularized it and tried to spread it all along the Himalayan terrain. As a result , it got a partial victory in 1980, when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered 15-year ban on commercial felling in the Uttarakhand Himalayas.
Though the movement was continued, consecutive governments went against it. Extensive tree felling and communication and real estate expansion have led to ecological destruction on very large scale leading to even Himalayan glaziers fizzling out as global warming rises. Huge floods, land slips have become frequent. Sunderlal inspired many to continue the movement. But, contrary to their wishes the ruling system moved in the opposite direction. When great environmentalists like Sunderlal Bahuguna dies, they will be leaving with a sad feeling as, in spite of whatever they could do, the ruling system imposing neoliberal corporate imperialism is spreading ecological destruction, not only in Himalayas, but everywhere.
Those in power and the monopoly media serving the system, have come out with statements, eulogizing him as a good man; not to take his message to the people, but to cheat them by continuing ‘business as usual’, not bothered about the impending ecological catastrophe they are creating.
This challenge should be taken up by the communists along with the scientists, environmentalists and all progressive forces who recognize the gravity of the consequences of the intensifying attack of the capital on nature. Explaining how the imperialist system with its plunder of nature has led to present Covid pandemic situation, along with frequent cyclones and other natural disasters, the students and youth in their tens of millions should be inspired to take up this grave challenge. That will be the best way to give tributes to the memory of such great environmentalists like Sunderlal Bahuguna, who consistently stood for the cause he started fighting 5-6 decades ago tirelessly, before succumbing to the attack of Covid at the age of 94.
Under the Modi regime today, pandemic-battered India is going through one of the biggest humanitarian crises in history. Together with the economic and social collapse already brought about, consequent on India becoming the epicentre of the second Covid-tsunami, the cruelty, callousness, and total abdication of responsibility on the part of this fascist regime in protecting the lives and livelihood of people are exposed beyond description. The situation is so horrific that even Modi’s PR work backed by submissive corporate media has become ineffective in concealing it.
A year ago when the pandemic entered India, beginning with obscurantist moves like clasping hands, candle lighting, banging utensils, etc., the more than 3-months nationwide coercive lockdown that Modi superimposed on 138 crore Indians had brought about a complete disruption of people’s lives and livelihood. Despite his incessant sermons on “Atmanirbhar” during this period, Modi didn’t do anything in the direction of strengthening the health care system including availability of medicines and badly needed oxygen supplies, and bringing private-corporate hospitals under social control. As a result of Modi’s policies during pandemic, while top one percent of the richest gobbled up their wealth by 35 percent, an additional 7.5 crore Indians were pushed in to poverty in 2020.
In the meanwhile, in the context of global warnings on a second wave of mutated Covid virus and as many governments in Europe took precautions against it by the last quarter of 2020, the approach of Modi and his PR managers who were celebrating the regime’s ‘victory’ over the coronavirus was one of callous, criminal negligence. It was in this context that the Parliamentary Committee on Health and Family Welfare, being aware of the impending danger, in its 123rd Report made available to speaker of Lok Sabha and chairman of Rajya Sabha during November 2020 and which was tabled in both the Houses of Parliament on February 2, 2021, warned of serious shortage of oxygen cylinders in hospitals and recommended a “robust strategy for containment and mitigation of Covid-19,” and “adequate production of Oxygen for ensuring its supply as per demand in the hospitals.”
However, instead adhering to these recommendations of the parliamentary committee and in gross disregard of it, Modi with his false claim of conquering the pandemic has been reckless in holding massive electoral rallies in different states, hold Kumbh Mela, and so on, violating all Covid- protocols and norms even as the whole country is being ravaged by the fast-spreading- pandemic, with daily infections already crossing the staggering figure of 4 lakh (the number of Covid patients in India was 2394 on May 1 2020) and per day death of more than 3000. Today saffron-fascist Modi regime is being exposed as the most anti-people and reactionary one engaged in concealing Covid cases, death counts and nakedly bullying media to not report facts including assault on independent media persons by saffron goons.
In this gravest situation, along with the intensification of inequality and poverty, instead of strengthening medical facilities and health infrastructure under public control, thereby ensuring universal healthcare to people, Modi is undermining it by decontrolling everything connected with health sector. Healthcare being the pillar of people’s sustenance, even imperialist countries have extended vaccine and oxygen to their citizens free of cost and medicines at affordable prices. On the other hand, by unleashing corporate forces on the production and distribution of vaccine, fascist Modi has superimposed world’s highest vaccine price on the citizens of India, a country that has long championed for free vaccines and affordable medicines for people in all international fora. And, as people are gasping for air and collapsing due to lack of life-saving oxygen, black-marketing and hoarding of oxygen cylinders are thriving across the country.
In this horror situation, our immediate demands are:
- Production, procurement, distribution of vaccine should be immediately brought under state control for which provisions of the Epidemics Diseases Act, Compulsory Licensing of the Patents Act, and Drugs Control Act can be used.
- Vaccine should be made available to all free of cost
- Immediate nationalisation of production and distribution of oxygen in the country.
- Strengthen country’s public health system including adequate availability of hospital beds and medicines as affordable to people including extension of healthcare facilities at homes
- Private hospitals should brought under public control through an ordinance
- Expert medical advice should be sought from a team of concerned medical experts including immunologists and virologists and should be made available to public and government’s dependence on pharma companies for information should be stopped.
- Responsible science reporters and pro-people journalists being best sources of information should have full freedom to report on Covid related issues. This is of utmost significance in view of such fascist moves like Yogi's threat of imposing NSA on those who report on oxygen shortages in UP.
- Image-building exercises/expenditures like Central Vista project should be wound up and public money generated thus should be diverted towards securing the lives and livelihood of people.
- Urgent steps are to be taken for an appropriate pandemic-tax on the super-rich, reintroduction of wealth tax in view of the unprecedented concentration of wealth, and an increase in corporate tax for mobilising the required money.
- Ensuring livelihood of people including contract and casual workers, landless poor peasants, marginalised and oppressed including Dalits, Adivasis, fisher-people is equally important as protection of their lives through proper Covid-management. Together with the revamping of MNREG program and free distribution of food stock with FCI, a nationwide initiative with the involvement of state and local governments for ensuring free food, medicines, shelter and other amenities affordable to poor and migrant workers are urgently needed.
- Scarcity of medical staff in the immediate context should be resolved through involving rural doctors and sanitation/health workers.
- Covid management primarily being a health issue, unnecessary police intervention and harassment of the people should be immediately stopped.
- To deal with the pandemic, budgetary allocation for health should be enhanced along with a slashing of the defence budget.
- Anti-farmer black laws should be abolished forthwith, and as long as farmers' agitation is continuing, full-fledged Covid-testing and treatment centres should be established in all struggle centres.
An Empowered High Level Committee composed of medical experts, politicians, economists, and concerned scholars should be entrusted with the task of overseeing the implementation of the above demands.
The Party declares its solidarity with the suffering people and appeal them to unitedly come forward for compelling the regime for implementing these immediate minimum demands.
CPI (ML) Red Srar
1st May 2021
(Speech delivered by Com KN Ramachandran at the International Webinar organized by ICOR on the occasion of 150th Anniversary of Paris Commune)
Comrades, first of all on behalf of CPI(ML) Red Star I congratulate ICOR for organizing this webinar on such an important subject, the contributions of the Paris Commune when we are observing it 150th anniversary. We communists observe the anniversary of such epochal movements not as a ritual, but to analyse them and take lessons from them.
The Commune was an antithesis to all forms of capitalist and dependent states that have emerged at various phases of human history till today. First decree of the Commune, was to suppress standing army, and substitute it by the armed people. Similarly bureaucracy was replaced with elected functionaries at all levels, with right to recall them. As far as those elected to various bodies at all levels are concerned, the people who elected them had right to recall them also.
Commune decreed the separation of religion from the state; Gender equality became an accepted principle; Women played an important role in both the initiation and the governance of the Commune, In short, the Commune was visualized as the concentrated form of people’s power. Following Marx’s analysis of the Commune experience in lhe Civil War in France, Lenin also had analyzed its great significance, and in the concrete conditions preceding October Revolution had developed the Soviets with the call “all power to the soviets”.
But in later years, following October revolution, though Lenin declared “all power to the people, to the Soviets”, after the initial leaps forward, the concept of state capitalism started emerging under the cover of NEP. Communist Saturdays like experiments started disappearing. Concepts like state capitalism led by the party also came up. Bureaucratic tendencies were raising their heads in the state, army and slowly in the party. Though the party documents warned against them, explaining how eventually such tendencies shall lead to return to bourgeois state power, and called for fighting against them, party could not put forward any concrete methods of struggling against all ideas and to strengthen socialist values.
What happened to Soviets? Based on Lenin’s concept of “all power to the Soviets” the Soviet Union was constituted as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Soviets were supposed to be elected from village/town level to top most positions in USSR, to the the Supreme Soviet. But as catching up with the imperialist powers like ideas started becoming stronger, with erroneous concepts like Socialism with American efficiency, the theory of productive forces started coming to dominance. Socialist transformation as a basically different, or anti-thesis of capitalism and its institutions was not projected in the way it should have been. The Collectives becoming bureaucratized farms, or farms under bureaucracy. In this situation the concept of Soviets started disappearing except in name. As the danger of Second World War increased, and later the aggression by Nazi Germany became a reality, like NEP in 1920s, the War economy became a cover for further centralization of power and penetration of capitalist ideas and culture.
Instead of developing proletarian democratic models starting with strengthening the Soviets, transcending the limits of bourgeois democracy and advancing to people’s democracy, the danger of Soviet Union becoming a bureaucratic state capitalist dictatorship was a threat in the post-War years. It was in this situation, the revisionists gaining strength day by day, used the opportunity provided by departure of Stalin in 1953 could use the military and usurp power peacefully from within, transforming SU to a social imperialist power by 1960s.
In the 8th Congress of CPC almost same process was started by the capitalist roaders in China also. But under Mao’s leadership the socialist forces retaliated with Socialist rectification movement at all levels, (when the Soviet revisionists stopped all aid to China already economically blockaded by the imperialist powers, and withdrew all engineers working in different projects), challenging it with) Backyard Furnace campaign for a self-reliant people oriented development of technology, and People Communes as the centers of people’s political power, taking up the whole process of democratization, and people’s plan for development As the struggle with the capitalist roaders in power intensified, Mao called on the people to attack their headquarters by developing the theory and practice of Cultural Revolution to intensify class struggle at the realm of super structure to establish socialist thinking among the masses. But, though it succeeded to remove the leading capitalist roaders like Liu Shaochi and Deng Tsiaoping from power, under the camouflage of intensifying these efforts, the CR was hijacked by the petti-bourgeois left adventurist Lin Biao camp, dominating the 9th Congress of the CPC in 1969, with the new era theory, concept like heroes making history replacing the Marxist teaching that it is the masses who create history. In his book, Long Live the Victory of People’s War, it advocated that all Asian, African, Latin American countries are in semi-feudal, semi-colonial condition similar to pre-revolutionary China, and should follow the path People’s War as in China. This line was diametrically opposed to Mao’s teaching that like China rejected the efforts to impose the Soviet Line by a section of the CPC, and successfully followed its own path of revolution, every party should analyze the situation in their country and develop its own path. But, as the Lin Line was propagated as Mao’s line, it influenced all the ML forces emerged in 1960s, causing grievous consequences to them.
As inner party struggle in CPC intensified following the 9th Congress, with the help of centrist forces led by Chou Enlai, the rightist forces went on strengthening, and in spite of Mao’s last struggle removing Deng who was reinstated in 1974, from power in early1976; following Mao’s death, with the help of centrist Hua Kuofeng, who had replaced Chou, the capitalist roaders could suppress the left in a military coup. Deng returned with the Four Modernizations. Understandably, destroying the People’s Communes and calling for ending the CR were the first steps taken by Deng. China also degenerated to capitalist path. Almost same things happened in all former socialist countries in various forms through “peaceful transition” back to capitalist path. Same thing happened to the Communist Parties formed under Comintern’s inspiration also; almost all of them degenerating to social democracy, to apologists of neocolonialism and now to apologists of neo-fascism. The Marxist Leninist Organizations emerged in 1960s splintered, with a section going to the side of social democracy, and the other to “Maoism”, to modern day Mensheviks and Narodniks. As a result, when we are observing the 150th anniversary of Paris Commune which gave rise to the first workers’ state, the international communist movement has not recovered from these grave setbacks yet.
Today the capitalist imperialist system has transformed the whole world in its own image to unprecedented levels under the neo-liberal, corporate policies, with the destruction of the livelihood of the vast masses and ecological destruction almost reaching its peak, threatening even the very existence of human species on this earth, giving rise to climate change and outspread of one pandemic after another;
The challenge today before us is: either throw out the capitalist imperialist system and initiate a sustainable, ecology friendly, egalitarian development paradigm under democratization with all power to people, taking the positive contributions of the Paris Commune, the Soviets and the People’s Communes along with the CR according to present conditionss, or perish!
It means if Paris Commune was a great breakthrough towards the realization of a proletarian state as an lternative to the capitalist system, today what we need is a great leap of this experience to confront the present challenges, learning from the past positive and negative experiences.
For this we have to throw away all reformist, legalist, social democratic garbage and petti-bourgeois opportunist concepts like ‘peaceful transition to socialism’ and intensify class struggle with a comprehensive, all embracing understanding, building a basically different alternative, and unleashing the CR to transform the super structure strengthened by the barbarous imperialist system as part of class struggle.
We have to develop the Leninist daringness to develop theory and practice, to build powerful Bolshevik style parties according to present situation in all countries, develop proletarian internationalism constantly trying to overcome present challenges as a result of imperialist forces and their junior partners globalizing and liberalizing everything through corporate fascist neoliberal policies.
Along with developing revolutionary parties in every country and a Communist International of a new type to advance toward World Proletarian Socialist Revolution; Let us take up thse national and international tasks and make ICOR capable of taking up this challenge learning from the experience of the Paris Commune!
Red Salute to all comrades! Long Live ICOR!