With an appeal based on above slogans to all compatriots, to the workers and oppressed classes/sections including dalits, adivasis, backwards, minorities and women, to all struggling left, democratic and Bahujan forces, to mass organizations and people’s movements, a joint convention was organized on 13th September at Gandhi Peace Foundation, New Delhi. The Convention was addressed by comrades KN Ramachandran,(CPI-ML Red Star), Arun Maji (NDPI), Sheomangal Sidhantkar (CPI-ML New Proletarian), Thakur Khanal (Mul Pravah All India Nepali Unity Society), Dr Parvej Mian (All India Milli Council), KK Neogi (Bahujan Communist Party), Vidushi (Sarvahara Lokpaksh), Harish (Inquilabi Mazdoor Kendra), KK Singh (Lokpaksh), Adv. ND Pancholi (Citizen for Democracy), Somnath (Jan Sangharsh Manch-Haryana), Daya Singh (All India Peace Mission), ,Ajay Sinha, Christopher Gahatraj addressed the Convention explaining how Modi raj is communalizing every issue and trying to impose RSS goal of Hindurashtra through fascist methods while the vast masses of people are reeling under intensifying economic slowdown throwing millions from their workplaces and impoverishing them  The following Resolution was discussed and adopted by the Convention:

Compatriots, struggling people of our country,

  1. We are living in an extremely difficult situation when every field, every issue is communalized by the Manuvadi Hindutva forces under Modi raj. It is creating atmosphere of hatred and intolerance, and unleashes fascist terror to impose its dictates. This is what is happening to the people of J&K where Article 370 and 35-A were abrogated on 5th August, downgrading the state to two union territories without consulting the people of the state in any form, and violating Constitutional provisions. The whole state is militarized, put under prohibitory orders and all communications and democratic rights are cut down. This Convention strongly condemns these steps of Modi-2 and demand the restoration of the special rights of the people of J&K including their right to self determination. It demands the immediate withdrawal of the army to barracks and restoration of all communications and fundamental rights of the citizens.
  2. This Convention severely condemns the hasty way the NRC/Assam was constituted unconstitutionally and speeded up by the supreme Court, the final list was announced on 31st August declaring 19,06,657 people as stateless. Large number of them are Adivasis including Adivasis and dalits taken from Jharkhand, Bihar etc by Britishers for plantations, Nepalese, and almost half of them from resident Muslim minority, all of whom presently residents of the state. They are given 120 days to get clearance from Foreigners’ Tribunals or later from higher courts. Otherwise they shall be thrown in Detention Camps. This is a most inhuman step condemned by democratic forces internationally and within the country. This Convention demands immediate cancellation of the NRC/Assam list prepared against the constitutional principles; it demands that citizenship should be provided for all, as they are residents of the state and/or born in India.
  3. Modi-2 is trying to get the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, which was passed by the Lok Sabha on 8th January, 2019, adopted by the parliament somehow. It is against the secular values of the Constitution and for communally discriminating against Muslims in line with the Two-nation theory initiated by Savarkar, while granting citizenship to migrants (from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan) including Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian. This Convention calls for the immediate withdrawal of this Bill.
  4. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs’ Notification of 31st July, the Central Government has already decided to prepare and update the National Population Register (NPR) at all India level on a time bound manner, as the NRC/Assam was finalized, by starting the field work for it from 1st day of April, 2020 to 30th September, 2020. If this NPR process is taken up based on the Citizenship (Amendments) proposed in BJP’s Bill, with the aim of driving out ‘all migrants’, it will become binding on the whole population to prove their citizenship.  It is apprehended that almost 20 millions or more people, who are born in India and presently staying here, may lose citizenship. It will create a horrific situation and an unprecedented humanitarian tragedy. This Convention demands that the whole process of NPR should be abandoned recognizing the criteria for citizenship based on the Constitution and international covenants adopted by the government of India. This Convention demands that construction of Detention Camps should be stopped forthwith.

In order to take these decisions of this Convention to the people and to create public opinion in support of it, all organizations who are part of this Convention, together other like-minded organizations, shall organize a people’s  mobilization on 15th October at Juntar Mantar to put these demands before the government; all the constituents of this move shall constitute a joint forum and carry forward the campaign with the slogan “No to NRC/Assam, No to NPR, Citizenship is the fundamental right of every resident and everyone born in India”, coordinating with similar movements started in different states, to save the country from a horrific humanitarian tragedy and Constitutional crisis created by the fascist RSS/BJP regime.

Constituents : CPI(ML) Red Star, New Democratic Party of India, Lok Samiti, Citizens for Democracy, Bahujan Communist Party, Sarvahara Lokpaksh, Lok Paksh, All India Milli Council, Mul Pravah All India Nepali Unity Society, CPI(ML) New Proletarian, Democratic People’s Lawyers’ Association, All India Peace Mission, All India Christian Minority Front, Jan Sangharsh Manch (Haryana). n

The aggressiveness of the attacks on any criticisms against the government as anti-national by RSS parivar has intensified sharply after Modi-2 took over. Governments are elected by the people. According to the Constitution, the people and their fundamental rights enshrined in it are supreme. So, people have full right to criticize all actions of the government. Nobody has the right to attack it as anti-national. Those who does it are anti-constitutional forces. After Modi-2 abrogated Article 370 of the Constitution and down-graded the state to two union territories, these jingoistic attacks on anyone criticizing these arbitrary actions have further increased. At the same time, the clamp down over people of the state, especially, Kashmir valley is continuing! A major section of mainstream media is hysterically justifying these violations of the rights of the people and suppression of the media’s rights in the state. All criticisms against these draconian acts are dubbed as anti-national or pro-Pakistan.

Modi-2 and RSS parivar are treating J&K as India’s property, similar to  Pakistan’s stand.  Both refuse to recognize J&K people’s right to decide its future. The United Nations’ Human Rights Declaration calls for the right of self determination of all nations. India is a multi-national country and its Constitution declares it is a federal republic, not a nation.  The unity of federal India is based on the unity of the peoples of various nationalities inspired by the ethos created by the anti-imperialist independence struggle, and if their right of self determination is harmed this unity also will be in danger, which the RSS parivar, intoxicated by their Akhand Bharat concept, is forgetting.

When the British colonialists signed the instrument of transfer of power with leaders of India and Pakistan, it covered only the areas under direct British rule. The large number of princely states had the right to remain independent or join India or Pakistan signing their own agreements of accession. The governments of India and Pakistan succeeded to merge the princely states within their regions signing agreements with them, sometimes even using force as India did in the case of Hyderabad Nizam.  As far as J&K, Manipur, Nagaland Sikkim and Baluchistan were concerned,  they were not part of British India and as per the agreement, had right to remain independent or merge with either India or Pakistan. Though the leaders of both India and Pakistan had assured they will not act like the successor states of British colonialists with regard to redefining the international boundaries and for the right of self determination of these areas, soon both proved their expansionist intentions; Indian government soon integrated Manipur and Nagaland using military force. Pakisthan did the same with Baluchistan. In 1975 India annexed Sikkim also. When J&K king Hari Singh wanted to maintain it as an independent country, initially both agreed to it.  But soon Pakistan tried to annex J&K using armed intervention. So Hari Singh sought military help from India which agreed to assist him after an instrument of accession was signed, based on which the Article 370 of the Constitution was later adopted.

As the UN interfered, it enforced ceasefire and a Line of Control, with both governments agreeing to withdraw their armed forces and hold a plebiscite for the people of J&K to decide their future. But, as both the governments were not for an independent J&K, both colluded to abort the plebiscite and to keep the J&K divided during the last seven decades. The imperialists were happy to keep this spot hot enough, so that they could continue their divide and control policy in the region, and loot fortunes by selling arms and equipments to both. In the interest of the ruling class and corrupt political class on both side, both the governments were competing to whip up hatred with each other, arming themselves to the teeth (even with nuclear arms now)and fighting three wars and indulging in continuous skirmishes, which has benefitted and fabulously enriched the corporate giants, while forcing the vast majority of the people on both side to terrific miseries and impoverishment!

With BJP, the political front of RSS with Hindurashtra goal, consolidated its power in India challenging the Islamic state of Pakistan, the scenario far worsened. For both J&K became a major bone of contention. Modi rule could become a reality and could come back to power by strengthening the majoritarian Hindutva, only by whipping up Islamophobia and hate Pakistan campaign every minute. If Pakistan is already in acute economic crisis, India is also now caught in the vortex of slow down. As the imperialists, especially US imperialists want to overcome their own economic problems and inter-imperialist rivalry with China by using these junior partners smartly, they promote. jingoism on both sides. The conflict between India and Pakistan is bound to reach unprecedented levels, especially after the arbitrary moves of Modi-2, at the peril of the people of J&K and in India! India’s defense minister has announced possibility for re-thinking on ‘no first use’ of nuclear arms. It is soon reciprocated by Pak prime minister announcing his preparedness even for a nuclear war! On 28th August Pakistan test fired a ballistic missile capable of carrying nuclear arms. One Pak minister talked about war breaking out in October. It is reciprocated by India’s defense minister declaring not only J&K, even the areas beyond Line of Control are integral part of India! On both sides, jingoistic forces and corporate media are busy in whipping up hatred and war hysteria, while Trump and company are enjoying the game played by Imran and Modi!

In this dangerous situation, it is the right of the people to talk boldly and correctly: J&K is not the property of the reactionary governments of either Pakistan or India. Its future should be decided by the people of J&K through a plebiscite or referendum after both India and Pak withdrawing their army from both sides of the Line of Control. In order to achieve this, all progressive democratic forces should create public opinion to demand repealing of the arbitrary action of 5th August by Modi-2, withdrawal of the army to barracks, and immediate withdrawal of the curfew and clampdown from the whole region.  If a nuclear war is unleashed by the religious fundamentalist and fascistic forces, the war mongering governments on both sides, it will be catastrophic for the whole South Asian region. So all progressive forces in this region should mobilize the peoples of the whole region to condemn this jingoism of both these governments and work for building up anti-imperialist unity against their reactionary govts., with the vision of a South Asian People’s Unity!

We appeal to all struggling forces to come together and demand the withdrawal of all suppressive acts of the fascist Modi-2 in J&K!  Let us demand bilateral discussion between both governments to politically resolve the J&K problem, involving the people of J&K and based on their right of self determination! Expose and try to defeat the war mongering of both governments and create public opinion against a nuclear war which will be catastrophic to people of not only  both the countries, but to whole of South Asia! Just because BJP’s or any other government is in power, we are not its slaves, we have the right to expose and oppose its anti-people deeds! Oppose and resist the barbarous policy of Modi-2 and RSS parivar dubbing all their critics as anti-national! We are the patriots who oppose imperialists of all hues and their lackeys and stand for genuine secular democratic federal India, while Modi-2 and RSS parivar are imperialist stooges who preach Akhand Bharat, but disintegrate country through their divisive Brahmanical manuvadi Hindurashtra! Intensify the struggle for federal people’s India, for unity of people of South Asia! n

Appeal to all compatriots, to the workers and oppressed classes/sections including dalits, adivasis, backwards, minorities and women, to all struggling left, democratic and Bahujan forces, to mass organizations and people’s movements


We are living in an extremely difficult situation when every field, every question is communalized by the Brahmanical Hindutva forces under Modi raj.  It is creating atmosphere of hatred and intolerance, and unleashes fascist terror to impose its dictates. This is what is happening to National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam also, excluding 19, 06,657 residents from final list. These include almost half of it from Muslim minorities, large numbers of Nepalese, Adivasis from Jharkhand, Bihar etc taken by Britishers for plantations in Assam. Inhuman situation is created throwing these people to uncertainty, with the threat of becoming stateless and thrown to Detention Camps, without any human rights.

Besides, the BJP is calling for NRCs in W. Bengal, Delhi, Bihar etc excluding Muslim minorities dubbing them as infiltrators from Bangladesh, contrary to facts. The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, moved by BJP is against secular values of the Constitution and to communally discriminate Muslims. Modi-2 is trying to get this bill passed somehow, and to conduct an all India survey next year for a National People’s Register (NPR), demanding all residents of India to prove their citizenship! These are fascist move towards its Hindurashtra goal, to cover up the intensifying economic recession which is further impoverishing the masses and making many more millions jobless,!

In this grave situation, it is our task to mobilize people and create public opinion with the demands: Cancel the NRC, Assam, Withdraw Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, Withdraw Home ministry order for all India survey for NPR (Peoples’ National Register). All residents of India are its citizens and citizenship should be based on following criteria:  (a) Any resident of India, any person born in India is citizen of India. This was the case till the 1986 Act and is the case in most of the countries all over the world; (b) Any person either of whose parents are/ were citizens of India must be eligible for citizenship; (c )Any person who is resident in India for 5 years and intends to stay further should be eligible for citizenship; and (d) Any refugee who is fleeing from oppression, or whose democratic rights are not protected in the country from which he/she is fleeing, should be eligible for right to stay in India leading eventually to citizenship.

We appeal to all of you, representatives of the organizations to participate in a Convention at GPF from 6 to 9 pm on 13th September to declare our resolve to carry forward this movement and to decide about our future campaign plans.

CPI(ML) Red Star, New Democratic Party of India, Lok Samiti, Citizens for Democracy, Bahujan Communist Party, Sarvahara Lokpaksh, Inquilabi Mazdoor Kendra, Milli Council, All India Nepali Unity Society-Mul Pravah, Lok Paksh, CPI(ML) New Proletariat, Democratic People’s Lawyers’ Association, All India Peace Mission, Social Democratic Party of India, All India Christian Minority Front.

Contact nos.

Advocate Arun maji (9582529401)                               

Umakant (7838856058)

Today is a black day for the millions of people whose names are absent in the final list of the NRC for Assam published; it is going to be a black day for the idea of India we cherish. Citizenship in this NCR is finalized including only the names of those persons (or their descendants) in the NRC, 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24 March 1971, or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to mid-night of 24 March 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam or in any part of India on or before 24 March 1971. They will get 120 days more for presenting their appeal to the Foreigners Tribunals for reconsideration. If they fail even then, they will be sent to Detention Camps. , This NRC is finalized without considering refugees’ question according to present context by the BJP governments at centre and state, egged on by the Supreme Court. If implemented, it will create another great human tragedy in our country.

So, we demand postponement of the implementation of this final list till the Foreigners Tribunals get sufficient time to give citizenship to all those whose names are not in today’s final list based on the following conditions for finalization of the NCR in Assam as well as at all India level: (a ) Any person born in India must be eligible for the citizenship of India. This was the case till the 1986 act and is the case in most of the countries all over the world. (b) Any person either of whose parents who were citizens of India must be eligible for citizenship. (c )Any person who is resident in India for 5 years and who intends to stay for a further five years should be eligible for citizenship. This is the period which is considered for citizenship by registration. (d) Any refugee who is fleeing from oppression, or whose democratic rights are not being protected in the country from which they are fleeing, should be eligible for some form of right to stay in India leading eventually to citizenship.
We appeal to all democratic forces to support this proposal and save the country from another human tragedy! Let us act fast!

KN Ramachandran
General Secretary
CPI(ML) Red Star

The Communist movement in India has a history of almost a century after the salvos of October Revolution in Russia brought Marxism-Leninism to the people of India who were engaged in the national liberation struggle against the British colonialists. It is a complex and chequered history.