What happened today at Sabarimala is extremely shameful. The whole area is under 144. Then why the police is not taking any action to arrest and remove the few hundreds of RSS hooligans who are camping at temple premises to subvert the Supreme Court order? The LDF government and its police establishment are abetting the RSS pariver to subvert the SC order like Narasimha Rao government did in 1992 allowing the RSS goons to demolish the Babri Msjid. All democratic forces should support Manithi like organizations in their struggle for gender equality as underlined in the SC order on Sabarimal.
Com K N Ramachandran
CPI (ML) Redstar
(Concluding Speech of Com KNR, GS of CPI (ML) Red Star after re-elected as General Secretary by the new Central Committee elected by 11th Party Congress on 1st December 2018)
I thank the new Central Committee for re-electing me as General Secretary of our party. I wanted to get relieved and new comrades taking over the responsibilities. But the Central Committee members decided that I should continue for some more time. Every communist, should continue to be an activist for life long. But to continue as General Secretary is something different. I had to accept the request of the Central Committee for the time being, and I shall strive to continue as General Secretary for some more time.
Comrades, we have successfully concluded our 11th Party Congress at an important juncture at International level and in our country, when the oppressed peoples all over the world and in our country are facing great challenges. And, compared to the great height it had reached during 1950s, today the Communist Movement has suffered severe setbacks and all over the world it is facing the challenge of throwing out the imperialist system and its lackeys everywhere and to usher in Peoples Alternative.
Recently in Brazil, after 15 years of social democratic rule, the ultra-rightist-fascist rule has come to power. Not only in Brazil, but all over the world and in our country, in the absence of an alternative by revolutionary forces, in the absence of revolutionary forces inspiring people with an alternative, rightist and ultra-rightist have come to power. So, when we have concluded our 11th Party Congress and are going back to our areas of work, the challenge we are facing is: are we prepared to throw up an alternative to the reactionary ruling system in our country, and to the imperialist system all over the world?
This challenge we can take up only when we consciously build up the communist movement everywhere. The problem we are facing is, as repeatedly asserted by the communist teachers, without a communist party capable of leading the people forward there will be no revolution. So our main and fundamental task is to strive hard immediately to build a powerful communist party in our country. Today, many are talking about many centers, only about alliances; they are not for building one communist party in a country, they think about many centers. We have to defeat such alien thoughts and strive to build a powerful communist party capable of leading revolution of the people of the country to victory.
Many of these forces are talking about many centers and united fronts, they are talking about bilateral talks for united fronts, they are not thinking about coming together, settling the problems and uniting to build a powerful communist party to lead the revolution. So, our important task is to focus on uniting the communist revolutionaries, developing communist carders and building a powerful communist party which is capable of compleating democratic revolution and advancing to socialist revolution in our country.
Along with this, I want to stress on an important point in this occasion; our state committees have immense responsibilities before them. As we all know, India is a multi-national country, and the state committees represent mostly these various nationalities and without building the state committees effectively, we will not be able to lead the revolution in the country. When we have many different languages of various nationalities, unless all the state committees concentrate on giving political materials to their cadres and in politicizing their cadres in their own languages, we will not be able to recruit larger number of comrades from the downtrodden sections and to build up a powerful communist party. The questing is to build a communist party at all India level which is integrally linked with the immediate task of developing state committees functioning in all the states.
And, in our last Party Congress at Lucknow, we had decided to take up the theoretical offensive at all levels. This theoretical offensive includes the evaluation of the experience of international and national communist movement of past decades including the experience of the hitherto socialist perspective which was practiced. These tasks should be taken up more vigorously and carried forward, because without evaluating the past, its merits and demerits, we will not be able to develop our line according to the present concrete condition. And, this task should be taken up by the new Central Committee effectively.
Comrades, along with this, I want to stress that, we are facing Corporate Raj and Saffron Fascism; we are involved in the struggles to over throw Corporate Raj and Saffron Fascism. We can carry forward these tasks only when we develop the strategy and tactical line to utilize all forms of struggles. While we develop parliamentary forms of struggle to defeat Modi rule, we have to intensify our primary task of developing non-parliamentary struggles, the peoples movements. Now, many people are spreading the propaganda that there is pessimistic atmosphere and there is no future. But comrades, it is not such situation in our country and all over the world. Today, peoples’ movements are strengthening against price rise and for other people’s demands in France. Mighty peoples movements are taking place in many countries of the world. And in our country also, the struggles of oppressed masses, oppressed classes and castes are taking place and are going to intensify in coming days. So it is not an atmosphere of frustration. It is something like a 1970s situation. In 1970s, after the great Naxelbari Upraising and peoples movements all over the country, because of our sectarian line and because of the state repression, we suffered severe setbacks. And, when in 1971when Indira Gandi came again to power with mighty margin, there was rumor that Indira government will be in the power for long time. But, within a short time, many peoples’ movement broke out in Gujarat, Bihar and many other states. What happened later we know.
So, the question is of understanding the new situation, taking proper action in the changing fast situation, because people want to change the situation. And, when we come to current situation, there are large number of peoples’ upsurges developing against corporate raj and saffron fascism. We need to correctly analyze this situation to lead the peoples movements.
But without carrying forward powerful communist party building, we shall not be able to lead peoples’ movements and to lead people forward to revolution. I am not mechanically comparing the situations of 1970s to today’s situation. But, against the present neo-liberal corporate raj and saffron fascist rule, peoples’ upsurges are taking please and it is going to be more powerful in coming days. So, the task before us is to take up powerful communist party building capable of taking up the present challenges, to lead people’s upsurges and to consciously lead them towards capture of political power, towards completing people’s democratic revolution.
So, Comrades, let us depart from this Party Congress hall with the determination that we shall overcome our weaknesses, we shall face the challenges raised by the ultra-right forces of ruling system, and we shall take up the challenge of building the party and leading the peoples upsurges. Let us strive hard to take up these challenges in the coming days! Red Salute to all Comrades!
[Inaugural Speech of Com K N Ramachandran, General Secretary of CPI (ML) Red Star in the Inaugural Session of 11th Party Congress at Bengaluru on 27th November 2018]
Red salute to fraternal delegates from abroad as well as India, red salute to all the delegates, observers and our friends who are attending this inaugural session of our 11th Party Congress.
Comrades, we have reached this 11th Congress of CPIM-Red Star, after long period of struggle, achievements, setbacks, again achievements, and advances. So it is a long history which we have traversed. In our country we’ve got a century of communist history, a century of struggles organizing the toiling masses in the country. Like the history of the communist parties all over the world, in our country also the communist movement had its own periods of right deviations, left deviations , so many deviations, at the same time so many glorious struggles also. So, there were many struggles of the people which was we have spearheaded.
The reorganization of the movement through Naxalbari uprising fighting against the right deviation long embedded in the movement was a very important turning point in our history. Naxalbari uprising created an upheaval, an upsurge all over the country and millions got mobilized in the revolutionary movement. But as you all know, within a short period, within a period of 5 years, we suffered a very big debacle and our movement got splintered. And the struggle from the 1971-72 onwards was a very difficult one for the communist revolutionaries for reorganizing the movement, for building a Bolshevik style communist party.
By the end of 1970s the ideological struggles became very sharp and in analyzing the international situation, in analyzing the changes taking place in our country there were basic differences. We had to start our own method of reorganization. So from 1979 when we started the CRC-CPIML there was bitter struggle to bring the communist revolutionaries together based on an ideological political line. In the process of this struggle, we could bring many sections of the CRs in to the party. By this time in CPIML-Red Star we have brought together many sections of CRs from different regions in to the party and we have become an all India organization now.
And as the international situation is concerned when we raise the slogan “workers of the world and oppressed peoples unite” it is an immediate task before the communists to develop unity of the CRs all over the world, at least to build a platform of the CR forces. We are proud that today fraternal delegates from abroad are with us and we have succeeded in building a platform, however small it may be, the ICOR. During last one decade after its formation, ICOR it has achieved many gains all over the world. ICOR could come in to existence in the process of a struggle, the struggle against the wrong tendencies within the international communist movement. After the death of Mao Tsetung, we had to take a correct position; we had to develop the understanding about imperialism today. By taking ideological positions on all important questions, a situation was created that a platform like ICOR can be built and we have succeeded to a certain extent in that direction.
And as far as the building of the communist movement in our country is concerned, in uniting the CR forces in our country is concerned, we had to start by making a concrete analysis of the new situation, the transformation taking place in our country under the neo-colonial offensive. The Tenth Congress of our party held at Lucknow in 2015 had evaluated all these experience and we had made very important decisions to go forward. As we had pointed out at that time, during the last few years ultra-rightist forces, the Modi regime has made corporate raj and saffron fascism, a very immediate danger before the people. So naturally, in this Party Congress we have to take many important decisions, how to analyze the present situation which has come forward as a result of the ascendance of the ultra-rightist forces and how to fight it and how to create a peoples alternative led by the communist forces in our country. This is a first and foremost agenda before all the political forces in our country how to defeat BJP. How to defeat Modi rule, is a slogan Indian people has taken up. We also have take up the slogan, Modi rule has to kicked out, no doubt about that. But while raising this question, something like a one-sided approach is taken by many forces. They are not ready to analyze how Modi like forces could come to power or how could ultra-right forces come to the world scene. This is a very important question that we have to make an analysis. What are the historical developments internationally and within our country leading to the ascendance to power of the ultra-right forces. Without such an analysis whatever decisions we make will become one-sided and partial. So one important task in front of the 11th Party Congress through the Political Resolution we are going to discuss is the new situation and the challenges we are going to take up so that the independent communist assertion can be carried forward and strengthened, so that a peoples alternative can be realized in the country defeating all the ruling class forces.
At the same time, on our political organizational experience during the last 3 years also an evaluation is very essential because without properly analyzing what we could achieve within the last 3-4 years and carrying them forward, we shall not be able to build a powerful communist party in the country. As we know last year, all over the world and in our country communist forces have observed the 100 years of October revolution and we have pledged that we shall take lessons from the experience of the October revolution. One of the most important lesson we should take from the experience of the October Revolution is that only by building Bolshevik party, defeating the Mensheviks and Narodniks, Lenin could lead the Russian revolution to victory and build Soviet Union and create Communist Iinternational. This is the experience of the Chinese revolution also. Under the leadership of Mao Tsetung, they had to struggle against the right deviation and left deviation and build a powerful communist party which could lead Chinese revolution to victory.
So in our country which has got a very complex character with 135 cr population with so many nationalities, languages, culture and in such a situation without building a powerful communist party in this country uniting all these people, we shall not be able to lead a revolution. For achieving this we have to uncompromisingly struggle against the weaknesses and deviations of the past as well as the present, right reformist line as well as the left adventurist line. Only by uncompromisingly struggling against these lines & deviations, we can build a powerful communist party which can lead democratic revolution in our country. By understanding the importance of this task, on the one hand we have taken up a study on imperialism today and we are continuously developing our understanding about imperialism, its various manifestations, how it is suppressing people all over the world and in our country. Along with that we have taken up studies of ecological destruction created by imperialism today and we have developed our theoretical understanding as well as many struggles all over the country to develop a new development paradigm fighting against the imperialist mode of development. And side by side we have taken up caste annihilation movement in our country which is divided by numerous castes and sub castes. Without fighting against the caste system, the Manuvad, Brahmanical though, and developing a new understanding about a casteless society, a secular society we will not be able to go forward. While taking up the struggles of the working class, peasantry and all other oppressed classes and sections it is very important we have to take lessons from the Cultural Revolution, the core of which was given by Lenin and which was taken up by Mao in Chinese conditions in 1960s but which could not be carried forward. We have to take lessons from these things and we have to carry forward the necessity of launching a cultural revolution in our country according to our concrete conditions.
It is in this context in the last Party Congress we had adopted a very important resolution - a resolution on theoretical offensive, Actually though we tried our level best we could not advance much on that line during last 3 years and we have to understand the importance of such a resolution and take up the theoretical offensive so that changing the thinking, fighting against the imperialist and feudal and other decadent thinking, we have to create a culture, and the struggle for a new culture has to be combined with the struggle for democratic revolution.
So comrades, during the last 3 years definitely we have made many achievements and we have launched many struggles in all fields especially the most important struggle, the Bhangar struggle in West Bengal which has actually created a new history in the people’s resistance movement in our country. And today we have taken up the task how to develop Bhangar like movements all over the country according to the concrete situations in the different regions and how to build up mass political platform uniting all these struggles all over the country along with the struggling left forces. This is a major struggle we have taken up. So this Party Congress has got this challenge before it. We have to carry forward our tasks so that this objective can be achieved and we can contribute more on the international field also to develop and strengthen ICOR in different aspects.
At the same time we have to self critically see our weaknesses, how to overcome the weaknesses One important aspect of overcoming these weaknesses is by taking lessons from the past we have to learn more lessons about developing democracy within our party, democracy within the communist movement and how to develop a communist party with complete democracy within it. When the concrete situation is changing very fast day by day, and when numerous struggles are coming up in every part of the country, its reflection will be felt in the party also. The inner party struggles may become serious also; but the success of the communist party is how we are capable of taking up this inner party struggle democratically forward so that we can really build up a Bolshevik style communist party.
So comrades, it is a very important and challenging task in front of us and I hope that the 5 days of discussions in the Party Congress and the resolution of this discussions in this party congress, will lead us to march forward to achieving this task of building the Bolshevik style communist party which can take up the present challenge of throwing out the Modi regime as well as building the party and the struggles towards the people’s democratic revolution. I hope that all the comrades, delegates and observers who are going to attend this Party Congress shall take up this important task with all the seriousness it requires and make it a success. With these words I inaugurate the 11th Congress of the Party.
Red Salute to all comrades!
The New Year is dawning with revolutionary enthusiasm as militant struggles led by workers, peasants and oppressed sections against ultra-rightist and neo-fascistic forces are coming up in various parts of the world. Of particular political relevance in this regard is the eruption of massive protests by workers and middle classes in France against the regressive policies of rightist Macron regime. In spite of the diversionary tactics of Macron the struggle is still continuing with the possibilities of spreading to other European countries. In the same vein, in Britain the neoconservative, anti-immigrant, Thatcherite sections of the ruling classes who spearheaded the Brexit are facing the biggest political reverses.
In Latin America, though reactionary forces are in power in a number of countries including the recent ascendancy of the neo-fascist Bolsonaro in Brazil, people’s movements against neoliberal policies are rising up in many countries. The coming of the left-wing government in Mexico led by Lopez Obrador of the National Regeneration Movement which is very critical of the Trump administration for its protectionist and anti-refugee, anti-immigrant policies is another instance of the reverses faced by the ultra-rightwing in the political spectrum.
Similar trends are witnessed in other countries too. The recent electoral reverses of the ultra-rightist, Hindutva Modi regime is another manifestation of people’s simmering discontent against pro-corporate neoliberal policies. In spite of frantic efforts of Sangh Parivar to raise the Ram Temple question as the central agenda to divert attention from severe consequences of neo-liberal/corporate policies including demonetization and GST, the peasantry, working class, youth and the oppressed classes and sections voted to defeat BJP in MP, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh and to weaken it in Telengana and Mizoram.
All these developments are taking place in spite of the counter revolutionary offensive by the imperialist forces and their lackeys, the pessimism created by the reformist and social democratic forces everywhere. The social democrats and petti-bourgeois anarchists conceal the fact that it was the revolutionary enthusiasm created by the socialist offensive of Soviet Union and China in their socialist days which led to people’s upsurges everywhere including the mighty wave of national liberation movements. But when the international communist movement suffered severe setbacks following the abandonment of socialist path by the former socialist countries, and when utilizing this situation the imperialist forces unleashed neocolonial/neoliberal offensive, the revisionists of all hues, the social democrats as in India started spreading pessimism by repeating ‘there is no alternative to neo-liberalism’. Pointing out the ascendance to power of ultra right neo-fascistic forces in a number of countries, they are advocating abandoning of all efforts for strengthening independent left assertion utilizing all forms of struggle. The present situation demands that along with imperialists and their lackeys, these forces of defeatism should be challenged everywhere. An atmosphere of revolutionary optimism should be created.
In the enthusiastic atmosphere when we have successfully completed the 11th Congress of the Party, let us herald the new year with countrywide demonstrations in support of the increasing people’s upsurges with the slogan raised by the Party Congress: Throw Out Corporate, Saffron Fascist Forces, March towards People’s Democracy and Socialism!
The death of 7-yearold Jackeline Caal, a Guatemalan immigrant child under the custody of US Border Protection force once again underscores the extent of heinous repression unleashed on immigrants by Trump administration. It is the direct outcome of the anti-immigrant policy and inhuman deprivation inflicted on asylum seekers from Latin America crossing US border.
Caal, daughter of Guatemalan immigrant Nery was forcibly separated from his father by US security forces in spite of the former’s prompt reporting to the immigration officials at the US-Mexican border. According to reports, Caal’s death was due to dehydration coupled with lack of food; and whatever medical attention she got was at that stage of no return to life.
This horror of an innocent girl dying after forcible separation from her parents due to lack of food and water once again exposes the true essence of US democracy. Ripping children from their immigrant parents and even snatching them from parents’ arms have become part of Trump’s “zero tolerance” against children and is the most inhuman and cruel turn of US’s anti-immigrant anti-refugee policy. Thousands of children after separated from parents are already in detention centres which are nothing but prisons. Often they are kept in tents attached to military bases along the US-Mexico border where US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and local police are having round-the-clock vigilance.
The mass exodus of immigrants and refugees in search of sustenance and livelihood is the direct consequence of US-led imperialism’s plunder, violence and bloodshed unleashed on humanity. In particular, in the mad pursuit of super-imposing US hegemony over the whole of Latin America and convert the latter as its backyard, the Yankees had committed the worst crimes from the very beginning. US imperialism’s approach to the Latin American people has been a continuation of the notoriety pursued by it against the indigenous people of the America, the Red Indians whom George Washington, the Father of US nation characterised not as humans but as “beasts of prey”. And the subjugation and control over Latin America also enabled US to accomplish what is called “imperialism without colonies” during the colonial period. During the postwar neo-colonial period, the US continued the same policy and the military dictators that ruled the Latin American countries at different periods were trained in US military schools. And the present inflow of refugees and immigrants from Latin America to US is the outcome of neoliberal policies propped up by the latter leading to displacement, loss of livelihood, repression and persecution.
Targeting children and unleashing government-sanctioned child persecution including ripping children from their parents and putting them in military detention centres are nothing but crimes against humanity. For all lackeys of imperialism, US is the paradise of democracy. But they must know that this paradise has not yet ratified the UN Convention of the Rights of Child. Therefore Trump administration can unleash violence against tender-age children with impunity. No doubt, US imperialism remains as the principal barrier in world people’s path in their move towards the establishment of a humane and just social order.
The results of elections to the three BJP ruled states, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and MP reveal the extent of alienation of people from BJP. These are not votes for the Congress, but anti-BJP vote. That the people are not pro-Congress is reflected in the defeat of the decade long Congress rule in Mizoram and the failure of its Grand Alliance against TRS in Telengana.